Horse Cave, Kentucky

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Horse Cave, Kentucky
Davedowntwn8vl.jpg
Downtown Horse Cave, December 2006, looking eastward down Main Street/HWY-218. The cave opening is to the right.
Hart County Kentucky Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Horse Cave Highlighted 2138008.svg
Location of Horse Cave in Hart County, Kentucky.
Coordinates: 37°10′34″N85°54′22″W / 37.17611°N 85.90611°W / 37.17611; -85.90611
Country United States
State Kentucky
County Hart
Area
[1]
  Total3.17 sq mi (8.21 km2)
  Land3.15 sq mi (8.16 km2)
  Water0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation
633 ft (193 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total2,311
  Estimate 
(2019) [2]
2,425
  Density769.84/sq mi (297.25/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
42749
Area code(s) 270 & 364
FIPS code 21-38008
GNIS feature ID0494572
Website www.horsecaveky.com
View from inside Hidden River Cave at the American Cave Museum Hidden River 6192.jpg
View from inside Hidden River Cave at the American Cave Museum

Horse Cave is a home rule-class city [3] in Hart County, Kentucky, United States. Randall Curry currently serves as mayor of the city and is assisted by a city council that is composed of six members. As of the 2010 census, the population of Horse Cave was 2,311. [4]

Contents

History

The town was settled by Major Albert Anderson in the 1840s. The landowner donated land for a Louisville and Nashville Railroad station in 1858 on the provision that it be named after nearby Horse Cave. [5] The community around the station developed quickly, so that a post office was erected in 1860, [6] and the city was formally incorporated by the state assembly in 1864. [7]

The cave for which the city is named is located on the south side of Main Street. Various explanations are given for its unusual name. One is that Native Americans[ which? ] or outlaws hid horses in the cave; another is that an early carriage may have lost a horse when it fell into the opening by accident; a third reason involves the 19th-century use of "horse" as slang for anything big or huge, related to a similar use of the Swedish hoss. The cave has also been known as "Hidden River Cave", for an underground stream located inside. [6] That stream was used to power a dynamo, and for a while in the late 19th century Horse Cave was the only city in Kentucky apart from Louisville and Ashland to have electric lights.[ citation needed ] Around World War I, the only air-conditioned tennis courts in the world were located near the entrance of the cave.[ citation needed ] The stream also provided the town's water supply, but mistaken development caused raw sewage to seep into the water and forced the closure of the cave for fifty years. The stench was so bad in the 1960s that pedestrians typically crossed to the other side of Main Street rather than walk near the entrance and birds would sometimes fall from the sky. The problem has been largely solved in recent years.[ citation needed ]

The town changed its name to "Caverna" in 1869 but the inability to change the name of the railroad station prompted the community to reconsider and restore the name "Horse Cave" in 1879. [6] Owing to its early rail connection, Horse Cave was a major center of agricultural commerce for Hart, Metcalfe, Green, and Barren counties since the 1870s. Tobacco warehouses provided the majority of the income.

Since the 1970s, some factories have relocated to the area, including Dart Container Corporation, T Marzetti Company, and Sister Schubert's Bakery. Tourist attractions include Kentucky Down Under/Kentucky Caverns, Hidden River Cave/American Cave Museum, and the nearby Mammoth Cave National Park. Civil War Days are an annual tourist event, during which time parades down Main Street and reenactments of the Battle of Rowlett's Station between Horse Cave and Munfordville are staged. A local theatre formerly known as the Horse Cave Theatre and/or the Kentucky Repertory Theatre once operated in Horse Cave but is no longer in business. Horse Cave serves as filming location for several films, including "Runaway Romance" [8] and "Never Forgive." [9]

Horse Cave was the birthplace of Jack Robert Thompson (September 4, 1893), the father of noted author and journalist Hunter S. Thompson, and former NBA player Clarence Glover.

Geography

Horse Cave is located in southern Hart County at 37°10′34″N85°54′22″W / 37.17611°N 85.90611°W / 37.17611; -85.90611 (37.176230, -85.906143). [10] Its southern border is the Barren County line and the border of Cave City. U.S. Route 31W (Dixie Street) is the main road through Horse Cave, leading north 8 miles (13 km) to Munfordville and southwest through Cave City 10 miles (16 km) to Park City near the entrance to Mammoth Cave National Park. Interstate 65 passes 2 miles (3 km) west of Horse Cave, with access from Exit 58. I-65 leads north 78 miles (126 km) to Louisville and southwest 97 miles (156 km) to Nashville, Tennessee.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city of Horse Cave has a total area of 2.7 square miles (6.9 km2), of which 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2), or 0.74%, are water. [4]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1870 479
1880 5269.8%
1890 59813.7%
1900 86745.0%
1910 8811.6%
1920 864−1.9%
1930 1,25945.7%
1940 1,2781.5%
1950 1,54520.9%
1960 1,78015.2%
1970 2,06816.2%
1980 2,045−1.1%
1990 2,28411.7%
2000 2,252−1.4%
2010 2,3112.6%
2019 (est.)2,425 [2] 4.9%
U.S. Decennial Census [11]

As of the census [12] of 2000, there were 2,252 people, 977 households, and 601 families residing in the city. The population density was 758.0 people per square mile (292.8/km2). There were 1,091 housing units at an average density of 367.2 per square mile (141.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 80.91% White, 17.94% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.04% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. 0.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 977 households, out of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.2% were married couples living together, 18.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.4% were non-families. 34.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 21.8% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 20.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 81.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 72.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $21,134, and the median income for a family was $28,026. Males had a median income of $25,905 versus $18,457 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,861. About 24.1% of families and 27.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.8% of those under age 18 and 22.5% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Horse Cave has a lending library, the Horse Cave Public Library. [13]

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

Hart County, Kentucky U.S. county in Kentucky

Hart County is a county located in the south central portion of the Commonwealth of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 18,199. Its county seat is Munfordville. Hart County is a prohibition or dry county.

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References

  1. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2020.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. "Summary and Reference Guide to House Bill 331 City Classification Reform" (PDF). Kentucky League of Cities. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
  4. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Horse Cave city, Kentucky". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 29, 2017.[ dead link ]
  5. The Kentucky Encyclopedia, pp. 442. "Horse Cave". University Press of Kentucky (Lexington), 1992. Accessed 30 July 2013.
  6. 1 2 3 Rennick, Robert M. (1987). Kentucky Place Names. University Press of Kentucky. pp. 144–145. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  7. Commonwealth of Kentucky. Office of the Secretary of State. Land Office. "Horse Cave, Kentucky". Accessed 29 July 2013.
  8. http://www.wkyufm.org/post/runaway-romance-filmed-kentucky-airs-jan-7#stream/0
  9. https://www.bgdailynews.com/news/film-shoot-wraps-in-horse-cave/article_2c626377-e91d-52b2-a8ea-d2cb6165b920.html
  10. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  11. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  13. "Kentucky Public Library Directory". Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives. Archived from the original on 11 January 2019. Retrieved 5 June 2019.