Tontitown, Arkansas

Last updated
Tontitown, Arkansas
Washington County Arkansas Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Tontitown Highlighted 0569740.svg
Location of Tontitown in Washington County, Arkansas.
Coordinates: 36°10′45″N94°14′48″W / 36.17917°N 94.24667°W / 36.17917; -94.24667 Coordinates: 36°10′45″N94°14′48″W / 36.17917°N 94.24667°W / 36.17917; -94.24667
Country United States
State Arkansas
County Washington
Settled1898
Incorporated (city)1909
Founded by Pietro Bandini
Government
  TypeMayor/Council
  MayorPaul Colvin
  Police ChiefJoey McCormick
Area
[1]
  Total18.05 sq mi (46.74 km2)
  Land17.91 sq mi (46.39 km2)
  Water0.14 sq mi (0.36 km2)
Elevation
1,289 ft (393 m)
Population
  Total2,460
  Estimate 
(2017) [2]
3,715
  Density207.43/sq mi (80.09/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
72770
Area code(s) 479
FIPS code 05-69740
GNIS feature ID0073882
Website Tontitown.com

Tontitown is a city in Washington County, Arkansas, United States. The community is located in the Ozark Mountains and was founded by Italian settlers in 1898. Known for its grapes and wines, Tontitown has hosted the Tontitown Grape Festival continuously since 1898. It is part of the Northwest Arkansas metropolitan area, serving as a bedroom community for larger neighbors Fayetteville and Springdale. The town experienced a 160% growth in population between the 2000 and 2010 censuses. [3]

Washington County, Arkansas County in the United States

Washington County is a county located in the northwest part of the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 203,065, making it the third-most populous county in Arkansas. The county seat is Fayetteville. It is Arkansas's 17th county, formed on October 17, 1828, and named for George Washington, the first President of the United States. Washington County is part of the Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Arkansas State of the United States of America

Arkansas is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2018. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.

Ozarks Highland region in central-southern United States

The Ozarks, also called the Ozark Mountains or Ozark Plateau, is a physiographic region in the U.S. states of Missouri, Arkansas, Oklahoma, and extreme southeastern Kansas. The Ozarks cover a significant portion of northern Arkansas and most of the southern half of Missouri, extending from Interstate 40 in Arkansas to the Interstate 70 in central Missouri.

Contents

History

Led by Catholic priest Pietro Bandini, who eventually became mayor of the city, [4] Italian settlers working on Lakeport Plantation in the Arkansas delta moved to northwest Arkansas and found the climate and terrain similar to their native Northern Italy. Tontitown was settled in 1898 and named for Italian explorer Henri de Tonti. [5] It was incorporated as a city in 1909. [4]

Pietro Bandini was an Italian Catholic priest and missionary to the United States who was prominent in the Italian American community. He began his career as a Jesuit missionary in the Western United States, where he worked with Native American tribes, and went on to establish the Saint Raphael Society for the Protection of Italian Immigrants and Our Lady of Pompeii Church in New York City. He led a group of Italians to Sunnyside Plantation in Arkansas in the hopes of establishing an immigrant colony and later founded the city of Tontitown with them. For his work on immigration, he was lauded by Pope Pius X and the Queen Mother Margherita.

Lakeport Plantation human settlement in Arkansas, United States of America

Lakeport Plantation is a historic antebellum plantation house near Lake Village, Arkansas. It is on the west side of the Mississippi River and across from Greenville, Mississippi.

Northern Italy geographic region of Italy

Northern Italy is a geographical region in the northern part of Italy. Non-administrative, it consists of eight administrative Regions in northern Italy: Aosta Valley, Piedmont, Liguria, Lombardy, Emilia-Romagna, Veneto, Friuli-Venezia Giulia and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol. As of 2014, its population was 27,801,460. Rhaeto-Romance and Gallo-Italic languages are spoken in the region, as opposed to the Italo-Dalmatian languages spoken in the rest of Italy.

Geography

Tontitown is located at 36°10′45″N94°14′48″W / 36.17917°N 94.24667°W / 36.17917; -94.24667 (36.179043, -94.246572). [6]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1910 222
1920 2355.9%
1930 188−20.0%
1940 1890.5%
1950 2037.4%
1960 2093.0%
1970 426103.8%
1980 61544.4%
1990 460−25.2%
2000 942104.8%
2010 2,460161.1%
Est. 20173,715 [2] 51.0%
Encyclopedia of Arkansas
History and Culture
[3]

2010 census

As of the 2010 census the ethnic and racial composition of the population was 92.0% nonn-Hispanic white, 0.3% African-American, 0.5% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 2.4% reporting two or more races and 5.7% Hispanic.

2000 census

As of the census [7] of 2000, there were 942 people, 351 households, and 273 families residing in the city. The population density was 134.2 people per square mile (51.8/km²). There were 368 housing units at an average density of 52.4/sq mi (20.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.28% White, 1.70% Native American, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 0.85% from other races, and 1.06% from two or more races. 2.23% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include agriculture, business, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

There were 351 households out of which 37.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.4% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.2% were non-families. 18.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.07. Tontitown has seen a very rapid growth in recent years as indicated by a 160% growth in population between the 2000 and 2010 censuses.

Marriage Social union or legal contract between people called spouses that creates kinship

Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a socially or ritually recognised union between spouses that establishes rights and obligations between those spouses, as well as between them and any resulting biological or adopted children and affinity. The definition of marriage varies around the world not only between cultures and between religions, but also throughout the history of any given culture and religion, evolving to both expand and constrict in who and what is encompassed, but typically it is principally an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually sexual, are acknowledged or sanctioned. In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity. When defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. A marriage ceremony is known as a wedding.

In the city, the population was spread out with 27.0% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males. Tonitown is part of the Fayetteville, Springdale, Rogers metro area.

The median income for a household in the city was $43,750, and the median income for a family was $47,589. Males had a median income of $32,917 versus $25,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,058. About 4.9% of families and 8.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.7% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.

Per capita income mean income of the people in an economic unit such as a country or city

Per capita income (PCI) or average income measures the average income earned per person in a given area in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population.

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

Avoca, Arkansas Town in Arkansas, United States

Avoca is a town in Benton County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 488 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Fayetteville–Springdale–Rogers, AR-MO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Bethel Heights, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Bethel Heights is a city in Benton County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 2,372 at the 2010 census, up from 714 in 2000 census. It is part of the Fayetteville–Springdale–Rogers, AR-MO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Cave Springs, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Cave Springs is a city in Benton County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 1,729 at the 2010 census, up from 1,103 in 2000. It is part of the Fayetteville–Springdale–Rogers, AR-MO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Elm Springs, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Elm Springs is a city in Benton and Washington counties, Arkansas, United States. The community is located between the Boston Mountains and the Springfield Plateau within the Ozark Mountains. Initially a community surrounding a spring-fed mill, the community flourished even after the mill's destruction during the Civil War.

Gravette, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Gravette is a city in Benton County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 2,325 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Fayetteville–Springdale–Rogers, AR-MO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Highfill, Arkansas Town in Arkansas, United States

Highfill is a town in Benton County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 583 at the 2010 census. It is home to the Northwest Arkansas Regional Airport, which serves all of Northwest Arkansas, including the Bentonville–Fayetteville–Siloam Springs–Springdale–Rogers, AR-MO-OK Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Little Flock, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Little Flock is a city in Benton County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 2,585 at the 2010 census. It is a small, rural community known as one of the safest cities in Arkansas. It is part of the Fayetteville–Springdale–Rogers, AR-MO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Lowell, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Lowell is a city in Benton County, Arkansas, United States. Located within the Ozarks, first settlement was along Old Wire Road in the 1840s, and although destroyed during the Civil War, the community was reestablished by J. H. McClure and thrived when the St. Louis–San Francisco Railway came through the area in the 1880s. Today, the city is a growing bedroom community within the rapidly growing Northwest Arkansas region. Lowell is also home to the headquarters of trucking company J.B. Hunt. Lowell's population was 7,327 at the 2010 census, an increase of 46% since 2000.

Sulphur Springs, Benton County, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Sulphur Springs is a city in Benton County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 511 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Fayetteville–Springdale–Rogers, AR-MO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Taylor, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Taylor is a city in Columbia County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 566 at the 2010 census.

Tillar, Arkansas Town in Arkansas, United States

Tillar is a town in Desha and Drew counties in the U.S. state of Arkansas. The population was 225 at the 2010 census.

Shannon Hills, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Shannon Hills is a city in Saline County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 2,005 at the 2000 census, and 3,143 according to the 2010 Census. It is part of the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Central City, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Central City is a city in Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States. It is part of the Fort Smith, Arkansas-Oklahoma Metropolitan Statistical Area. At the 2010 Census, the population of Central City was 502. According to the 2005 US Census Bureau estimates, Central City had a population of 549.

Huntington, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Huntington is a city in Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States. It is part of the Fort Smith, Arkansas-Oklahoma Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 Census the population was 635. The population was 688 at the 2000 census.

Goshen, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Goshen is a city in Washington County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 1,071 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Fayetteville–Springdale–Rogers, AR-MO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Johnson, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Johnson is a city in Washington County, Arkansas, United States. The community is located on the Springfield Plateau deep in the Ozark Mountains and is surrounded by valleys and natural springs. Early settlers took advantage of these natural features and formed an economy based on mining lime, the Johnson Mill and trout. Although a post office was opened in the community in 1887, Johnson did not incorporate until it required the development of a city government to provide utility services in 1961. Located between Fayetteville and Springdale in the heart of the rapidly growing Northwest Arkansas metropolitan statistical area, Johnson has been experiencing a population and building boom in recent years, as indicated by a 46% growth in population between the 2000 and 2010 censuses.

Winslow, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Winslow is a city in Washington County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 391 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers Metropolitan Area.

Springdale, Pennsylvania Borough in Pennsylvania, United States

Springdale is a borough in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, 18 miles (29 km) northeast of Pittsburgh along the Allegheny River. The population was 3,405 at the 2010 census.

Springdale Township, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania Township in Pennsylvania, United States

Springdale Township is a township in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 1,636 at the 2010 census. The eastern side of the township is known as Orrville, and the western side as Harwick.

References

  1. "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 22, 2018.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  3. 1 2 Young, Susan (February 14, 2013). "Tontitown (Washington County)". Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture . Butler Center for Arkansas Studies at the Central Arkansas Library System . Retrieved July 30, 2013.
  4. 1 2 Giordano, Joe. "Italians in Arkansas: Father Pietro Bandini and Tontitown". joe-giordano.com. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
  5. "Tontitown (Washington County) - Encyclopedia of Arkansas". www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  6. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  8. "Albert Lewis Fletcher (1896–1979) - Encyclopedia of Arkansas". www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net. Retrieved 3 September 2018.