Old Three Hundred

Last updated

The Old Three Hundred were the 297 grantees, made up of families and some partnerships of unmarried men, who purchased 307 parcels of land from Stephen Fuller Austin and established a colony that encompassed an area that ran from the Gulf of Mexico on the south, to near present-day Jones Creek, Brazoria county Texas, Brenham in Washington County, Texas, Navasota in Grimes County, and La Grange in Fayette County. Moses Austin was the original empresario of the Old Three Hundred and was succeeded by his son, Stephen F. Austin, after his untimely death. [1]

Stephen F. Austin American empresario, slaveholder, namesake of Austin, Texas

Stephen Fuller Austin was an American empresario. Known as the "Father of Texas", and the founder of Texas, he led the second, and ultimately, the successful colonization of the region by bringing 300 families from the United States to the region in 1825.

Gulf of Mexico An Atlantic Ocean basin extending into southern North America

The Gulf of Mexico is an ocean basin and a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean, largely surrounded by the North American continent. It is bounded on the northeast, north and northwest by the Gulf Coast of the United States, on the southwest and south by Mexico, and on the southeast by Cuba. The U.S. states of Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida border the Gulf on the north, which are often referred to as the "Third Coast", in comparison with the U.S. Atlantic and Pacific coasts.

Brenham, Texas City in Texas, United States

Brenham is a city in east-central Texas in Washington County, United States, with a population of 15,716 according to the 2010 U.S. census. It is the county seat of Washington County. Brenham is south of College Station, and about halfway between Houston and Austin approximately 70 miles (110 km) northwest of Houston, and about 90 miles (140 km) east of Austin.

Contents

Implementation

Stephen Austin agreed to implement his father's plan, and in the end of the summer of 1821 he and a small group of settlers crossed into Texas. Before he arrived in San Antonio to meet with the governor, they learned that Mexico had earned its independence from Spain, making Texas a Mexican province rather than a Spanish province. Governor Martinez assured him, however, that the new Mexican government would honor the colonization contract. [2]

Mexican Texas

Mexican Texas is the historiographical name used to refer to the era of Texan history between 1821 and 1836, when it was part of Mexico. Mexico gained independence from Spain in 1821 after winning its war. Initially, Mexican Texas operated similarly to Spanish Texas. Ratification of the 1824 Constitution of Mexico created a federal structure, and the province of Tejas was joined with the province of Coahuila to form the state of Coahuila y Tejas.

Stephen returned to Louisiana to recruit settlers. He offered land at 12.5 cents per acre, only 10% of what comparable acreage sold for in the United States. Settlers would pay no customs duties for seven years and would not be subject to taxation for ten years. In return, they would be expected to become Mexican citizens. [3]

In March 1822, Austin learned that the new Mexican government had not ratified his father's land grant with Spain. He was forced to travel to Mexico City, 1,200 miles (1,931 km) away, to get permission for his colony. [4]

Mexico City Capital City in Mexico, Mexico

Mexico City, or the City of Mexico, is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America. It is one of the most important cultural and financial centres in the Americas. It is located in the Valley of Mexico, a large valley in the high plateaus in the center of Mexico, at an altitude of 2,240 meters (7,350 ft). The city has 16 boroughs.

The 1823 Imperial Colonization Law of Mexico allowed an empresario to receive a land grant within the Mexican province of Texas. The empresario and a commissioner appointed by the governor would be authorized the distribute land to settlers and issue them titles in the name of the Mexican government. Only one contract was ultimately approved under this legislation, the first contract granted to Stephen F. Austin. [5]

Establishment

Between 1824 and 1828, Austin granted 297 titles under this contract. Each head of household received a minimum of 177 acres [6] or 4,428 acres [7] depending on whether they intended to farm or raise livestock. The grant could be increased for large families or those wishing to establish a new industry, but the lands would be forfeited if they were not cultivated within two years. [5]

The settlers who received their titles under Stephen's first contract were known as the Old Three Hundred, and they made up the first organized, approved influx of Anglo-American immigrants to Texas. The new titles were located in an area where no Spanish or Mexican settlements had existed, covering the land between the Brazos River and the Colorado River from the Gulf Coast to the San Antonio Road. [8] The capital of this new colony was San Felipe de Austin, now the town of San Felipe in Austin County.

Growth

When Austin began advertising his colony, he received a great deal of interest. He was able to be selective in his choice of colonists, which enabled his colony to be different from most others of the time. Austin chose settlers based on whether he believed they would be appropriately industrious. Overall, they belonged to a higher economic scale than most immigrants, and all brought some property with them. One-quarter of the families brought slaves with them. All but four of the men could read and write. This relatively high level of literacy had a great impact on the future of the colony. According to historian William C. Davis, because they were literate, the colonists "absorbed and spread the knowledge and news always essential to uniting people to a common purpose". [9]

Despite a provision in Mexican law requiring immigrants to be Catholic, most of Austin's settlers were Protestant. Many chafed at being ruled by Catholics. Most held strong feelings about property ownership and their personal liberty.

List

Lester G. Bugbee in his article The Old Three Hundred published in the October 1897 issue of The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, identifies the head of each family who purchased land in Austin's colony. [10] They were:

Head of householdBornDiedFamily as of March 1826NotesRefs
Elijah Allcorn17711844Wife, five children and two servants. [11]
Martin Allen17801837Wife, nine children [12]
Abraham Alley18031862Wife, five childrenBrother of John, Rawson, Thomas and William Alley [13]
John C. Alley1822Brother of Abraham, Thomas, Rawson and William Alley. [14]
Rawson Alley17931833SingleBrother of Abraham, John, Thomas and William Alley [15]
Thomas Alley1826SingleBrother of Abraham, John, Rawson and William Alley [16]
William Alley1800August 15, 1869SingleBrother of Abraham, John, Rawson and Thomas Alley [17]
Charles AlsburySingleBrother of Harvey and Horace Alsbury. Died about 1828. [18]
Harvey AlsburyWifeBrother of Charles and Horace Alsbury [19]
Horace Alsbury 1805June 1847Single; later married Juana Navarro [20]
Thomas Alsbury1773Wife and two daughtersFather of Charles, Harvey and Horace Alsbury. Wife Leah Catlett Alsbury. Daughters Leah Ann and Marion B. Served in the War of 1812. Died August 1826. [21]
Simeon Asa AndersonWife, three children, one slave [22]
John AndrewsFebruary 1838Wife, two children, one servant [23]
William Andrews1840Wife, five children, two slavesDaughter married Randal Jones in 1824. [24]
Samuel AngierAugust 26, 1792In 1829, married fellow colonist Pamelia Pickett [25]
James E.B. Austin October 3, 1803August 14, 1829Helped put down the Fredonian Rebellion. Brother of Stephen F. Austin. [26]
John Austin March 17, 1801August 11, 1833 [27]
Stephen F. Austin November 3, 1793December 27, 1836 [28]
James B. BailyNovember 13, 1797September 30, 18355 wives and 18 children
Daniel E. Balis
William Baratt
Thomas Barnet
Thomas Hudson Barron [29] 179618742 wives 22 children
Mills M. Battle
james hennahanBenjamin Beason1837
Charles Belknap
Josiah H. Bell
Thomas B. Bell Wife Prudencio, three childrenDonated the land on which Bellville was founded in 1846
M. Berry
Isaac Best
Jacob Betts
Francis Biggam
William Bloodgood
Thomas Boatwright
Thomas Borden
Caleb R. Bostwick
John T. Bowman
Edward R. Bradley
John Bradley
Thomas Bradley
Charles Breen
Patrick Brias
William B. Bridges1795April 4, 1853
David Bright
Enoch Brinson
Bluford Brooks
Robert Brotherington
George Brown
John Brown
William S. Brown
Aylett C. Buckner
Pumphrey Brunet
Jesse Burnam17921883
Micajah Byrd
Morris A. Callihan
Alexander Calvit 17841836
David Carpenter
William C. Carson
Samuel Carter
Jesse H. Cartwright
Thomas Cartwright
Sylvenus Castleman
Samuel Chance
Horatio Chriesman
John C. Clark
Antony R. Clarke
Merit M. Coats
John P. Coles
James Russell Cook18121843Single
John Cooke
William Cooper
Robert Cooper5 children
John Crownover1 sonMarried to Elizabeth Chesney, son John Chesney Crownover born 1799 in Pennsylvania [30]
James Cummings
John Cummings
Rebecca Cummins
William Cummings
James (Jack) Cummins c. 17731849
James Curtis, Sr.
James Curtis, Jr.
Hinton Curtis
Samuel Davidson
Thomas Davis
D. Deckrow
Charles Demos
Peter Demos
William B. DeweesSep. 8th, 1799Apr. 14th, 1878
John Dickinson
Nicholas Dillard
Thomas Marshall Duke178524 May, 1867Married 3 times. 3rd wife, Jane Mason Wilkins McCormick Duke. 6 children; Mary Francis, Charlotte Jane, Thomoas Marshall, Jr., John Marshall, Stephen Austin, Alice ImoginDied, Hynes Bay, Refugio County, Texas during the yellow fever epidemic of 1867-Certified by Witnesses: Wm. Andrews, G. Seelingson, F. Hunt. Source: Daily Ranchero, September 1, 1867.
George Duty
Joseph DutyMarch 6, 1801 (Gallatin, TN)September 11, 1855 (Webberville, TX)
Clement C. Dyer
Thomas Earle
G.E. Edwards
John Elam
Robert Elder
Charles Falenash
David Fenton
James Fisher
David Fitzgerald1832Widowed with one son and daughter.The plot of land now sits in modern Fort Bend County. Fitzgerald died in 1832 and willed the land to his daughter Sarah. She would later sell the entire property to Johnathan Dawson Waters.
Isaiah Flanakin
Elisha Flowers
Isaac Foster
John Foster18372 sons [31]
Randolph Foster
James Frazier
Charles Fulshear
Charles Garret
Samuel Gates
William Gates
Freeman George17801834Wife, 8 sonsFreeman George received 1 sitios land between San Bernard and Bay Prairie (Matagorda County) and 1 labor of land located Brazos East side opposite San Felipe (Waller County). According to the Handbook of Texas Online, he was given a league and a labor of land (see above) which is known as Matagorda and Waller counties on July 7, 1824. Also one of the original patentees in the vicinity of Old Ocean, Texas, in southwestern Brazoria Co. [32]
Preston Gilbert
Sarah Gilbert17501841
Daniel Gilleland
Chester S. Gorbet
Michael Gouldrich
Thomas Gray
Jared E. Groce17821839
Robert Guthrie
John Haddan
Samuel C. Hady
George B. Hall
John W. Hall
W. J. Hall
David Hamilton
Abner Harris
David Harris
John Richardson Harris
William Harris
William J. Harris
George Harrison
William Harvey
Thomas S. Haynes
James Hensley
Alexander Hodge17571836Historical marker erected at Hodge's Bend Cemetery in Fort Bend County (1975), where Alexander Hodge's grave is located.
Francis Holland
William Holland
Kinchen Holliman
James Hope
C.S. Hudson
George Huff
John Huff
Isaac Hughes
Eli Hunter
Johnson Calhoun HunterMay 22, 1787May 29, 1855Wife: Mary Martha Harbert; Children as of March 1826: Robert Hancock Hunter, John Calhoun Hunter, Harriet Harbert Hunter, Thomas Jefferson Hunter, Thaddeus Warsaw Hunter, Messina Hunter, Martha HunterEducation: Dr. Johnson Hunter, earned a Medical Diploma around 1805. Dr. Johnson & Martha raised 10 children, four girls and six boys. He received a title to a sitio (roughly 4600 acres where La Porte and Morgan's Point, TX are now located) of land from the Mexican government in 1824. In 1826, he sold Hunter's Point (peninsula between Galveston & San Jacinto Bays, now known as Morgans Point and La Porte and relocated to Fort Bend County where he built a home that served as a Richmond area landmark for fifty years, currently Pecan Grove. [33] . In 1855, a five acre tract of land was donated by Dr. Johnson Hunter on the R.H. Hunter survey and was called the Frost Institute. The Institute was organized by Dr. Johnson Hunters' son-in-law. Frost Institute was located approximately six miles north of Richmond. [34] . Dr. Hunter was buried in the family cemetery, known as the Brick Church Graveyard.
John Iiams [sic]This may be John Williams.
Ira Ingram 17881837
Seth Ingram
John Irons17861842Wife Polly(Baker) Irons and son Elisha B. Irons born in 1826Settled outside Monaville, Tx near Irons Creek.
Samuel Isaacks
Alexander Jackson
Humphrey Jackson
Isaac Jackson
Thomas Jamison
Henry W. Johnson
Henry Jones
James W. Jones
Oliver Jones
R. Jones
Imla Keep
John C. Keller
John Kelly
Samuel Kennedy
Alfred Kennon
James Kerr
Peter Kerr
William Kerr
William Kincheloe
William Kingston
James Knight
Abner Kuykendall 17771834Brother of Robert and Joseph, father of Barzillia. Commanded the militia of Austin's colony, murdered by Joseph Clayton.
Barzillai KuykendallSon of Abner Kuykendall
Joseph Kuykendall
Robert Kuykendall
Hosea H. League
Joel Leakey
Benjamin Linsey
John Little
William Little
Jane H. Wilkinson Long 17981880Mother of Texas
James Lynch
Lydia Amanda Smalley
Nathanael Lynch
John McCroskey
Arthur McCormick
David McCormick
John McCormick
Thomas McCoy
Aechilles McFarlan
John McFarlan
Thomas F. McKinney 18011873Father of the Texas Navy
Hugh McKinsey
A.W. McClain
James McNair
Daniel McNeel
George W. McNeel
John McNeel
John G. McNeel
Pleasant D. McNeel
Sterling McNeel
Elizabeth McNutt
William McWilliams
Shubael Marsh
Wily Martin17761842
William Mathis
David H. Milburn
Samuel Miller
Samuel R. Miller
Simon Miller
James D. Millican
Robert Millican
William Millican
Joseph Mims1844Wife Sarah, two sons, one daughter, and four slaves
Asa Mitchell
John L. Monks
John H. Moore Aug. 13, 1800Dec. 02, 1880SingleIndian fighter, builder of Moore's Fort, and leader at the Battle of Gonzales. Married Eliza Cummins, daughter of Jack Cummins listed above.
Luke Moore
Moses Morrison
William Morton
David Mouser
James Nelson
Joseph Newman c. 17871831Wife Rachel Rabb, 10 childrenBrother in-law to John Rabb and Thomas J. Rabb, he ranched and farmed a sitio near Bonus.
Charles Isaac Nidever
M.B. Nuckols
James Orrick
Nathan Osborn
William Parks
Joshua Parker
William Parker
Isaac Pennington
George S. Pentecost
Freeman Pettus
William A. Pettus
John Petty
J.C. Peyton
James A.E. Phelps
I.B. Phillips
Zeno Philips [35]
Pamelia Picket
Joseph H. Polley
Peter Powell
William Prater
Pleasant Pruitt
William Pryor c. 17751833Wife Betsy Trammell, 6 childrenHis death was recorded as 9 Sept 1833 in the diary of William B. Travis. Pryor's will states he was from Botetourt County, Virginia He disowned his only son Trammell J Pryor. [36]
Andrew Rabb
John Rabb
Thomas J. Rabb
William Rabb
William Raleigh
L. Ramey
David Randon
John Randon
Frederic H. Rankin
Amos Rawls
Benjamin Rawls
Daniel Rawls
Stephen Richardson
Elijah Roark
Earle Robbins
William Robbins
Andrew Roberts1844Wife Sally, four daughters, and one son
Noel F. RobertsC. 1786C. 1843Harriet Pryor
William Roberts1813Jul 1849Elizabeth Pryor
Edward Robertson
Andrew Robinson Sr.1852Wife Nancy and two childrenFirst settler
Texas Historical Marker for Andrew Robinson Sr. Andrew Robinson Sr. Texas Historical Marker.jpg
Texas Historical Marker for Andrew Robinson Sr.
George Robinson
James Ross
June Salmeron
Joseph San Pierre
Robert Scobey
Marvin Scheick
James Scott
William Scott
William Selkirk179218302 childrenHelped found Matagorda and served as militia captain.
Owen Shannon17621839Margaret & childrenMargaret Montgomery/family Montgomery County named after/ Ran Montgomery County Trading Post
David Shelby
Daniel ShipmanNC 20 Feb 1801Goliad County Texas 4 Mar 1881
Moses Shipman
Bartlet Sims
George Washington SingletonRelated to Charla Kaye Moore Sisk https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fsi29
Philip SingletonDaughter Mary King married John D. Taylor November 19th 1838
Christian Smith
Cornelius Smith
John Smith
William Smeathers 17671837
Gabriel S. Snider
Albert L. Sojourner
Nancy Spencer
Adam Stafford
William Stafford17801840
Thomas Stevens
Owen H. Stout
John Strange
Walter Sutherland
David Tally
John D. TaylorMarried , Mary King Singleton daughter of Philip Singleton , November 19th 1838 , they had two children Jeanette Susan 1841-1915 and Isabell 1842-1925
George Teel
Ezekiel Thomas
Jacob Thomas
Jesse Thompson
Thomas J. Tone
James F. Tong1783298Elizabeth Thompson , 1 Child- Harriet E. Tong (1817-1884)Father- William H. Tong (1756-1848) Revolutionary Way Minuteman in Maryland , Fought at Bradywine and Germantown with George Washington . William Tong , 2 wives and 26 Children
Samuel Toy
John Trobough
Elizabeth Piemmons Tumlinson17781829Wife of John Jackson Tumlinson whom was killed by Waco Indians while crossing the Guadalupe river
James Tumlinson
Isaac Vandorn
Martin Varner
Allen Vince
Richard Vince
Robert Vince
William Vince
James Walker
Thomas Walker
Caleb Wallice
Francis F. Wells
Amy White
Joseph White
Reuben White
Walter C. White
William White
Boland Whitesides
Henry Whitesides
James Whitesides
William Whitesides
Nathaniel Whiting
William Whitlock
Elias R. Wightman 17921841Married Mary Sherwood Wightman in 1828Helped found Matagorda and surveyed Austin's colony.
Jane Wilkins
George I. Williams
Henry Williams
John Williams
John R. WilliamsBuilt "The Old Place" along Clear Creek, which eventually became the oldest remaining structure in Harris County, Texas. It is now part of Houston's Sam Houston Park
Robert H. Williams
Samuel M. Williams
Solomon Williams
Thomas Williams
Zadock Woods aka Zaduck17731842Wife Minerva Cottle WoodsServed in the battle of Gonzales, the battle of Concepción, the Grass Fight and the Runaway Scrape. Colonist of Texas, Zadock Woods was one of the "Old Three Hundred" who established a colony area with land purchased from Stephen F. Austin. [37] A veteran of the War of 1812, he served in the battle of Gonzales, the battle of Concepción, the Grass Fight and the Runaway Scrape. [38] [39] His homestead was a fortified inn, known as Fort Woods, built to provide protection from Indian attacks on the colonists. [40] He was the oldest man killed in the "Dawson expedition" September 1842. [41] [38]
Memorial Stone erected by the State of Texas 1936 at the site of Woods Fort Woods Fort Stone.jpg
Memorial Stone erected by the State of Texas 1936 at the site of Woods Fort

Related Research Articles

Fredonian Rebellion

The Fredonian Rebellion was the first attempt by Anglo settlers in Texas to secede from Mexico. The settlers, led by Empresario Haden Edwards, declared independence from Mexican Texas and created the Republic of Fredonia near Nacogdoches. The short-lived republic encompassed the land the Mexican government had granted to Edwards in 1825 and included areas that had been previously settled. Edwards's actions soon alienated the established residents, and the increasing hostilities between them and settlers recruited by Edwards led Victor Blanco of the Mexican government to revoke Edwards's contract.

Empresario person who had been granted the right to settle on land in exchange for recruiting and taking responsibility for new settlers. The word is Spanish for entrepreneur

An empresario was a person who had been granted the right to settle on land in exchange for recruiting and taking responsibility for settling the eastern areas of Coahuila y Tejas in the early nineteenth century. The word is Spanish for entrepreneur.

Haden Edwards was a Texas settler and land speculator. Edwards County, Texas on the Edwards Plateau is named for him. In 1825, Edwards received a land grant from the Mexican government, allowing him to settle families in East Texas. His grant included the city of Nacogdoches, and Edwards soon angered many of the previous settlers. After his contract was revoked in 1826, Edwards and his brother declared the colony to be the Republic of Fredonia. He was forced to flee Mexico when the Mexican army arrived to put down the rebellion, and did not return until after the Texas Revolution had broken out.

Martin Varner was one of the original American settlers in Mexican Texas, known as the Old Three Hundred, and was a veteran of the Texas Revolution.

The DeWitt Colony was a settlement in Mexican Texas founded by Green DeWitt. From lands belonging to that colony, the present Texas counties of DeWitt, Guadalupe and Lavaca were created. The hub of the colony was primarily located, however, in what is now Gonzales County. The first battle of the Texas Revolution occurred in the DeWitt Colony.

Green DeWitt was an empresario in Mexican Texas. He founded the DeWitt Colony.

John Austin was a Texian settler, one of Stephen Austin's Old Three Hundred, and the Texian commander at the Battle of Velasco during the Anahuac Disturbances before Texas Revolution.

James E.B. Austin Texian settler/ brother of empresario Stephen F. Austin/ "The Father of Texas"

James Elijah Brown Austin was an American settler and brother of empresario Stephen F. Austin, "The Father of Texas." Counted also as one of the Old Three Hundred, he is listed in Spanish and Mexican records as "Santiago E.B. Austin". James and Stephen F. Austin are both brothers of Emily Margaret Brown Austin.

James Power was an Irish-born Texan empresario, politician and signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence, known for the land grant he received with partner James Hewetson that included the coastal area between the mouths of the Guadalupe and Nueces Rivers, as well as his founding and service as the first mayor of the Aransas City settlement. He often represented Refugio County during statewide conventions. Was part of the Mexican national era

James (Jack) Cummins (1773–1849) was a Texas farmer, public official and a colonist of Stephen F. Austin's first settlement in Texas.

De Leóns Colony

De León's Colony was established in 1824 in northern Coahuila y Tejas state of the First Mexican Republic, by empresario Martín De León. It was the only ethnically Mexican colony founded during the Mexican period (1824-1835) that is located within the present-day U.S. state of Texas.

Robertsons Colony

Robertson's Colony was an empresario colonization effort during the Mexican Texas period. It is named after Sterling C. Robertson, but had previously been known by other names. It has also been referred to as the Nashville Colony, after the Tennessee city where the effort originated, the Texas Association, the Upper Colony, and Leftwich's Grant, named after early colonizer Robert Leftwich. The eventual contract spread over an area that includes all or part of thirty present-day counties in Texas.

James Hewetson was a Texas empresario.

Lake Creek Settlement

The Lake Creek Settlement was a settlement in Stephen F. Austin's Second Colony located in Mexican Texas and later the Republic of Texas. The Lake Creek Settlement was located between the West Fork of the San Jacinto River (Texas) and the stream known as Lake Creek in what is today western Montgomery County, Texas. In July 1837, the town of Montgomery, Texas was founded in the middle of the Lake Creek Settlement.

Horatio Chriesman was an American surveyor, politician in Mexican Texas and participant in the Texas Revolution.

Alexander Calvit (1784–1836) was an early settler in colonial Texas and a sugar planter. His Evergreen Plantation lay where the town of Clute, Texas, was later built.

Peters Colony is a name applied to four empresario land grant contracts first by the Republic of Texas and then the State of Texas for settlement in north Texas. The contracts were signed groups of American and English investors originally headed by William Smalling Peters. Samuel Browning, Peters' son-in-law signed the first contract with the Republic of Texas in Austin on August 30, 1841. Ownership of the empresario company changed many times during the life of the contracts.

Sylvanus Castleman is one of Stephen F. Austin's Old Three Hundred settlers who received one of the first land grants in the colony of Texas. His land was the first of the 297 grants from Austin, which he received on July 7, 1824,

References

  1. Christopher Long, "OLD THREE HUNDRED," Handbook of Texas Online , accessed March 27, 2012.
  2. Edmondson (2000), p. 60.
  3. Edmondson (2000), p. 61.
  4. Edmondson (2000), p. 63.
  5. 1 2 Greaser (1999), p. xviii.
  6. Cantrell (2000), p. 419.
  7. Hatch (1999), p. 136.
  8. Greaser (1999), p. ix.
  9. Davis (2006), p. 60.
  10. Bugbee, Lester G..org/publicatshq/online/v001/n2/article_7.html THE OLD THREE HUNDRED. A LIST OF SETTLERS IN AUSTIN'S FIRST COLONY ], Volume 001, Number 2, Southwestern Historical Quarterly Online, Page 108117. Accessed 2008-04-14.
  11. "Allcorn, Elijah", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  12. "Allen, Martin", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  13. "Alley, Abraham", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  14. "Alley, John C.", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  15. "Alley, Rawson", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  16. "Alley, Thomas V.", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  17. "Alley, William A.", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  18. "Alsbury, Charles Grundison", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  19. "Alsbury, James Harvey", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  20. "Alsbury, Horace Arlington", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  21. "Alsbury, Thomas", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  22. "Anderson, Simeon Asa", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  23. "Andrews, John", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  24. "Andrews, William", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  25. "Angier, Samuel Tubbs", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  26. "Austin, James Elijah Brown", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  27. "Austin, John", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  28. "Austin, Stephen Fuller", Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association
  29. https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fbatq
  30. "Ancestry® | Genealogy, Family Trees & Family History Records". ancestry.com. Retrieved 2016-04-17.
  31. https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/ffo19
  32. "GEORGE, FREEMAN," Handbook of Texas Online , accessed June 07, 2012. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
  33. "Fort Bend County Texas - A Pictorial History" by Sharon Wallingford, p. 47
  34. "Fort Bend County Texas - A Pictorial History" by Sharon Wallingford, p. 58
  35. "PHILIPS, ZENO," Handbook of Texas Online (https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fph05), accessed October 02, 2012. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
  36. "PRYOR, WILLIAM," Handbook of Texas Online , accessed January 8, 2014. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
  37. Title: Zadock and Minerva Cottle Woods, American pioneers Author: Paul N Spellman Publisher: Austin, Texas 1988 OCLC Number: 36308761
  38. 1 2 Paul N. Spellman, "WOODS, ZADOCK," Handbook of Texas Online , accessed June 16, 2012. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
  39. Original papers Regarding Zadock Woodsand His Sons: Norman Woods; Henry Gonzalvo Woods; Montraville Woods; Leander Woods compiled by Robert Forsyth Little, IV and Marianne Elizabeth Hall Little OCLC Number: 310362910 in Historical Manuscript collection, University of Texas at Austin Library.
  40. Texas Haunted Forts Author: Elaine Coleman Republic of Texas Press 2001 ISBN   978-1-55622-841-4
  41. Memorial Stone erected by the State of Texas 1936 at the site of Woods Fort