Overton, Texas

Last updated

Overton, Texas
City
McMillan Memorial Library, Overton, TX IMG 4413.JPG
The McMillan Memorial Library in Overton, Texas
Motto(s): 
"A Growing Community nestled in the Piney Woods of East Texas" [1]
TXMap-doton-Overton.PNG
Location of Overton, Texas
Coordinates: 32°16′25″N94°58′35″W / 32.27361°N 94.97639°W / 32.27361; -94.97639 Coordinates: 32°16′25″N94°58′35″W / 32.27361°N 94.97639°W / 32.27361; -94.97639
CountryFlag of the United States.svg  United States
StateFlag of Texas.svg  Texas
Counties Rusk, Smith
Area
[2]
  Total6.75 sq mi (17.48 km2)
  Land6.70 sq mi (17.35 km2)
  Water0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2)
Elevation
502 ft (153 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total2,554
  Estimate 
(2019) [3]
2,503
  Density373.58/sq mi (144.24/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
75684
Area code(s) 903
FIPS code 48-54432 [4]
GNIS feature ID1343370 [5]
Website https://cityofoverton.com/
Overton City Hall Overton, TX, City Hall IMG 4397.JPG
Overton City Hall
A portion of downtown Overton Part of downtown Overton, TX IMG 4399.JPG
A portion of downtown Overton
The abandoned Overton Theater Abandoned Overton Theater, Overton, TX IMG 4401.JPG
The abandoned Overton Theater
The First Baptist Church of Overton First Baptist Church, Overton, TX IMG 4403.JPG
The First Baptist Church of Overton

Overton is a city in Rusk and Smith counties in the U.S. state of Texas. Overton lies in two counties as well as two metropolitan areas. The Rusk County portion of the city is part of the Longview Metropolitan Statistical Area, while the Smith County portion is part of the Tyler Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

The population was 2,554 at the 2010 census.

History

It was known to the Choctaws, Chickasaws, and Creeks who lived in the area, and still do, as Tiyuk Hekia (Standing Pine); many years later, when it was incorporated, it became known as Overton.

The town was named after Major Frank Overton, an early settler and landowner who donated some of his land for the town site. It was platted in 1873 and a post office was granted that year.

Overton was originally intended to be a crossroads for two railroads. In 1875, the Henderson and Overton Branch Railroad, 16 miles long, was completed and was later joined by the International-Great Northern. When the nearby communities of Bellview, Jamestown, Rocky Mount, and Salem were all bypassed by the railroad, Overton gained the businesses and people who wanted to benefit from the railroad lines. The town offered lots for businesses to relocate, and many took the offer.

The Masons and Odd Fellows built the first school, and a church was constructed in 1875. By 1888 the population had increased to 500 and had all essential businesses, including a newspaper. Overton prospered as an agricultural community, and in 1904 the population had reached 568.

Oklahoman wildcatter C. M. (Dad) Joiner was drilling his third well in 1930, [6] and the town of Overton helped raise the funds he needed to drill. When the well came in, Overton shared in Joiner's success, as churches, schools, and a refinery were built. Hubbard College was founded during this time as well. The town's once agrarian-based economy suddenly revolved entirely around the production of oil.

Overton's population skyrocketed from 426 in 1931 to 3,000 in 1933. By 1936 it was up to 4,500 and the town went through the Great Depression relatively unscathed. But by the end of World War II the population had declined by half – reaching just 2,000 in the 1950s and remaining at that level through the 1970s. In the 1980s Overton was Rusk County's "second city" with a population of 2,430 in 1983. By the 1990s Overton extended into neighboring Smith County.

Geography

Overton is located at 32°16′25″N94°58′35″W / 32.27361°N 94.97639°W / 32.27361; -94.97639 (32.273608, -94.976306). [7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.8 square miles (17.5 km2), of which 6.7 square miles (17.4 km2) is land and 0.04 square mile (0.1 km2) (0.59%) is water. Most of the city lies in Rusk County, with a small portion extending into Smith County.

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 353
1890 40113.6%
1920 528
1930 426−19.3%
1940 2,313443.0%
1950 2,001−13.5%
1960 1,950−2.5%
1970 2,0846.9%
1980 2,43016.6%
1990 2,105−13.4%
2000 2,35011.6%
2010 2,5548.7%
2019 (est.)2,503 [3] −2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [8]

As of the census [4] of 2010, there were 2,554 people, 935 households, and 639 families residing in the city. The population density was 375.6 people per square mile. There were 1,086 housing units at an average density of 159.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 80% White, 16.1% African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.4% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. 4% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 935 households, out of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.7% were married couples living together, 15.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.7% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.6 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 26.9% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 20 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.2 years.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,292, and the median income for a family was $55,261. The per capita income for the city was $18,987. Males had a median income of $28,496 versus $17,237 for females.

Government

Local government

DepartmentDirector
MayorC.R. Evans Jr.
City council John C. Posey, Jr. (Mayor Pro Tem), Trampas Freeman, Jerry Clark, David Stone, Michael Paul Williams
City manager Shane West (Interim)
City attorney Blake Thompson
City secretary Laurie Kaczmarek
Police chief Bryan Pool
Fire chief Jim White

Tribal government

Overton is the home of a large part of the Mount Tabor Indian Community, one of five tribes recognized by the States of Texas. Three of the tribes the Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas; Tigua of Ysleta del Sur Pueblo; Kickapoo Traditional Tribe of Texas are all also Federally Recognized tribes. The Lipan Apache Tribe of Texas, recognized in 2008 is the only other tribe besides the Mount Tabor Indian Community, that is state recognized. The Mount Tabor Indian Community was recognized on May 10, 2017. The Mount Tabor Indian Community is currently headquartered in Kilgore with significant populations in Overton, New London, Arp and Troup. As of 2021 Cheryl Giordano serves as Tribal Chairman and Rex Thompson as Deputy Chairman.

State government

Overton is represented in the Texas Senate by Republican Kevin Eltife, District 1. The Rusk County portion of Overton is represented in the Texas House of Representatives by Republican Travis Clardy, District 11. The Smith County portion of Overton is represented in the Texas House of Representatives by Republican Bryan Hughes, District 5.

Federal government

At the federal level, the two U.S. Senators from Texas are Republicans John Cornyn and Ted Cruz; Overton is part of Texas' US Congressional 1st District, which is currently represented by Republican Louie Gohmert.

Economy

Organization The Overton Economic Development Corporation (EDC) is a community team made up of resident executives and business owners, responsible for attracting new investment and helping expand existing businesses within the City. With a seven-member board, the Overton EDC is funded by a $.0025 sales tax that allows the EDC to accomplish its goals.

Business assistance Overton EDC provides business assistance to qualifying companies. They evaluate incentives for businesses to locate or expand in the Overton area and base their findings on taxes assessed and paid, the number of jobs created or retained, wages paid, local purchases of products and services, indirect employment gains and the general benefit of furthering the mission of the city of Overton Economic Development Corporation.

They primarily seek businesses in manufacturing, production, medical/health, hospitality and distribution. Funds may be used in land lease/purchase, building lease/purchase, rehabilitation or construction, capital equipment purchase, infrastructure improvements or employee training.

Funds may not be used for venture or equity capital, working capital/inventories or personal loans. Forms of business assistance include loans/loan guarantees, SBA 504, SBA 7(A) guaranteed and direct loan, and the rural economic development fund.

Education

Most of the City of Overton is served by the Overton Independent School District. The Arp Independent School District and the West Rusk ISD serves small portions of the town.

Media

Newspaper

Notable people

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Overton has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. [10]

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References

  1. "City of Overton Texas". City of Overton Texas. Retrieved October 8, 2012.
  2. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  3. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. 1 2 "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  6. Olien, Diana; Olien, Roger (2002). Oil in Texas, The Gusher Age, 1895-1945. Austin: University of Texas Press. pp. 170–171. ISBN   0292760566.
  7. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  8. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. "Max McGee". Pro-Football-Reference.Com. Retrieved October 8, 2012.
  10. Climate Summary for Overton, Texas