Roscoe, Texas

Last updated
Roscoe, Texas
City

Roscoe Texas grain elevator 2011.jpg

Plowboy grain elevator in Roscoe
Relief map of Texas.png
Red pog.svg
Roscoe
Coordinates: 32°26′45″N100°32′19″W / 32.44583°N 100.53861°W / 32.44583; -100.53861 Coordinates: 32°26′45″N100°32′19″W / 32.44583°N 100.53861°W / 32.44583; -100.53861 [1]
CountryFlag of the United States.svg  United States
StateFlag of Texas.svg  Texas
County Nolan
Region West Texas
Established 1890
Area
  Total 3.2 sq mi (8 km2)
  Land 3.2 sq mi (8 km2)
  Water 0.0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation [1] 2,388 ft (728 m)
Population (2010) [2]
  Total 1,322
  Density 410/sq mi (160/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
ZIP code 79545
Area code 325
Website http://roscoetx.com/

Roscoe is a city near the intersection of Interstate 20 and US Highway 84 in Nolan County in the U.S. state of Texas. The Union Pacific Railroad passes through the center of the city. Another rail line, the Roscoe, Snyder and Pacific Railway (RS&P), used to extend 50 miles (80 km) from Roscoe to Fluvanna, passing through Snyder, Texas. Built in 1908, the railway served as a bridge between the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway and the Texas and Pacific Railway. Although the RS&P became one of the most profitable short lines in the nation during its early years, passenger service was discontinued in 1953, freight service was discontinued in the late 1970s, and the tracks were removed in 1984. [3] Roscoe is now home to the Plowboy Mudbog which is held twice a year, during the Independence Day Celebration, which is held on July 4 weekend, and in October, usually coinciding with the Wind Festival. The July mudbog normally draws around 70 to 80 trucks competing for prize and bragging rights.

Interstate 20 Interstate in southern US

Interstate 20 (I‑20) is a major east–west Interstate Highway in the Southern United States. I‑20 runs 1,535 miles (2,470 km) beginning near Kent, Texas, at I-10 to Florence, South Carolina, at I-95. Between Texas and South Carolina, I‑20 runs through northern Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Georgia. The major cities that I-20 connects to includes Fort Worth, Texas; Dallas, Texas; Shreveport, Louisiana; Jackson, Mississippi; Birmingham, Alabama; Atlanta, Georgia; Augusta, Georgia; and Columbia, South Carolina.

U.S. Route 84 highway in the United States

U.S. Route 84 is an east–west U.S. Highway. It started as a short Georgia–Alabama route in the original 1926 scheme, but by 1941 it had been extended all the way to Colorado. The highway's eastern terminus is a short distance east of Midway, Georgia, at an interchange with Interstate 95. The road continues toward the nearby Atlantic Ocean as a county road. Its western terminus is in Pagosa Springs, Colorado, at an intersection with U.S. 160.

Nolan County, Texas county in Texas, USA

Nolan County is a county located in the west central region of the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 15,216. Its county seat is Sweetwater. The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1881. It is named for Philip Nolan, one of the first American traders to visit Texas.

Contents

Geography

Roscoe is located at 32°26′45″N100°32′19″W / 32.44583°N 100.53861°W / 32.44583; -100.53861 (32.4459520 -100.5387184). [1]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2), all of it land. The population was 1,378 at the 2000 census, but has since decreased to only 900.Need Citation, Disagrees with Side Bar - History

United States Census Bureau bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

2000 United States Census 22nd determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000

The Twenty-second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13.2% over the 248,709,873 people enumerated during the 1990 Census. This was the twenty-second federal census and was at the time the largest civilly administered peacetime effort in the United States.

Climate

According to the Köppen climate classification system, Roscoe has a semiarid climate, BSk on climate maps. [4]

Köppen climate classification widely used climate classification system

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. It was first published by the Russian climatologist Wladimir Köppen (1846–1940) in 1884, with several later modifications by Köppen, notably in 1918 and 1936. Later, the climatologist Rudolf Geiger introduced some changes to the classification system, which is thus sometimes called the Köppen–Geiger climate classification system.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 941
1920 1,07914.7%
1930 1,25015.8%
1940 1,166−6.7%
1950 1,58435.8%
1960 1,490−5.9%
1970 1,5806.0%
1980 1,6283.0%
1990 1,446−11.2%
2000 1,378−4.7%
2010 1,322−4.1%
Est. 20161,318 [5] −0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]

As of the census [7] of 2000, 1,380 people, 509 households, and 382 families resided in the city. The population density is 728.1 people per square mile (281.5/km²). The 588 housing units averaged 310.7/sq mi (120.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city were 75.18% White, 1.09% African American, 0.44% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 20.17% from other races, and 2.98% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 36.94% of the population.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include agriculture, business, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, defined by the federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Of 509 households, 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.5% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.8% were not families. About 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.09.

Marriage social union or legal contract between people called spouses that creates kinship

Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a socially or ritually recognised union between spouses that establishes rights and obligations between those spouses, as well as between them and any resulting biological or adopted children and affinity. The definition of marriage varies around the world not only between cultures and between religions, but also throughout the history of any given culture and religion, evolving to both expand and constrict in who and what is encompassed, but typically it is principally an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually sexual, are acknowledged or sanctioned. In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity. When defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. A marriage ceremony is known as a wedding.

In the town, the population was distributed as 28.2% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 23.3% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 19.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $23,816, and for a family was $28,393. Males had a median income of $25,313 versus $20,000 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,792. About 20.6% of families and 25.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.9% of those under age 18 and 17.1% of those age 65 or over.

Wind energy

The Roscoe Wind Farm, owned and operated by E.ON Climate and Renewables, is one of the world's largest capacity wind farms with 634 wind turbines and a total installed capacity of 781.5 MW. At the time of its completion, it was the largest wind farm in the world, surpassing the nearby 735.5-MW Horse Hollow Wind Energy Center. In 2012, it was overtaken by California's 1,020-MW Alta Wind Energy Center. The project cost more than $1 billion and provides enough power for more than 250,000 average Texan homes. A landowner can earn between $500 and $1,000 per windmill per year. [8]

Education

The City of Roscoe is served by Roscoe Collegiate Independent School District. The recent wind development in the area has enabled Roscoe ISD to update its aging facilities built in the era of the Works Progress Administration. In the 201213 school year, all of the district's students will be in new or updated buildings. Roscoe Collegiate ISD operates one of 50 Early College High Schools in Texas in partnership with Western Texas College in Snyder. Students of Roscoe Collegiate High School have the ability to earn an associate degree from Western Texas College at the time of high school graduation. The mascot of Roscoe Collegiate High School is the Plowboys.

Notable people

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "Roscoe". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey.
  2. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  3. William R. Hunt, " Roscoe, TX," Handbook of Texas Online, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hjr13, accessed January 15, 2012, Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
  4. Climate Summary for Roscoe, Texas
  5. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  6. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  7. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  8. Window of Change Blow into Roscoe, Texas, John Burnett, NPR , November 27, 2007.