|Brazos Wind Farm|
Brazos Wind Farm, Fluvanna, Texas
|Owner(s)||Mitsui, Shell Wind Energy|
|Make and model||Mitsubishi|
|Nameplate capacity||160 MW|
The Brazos Wind Farm, also known as the Green Mountain Energy Wind Farm at Brazos, is located in Borden and Scurry counties in Texas. It has 160 wind turbines, each rated at one megawatt (MW) and supplied by Mitsubishi, and was completed in December 2003.The wind farm sells generated power on a long-term basis to a local power distributor, TXU Energy, to supply approximately 30,000 homes in Texas. 50% of the Brazos Wind Farm is owned by Shell Wind Energy, Inc.
Borden County is a rural county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 641, making it the fourth-least populous county in Texas. Its county seat is Gail. The county was created in 1876 and later organized in 1891. Gail and Borden County are named for Gail Borden, Jr., businessman, publisher, surveyor, and inventor of condensed milk. Borden County is one of six prohibition or entirely dry counties in the state of Texas.
Scurry County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 16,921. Its county seat is Snyder, which is the home for Western Texas College. The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1884. Scurry County was one of 46 prohibition, or entirely dry, counties in the state of Texas, until a 2006 election approved the sale of beer and wine in Snyder, and a 2008 election approved the sale of liquor by the drink throughout the county.
Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast.
Green Mountain Energy Company is a United States company that offers electricity products, carbon offsets, and "sustainable solutions" to residential and commercial customers.
Fluvanna is an unincorporated community in Scurry County, Texas, United States. It lies just south of the Llano Estacado high atop the caprock, where Farm-to-Market Road 1269 and Ranch Road 612 intersect.
The Double Mountain Fork Brazos River is an ephemeral, sandy-braided stream about 170 mi (280 km) long, heading on the Llano Estacado of West Texas about 11.5 mi (18.5 km) southeast of Tahoka, Texas, flowing east-northeast across the western Rolling Plains to join the Salt Fork, forming the Brazos River about 17 mi (27 km) west-northwest of Haskell, Texas.
Roscoe is a city near the intersection of Interstate 20 and US Highway 84 in Nolan County in the U.S. state of Texas. The Union Pacific Railroad passes through the center of the city. Another rail line, the Roscoe, Snyder and Pacific Railway (RS&P), used to extend 50 miles (80 km) from Roscoe to Fluvanna, passing through Snyder, Texas. Built in 1908, the railway served as a bridge between the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway and the Texas and Pacific Railway. Although the RS&P became one of the most profitable short lines in the nation during its early years, passenger service was discontinued in 1953, freight service was discontinued in the late 1970s, and the tracks were removed in 1984. Roscoe is now home to the Plowboy Mudbog which is held twice a year, during the Independence Day Celebration, which is held on July 4 weekend, and in October, usually coinciding with the Wind Festival. The July mudbog normally draws around 70 to 80 trucks competing for prize and bragging rights.
NRG Energy, Inc. is a large American energy company, dual-headquartered in West Windsor Township, New Jersey, and Houston, Texas. It was formerly the wholesale arm of Xcel Energy, and was spun off in bankruptcy in 2004.
Canunda Wind Farm is a $92.5 million, 46 MW wind power project located on grazing land approximately 16 kilometres south of Millicent, and 6 kilometres west of Tantanoola in South Australia. It is jointly owned by GDF Suez Energy AustraliaEn 72%) and Mitsui (28%).
The King Mountain Wind Farm is a 278.2 megawatt (MW) wind farm in Upton County, Texas, United States. 214 Siemens 1.3 MW wind turbines are sited in rows along the south-eastern and north-western edges of a mesa surrounded by deep ravines. The project was completed in December 2001. Annual electricity production is more than 750 GW·h. The wind farm is owned by FPL Energy and the customers for the electricity generated are Reliant Energy (198.9 MW), Austin Energy (76.7 MW) and Texas-New Mexico Power Company (2.6 MW).
Wind power in Texas consists of many wind farms with a total installed nameplate capacity of 22,637 MW from over 40 different projects. Texas produces the most wind power of any U.S. state. According to ERCOT, wind power accounted for at least 15.7% of the electricity generated in Texas during 2017, as wind was 17.4% of electricity generated in ERCOT, which manages 90% of Texas's power.
Wind power has a long history in the state of California, with the initiative and early development occurring during Governor Jerry Brown's first two terms in the late 1970s and early 1980s. California's wind power capacity has grown by nearly 350% since 2001, when it was less than 1,700 MW. In 2016, wind energy now supplies about 6.9% of California's total electricity needs, or enough to power more than 1.3 million households. Most of California's wind generation is found in the Tehachapi area of Kern County, California, with some big projects in Solano, Contra Costa and Riverside counties as well. California is among the states with the largest amount of installed wind power capacity. In recent years, California has lagged behind other states when it comes to the installation of wind power. It was ranked 4th overall for wind power electrical generation at the end of 2016 behind Texas, Iowa, and Oklahoma. As of December 31, 2016, California had 5,662 megawatts (MW) of wind powered electricity generating capacity.
The Roscoe Wind Farm in Roscoe, Texas, owned and operated by E.ON Climate & Renewables is one of the world's largest capacity wind farms with 634 wind turbines and a total installed capacity of 781.5 MW. At the time of its completion in 2009, it was the largest wind farm in the world, surpassing the nearby 735.5 MW Horse Hollow Wind Energy Center. In 2012, it was overtaken by California's 1,020 MW Alta Wind Energy Center.
The Clyde Wind Farm is a 350 megawatt (MW) wind farm near Abington in South Lanarkshire, Scotland.
In terms of wind power development, Morocco enjoys quite favourable wind resource patterns, both in the northern part of the country near Tanger and to the west where certain regions benefit from regular trade winds.
Delaware Mountain Wind Farm is a wind farm located in the Delaware Mountains of Culberson County, Texas. The farm consists of thirty-eight EWC Zond Z-48 750 kilowatt wind turbines that produce up to 28.5 megawatts of electricity. All electricity produced by the project is purchased by the Lower Colorado River Authority. The project was completed in 1999 by Orion Energy LLC and National Wind Power. NextEra Energy Resources now owns and operates the wind farm. As a result of damage to the wind farm and transmission infrastructure by an ice storm in November 2013, the Delaware Mountain Wind Farm and the adjacent Wind Power Partners 94 wind farm have been off-line. NextEra has informed the ERCOT, Electric Reliability Council of Texas, that it is dismantling the farms and "... they will be decommissioned and retired on 7 August 2014."
The Capricorn Ridge Wind Farm is located in Sterling and Coke counties, Texas. It is a 662.5 MW wind farm, with 342 GE 1.5 MW wind turbines and 65 2.3 MW Siemens turbines that are capable of generating enough electricity for more than 220,000 homes. The wind farm is built, owned and operated by a subsidiary of NextEra Energy Resources, the U.S.' largest wind energy generator, owned by San Antonio-based Sullivan Trillian Fund Private Equity.
The Panther Creek Wind Farm in Big Spring, Texas, United States consists of 305 wind turbines and has an installed capacity of 457.5 megawatts, making it one of the ten largest wind farms in the United States. Phases I and II of the wind farm became operational early in 2009, with the completion of the third and final phase in September 2009. The projects are located in Howard, Sterling and Glasscock Counties. The wind farm can now generate enough wind power to supply 135,000 Texan homes.
Wind power in Montana is a growing industry. Montana had over 695 MW of wind generation capability by 2016, responsible for 7.6% of in-state electricity generation.
There are more than twenty wind power projects operating in the commonwealth of Pennsylvania. The most productive wind energy regions generally fall in mountain or coastal terrains. The northern portion of the Appalachian chain, including most of Southwestern Pennsylvania, is one of the areas with the highest potential for wind energy in the Eastern United States. The mountain ridges of central and northeastern Pennsylvania, including the Poconos in the eastern part of the state, offer some of the best wind resources in the region.
The Green Mountain Wind Energy Center was a wind power plant near Garrett, Somerset County, Pennsylvania with eight Nordex 1.3 MW turbines that began commercial operation in May 2000. This was the first commercial wind farm constructed in Pennsylvania. The wind farm had a combined total nameplate capacity of 10.4 MW and the potential to produce about 27,000 megawatt-hours of electricity annually, enough to power 3,300 homes, assuming a 30% capacity factor. The wind farm was developed by National Wind Power of the UK, now part of NPower Renewables, operated by NextEra Energy Resources, based in Florida. Energy from the wind farm was purchased and sold by Green Mountain Energy based in Texas, and was the first commercial wind farm for Green Mountain Energy. In 2016 the wind farm was dismantled and replaced with new battery technology.
The Hampton Wind Park is a wind power station near Hampton, south-east of Lithgow, New South Wales, Australia. Initiated, developed and operated privately by a landholder, the farm has two wind turbines, with a total nameplate capacity of 1.32 MW of renewable electricity which is supplied to the main electricity grid.
Wind power in Tennessee, which has significant potential in East Tennessee, is in the early stages of development. As of 2015, the state had not passed renewable portfolio standard legislation and there was one utility-scale wind farm. The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), based in Knoxville, imports wind-generated electricity into its service area which includes Tennessee. US Senator Lamar Alexander from Tennessee is an outspoken critic of wind power.
Wind power in Kentucky has limited potential for development within the state since there are generally low wind speeds, though there are specific locations where it can be effective. As of 2015, the state has not passed renewable portfolio standard legislation and there were no commercial-scale wind turbines. Kentucky may benefit from the development of wind power in Tennessee, an adjoining state with which it is collaborating, and from efforts by the Tennessee Valley Authority to both develop and import wind-generated electricity into the region.