Roscoe Wind Farm

Last updated
Roscoe Wind Farm
Roscoe Wind Farm at Sunrise.JPG
Roscoe Wind Farm at sunrise
CountryUnited States
Location Texas
Coordinates 32°15′52″N100°20′39″W / 32.26444°N 100.34417°W / 32.26444; -100.34417 Coordinates: 32°15′52″N100°20′39″W / 32.26444°N 100.34417°W / 32.26444; -100.34417
StatusOperational
Commission date 2009
Construction cost>US$1 billion
Owner(s) E.ON
Wind farm
Type Onshore
Rated wind speed17 mph (27 km/h)
Power generation
Units operational634
Nameplate capacity 781.5 MW
Capacity factor 31.7% (average 2011-2017)
Annual net output 2,174  GW⋅h (7,830  TJ)

The Roscoe Wind Farm in Roscoe, Texas, owned and operated by E.ON Climate & Renewables is one of the world's largest capacity wind farms with 634 wind turbines and a total installed capacity of 781.5 MW. At the time of its completion in 2009, it was the largest wind farm in the world, surpassing the nearby 735.5-megawatt Horse Hollow Wind Energy Center. [1] In 2012, it was overtaken by California's 1,020-megawatt Alta Wind Energy Center.

Roscoe, Texas City in Texas, United States

Roscoe is a city near the intersection of Interstate 20 and US Highway 84 in Nolan County in the U.S. state of Texas. The Union Pacific Railroad passes through the center of the city. Another rail line, the Roscoe, Snyder and Pacific Railway (RS&P), used to extend 50 miles (80 km) from Roscoe to Fluvanna, passing through Snyder, Texas. Built in 1908, the railway served as a bridge between the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway and the Texas and Pacific Railway. Although the RS&P became one of the most profitable short lines in the nation during its early years, passenger service was discontinued in 1953, freight service was discontinued in the late 1970s, and the tracks were removed in 1984. Roscoe is now home to the Plowboy Mudbog which is held twice a year, during the Independence Day Celebration, which is held on July 4 weekend, and in October, usually coinciding with the Wind Festival. The July mudbog normally draws around 70 to 80 trucks competing for prize and bragging rights.

E.ON holding company

E.ON SE is a European holding company based in Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It runs one of the world's largest investor-owned electric utility service providers. The name comes from the Greek word aeon which means age. The company is a component of the Euro Stoxx 50 stock market index, DAX stock index and a member of the Dow Jones Global Titans 50 index.

Wind farm group of wind turbines

A wind farm or wind park is a group of wind turbines in the same location used to produce electricity. A large wind farm may consist of several hundred individual wind turbines and cover an extended area of hundreds of square miles, but the land between the turbines may be used for agricultural or other purposes. A wind farm can also be located offshore.

Contents

Facility details

Roscoe was constructed in four phases. The first phase, Roscoe, was constructed in 2008 and consists of 209 Mitsubishi 1-megawatt turbines. Phase two is called Champion was also completed in 2008 and includes 55 Siemens 2.3-megawatt machines. The third phase is called Pyron. Its 166 GE 1.5-megawatt turbines were commissioned in mid-2009 shortly before the fourth phase, Inadale, was completed. Inadale adds 197 more Mitsubishi 1-megawatt turbines to the existing project.

The project cost more than $1 billion and provides enough power for more than 250,000 average Texan homes. It is located about 200 miles (320 kilometres) west of Fort Worth, spanning parts of four Texas counties and covering nearly 100,000 acres (40,000 ha), several times the size of Manhattan. [1] [2] [3] [4]

Cliff Etheredge, a local cotton farmer, helped to organize the project [5] . In addition to its large size, the farm is also notable for the large number of individual land owners (as many as 400) who share in royalties from the project. [5] Wind farms are helping to revive the local economy in remote areas of West Texas and the Texas Panhandle. [1]

Texas Panhandle Region in Texas, United States

The Texas Panhandle is a region of the U.S. state of Texas consisting of the northernmost 26 counties in the state. The panhandle is a rectangular area bordered by New Mexico to the west and Oklahoma to the north and east. The Handbook of Texas defines the southern border of Swisher County as the southern boundary of the Texas Panhandle region.

The Roscoe Wind Farm and Cliff Etheredge are featured in the 2010 documentary film, Carbon Nation.

<i>Carbon Nation</i> 2010 film by Peter Byck

Carbon Nation is a 2010 documentary film by Peter Byck about technological- and community-based energy solutions to the growing worldwide carbon footprint. The film is narrated by Bill Kurtis. ASIN: B0055T46LA (Rental) and B0055T46G0 (Purchase).

Electricity production

Roscoe Wind Farm Generation (MW·h)
YearRoscoe
209 MW Unit [6]
Champion
126.5 MW Unit [7]
Pyron
249 MW Unit [8]
Inadale
197 MW Unit [9]
Total Annual
MW·h
2008523,383277,725--801,108
2009488,402317,097506,951-1,312,450
2010532,548349,945559,509384,4811,826,483
2011615,420416,677603,565380,4432,016,105
2012596,742413,620716,988476,4722,203,822
2013561,408393,195775,605549,3002,279,508
2014591,896406,486811,344592,6872,402,413
2015440,211349,128706,057495,0051,990,401
2016562,424308,250772,988539,1772,182,839
2017554,037366,144712,817506,8792,139,877
Average Annual Production (20112017)2,173,566

See also

Wind power in the United States

Wind power in the United States is a branch of the energy industry that has expanded quickly over the latest several years. For the twelve months through November 2017, 254.2 terawatt-hours were generated by wind power, or 6.33% of all generated electrical energy.

Wind power in Texas

Wind power in Texas consists of many wind farms with a total installed nameplate capacity of 22,637 MW from over 40 different projects. Texas produces the most wind power of any U.S. state. According to ERCOT, wind power accounted for at least 15.7% of the electricity generated in Texas during 2017, as wind was 17.4% of electricity generated in ERCOT, which manages 90% of Texas's power.

Related Research Articles

Blue Canyon Wind Farm Wind farm in Oklahoma, USA

Blue Canyon Wind Farm is the largest wind farm in Oklahoma, United States. The project, located in the Slick Hills north of Lawton, consists of four phases with a total output of 423.45 MW. As of 2008, Blue Canyon remains Oklahoma's largest wind farm; however, several organizations including Oklahoma Gas & Electric plan to greatly increase Oklahoma's wind power capacity, and future projects may be larger.

Horse Hollow Wind Energy Center is a large wind farm with 735.5 megawatts (MW) of capacity. It consists of 291 GE 1.5-megawatt wind turbines and 139 Siemens 2.3-megawatt wind turbines spread over nearly 47,000 acres (19,000 ha) of land in Taylor and Nolan County, Texas. At the time of its completion in 2006, it was the largest wind farm in the world.

The Peetz Table Wind Complex is a 430.2 megawatt (MW) wind facility in Logan County west of the town of Peetz in northeastern Colorado. The first 29.7 MW phase of construction called Peetz Table Wind, also known as Ridge Crest Wind, became the largest wind farm in the state upon its completion in 2001. A second 400.5 MW construction phase, including the 201 MW Logan Wind Energy Center and the 199.5 MW Peetz Table Wind Energy Center, reclaimed the distinction upon its completion in 2007.

The Sweetwater Wind Farm is a 585.3 megawatt (MW) wind farm in Nolan County, Texas. The facility includes 392 wind turbines and was fully commissioned by 2007. The electricity is being sold to Austin Energy and to CPS Energy of San Antonio.

Cedar Creek Wind Farm Wind farm in Colorado, USA

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The Buffalo Gap Wind Farm is located in Nolan and Taylor Counties, about 20 miles (30 km) south west of Abilene, Texas. It was constructed in three phases and has a total wind generation capacity of 523.3 megawatts (MW).

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Meadow Lake Wind Farm Wind farm in Indiana, USA

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Alta Wind Energy Center

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Wind power in Colorado

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South Plains Wind Farm Wind farm in Texas, USA

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The Javelina Wind Energy Center is a 748.7 megawatt (MW) wind farm in southeast Webb County and southwest Duval County located about 25 miles east of Laredo, Texas. The project was developed by Bordas Renewable Energy and NextEra Energy Resources in three phases that came online starting 2015. As of 2018, Javelina and adjacent wind farms create a contiguous facility with over 1 gigawatt (GW) of electricity generation.

The Glacier Wind Farm spans southwest Glacier County and southeast Toole County in northern Montana. With a total generating capacity of 210 megawatts (MW), it became the largest wind farm in the state when the second construction phase came online at the end of 2009. A portion of the electricity is purchased by San Diego Gas and Electric.

References

  1. 1 2 3 O'Grady, Eileen. E.ON completes world's largest wind farm in Texas Reuters, October 1, 2009.
  2. EC&R Completes 780-MW Roscoe Wind Farm Renewable Energy World, 2 October 2009.
  3. E.ON Delivers 335-MW of Wind in Texas Renewable Energy World, 23 September 2008.
  4. American Wind Energy Association. U.S. Wind Energy Industry Installs over 2,800 MW in First Quarter
  5. 1 2 John Burnett. Winds of Change Blow into Roscoe, Texas NPR, November 27, 2007.
  6. "Roscoe, Annual". Electricity Data Browser. Energy Information Administration . Retrieved March 22, 2019.
  7. "Champion, Annual". Electricity Data Browser. Energy Information Administration . Retrieved March 22, 2019.
  8. "Pyron, Annual". Electricity Data Browser. Energy Information Administration . Retrieved March 22, 2019.
  9. "Inadale, Annual". Electricity Data Browser. Energy Information Administration . Retrieved March 22, 2019.