Bryan County, Oklahoma

Last updated
Bryan County
Durant June 2018 02 (Bryan County Courthouse).jpg
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Bryan County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Oklahoma
Oklahoma in United States.svg
Oklahoma's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 33°58′N96°15′W / 33.97°N 96.25°W / 33.97; -96.25
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Oklahoma.svg  Oklahoma
Founded1907
Seat Durant
Largest cityDurant
Area
  Total944 sq mi (2,440 km2)
  Land904 sq mi (2,340 km2)
  Water39 sq mi (100 km2)  4.2%%
Population
  Estimate 
(2018)
47,192
  Density49.7/sq mi (19.2/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 2nd

Bryan County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 42,416. [1] Its county seat is Durant. [2] It is the only county in the United States named for Democratic politician William Jennings Bryan.

Contents

Bryan County comprises the Durant, OK Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Dallas-Fort Worth and the Texoma region, TX-OK Combined Statistical Area. It is home to the headquarters of the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma located in Durant.

Bryan County consists of 10 Townships: Albany, Bennington, Bokchito, Brown, Caddo, Calera, Colbert, Kemp, Matoy, and Speairs Townships. [3]

History

Map of Bryan County, 1909 BryanCounty1909.jpg
Map of Bryan County, 1909

The area now known as Bryan County was occupied by the Choctaw tribe in 1831-2. After the tribe reestablished its government in the Indian Territory, much of the area was included within Blue County, a part of the Moshulatubbee District of the Choctaw Nation. [4]

In 1845, the tribe opened Armstrong Academy for boys near the community of Bokchito. The academy served as Chahta Tamaha, the Choctaw capital, during the Civil War. Bloomfield Academy, a school for Chickasaw girls opened in 1852, just south of the present town of Achille. [5]

The Chickasaw tribe bought part of the Choctaw allocation prior to the Chickasaw migration to Indian Territory. The western quarter of today's Bryan County thus became part of the Chickasaw District in 1837. When the two tribes formally separated into two distinct nations in 1855, the Chickasaw District became the Chickasaw Nation. [5]

The Butterfield Overland Mail and Stage route followed the older Texas Road across the present county during the late 1850s. General Albert Pike established Fort McCulloch for the Confederate Army near the present town of Kenefic on the Blue River. Although no Civil War battles occurred in the vicinity, the fort was garrisoned by more than a thousand Indian troops allied with the Confederates. [5]

Several new towns were created after the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railway (Katy) built a north-south line through this area in 1872. One such town was Colbert, which became the seat of Blue County and the largest town in the Choctaw Nation. The St. Louis, San Francisco and New Orleans Railroad, later bought by the St. Louis and San Francisco Railway (Frisco), built an east-west line in 1903. [5]

Just prior to statehood, when all tribal governments were dissolved, Blue County was extinguished. Bryan County was officially established on November 16, 1907, and Durant became the county seat. [5]

The Bridge War, also called the Red River Bridge War or the Toll Bridge War, was a 1931 bloodless boundary conflict between the U.S. states of Oklahoma and Texas over an existing toll bridge and a new free bridge crossing the Red River between Grayson County, Texas and Bryan County, Oklahoma.

Geography

Aerial view of the State Highway No. 78 Bridge at the Red River 78redriver.jpg
Aerial view of the State Highway No. 78 Bridge at the Red River

Bryan County is in southeastern Oklahoma, in a 10-county area designated for tourism purposes by the Oklahoma Department of Tourism and Recreation as Choctaw Country. [6] According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 944 square miles (2,440 km2), of which 904 square miles (2,340 km2) is land and 39 square miles (100 km2) (4.2%) is water. [7] The county is in the Coastal Plains physiographic region, and is mostly drained by the Blue River. The Washita River originally drained much of the western part of the county, but now empties into Lake Texoma, which forms much of the southern boundary of the county. [5] The county is a major part of the Texoma region.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1910 29,854
1920 40,70036.3%
1930 32,277−20.7%
1940 38,13818.2%
1950 28,999−24.0%
1960 24,252−16.4%
1970 25,5525.4%
1980 30,53519.5%
1990 32,0895.1%
2000 36,53413.9%
2010 42,41616.1%
Est. 201847,192 [8] 11.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [9]
1790-1960 [10] 1900-1990 [11]
1990-2000 [12] 2010-2013 [1]
Age pyramid for Bryan County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data. USA Bryan County, Oklahoma age pyramid.svg
Age pyramid for Bryan County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.

As of the census [13] of 2000, there were 36,534 people, 14,422 households, and 9,936 families residing in the county. The population density was 40 people per square mile (16/km²). There were 16,715 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 80.02% White, 1.42% Black or African American, 12.16% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.08% from other races, and 4.84% from two or more races. 2.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.4% were of American, 10.1% Irish, 8.1% German and 6.7% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 14,422 households out of which 30.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.00% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.10% were non-families. 26.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.80% under the age of 18, 11.70% from 18 to 24, 25.70% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 15.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,888, and the median income for a family was $33,984. Males had a median income of $26,831 versus $20,087 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,217. About 14.00% of families and 18.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.40% of those under age 18 and 17.00% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2019 [14]
PartyNumber of VotersPercentage
Democratic 11,25546.13%
Republican 9,23337.84%
Others3,91016.02%
Total24,398100%
Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [15]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 75.8%10,47820.3% 2,8043.9% 536
2012 72.1%9,52027.9% 3,681
2008 67.8%9,30732.2% 4,426
2004 60.0%8,61540.0% 5,745
2000 51.8%6,08447.3% 5,5540.9% 108
1996 34.8% 3,94352.6%5,96212.6% 1,430
1992 25.6% 3,45246.5%6,25927.9% 3,757
1988 40.1% 4,61559.6%6,8490.3% 37
1984 53.1%6,24646.5% 5,4750.4% 48
1980 37.6% 3,98060.6%6,4101.8% 192
1976 27.7% 2,84872.0%7,4100.3% 35
1972 61.9%5,39736.1% 3,1442.0% 177
1968 33.2% 2,72739.2%3,21427.6% 2,264
1964 30.9% 2,65269.1%5,934
1960 46.5% 3,84553.5%4,428
1956 33.9% 2,93966.1%5,729
1952 33.1% 3,34066.9%6,739
1948 15.0% 1,36685.0%7,748
1944 18.9% 1,67780.9%7,1800.2% 17
1940 19.4% 2,19080.4%9,0950.2% 25
1936 14.4% 1,36285.4%8,1060.2% 20
1932 9.7% 82590.3%7,681
1928 43.4% 3,01455.9%3,8850.7% 51
1924 25.2% 1,78065.0%4,5939.9% 699
1920 38.8% 3,12755.9%4,5025.3% 424
1916 25.3% 1,26759.4%2,97415.3% 766
1912 18.5% 71159.3%2,27822.3% 856

Economy

Agriculture, tourism, manufacturing, and distribution are bedrocks of the county's economy. Tourism attractions include Lake Texoma, Lake Durant, the Choctaw Casino Resort, Choctaw Casino Bingo and Fort Washita.

Major employers in the region include the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma, the headquarters of the J.C. Potter meat processing facility, Durant's Historic Central Business District and Retail District, a Cardinal Glass Industries manufacturing facility, AllianceHealth Durant, [16] a Big Lots distribution center, the headquarters of First United Bank and First Texoma National Bank, Indian Nation Wholesale, and Wal-Mart.

Communities

City

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

NRHP sites

The following sites in Bryan county are on the National Register of Historic Places.

Related Research Articles

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Murray County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

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Marshall County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

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Love County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

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Johnston County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

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Grady County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

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Choctaw County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

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Atoka County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

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Armstrong, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Armstrong is a town in Bryan County, Oklahoma, United States, along the Blue River. The population was 105 at the 2010 census, a 25.2 percent decrease from 141 at the 2000 census. The town was named for Frank C. Armstrong, a member of the Dawes Commission.

Bokchito, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Bokchito is a town in Bryan County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 632 at the 2010 census, an increase of 12.1 percent from 564 at the 2000 census. In the Choctaw language, "bok" means river or creek, and "chito" means big or large, literally translating into "big creek".

Caddo, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Caddo is a town in Bryan County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 997 at the 2010 census, a 5.6 percent gain from 944 at the 2000 census. The name is derived from a Caddo word, ka do hada’ cho, meaning "real chief" in English. According to Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, the town was named for the nearby Caddo Hills.

Calera, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Calera is a town in Bryan County, Oklahoma, United States, only 5 miles south of Durant and 10 miles north of the Oklahoma-Texas stateline. The population was 2,164 at the 2010 census, an increase of 24.4 percent from 1,739 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Durant Micropolitan Area. It is also part of the Texoma region.

Durant, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Durant is a city in Bryan County, Oklahoma, United States and serves as the capital city and headquarters of the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma. The population was 15,856 at the 2010 census. Durant is the principal city of the Durant Micropolitan Statistical Area, which had a population of 42,416 in 2010. Durant ranks as the second largest city within the Choctaw Nation, following McAlester, and ahead of Poteau. Durant is also part of the Dallas-Fort Worth Combined Statistical Area, anchoring the northern edge.

Kenefic, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Kenefic is a town in Bryan County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 196 at the 2010 census, a 2 percent increase from 192 at the 2000 census. The town was named for William Kenefick, president of the Missouri, Oklahoma and Gulf Railroad (MO&G), which had constructed a rail line through the region. The town name has been spelled both Kenefic and Kenefick throughout its history.

Tishomingo, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Tishomingo is the largest city and the county seat of Johnston County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 3,034 at the 2010 census, a decline of 4.1 percent from 3,162 at the 2000 census. It was the first capital of the Chickasaw Nation, from 1856 until Oklahoma statehood in 1907. The city is home to Murray State College, a community college with an annual enrollment of 3,015 students. Tishomingo is part of the Texoma region.

Texoma Region

Texoma is an interstate region in the United States, split between Oklahoma and Texas. The name is a portmanteau of Texas and Oklahoma. Businesses use the term in their names to describe their intended service area.

South Central Oklahoma official tourism region of Oklahoma

South Central Oklahoma is an amorphous region in the state of Oklahoma, perhaps encompassing 10 counties. It is centered on the Arbuckle Mountains, an ancient, eroded range traversing some 70 miles (110 km) across the region, and surrounded by rivers and lakes, notably Lake Texoma, Lake Murray and Lake of the Arbuckles. For tourism purposes, the Oklahoma Department of Tourism has more narrowly defined South Central Oklahoma, which they refer to as Chickasaw Country, as being a seven-county region including Pontotoc, Johnston, Marshall, Garvin, Murray, Carter, and Love counties. A ten-county definition might also include Coal, Atoka, and Bryan counties, although the Department of Tourism includes those in Choctaw Country. The Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma covers the eastern third of the region. Its headquarters is in Durant, and its capitol building, now a museum, is in Tuskahoma. The Chickasaw Nation lies within the region, with the tribal capitol building located at Tishomingo and its headquarters in Ada. The Chickasaw Nation, which runs "Chickasawcountry.com"., promotes the idea of Chickasaw Country as the 13 south-central Oklahoma counties that comprise the Chickasaw Nation, being the Tourism Department’s seven counties plus Coal, Bryan, Jefferson, Stephens, Grady, and McClain counties.

Sherman–Denison metropolitan area Metropolitan Statistical Area in Texas, United States

The Sherman–Denison Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the United States Census Bureau, is an area consisting of one county – Grayson – in North Texas, anchored by the cities of Sherman and Denison. As of the 2010 census, the MSA had a population of 120,877. The Sherman–Denison Metropolitan Statistical Area is a component of the Dallas–Fort Worth Combined Statistical Area, which covers a 19-county area and had an estimated population of 120,877 as of July 1, 2009. It is also a major part of the Texoma region with proximity to both Lake Texoma and the Red River.

References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 8, 2013.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. Oklahoma Townships
  4. Morris, John W. Historical Atlas of Oklahoma (Norman: University of Oklahoma, 1986), plate 38.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Milligan, James C. "Bryan County," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, 2009. Accessed March 28, 2015.
  6. "Counties & Regions". Oklahoma Tourism and Recreation Department (Travel Promotion Division). Retrieved February 5, 2019.
  7. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
  8. "County Population Totals and Components of Change: 2010-2018". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 2, 2019.
  9. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
  10. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
  11. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
  12. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
  13. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  14. "Oklahoma Registration Statistics by County" (PDF). OK.gov. January 15, 2019. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  15. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-28.
  16. http://www.ok-durant.org/files/profiles/22/2017%20Major%20Employers-Durant.pdf

Further reading

Coordinates: 33°58′N96°15′W / 33.97°N 96.25°W / 33.97; -96.25