Johnston County, Oklahoma

Last updated

Johnston County
Administration with North Lawn at Murray State College.jpg
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Johnston County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Oklahoma
Oklahoma in United States.svg
Oklahoma's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 34°19′N96°40′W / 34.31°N 96.66°W / 34.31; -96.66
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Oklahoma.svg  Oklahoma
Founded1907
Named for Douglas H.Johnston
Seat Tishomingo
Largest cityTishomingo
Area
  Total658 sq mi (1,700 km2)
  Land643 sq mi (1,670 km2)
  Water15 sq mi (40 km2)  2.3%%
Population
  Estimate 
(2018)
10,949
  Density17/sq mi (7/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 2nd
Website www.johnstoncountyok.org

Johnston County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,957. [1] Its county seat is Tishomingo. [2] It was established at statehood on November 16, 1907 and named for Douglas H. Johnston, a governor of the Chickasaw Nation. [3]

Contents

Johnston County is part of the Texoma Region.

History

In 1820, the U.S. government granted the land now known as Johnston County to the Choctaw tribe. Many of the Choctaws began moving to the new land in Indian Territory in 1830. The rest followed Chickasaw tribe, who were closely related to the Choctaw, formally separated from the Choctaw Nation in the late 1830s, relocating to the western part of the Choctaw Nation. The Chickasaw Nation named the town of Tishomingo as its capital and built a brick capitol building there in 1856. [3]

Several educational institutions were established in the Chickasaw Nation before the Civil War. The Pleasant Grove Mission School and the Chickasaw Academy were founded by the Methodist Episcopal Church in 1844. The Presbyterians, in partnership with the Chickasaw Nation, opened the Wapanucka Female Manual Labour School in 1852. [3]

The Chickasaw government joined the Confederate States of America after the outbreak of the Civil War. The Union army ordered its troops to evacuate Fort Washita, Fort Cobb and Fort Arbuckle. When Confederate troops occupied the area, they used the stone building at Wapanucka as a hospital and a prison. [3]

Several railroads built tracks through this area about the turn of the 20th century. In 1900–1901 the St. Louis, Oklahoma and Southern Railway, which the St. Louis and San Francisco Railroad (Frisco) purchased in June 1901, laid tracks north-south through the area. In 1902, the Western Oklahoma Railroad, which became the Choctaw, Oklahoma and Gulf Railroad (CO&G), built a line southwest to northeast through the present county. In 1908 – 1910 the Missouri, Oklahoma and Gulf Railway (MO&G), (acquired by the Kansas, Oklahoma and Gulf Railway in 1919,) laid a north-south line in the far eastern portion of Johnston County. In 1911, the MO&G built a spur west to Bromide, an early-twentieth-century health resort, capitalizing on the vicinity's natural springs. Now the Burlington Northern and Santa Fe, which acquired the Frisco in 1980, is the only railroad left in the county. [3]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 658 square miles (1,700 km2), of which 643 square miles (1,670 km2) is land and 15 square miles (39 km2) (2.3%) is water. [4]

The northern part of the county lies in the Arbuckle Mountains, which consists of rock outcroppings and rolling hills. The southern part of the county is part of the Coastal Plains region, and is more suitable for farming. The county is drained by the Washita and Blue Rivers and Pennington Creek, which are all tributaries of the Red River. An arm of Lake Texoma protrudes into southern Johnston County. [3]

Map of Johnston County, 1909 JohnstonCounty1909.jpg
Map of Johnston County, 1909

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1910 16,734
1920 20,12520.3%
1930 13,082−35.0%
1940 15,96022.0%
1950 10,608−33.5%
1960 8,517−19.7%
1970 7,870−7.6%
1980 10,35631.6%
1990 10,032−3.1%
2000 10,5134.8%
2010 10,9574.2%
Est. 201810,949 [5] −0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]
1790-1960 [7] 1900-1990 [8]
1990-2000 [9] 2010-2013 [1]

As of the census [10] of 2000, there were 10,513 people, 4,057 households, and 2,900 families residing in the county. The population density was 16 people per square mile (6/km²). There were 4,782 housing units at an average density of 7 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 76.09% White, 1.66% Black or African American, 15.32% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.24% from other races, and 5.38% from two or more races. 2.47% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 97.0% spoke English, 1.6% Spanish and 1.2% Choctaw as their first language.

There were 4,057 households out of which 31.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.60% were married couples living together, 10.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.50% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.50% under the age of 18, 9.70% from 18 to 24, 25.00% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 15.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $24,592, and the median income for a family was $30,292. Males had a median income of $25,240 versus $19,868 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,747. About 17.80% of families and 22.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.00% of those under age 18 and 19.30% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2019 [11]
PartyNumber of VotersPercentage
Democratic 3,24454.36%
Republican 1,98533.26%
Libertarian 130.22%
Independent72612.16%
Total5,968100%
Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [12]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 77.0%3,09319.6% 7863.5% 139
2012 70.0%2,64930.0% 1,137
2008 68.4%2,70831.6% 1,249
2004 60.6%2,63539.4% 1,713
2000 52.7%2,07246.0% 1,8091.3% 49
1996 32.6% 1,22953.0%1,99814.3% 540
1992 27.5% 1,19148.3%2,09624.3% 1,052
1988 42.4% 1,51857.0%2,0420.6% 21
1984 54.4%2,19545.1% 1,8200.6% 23
1980 44.1% 1,70153.6%2,0662.3% 90
1976 28.7% 1,12770.3%2,7651.1% 42
1972 67.7%2,20530.2% 9832.1% 68
1968 32.4% 1,04837.6%1,21630.1% 974
1964 31.0% 1,06569.0%2,370
1960 44.2% 1,44155.8%1,822
1956 34.1% 1,15765.9%2,232
1952 35.1% 1,34964.9%2,495
1948 16.6% 58483.4%2,936
1944 28.2% 92571.4%2,3390.4% 14
1940 31.5% 1,36268.3%2,9550.3% 12
1936 19.2% 74380.2%3,0990.6% 23
1932 9.1% 32990.9%3,277
1928 41.8% 1,29457.0%1,7661.2% 36
1924 24.8% 92357.0%2,12218.2% 676
1920 43.7% 1,95047.5%2,1178.8% 392
1916 23.9% 75654.6%1,72721.5% 678
1912 19.9% 50650.7%1,28929.4% 749

Education

Murray State School of Agriculture opened in Tishomingo in 1908. In 1972 the community college's name changed to Murray State College. [3]

Communities

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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Milburn, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

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Ravia, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

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Tishomingo, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Tishomingo is the largest city and the county seat of Johnston County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 3,034 at the 2010 census, a decline of 4.1 percent from 3,162 at the 2000 census. It was the first capital of the Chickasaw Nation, from 1856 until Oklahoma statehood in 1907. The city is home to Murray State College, a community college with an annual enrollment of 3,015 students. Tishomingo is part of the Texoma region.

Bromide, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Bromide is a town in Coal and Johnston counties in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The population was 165 at the 2010 census.

Texoma Region

Texoma is an interstate region in the United States, split between Oklahoma and Texas. The name is a portmanteau of Texas and Oklahoma. Businesses use the term in their names to describe their intended service area.

Chickasaw Nation Federally recognized Native American nation

The Chickasaw Nation is a federally recognized Native American nation, located in Oklahoma in the United States. The Chickasaw Nation originated in its homeland of the American Southeast, with territory in what is defined as modern-day Mississippi, Tennessee, Alabama and Kentucky.

South Central Oklahoma official tourism region of Oklahoma

South Central Oklahoma is an amorphous region in the state of Oklahoma, perhaps encompassing 10 counties. It is centered on the Arbuckle Mountains, an ancient, eroded range traversing some 70 miles (110 km) across the region, and surrounded by rivers and lakes, notably Lake Texoma, Lake Murray and Lake of the Arbuckles. For tourism purposes, the Oklahoma Department of Tourism has more narrowly defined South Central Oklahoma, which they refer to as Chickasaw Country, as being a seven-county region including Pontotoc, Johnston, Marshall, Garvin, Murray, Carter, and Love counties. A ten-county definition might also include Coal, Atoka, and Bryan counties, although the Department of Tourism includes those in Choctaw Country. The Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma covers the eastern third of the region. Its headquarters is in Durant, and its capitol building, now a museum, is in Tuskahoma. The Chickasaw Nation lies within the region, with the tribal capitol building located at Tishomingo and its headquarters in Ada. The Chickasaw Nation, which runs "Chickasawcountry.com"., promotes the idea of Chickasaw Country as the 13 south-central Oklahoma counties that comprise the Chickasaw Nation, being the Tourism Department’s seven counties plus Coal, Bryan, Jefferson, Stephens, Grady, and McClain counties.

References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 O'Dell, Larry. "Johnston County," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society, 2009. Accessed April 4, 2015.
  4. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  5. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved December 26, 2019.
  6. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  7. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  8. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  9. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  10. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  11. "Oklahoma Registration Statistics by County" (PDF). OK.gov. January 15, 2019. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  12. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 29, 2018.

Coordinates: 34°19′N96°40′W / 34.31°N 96.66°W / 34.31; -96.66