Johnston County, Oklahoma

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Johnston County, Oklahoma
Administration with North Lawn at Murray State College.jpg
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Johnston County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Oklahoma
Map of USA OK.svg
Oklahoma's location within the U.S.
Founded1907
Named forDouglas H.Johnston
Seat Tishomingo
Largest cityTishomingo
Area
  Total658 sq mi (1,704 km2)
  Land643 sq mi (1,665 km2)
  Water15 sq mi (39 km2), 2.3%
Population (est.)
  (2013)10,990
  Density17/sq mi (7/km2)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website www.johnstoncountyok.org

Johnston County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,957. [1] Its county seat is Tishomingo. [2] It was established at statehood on November 16, 1907 and named for Douglas H. Johnston, a governor of the Chickasaw Nation. [3]

County (United States) Subdivision used by most states in the United States of America

In the United States, an administrative or political subdivision of a state is a county, which is a region having specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs respectively.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Oklahoma State of the United States of America

Oklahoma is a state in the South Central region of the United States, bordered by Kansas on the north, Missouri on the northeast, Arkansas on the east, Texas on the south, New Mexico on the west, and Colorado on the northwest. It is the 20th-most extensive and the 28th-most populous of the fifty United States. The state's name is derived from the Choctaw words okla and humma, meaning "red people". It is also known informally by its nickname, "The Sooner State", in reference to the non-Native settlers who staked their claims on land before the official opening date of lands in the western Oklahoma Territory or before the Indian Appropriations Act of 1889, which dramatically increased European-American settlement in the eastern Indian Territory. Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory were merged into the State of Oklahoma when it became the 46th state to enter the union on November 16, 1907. Its residents are known as Oklahomans, and its capital and largest city is Oklahoma City.

Contents

Johnston County is part of the Texoma Region.

History

In 1820, the U.S. government granted the land now known as Johnston County to the Choctaw tribe. Many of the Choctaws began moving to the new land in Indian Territory in 1830. The rest followed Chickasaw tribe, who were closely related to the Choctaw, formally separated from the Choctaw Nation in the late 1830s, relocating to the western part of the Choctaw Nation. The Chickasaw Nation named the town of Tishomingo as its capital and built a brick capitol building there in 1856. [3]

Several educational institutions were established in the Chickasaw Nation before the Civil War. The Pleasant Grove Mission School and the Chickasaw Academy were founded by the Methodist Episcopal Church in 1844. The Presbyterians, in partnership with the Chickasaw Nation, opened the Wapanucka Female Manual Labour School in 1852. [3]

The Chickasaw government joined the Confederate States of America after the outbreak of the Civil War. The Union army ordered its troops to evacuate Fort Washita, Fort Cobb and Fort Arbuckle. When Confederate troops occupied the area, they used the stone building at Wapanucka as a hospital and a prison. [3]

Fort Washita

Fort Washita is the former United States military post and National Historic Landmark located in Durant, Oklahoma on SH 199. Established in 1842 by General Zachary Taylor to protect citizens of the Choctaw and Chickasaw Nations from the Plains Indians it was later abandoned by Federal forces at the beginning of the American Civil War. Confederate troops held the post until the end of the war when they burned the remaining structures. It was never reoccupied by the United States military. After years in private hands the Oklahoma Historical Society bought the fort grounds in 1962 and restored the site. Today the Fort Washita Historic Site and Museum is a tourist attraction and hosts several events throughout the year.

Fort Cobb was a United States Army post established in what is now Caddo County, Oklahoma in 1859 to protect relocated Native Americans from raids by the Comanche, Kiowa, and Cheyenne. The fort was abandoned by Maj. William H. Emory at the beginning of the Civil War and remained abandoned until it was reoccupied in 1868. After establishing Fort Sill the Army abandoned Fort Cobb. Today there is little left of the former military post.

Fort Arbuckle (Oklahoma)

Fort Arbuckle was constructed in 1850 to counter raids by Plains Indian tribes on immigrant trains heading west to California and on settlements of Choctaw and Chickasaw Natives in Indian Territory.

Several railroads built tracks through this area about the turn of the 20th century. In 19001901 the St. Louis, Oklahoma and Southern Railway, which the St. Louis and San Francisco Railroad (Frisco) purchased in June 1901, laid tracks north-south through the area. In 1902, the Western Oklahoma Railroad, which became the Choctaw, Oklahoma and Gulf Railroad (CO&G), built a line southwest to northeast through the present county. In 1908 1910 the Missouri, Oklahoma and Gulf Railway (MO&G), (acquired by the Kansas, Oklahoma and Gulf Railway in 1919,) laid a north-south line in the far eastern portion of Johnston County. In 1911, the MO&G built a spur west to Bromide, an early-twentieth-century health resort, capitalizing on the vicinity's natural springs. Now the Burlington Northern and Santa Fe, which acquired the Frisco in 1980, is the only railroad left in the county. [3]

The Choctaw, Oklahoma and Gulf Railroad (CO&G), known informally as the "Choctaw Route," was an American railroad in the states of the Arkansas, and Oklahoma. The company, originally known as the Choctaw Coal and Railway Company, completed its main line between West Memphis, Arkansas and western Oklahoma by 1900. In 1901 the CO&G chartered a subsidiary company, the Choctaw, Oklahoma and Texas Railroad, to continue construction west into the Texas panhandle, and by 1902 the railroad had extended as far west as Amarillo.

The Kansas, Oklahoma and Gulf Railway (KO&G) was formed on July 31, 1919 from the assets of the bankrupt Missouri, Oklahoma and Gulf Railway. The KO&G largely consisted of a single line from Baxter Springs, Kansas, to Denison, Texas, prior to its purchase by Missouri Pacific's Texas and Pacific Railway in 1964 and merger in 1970.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 658 square miles (1,700 km2), of which 643 square miles (1,670 km2) is land and 15 square miles (39 km2) (2.3%) is water. [4]

The northern part of the county lies in the Arbuckle Mountains, which consists of rock outcroppings and rolling hills. The southern part of the county is part of the Coastal Plains region, and is more suitable for farming. The county is drained by the Washita and Blue Rivers and Pennington Creek, which are all tributaries of the Red River. An arm of Lake Texoma protrudes into southern Johnston County. [3]

Map of Johnston County, 1909 JohnstonCounty1909.jpg
Map of Johnston County, 1909

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1910 16,734
1920 20,12520.3%
1930 13,082−35.0%
1940 15,96022.0%
1950 10,608−33.5%
1960 8,517−19.7%
1970 7,870−7.6%
1980 10,35631.6%
1990 10,032−3.1%
2000 10,5134.8%
2010 10,9574.2%
Est. 201611,087 [5] 1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]
1790-1960 [7] 1900-1990 [8]
1990-2000 [9] 2010-2013 [1]

As of the census [10] of 2000, there were 10,513 people, 4,057 households, and 2,900 families residing in the county. The population density was 16 people per square mile (6/km²). There were 4,782 housing units at an average density of 7 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 76.09% White, 1.66% Black or African American, 15.32% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.24% from other races, and 5.38% from two or more races. 2.47% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 97.0% spoke English, 1.6% Spanish and 1.2% Choctaw as their first language.

There were 4,057 households out of which 31.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.60% were married couples living together, 10.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.50% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.50% under the age of 18, 9.70% from 18 to 24, 25.00% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 15.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $24,592, and the median income for a family was $30,292. Males had a median income of $25,240 versus $19,868 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,747. About 17.80% of families and 22.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.00% of those under age 18 and 19.30% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2019 [11]
PartyNumber of VotersPercentage
Democratic 3,24454.36%
Republican 1,98533.26%
Libertarian 130.22%
Independent72612.16%
Total5,968100%
Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [12]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 77.0%3,09319.6% 7863.5% 139
2012 70.0%2,64930.0% 1,137
2008 68.4%2,70831.6% 1,249
2004 60.6%2,63539.4% 1,713
2000 52.7%2,07246.0% 1,8091.3% 49
1996 32.6% 1,22953.0%1,99814.3% 540
1992 27.5% 1,19148.3%2,09624.3% 1,052
1988 42.4% 1,51857.0%2,0420.6% 21
1984 54.4%2,19545.1% 1,8200.6% 23
1980 44.1% 1,70153.6%2,0662.3% 90
1976 28.7% 1,12770.3%2,7651.1% 42
1972 67.7%2,20530.2% 9832.1% 68
1968 32.4% 1,04837.6%1,21630.1% 974
1964 31.0% 1,06569.0%2,370
1960 44.2% 1,44155.8%1,822
1956 34.1% 1,15765.9%2,232
1952 35.1% 1,34964.9%2,495
1948 16.6% 58483.4%2,936
1944 28.2% 92571.4%2,3390.4% 14
1940 31.5% 1,36268.3%2,9550.3% 12
1936 19.2% 74380.2%3,0990.6% 23
1932 9.1% 32990.9%3,277
1928 41.8% 1,29457.0%1,7661.2% 36
1924 24.8% 92357.0%2,12218.2% 676
1920 43.7% 1,95047.5%2,1178.8% 392
1916 23.9% 75654.6%1,72721.5% 678
1912 19.9% 50650.7%1,28929.4% 749

Education

Murray State School of Agriculture opened in Tishomingo in 1908. In 1972 the community college's name changed to Murray State College. [3]

Communities

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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Murray County, Oklahoma County in the United States

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Marshall County, Oklahoma County in the United States

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Love County, Oklahoma County in the United States

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Le Flore County, Oklahoma County in the United States

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Grady County, Oklahoma County in the United States

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Coal County, Oklahoma County in the United States

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Carter County, Oklahoma County in the United States

Carter County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 47,557. Its county seat is Ardmore. The county was named for Captain Ben W. Carter, a Cherokee who lived among the Chickasaw.

Bryan County, Oklahoma County in the United States

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Tishomingo, Mississippi Town in Mississippi, United States

Tishomingo is a town in Tishomingo County, Mississippi, United States. The population of the city of Tishomingo was 339 at the 2010 census. Its ZIP code is 38873.

Milburn, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Milburn is a town in Johnston County, Oklahoma, United States, along the Blue River. The population was 317 at the 2010 census, an increase of 1.6 percent from 312 at the 2000 census. The town is notable as the location of the Chickasaw White House, the former home of Chickasaw Governor Douglas H. Johnston. This home is now a museum and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Ravia, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Ravia is a town in Johnston County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 528 at the 2010 census, up from 459 at the 2000 census.

Tishomingo, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Tishomingo is the largest city and the county seat of Johnston County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 3,034 at the 2010 census, a decline of 4.1 percent from 3,162 at the 2000 census. It was the first capital of the Chickasaw Nation, from 1856 until Oklahoma statehood in 1907. The city is home to Murray State College, a community college with an annual enrollment of 3,015 students. Tishomingo is part of the Texoma region.

Wapanucka, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Wapanucka is a town in northeast Johnston County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 438 at the 2010 census, a 1.6 percent decrease from 445 at the 2000 census. It is about 20 miles (32 km) northeast of Tishomingo. The town name refers to the Delaware Nation and means "Eastern Land People."

Bromide, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Bromide is a town in Coal and Johnston counties in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The population was 165 at the 2010 census.

Texoma Region

Texoma is an interstate region in the United States, split between Oklahoma and Texas. The name is a portmanteau of Texas and Oklahoma. Like many regional names, businesses use the term Texoma in their name to describe their intended service area.

Chickasaw Nation federally recognized Native American nation

The Chickasaw Nation is a federally recognized Native American nation, located in Oklahoma. They are one of the members of the Five Civilized Tribes. The Chickasaw Nation traces its origins to its homeland of modern day Mississippi, Tennessee, Alabama and Kentucky.

South Central Oklahoma official tourism region of Oklahoma

South Central Oklahoma is an amorphous region in the state of Oklahoma, perhaps encompassing 10 counties. It is centered on the Arbuckle Mountains, an ancient, eroded range traversing some 70 miles (110 km) across the region, and surrounded by rivers and lakes, notably Lake Texoma, Lake Murray and Lake of the Arbuckles. For tourism purposes, the Oklahoma Department of Tourism has more narrowly defined South Central Oklahoma, which they refer to as Chickasaw Country, as being a seven-county region including Pontotoc, Johnston, Marshall, Garvin, Murray, Carter, and Love counties. A ten-county definition might also include Coal, Atoka, and Bryan counties, although the Department of Tourism includes those in Choctaw Country. The Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma covers the eastern third of the region. Its headquarters is in Durant, and its capitol building, now a museum, is in Tuskahoma. The Chickasaw Nation lies within the region, with the tribal capitol building located at Tishomingo and its headquarters in Ada. The Chickasaw Nation, which runs "Chickasawcountry.com"., promotes the idea of Chickasaw Country as the 13 south-central Oklahoma counties that comprise the Chickasaw Nation, being the Tourism Department’s seven counties plus Coal, Bryan, Jefferson, Stephens, Grady, and McClain counties.

Sherman–Denison metropolitan area Metropolitan Statistical Area in Texas, United States

The Sherman–Denison Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the United States Census Bureau, is an area consisting of one county – Grayson – in North Texas, anchored by the cities of Sherman and Denison. As of the 2010 census, the MSA had a population of 120,877. The Sherman–Denison Metropolitan Statistical Area is a component of the Dallas–Fort Worth Combined Statistical Area, which covers a 19-county area and had an estimated population of 6,805,275 as of July 1, 2009. It is also a major part of the Texoma region with proximity to both Lake Texoma and the Red River.

References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 12, 2011. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 O'Dell, Larry. "Johnston County," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society, 2009. Accessed April 4, 2015.
  4. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  5. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  6. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  7. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  8. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  9. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  10. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  11. "Oklahoma Registration Statistics by County" (PDF). OK.gov. January 15, 2019. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  12. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 29, 2018.

Coordinates: 34°19′N96°40′W / 34.31°N 96.66°W / 34.31; -96.66