Pontotoc County, Oklahoma

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Pontotoc County, Oklahoma
Pontotoc County Courthouse, Ada, Oklahoma 3.jpg
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Pontotoc County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Oklahoma
Map of USA OK.svg
Oklahoma's location within the U.S.
Founded1907
Seat Ada
Largest cityAda
Area
  Total725 sq mi (1,878 km2)
  Land720 sq mi (1,865 km2)
  Water4.8 sq mi (12 km2), 0.7%
Population (est.)
  (2015)38,194
  Density52/sq mi (20/km2)
Congressional district 4th

Pontotoc County is in the south central part of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 37,492. [1] Its county seat is Ada. [2] The county was created at statehood from part of the Chickasaw Nation in Indian Territory. It was named for a historic Chickasaw tribal area in Mississippi. According to the Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Pontotoc is usually translated "cattail prairie" or "land of hanging grapes." [3]

Oklahoma State of the United States of America

Oklahoma is a state in the South Central region of the United States, bordered by Kansas on the north, Missouri on the northeast, Arkansas on the east, Texas on the south, New Mexico on the west, and Colorado on the northwest. It is the 20th-most extensive and the 28th-most populous of the fifty United States. The state's name is derived from the Choctaw words okla and humma, meaning "red people". It is also known informally by its nickname, "The Sooner State", in reference to the non-Native settlers who staked their claims on land before the official opening date of lands in the western Oklahoma Territory or before the Indian Appropriations Act of 1889, which dramatically increased European-American settlement in the eastern Indian Territory. Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory were merged into the State of Oklahoma when it became the 46th state to enter the union on November 16, 1907. Its residents are known as Oklahomans, and its capital and largest city is Oklahoma City.

2010 United States Census 23rd national census of the United States, taken in 2010

The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.

A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Taiwan and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, and historically in Jamaica.

Contents

Pontotoc County comprises the Ada, OK Micropolitan Statistical Area.

The Chickasaw Nation's headquarters are in Ada.

History

The present Pontotoc County was part of the land that the U. S. government granted in 1830 to the Choctaw tribe via the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek. In 1837, the Chickasaw tribe was granted land within the Choctaw domain. In 1857, the Chickasaw Nation formed its own government on this land. However, few Chickasaw settled there until after the Civil War, mainly because of attacks by various Plains Indian tribes. [3]

Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek

The Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek was a treaty signed on September 27, 1830, and proclaimed on February 24, 1831, between the Choctaw American Indian tribe and the United States Government. This was the first removal treaty carried into effect under the Indian Removal Act. The treaty ceded about 11 million acres (45,000 km2) of the Choctaw Nation in what is now Mississippi in exchange for about 15 million acres (61,000 km2) in the Indian territory, now the state of Oklahoma. The principal Choctaw negotiators were Chief Greenwood LeFlore, Musholatubbee, and Nittucachee; the U.S. negotiators were Colonel John Coffee and Secretary of War John Eaton.

The first settlers were located in the vicinity of Boggy Depot during the 1840s. Camp Arbuckle was established to protect migrants traveling on the California Road. After the Civil War, settlements began spreading through the area. Some of the new settlers were illegal white intruders and outlaws. The first post office was established at Stonewall in 1878. The town of Ada was founded in 1890. After three railroads built lines through Ada, it became the dominant community of the area. Ada was named county seat when Pontotoc County was created. [3]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 725 square miles (1,880 km2), of which 720 square miles (1,900 km2) is land and 4.8 square miles (12 km2) (0.7%) is water. [4] The Canadian River forms the northern boundary. [3]

Canadian River river in Texas and Oklahoma

The Canadian River is the longest tributary of the Arkansas River in the United States. It is about 906 miles (1,458 km) long, starting in Colorado and traveling through New Mexico, the Texas Panhandle, and Oklahoma. The drainage area is about 47,700 square miles (124,000 km2).

Adjacent counties

Seminole County, Oklahoma County in the United States

Seminole County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 25,482. Its county seat is Wewoka. Before Oklahoma's admission as a state, the county was the entire small portion of Indian Territory allocated to the Seminole people, who were removed from Florida in the 1820s.

Hughes County, Oklahoma County in the United States

Hughes County is a county located in south central U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,003. Its county seat is Holdenville. The county was named for W. C. Hughes, an Oklahoma City lawyer who was a member of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention.

Coal County, Oklahoma County in the United States

Coal County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 5,925. Its county seat is Coalgate.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1910 24,331
1920 30,94927.2%
1930 32,4694.9%
1940 39,79222.6%
1950 30,875−22.4%
1960 28,089−9.0%
1970 27,867−0.8%
1980 32,59817.0%
1990 34,1194.7%
2000 35,1433.0%
2010 37,4926.7%
Est. 201638,330 [5] 2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]
1790-1960 [7] 1900-1990 [8]
1990-2000 [9] 2010-2013 [1]
Age pyramid for Pontotoc County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data. USA Pontotoc County, Oklahoma age pyramid.svg
Age pyramid for Pontotoc County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 37,492 people residing in the county. 71.2% were White, 17.4% Native American, 2.4% Black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 1.1% of some other race and 7.2% of two or more races. 4.1% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census [10] of 2000, there were 35,143 people, 13,978 households, and 9,421 families residing in the county. The population density was 19/km² (49/mi²). There were 15,575 housing units at an average density of 8/km² (22/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 75.80% White, 2.06% Black or African American, 15.51% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.79% from other races, and 5.36% from two or more races. 2.30% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 13,978 households out of which 30.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.90% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.60% were non-families. 28.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.70% under the age of 18, 12.50% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,955, and the median income for a family was $35,400. Males had a median income of $26,785 versus $18,939 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,664. About 11.80% of families and 16.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.10% of those under age 18 and 11.70% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2019 [11]
PartyNumber of VotersPercentage
Democratic 9,67244.97%
Republican 8,61640.06%
Others3,21914.97%
Total21,507100%
Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [12]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 70.3%10,43124.5% 3,6375.1% 763
2012 69.4%8,94530.6% 3,947
2008 68.4%9,75031.6% 4,512
2004 65.1%9,64734.9% 5,165
2000 56.9%7,29942.0% 5,3871.2% 150
1996 39.4% 5,36647.5%6,47013.1% 1,777
1992 33.5% 5,20640.9%6,35025.6% 3,965
1988 49.9%6,60949.0% 6,4841.1% 146
1984 59.7%8,30139.7% 5,5260.6% 80
1980 49.3%6,23247.0% 5,9423.6% 457
1976 39.2% 4,89559.8%7,4661.0% 125
1972 72.0%8,76226.0% 3,1602.0% 240
1968 38.3% 4,16139.5%4,29122.3% 2,425
1964 35.9% 4,16664.1%7,449
1960 55.8%5,86344.3% 4,654
1956 44.7% 4,81455.3%5,950
1952 42.8% 5,38957.2%7,208
1948 22.8% 2,28977.2%7,750
1944 31.1% 2,96068.7%6,5520.2% 21
1940 27.0% 3,44972.8%9,3100.3% 35
1936 19.9% 2,01579.7%8,0790.4% 42
1932 14.3% 1,20785.7%7,227
1928 50.9%3,35648.6% 3,2030.6% 38
1924 28.1% 1,85964.5%4,2687.5% 493
1920 37.2% 2,37059.6%3,8003.2% 206
1916 21.3% 91356.4%2,41822.3% 957
1912 18.8% 64253.8%1,84227.4% 937

Economy

Cattle ranching was one of the most important economic activities in this area up through the territorial period. Agriculture rose to prominence in the early 20th century, with cotton being the most important crop. Cattle raising reemerged as the major industry, and the county is sometimes called "Hereford Heaven." [3]

Other important economic activities include limestone quarrying, cement production, light manufacturing, services and government. The city of Ada is the headquarters of the Chickasaw Nation, and the base of the Carl Albert Indian Health System. [3]

Communities

City

Towns

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated places

NRHP sites

The following sites in Pontotoc County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

See also

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Pontotoc County, Mississippi County in the United States

Pontotoc County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 29,957. Its county seat is Pontotoc. It was created on February 9, 1836 from lands ceded to the United States under the Chickasaw Cession. Pontotoc is a Chickasaw word meaning "land of hanging grapes". The original Natchez Trace and the current-day Natchez Trace Parkway both pass through the southeast corner of Pontotoc County.

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Ada, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Ada is a city in and the county seat of Pontotoc County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 16,810 at the 2010 census, an increase of 7.1 percent from 15,691 at the 2000 census. The city was named for Ada Reed, the daughter of an early settler, and was incorporated in 1901. Ada is home to East Central University, and is the headquarters of the Chickasaw Nation.

Byng, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Byng is a town in Pontotoc County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 1,090 at the 2000 census.

Roff, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Roff is a town in Pontotoc County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 734 at the 2000 census.

Stonewall, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Stonewall is a town in Pontotoc County, Oklahoma, United States. Named for Confederate General Stonewall Jackson, the settlement's post office was established in December, 1874.

Allen, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Allen is a town in Hughes and Pontotoc counties in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The population was 932 at the 2010 census.

References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Turner, Alvin O. "Pontotoc County," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society, 2009. Accessed April 4, 2015.
  4. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  5. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  6. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  7. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  8. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  9. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  10. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. "Oklahoma Registration Statistics by County" (PDF). OK.gov. January 15, 2019. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  12. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-29.

Coordinates: 34°43′N96°41′W / 34.72°N 96.69°W / 34.72; -96.69