Owasso, Oklahoma

Last updated
Owasso, Oklahoma
City Hall, Owasso, Oklahoma.jpg
Owasso Police Department
Nickname(s): 
"The City Without Limits"
Tulsa County Oklahoma incorporated and unincorporated areas Owasso highlighted.svg
Location of within Tulsa County, and the state of Oklahoma
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Owasso, Oklahoma
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 36°17′25″N95°49′43″W / 36.29028°N 95.82861°W / 36.29028; -95.82861 Coordinates: 36°17′25″N95°49′43″W / 36.29028°N 95.82861°W / 36.29028; -95.82861
CountryUnited States
State Oklahoma
Counties Tulsa, Rogers
Incorporated 1904 (town in Indian Territory); 1972 (city chartered in Oklahoma) [1]
Government
   Mayor Chris Kelley
Area
  Total16.31 sq mi (42.24 km2)
  Land16.29 sq mi (42.19 km2)
  Water0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation
610 ft (186 m)
Population
(2014)
  Total35,784
  Density2,073/sq mi (800/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP Codes
74055, 74073, 74021
Area code(s) 539/918
FIPS code 40-56650 [2]
GNIS feature ID1096358 [3]
Website www.cityofowasso.com

Owasso is a city in Rogers and Tulsa Counties in the U.S. state of Oklahoma, and a northern suburb of Tulsa. The population was 28,915 at the 2010 census. [4] Originally settled in 1881 in Indian Territory, the town incorporated in 1904 just prior to Oklahoma statehood and was chartered as a city in 1972.

Rogers County, Oklahoma County in the United States

Rogers County is a county located in the northeastern part of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 86,905, making it the sixth-largest county in Oklahoma based on population. Its county seat is Claremore. Rogers County is included in the Tulsa, OK Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Tulsa County, Oklahoma County in the United States

Tulsa County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 603,403, making it the second-most populous county in Oklahoma, behind only Oklahoma County. Its county seat and largest city is Tulsa, the second-largest city in the state. Founded at statehood, in 1907, it was named after the previously established city of Tulsa. Before statehood, the area was part of both the Creek Nation and the Cooweescoowee District of Cherokee Nation in Indian Territory.

Oklahoma State of the United States of America

Oklahoma is a state in the South Central region of the United States, bordered by Kansas on the north, Missouri on the northeast, Arkansas on the east, Texas on the south, New Mexico on the west, and Colorado on the northwest. It is the 20th-most extensive and the 28th-most populous of the fifty United States. The state's name is derived from the Choctaw words okla and humma, meaning "red people". It is also known informally by its nickname, "The Sooner State", in reference to the non-Native settlers who staked their claims on land before the official opening date of lands in the western Oklahoma Territory or before the Indian Appropriations Act of 1889, which dramatically increased European-American settlement in the eastern Indian Territory. Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory were merged into the State of Oklahoma when it became the 46th state to enter the union on November 16, 1907. Its residents are known as Oklahomans, and its capital and largest city is Oklahoma City.

Contents

Scenes in The Outsiders film were shot in Owasso.

History

Owasso began as a settlement in 1881, located in the Cooweescoowee District of the Cherokee Nation in Indian Territory, near what is now 66th Street North and North 129th East Avenue. It was called Elm Creek, and was named for Elm Creek, a tributary of Bird Creek. The first settler was H.T. (Tole) Richardson. In June 1893, plans began for a rail line to be extended south from Bartlesville to the cattle ranches in the vicinity of Bird Creek. At that time, already several residences, a blacksmith shop, and a general store were in the Elm Creek settlement. Preston Ballard, owner of the general store, established a post office in the general store on February 10, 1898, and was appointed the first postmaster. The Joseph T. Barnes family moved to the settlement in 1897. Joseph and Luther Barnes bought the blacksmith shop in 1898. [5] The first gas station was open in 1902 by Donovan Ranta.

Cherokee Nation Domestic dependent nation

The Cherokee Nation, also known as the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma, is the largest of three Cherokee federally recognized tribes in the United States. It was established in the 20th century and includes people descended from members of the Old Cherokee Nation who relocated from the Southeast due to increasing pressure to Indian Territory and Cherokee who were forced to relocate on the Trail of Tears. The tribe also includes descendants of Cherokee Freedmen and Natchez Nation. Over 299,862 people are enrolled in the Cherokee Nation, with 189,228 living within the state of Oklahoma. According to Larry Echo Hawk, former head of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), the current Cherokee Nation is not the historical Cherokee tribe but instead a "successor in interest".

Bird Creek Stream in Oklahoma

Bird Creek is a stream in northeast Oklahoma. The main creek is formed from the waters of North Bird Creek, Middle Bird Creek, and South Bird Creek, all of which rise in Osage County. The South and Middle branches of the creek converge at Bluestem Lake. Outflow from the lake is called Middle Bird Creek. North Bird Creek joins Middle Bird Creek northwest of Pawhuska, and from that point on is simply Bird Creek. From Pawhuska, the creek flows southeastward and eastward through the north side of the Tulsa metropolitan area, before reaching its mouth at the Verdigris River near Catoosa. Major tributaries include Birch Creek, Hominy Creek and Mingo Creek. There are numerous minor tributaries, both named and unnamed, that have contributed to historical flooding problems in the Tulsa area.

In 1897, the Kansas, Oklahoma Central & Southwestern Railway Company acquired right-of-way about 3 miles (4.8 km) northwest of the Elm Creek settlement, dammed a natural spring to form a lake as a water supply for the rail line, and built a depot about a mile south of the lake. The depot was torn down in 1942. Late in 1898, Joseph and Luther Barnes moved their blacksmith shop to the new community. The shop became a temporary home for the Joseph Barnes family. It was the first residence officially moved to the new depot community. During 1898, many of the residents and businesses moved from the Elm Creek settlement to the new community. Preston Ballard moved his post office and general store during that time. The new community became known as Elm Creek, since the post office retained its name.

The railroad completed its line in 1899. Its parent company, the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway Company, took over the line and property. The first train came into Elm Creek on November 1, 1899. As the land around the end of this railroad developed, the Osage Indian word Owasso, meaning "the end of the trail" or "turn around", [1] was adopted to identify the area because the rail line ended in a turnaround "Y" near the depot. The name of the Elm Creek post office was officially changed to Owasso on January 24, 1900. The rail line was not extended into Tulsa until 1905. [5]

A plat of the original townsite of Owasso, Cherokee Nation, I.T. was signed by the Secretary of the Interior on March 26, 1904, in connection with the town's incorporation. That plat shows three streets running north and south and eight streets running east and west. The north/south streets were named Oklahoma, Kansas, and Missouri, and the east/west streets north of what is now Broadway were named for Union generals, while the east/west streets to the south were named for Confederate generals. These names were later changed; east/west streets are now identified by street numbers, and north/south streets are now named after trees. The original street names were changed to their present names around 1960. [5]

By the time Oklahoma became a state on November 16, 1907, Owasso had a population of 379 within the town limits. The first newspaper was The Owasso Ledger, and was first published on August 7, 1903 by U. P. Wardrip. The subscription price was $1.00 per year, paid in advance. The Pioneer Telephone and Telegraph Company was granted a franchise on February 6, 1905, for the town's first telephone exchange. Until the first water tower was erected in 1924, with Spavinaw as the water source, water came into town in barrels from the Owasso Lake and sold for $0.50 a barrel.

The Spavinaw Water Project was a water project to provide water for Tulsa, Oklahoma.

Owasso incorporated as a city on September 28, 1972. [1] [5]

Geography

Owasso is a northern suburb of Tulsa, Oklahoma, located in the northeastern corner of Oklahoma known as "Green Country" for its green vegetation, hills, and lakes, which contrast the drier Great Plains region of central and western Oklahoma. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.31 square miles (42.2 km2), 99.1% of which is land, the remainder being covered by water.

Climate

Owasso lies in Tornado Alley and has a temperate climate of the humid subtropical variety (Köppen Cfa) with a yearly average temperature of 60 °F (16 °C) and an average precipitation of 39.5 inches (1,000 mm). [6]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1910 373
1920 3791.6%
1930 4169.8%
1940 371−10.8%
1950 43116.2%
1960 2,032371.5%
1970 3,49171.8%
1980 6,14976.1%
1990 11,15181.3%
2000 18,50265.9%
2010 28,91556.3%
Est. 201738,542 [7] 33.3%
Sources: [2] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12]

As of the census [2] of 2010, 28,915 people, 10,689 households, and 7,807 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,775.3 people per square mile (712.2/km²). The 7,004 housing units averaged 698.2 per square mile (269.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 79.4% White, 2.8% Black, 6.8% Native American, 2.8% Asian (1.0% Hmong, 0.7% Chinese, 0.3% Indian), 0.5% Pacific Islander, 3.0% from other races, and 3.98% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 6.7% of the population. [13] [14]

Of the 10,689 households, 46.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.3% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.4% were not families; 19.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the city, the population was distributed as 33.1% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 33.7% from 25 to 44, 17.2% from 45 to 64, and 8.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $76,572, and for a family was $81,044. The per capita income for the city was $31,634. About 6.1% of the population was below the poverty line. [15] [16] Of the city's population over the age of 25, 34.1% holds a bachelor's degree or higher.

Media

Owasso's newspapers, the Owasso Reporter and the Owasso Progress, are both published weekly. Until 2015, the Reporter was owned by Community Publishers, a newspaper and Internet publisher and commercial printer that serves Oklahoma, Missouri, and Arkansas. On Tuesday, April 21, 2015, the Tulsa World announced that its parent company BH Media, a division of Berkshire Hathaway, the Omaha-based investment holding company led by billionaire Warren Buffett, had purchased several suburban newspapers, including the Owasso Reporter. [17] [18]

The Progress is owned by Community Newspaper Holdings.

InsideOwasso.Com serves the community as an online news portal, and also produces radio and online broadcasts for Owasso Rams football, basketball, and baseball. The site is the flagship media operation of the Merrill Media Group which operates similar web services in several communities across Oklahoma and Arkansas.

Economy

Owasso became a bedroom community in the 1950s for Tulsa, which was only 12 miles (19 km) away. As Tulsa expanded, so did industry around Owasso, stimulating further growth. Industrial development proceeded through the 1980s and 1990s. Factories included American Airlines, with 9,000 employees, Nordam Group, with 700, Whirlpool, with 1,000 and MCI WorldCom with 2,200. [5]

Government

Owasso has a council-manager form of government. [5]

Notable people

Cultural references

The webcomic Penny Arcade mentions Owasso when one of the two main characters, Tycho Brahe, confesses that he once killed an old woman and buried her there. [22]

The movie The Outsiders has the old Owasso High School (currently the Owasso 7th Grade Center) in the background. Another scene shows downtown Owasso (Main Street) in the background.

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Tulsa City-County Library Website: "Tulsa Area History: Tulsa County Communities" Accessed April 9, 2011. Archived March 24, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  2. 1 2 3 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. "MuniNetGuide:Owasso." Retrieved July 22, 2011. Oklahoma Archived January 27, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 David J. McDonough and Marcia Boutwell, "Owasso" Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Accessed April 13, 2015.
  6. Owasso, Oklahoma, Weatherbase.com. (accessed October 13, 2013)
  7. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  8. "Population-Oklahoma" (PDF). U.S. Census 1910. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
  9. "Population-Oklahoma" (PDF). 15th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
  10. "Number of Inhabitants: Oklahoma" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.[ dead link ]
  11. "Oklahoma: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
  12. "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 17 June 2013. Retrieved 25 November 2013.
  13. American FactFinder – Results Archived March 5, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  14. Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  15. Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  16. Owasso (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau Archived 2012-01-11 at the Wayback Machine
  17. reports, From staff. "BH Media Group buys local weeklies, Tulsa Business and Legal News". tulsaworld.com. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  18. Writers, World's Editorial. "Tulsa World Editorial: Seven local newspapers join BH Media family". tulsaworld.com. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  19. Curtis Sittenfeld,"Heaven, heartache and the power of deviled eggs", Salon.com , May 24, 2008.
  20. Brandy McDonnell, "Garth Brooks and Trisha Yearwood moving from Oklahoma to Nashville", The Oklahoman , March 19, 2014.
  21. "Rebecca DeMauro (Petty)". intelius.com. Retrieved April 13, 2015.
  22. "Penny Arcade - Comic - Additional Revelations". Penny Arcade. Retrieved 9 April 2018.