|Counties of Oklahoma|
|Location||State of Oklahoma|
|Populations||2,475 (Cimarron) – 718,633 (Oklahoma)|
|Areas||371 square miles (960 km2) (Marshall) – 2,251 square miles (5,830 km2) (Osage)|
|Subdivisions||cities, towns, unincorporated communities, Indian reservations, census designated place |
civil townships (Statehood until mid 1930s)
There are 77 counties in the U.S. state of Oklahoma . Oklahoma is ranked 20th in size and 17th in the number of counties, between Mississippi with 82 counties and Arkansas with 75 counties.
In the United States, an administrative or political subdivision of a state is a county, which is a region having specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs respectively.
In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.
Oklahoma is a state in the South Central region of the United States, bordered by Kansas on the north, Missouri on the northeast, Arkansas on the east, Texas on the south, New Mexico on the west, and Colorado on the northwest. It is the 20th-most extensive and the 28th-most populous of the fifty United States. The state's name is derived from the Choctaw words okla and humma, meaning "red people". It is also known informally by its nickname, "The Sooner State", in reference to the non-Native settlers who staked their claims on land before the official opening date of lands in the western Oklahoma Territory or before the Indian Appropriations Act of 1889, which dramatically increased European-American settlement in the eastern Indian Territory. Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory were merged into the State of Oklahoma when it became the 46th state to enter the union on November 16, 1907. Its residents are known as Oklahomans, and its capital and largest city is Oklahoma City.
Oklahoma originally had seven counties (Logan, Cleveland, Oklahoma, Canadian, Kingfisher, Payne, and Beaver) when it was first organized as the Oklahoma Territory. These counties were designated numerically, first through seventh. New counties added after this were designated by letters of the alphabet. The first seven counties were later renamed. The Oklahoma Constitutional Convention named all of the counties that were formed when Oklahoma entered statehood in 1907. Only two counties have been formed since then.Upon statehood, all Oklahoma counties allowed civil townships within their counties. A few years after statehood, a constitutional amendment allowed them to be abolished on a county by county basis, and by the mid-1930s, all Oklahoma counties had voted to do so.
The Territory of Oklahoma was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from May 2, 1890, until November 16, 1907, when it was joined with the Indian Territory under a new constitution and admitted to the Union as the State of Oklahoma.
According to the Oklahoma Constitution, a county can be disorganized if the sum of all taxable property is less than two and a half million dollars. If so, then a petition must be signed by one-fourth of the population and then a vote would occur. If a majority vote for dissolution of the county, the county will be combined with an adjacent county with the lowest valuation of taxable property.
The Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code, which is used by the United States government to uniquely identify counties, is provided with each entry. The FIPS code for each county links to census data for that county.
The Area in these tables is land area, and does not include water area.
Oklahoma's postal abbreviation is OK and its FIPS state code is 40.
|County||FIPS code||County seat||Established||Origin||Etymology||Density||Population||Area||Map|
|AdairCounty||001||Stilwell||1907||Cherokee lands||William Penn Adair, Cherokee tribal leader and Confederate colonel in the American Civil War||39.38||22,683||576 sq mi|
|AlfalfaCounty||003||Cherokee||1907||Woods County||William H. "Alfalfa Bill" Murray, ninth Governor of Oklahoma||6.51||5,642||867 sq mi|
|AtokaCounty||005||Atoka||1907||Choctaw lands||Captain Atoka, a noted Choctaw leader and signer of the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek||14.5||14,182||978 sq mi|
|BeaverCounty||007||Beaver||1890||Seventh County (entire panhandle until 1907)||The Beaver River||3.11||5,636||1,814 sq mi|
|BeckhamCounty||009||Sayre||1907||Greer County and Roger Mills County||J. C. W. Beckham, Governor of Kentucky||24.52||22,119||902 sq mi|
|BlaineCounty||011||Watonga||1890||Part of Cheyenne and Arapaho reservation.||James G. Blaine, Speaker of the U. S. House of Representatives, U.S. Senator and Secretary of State||12.86||11,943||929 sq mi|
|BryanCounty||013||Durant||1907||Choctaw lands||William Jennings Bryan, Secretary of State, famous orator and three-time U.S. Presidential candidate||46.66||42,416||909 sq mi|
|CaddoCounty||015||Anadarko||1901||Indian Territory||From Indian word "Kaddi" meaning life or chief||23.16||29,600||1,278 sq mi|
|CanadianCounty||017||El Reno||1901||Part of Cheyenne and Arapaho reservation||The Canadian River.||128.38||115,541||900 sq mi|
|CarterCounty||019||Ardmore||1907||Pickens County, Chickasaw Nation||A prominent family of early settlers||57.71||47,557||824 sq mi|
|CherokeeCounty||021||Tahlequah||1907||Originally settled by Cherokee Indians following the Trail of Tears||Cherokee Nation of Indians||62.57||46,987||751 sq mi|
|ChoctawCounty||023||Hugo||1907||Choctaw Nation||Choctaw Nation of Indians||19.64||15,205||774 sq mi|
|CimarronCounty||025||Boise City||1907||Seventh County (entire panhandle until 1907)||Cimarron River||1.34||2,475||1,835 sq mi|
|ClevelandCounty||027||Norman||1890||County 3 in Oklahoma Territory.||Grover Cleveland, twice President of the United States||477.15||255,755||536 sq mi|
|CoalCounty||029||Coalgate||1907||Atoka County, Choctaw Nation||Coal, the primary economic product of the region at the time||11.44||5,925||518 sq mi|
|ComancheCounty||031||Lawton||1907||Kiowa, Comanche, and Apache reservation||Spanish "Camino Ancho", meaning broad trail||116.09||124,098||1,069 sq mi|
|CottonCounty||033||Walters||1912||Lands of Quapaws, Choctaws, Chickasaws, Comanche Reservation, and Big Pasture||The principal economic base of the county, cotton||9.72||6,193||637 sq mi|
|CraigCounty||035||Vinita||1907||Cherokee Nation||Granville Craig, a prominent Cherokee planter||19.75||15,029||761 sq mi|
|CreekCounty||037||Sapulpa||1907||Creek Nation||Creek Nation of Indians||73.19||69,967||956 sq mi|
|CusterCounty||039||Arapaho||1891||Cheyenne-Arapaho Reservation||George A. Custer, United States Army cavalry commander during the Indian Wars||27.83||27,469||987 sq mi|
|DelawareCounty||041||Jay||1907||Delaware District of Cherokee Nation||Delaware Nation of Indians||55.99||41,487||741 sq mi|
|DeweyCounty||043||Taloga||1892||Cheyenne-Arapaho Reservation||Admiral George Dewey, hero of the Spanish–American War||4.81||4,810||1,000 sq mi|
|EllisCounty||045||Arnett||1907||Roger Mills and Woodward counties||Albert H. Ellis, member of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention and first state Legislature||3.38||4,151||1,229 sq mi|
|GarfieldCounty||047||Enid||1893||Cherokee Outlet||James Garfield, President of the United States||57.26||60,580||1,058 sq mi|
|GarvinCounty||049||Pauls Valley||1907||Chickasaw Nation||Samuel Garvin, a prominent Chickasaw Indian and local merchant||34.09||27,576||809 sq mi|
|GradyCounty||051||Chickasha||1907||Pickens County, Chickasaw Nation||Henry W. Grady, editor of the Atlanta Constitution||47.62||52,431||1,101 sq mi|
|GrantCounty||053||Medford||1892||County L||Ulysses S. Grant, President of the United States||4.52||4,527||1,001 sq mi|
|GreerCounty||055||Mangum||1896||Greer County, Texas||John Alexander Greer, Lieutenant Governor of Texas||9.76||6,239||639 sq mi|
|HarmonCounty||057||Hollis||1909||GREER County||Judson Harmon, U.S. Attorney General and Governor of Ohio||5.43||2,922||538 sq mi|
|HarperCounty||059||Buffalo||1893||Woodward County||Oscar G. Harper, clerk of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention||3.55||3,685||1,039 sq mi|
|HaskellCounty||061||Stigler||1907||San Bois County of the Choctaw Nation||Charles N. Haskell, first Governor of Oklahoma||22.13||12,769||577 sq mi|
|HughesCounty||063||Holdenville||1907||Choctaw Nation and Creek Nation lands||William C. Hughes, member of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention||17.35||14,003||807 sq mi|
|JacksonCounty||065||Altus||1907||Greer County||Either Stonewall Jackson, Confederate general during the American Civil War or Andrew Jackson, seventh President of the United States||32.93||26,446||803 sq mi|
|JeffersonCounty||067||Waurika||1907||Comanche County and part of Chickasaw Nation||Thomas Jefferson, third President of the United States||8.53||6,472||759 sq mi|
|JohnstonCounty||069||Tishomingo||1907||Chickasaw Nation land||Douglas H. Johnston, Governor of the Chickasaw Nation||16.99||10,957||645 sq mi|
|KayCounty||071||Newkirk||1895||County K, Cherokee Strip||Originally designated as county "K"||50.67||46,562||919 sq mi|
|KingfisherCounty||073||Kingfisher||1907||Unassigned Lands||Either for the kingfisher bird or King David Fisher, an early settler in the area||16.65||15,034||903 sq mi|
|KiowaCounty||075||Hobart||1901||Kiowa-Comanche-Apache Indian Reservations||Kiowa Nation of Indians||9.31||9,446||1,015 sq mi|
|LatimerCounty||077||Wilburton||1907||Choctaw Nation land||James S. Latimer, member of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention||15.45||11,154||722 sq mi|
|Le FloreCounty||079||Poteau||1907||Choctaw Nation||A Choctaw Indian family of French descent||31.77||50,384||1,586 sq mi|
|LincolnCounty||081||Chandler||1891||County A in Oklahoma Territory||Abraham Lincoln, the sixteenth president of the United States||35.74||34,273||959 sq mi|
|LoganCounty||083||Guthrie||1891||County 1 in Oklahoma Territory||John A. Logan, American Civil War general||56.17||41,848||745 sq mi|
|LoveCounty||085||Marietta||1907||Pickens County, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory||Overton Love, Chickasaw judge and prominent landowner||18.3||9,423||515 sq mi|
|MajorCounty||093||Fairview||1909||Woods County, Oklahoma Territory||John C. Major, member of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention||7.87||7,527||957 sq mi|
|MarshallCounty||095||Madill||1907||Pickens County, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory||The maiden name of a member of the Constitutional Convention's mother||42.7||15,840||371 sq mi|
|MayesCounty||097||Pryor||1907||Saline District, Cherokee Nation||Cherokee leader Samuel Houston Mayes||62.89||41,259||656 sq mi|
|McClainCounty||087||Purcell||1907||Choctaw Nation land||Charles M. McClain, member of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention||60.54||34,506||570 sq mi|
|McCurtainCounty||089||Idabel||1907||The McCurtain family, a prominent Choctaw landowning group||17.9||33,151||1,852 sq mi|
|McIntoshCounty||091||Eufaula||1907||Creek Nation land||The McIntosh family, a prominent Creek landowning group||32.66||20,252||620 sq mi|
|MurrayCounty||099||Sulphur||1907||Chickasaw Nation land||Governor of Oklahoma William H. "Alfalfa Bill" Murray||32.27||13,488||418 sq mi|
|MuskogeeCounty||101||Muskogee||1907||Muskogee District of Creek Nation and part of Illinois and Canadian Districts of Cherokee Nation||Muskogee Nation of Indians||87.21||70,990||814 sq mi|
|NobleCounty||103||Perry||1897||County P in Oklahoma Territory.||U.S. Secretary of the Interior John W. Noble||15.79||11,561||732 sq mi|
|NowataCounty||105||Nowata||1907||Cooweescoowee District of Cherokee Nation||The town of Nowata, Oklahoma. The exact origin is unknown, but the two most common stories are that railroad surveyors used the Delaware word noweta for welcome or that a sign was posted indicating that local springs had no water: No wata||18.65||10,536||565 sq mi|
|OkfuskeeCounty||107||Okemah||1907||Creek Nation land||Creek town of the same name in Cleburn County, Alabama||19.51||12,191||625 sq mi|
|OklahomaCounty||109||Oklahoma City||1891||Unassigned Lands in Indian Territory, the County 2 in Oklahoma Territory||From two Choctaw words okla and humma, meaning people and red||1,013.59||718,633||709 sq mi|
|OkmulgeeCounty||111||Okmulgee||1907||Creek Nation land||Creek word meaning boiling water||57.49||40,069||697 sq mi|
|OsageCounty||113||Pawhuska||1907||Coterminous with Osage Reservation||The Osage Indian Reservation, inhabited by the Osage Nation||21.09||47,472||2,251 sq mi|
|OttawaCounty||115||Miami||1907||Multiple tribal reservations in Indian Territory.||Ottawa Native American people||67.62||31,848||471 sq mi|
|PawneeCounty||117||Pawnee||1897||Cherokee Outlet, then County Q in Oklahoma Territory||The Skidi Pawnee Native American people||29.08||16,577||570 sq mi|
|PayneCounty||119||Stillwater||1890||County 6 in Oklahoma Territory in 1889, renamed to Payne County in 1907||David L. Payne, the key figure in opening Oklahoma to white settlement||112.76||77,350||686 sq mi|
|PittsburgCounty||121||McAlester||1907||Choctaw Nation land||Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania||35.1||45,837||1,306 sq mi|
|PontotocCounty||123||Ada||1907||Chickasaw Nation||Pontotoc is a Chickasaw word meaning cat tails growing on the prairie||52.07||37,492||720 sq mi|
|PottawatomieCounty||125||Shawnee||1891||Creek Nation and Seminole Nation lands.||The Pottawatomie Native American people||88.12||69,442||788 sq mi|
|PushmatahaCounty||127||Antlers||1907||Pushmataha District of the Choctaw Nation||The Pushmataha District of the Choctaw Nation||8.28||11,572||1,397 sq mi|
|Roger MillsCounty||129||Cheyenne||1895||County F in Oklahoma Territory||U.S. Senator Roger Q. Mills||3.19||3,647||1,142 sq mi|
|RogersCounty||131||Claremore||1907||Cooweescoowee District, Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory||Clem V. Rogers, a member of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention and the father of entertainer Will Rogers||128.75||86,905||675 sq mi|
|SeminoleCounty||133||Wewoka||1907||Seminole Nation||The Seminole Native American people||40.32||25,482||632 sq mi|
|SequoyahCounty||135||Sallisaw||1907||Sequoyah District and part of Illinois District, Cherokee Nation||Sequoyah (George Guess), invented the Cherokee syllabary||62.89||42,391||674 sq mi|
|StephensCounty||137||Duncan||1907||Comanche County, Oklahoma Territory||John Hall Stephens, a Texas congressman and advocate of Oklahoma statehood||51.37||45,048||877 sq mi|
|TexasCounty||139||Guymon||1907||Seventh County (entire panhandle until 1907)||The neighboring U.S. state of Texas||10.13||20,640||2,037 sq mi|
|TillmanCounty||141||Frederick||1907||Comanche County, Oklahoma||U.S. Senator Benjamin Tillman of South Carolina||9.17||7,992||872 sq mi|
|TulsaCounty||143||Tulsa||1907||Cherokee Nation and Creek Nation land.||Derived from Tulsey Town, Alabama, an old Creek settlement.||1,058.6||603,403||570 sq mi|
|WagonerCounty||145||Wagoner||1907||Cherokee Nation land||Bailey P. Waggoner, attorney of the Missouri Pacific Railroad, which established the town of Wagoner||129.81||73,085||563 sq mi|
|WashingtonCounty||147||Bartlesville||1907||Cooweescoowee District of Cherokee Nation.||First President of the United States George Washington||122.24||50,976||417 sq mi|
|WashitaCounty||149||Cordell||1897||County H in Oklahoma Territory||The Washita River||11.58||11,629||1,004 sq mi|
|WoodsCounty||151||Alva||1893||County M in Oklahoma Territory.||Kansas populist and territorial legislator Samuel Newitt Wood||6.9||8,878||1,287 sq mi|
|WoodwardCounty||153||Woodward||1893||County N in Oklahoma Territory||Santa Fe Railroad director B. W. Woodward||16.17||20,081||1,242 sq mi|
These are lists of U.S. county name etymologies. Many U.S. states have counties named after U.S. presidents such as Washington, Madison, Polk, Jefferson, etc. Counties are also commonly named after famous individuals, local Native American tribes once in the area, cities located within the county, and land or water features.
Washita County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,629. Its county seat is New Cordell. The county seat was formerly located in Cloud Chief. The county was created in 1891.
Major County is a county in the northwestern part of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,527. Its county seat is Fairview. The county was created in 1907.
Jefferson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,472. Its county seat is Waurika. The county was created at statehood and named in honor of President Thomas Jefferson.
Hughes County is a county located in south central U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,003. Its county seat is Holdenville. The county was named for W. C. Hughes, an Oklahoma City lawyer who was a member of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention.
Grady County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 52,431. Its county seat is Chickasha. It was named for Henry W. Grady, an editor of the Atlanta Constitution and southern orator.
Cotton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,193. Its county seat is Walters. When Oklahoma achieved statehood in 1907, the area which is now Cotton County fell within the boundaries of Comanche County. It was split off in 1912, becoming the last county created in Oklahoma; it was named for the county's primary crop.
Choctaw County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,205. Its county seat is Hugo. The county was created in 1907, at the time of Oklahoma statehood. According to the Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, the name is derived from Chahta, the mythical founder of the Choctaw people.
Beckham County is a county located on the western border of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,119. Its county seat is Sayre. Founded upon statehood in 1907, Beckham County was named for J. C. W. Beckham, who was Governor of Kentucky and the first popularly elected member of the United States Senate from Kentucky. Beckham County comprises the Elk City, OK Micropolitan Statistical Area.
Alfalfa County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 5,642. The county seat is Cherokee.
Westville is a town in Adair County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 1,639 at the 2010 census, an increase of 2.7 percent from 1,596 at the 2000 census.
Mill Creek is a town in Johnston County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 319 at the 2010 census, a loss from 340 at the 2000 census. Mill Creek Community is an unincorporated area of Johnston County that surrounds the town and claims to have about 1,000 residents, including those that live within the town limits. Local residents consider the town as the focal point of the community.
Clearview is a town in Okfuskee County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 56 at the 2000 census. It was historically an all-black freedmen's town town and was platted by the Lincoln Townsite Company and designated as Lincoln.
Grayson is a town in Okmulgee County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 159 at the 2010 census, an increase of 18.7 percent from 134 at the 2000 census.
Inola is a town in Rogers County, Oklahoma, United States. It is included in the Tulsa Metropolitan Statistical Area (TMSA). The population was 1,788 at the 2010 census, a 12.5 percent increase from 1,589 at the 2000 census. Inola is a Cherokee word meaning "Black Fox." The town styles itself as "The Hay Capital of the World." It is now considered a bedroom community for Tulsa.
The Oklahoma Republican Party is a political party affiliated with the United States Republican Party (GOP). Along with the Oklahoma Democratic Party, it is one of the two major parties in Oklahoma politics.
Sidney Clarke was a U.S. Representative from Kansas, a Kansas state speaker of the house, and an Oklahoma territorial legislator. He was a part of the Oklahoma statehood movement.
Duncan Public Schools is a public school district located in Stephens County, Oklahoma. The district includes 10 school sites.
Charles Gasham "Gristmill" Jones was an American urban developer and politician in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. Jones was responsible for bringing electrical power to downtown Oklahoma City and developing a railroad line between Sapulpa, Oklahoma, and Oklahoma City. The town of Jones, Oklahoma, is named for him.