List of counties in Oklahoma

Last updated
Counties of Oklahoma
LocationState of Oklahoma
Number77
Populations2,475 (Cimarron) – 718,633 (Oklahoma)
Areas371 square miles (960 km2) (Marshall) – 2,251 square miles (5,830 km2) (Osage)
Government County government
Subdivisionscities, towns, unincorporated communities, Indian reservations, census designated place
civil townships (Statehood until mid 1930s)

The U.S. state of Oklahoma has 77 counties . It is ranked 20th in size and 17th in the number of counties, between Mississippi with 82 counties and Arkansas with 75 counties. [1]

Contents

Oklahoma originally had seven counties (Logan, Cleveland, Oklahoma, Canadian, Kingfisher, Payne, and Beaver) when it was first organized as the Oklahoma Territory. These counties were designated numerically, first through seventh. New counties added after this were designated by letters of the alphabet. The first seven counties were later renamed. The Oklahoma Constitutional Convention named all of the counties that were formed when Oklahoma entered statehood in 1907. Only two counties have been formed since then. [2] Upon statehood, all Oklahoma counties allowed civil townships within their counties. A few years after statehood, a constitutional amendment allowed them to be abolished on a county-by-county basis, and by the mid-1930s, all Oklahoma counties had voted to do so. [3]

According to the Oklahoma Constitution, a county can be disorganized if the sum of all taxable property is less than $2.5 million. If so, then a petition must be signed by one-fourth of the population and then a vote would occur. If a majority votes for dissolution of the county, the county will be combined with an adjacent county with the lowest valuation of taxable property. [4]

The Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code, which is used by the United States government to uniquely identify counties, is provided with each entry. The FIPS code for each county links to census data for that county.

The area in these tables is land area, and does not include water area.

Oklahoma's postal abbreviation is OK and its FIPS state code is 40.

Alphabetical list

County
FIPS code [5] County seat [6] Est. [6] OriginEtymology [7] Density
Population [8] Area [6] Map
AdairCounty 001 Stilwell 1907 Cherokee lands [9] William Penn Adair, Cherokee tribal leader and Confederate colonel in the American Civil War [9] 39.3822,683576 sq mi
(1,492 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Adair County.svg
AlfalfaCounty 003 Cherokee 1907Woods County William H. "Alfalfa Bill" Murray, ninth Governor of Oklahoma [10] 6.515,642867 sq mi
(2,246 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Alfalfa County.svg
AtokaCounty 005 Atoka 1907 Choctaw landsCaptain Atoka, a noted Choctaw leader and signer of the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek [11] 14.514,182978 sq mi
(2,533 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Atoka County.svg
BeaverCounty 007 Beaver 1890Seventh County (entire panhandle until 1907) [12] The Beaver River [13] 3.115,6361,814 sq mi
(4,698 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Beaver County.svg
BeckhamCounty 009 Sayre 1907Greer County and Roger Mills County [14] J. C. W. Beckham, Governor of Kentucky [14] 24.5222,119902 sq mi
(2,336 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Beckham County.svg
BlaineCounty 011 Watonga 1890Part of Cheyenne and Arapaho reservation. [15] James G. Blaine, Speaker of the U. S. House of Representatives, U.S. Senator and Secretary of State [16] 12.8611,943929 sq mi
(2,406 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Blaine County.svg
BryanCounty 013 Durant 1907Choctaw lands William Jennings Bryan, Secretary of State, famous orator and three-time U.S. Presidential candidate [17] 46.6642,416909 sq mi
(2,354 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Bryan County.svg
CaddoCounty 015 Anadarko 1901Indian TerritoryFrom Indian word "Kaddi" meaning life or chief [18] 23.1629,6001,278 sq mi
(3,310 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Caddo County.svg
CanadianCounty 017 El Reno 1901Part of Cheyenne and Arapaho reservation [19] The Canadian River. [20] 128.38115,541900 sq mi
(2,331 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Canadian County.svg
CarterCounty 019 Ardmore 1907Pickens County, Chickasaw NationA prominent family of early settlers [21] 57.7147,557824 sq mi
(2,134 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Carter County.svg
CherokeeCounty 021 Tahlequah 1907Originally settled by Cherokee Indians following the Trail of Tears Cherokee Nation of Indians [22] 62.5746,987751 sq mi
(1,945 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Cherokee County.svg
ChoctawCounty 023 Hugo 1907Choctaw NationChoctaw Nation of Indians [23] 19.6415,205774 sq mi
(2,005 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Choctaw County.svg
CimarronCounty 025 Boise City 1907Seventh County (entire panhandle until 1907) [12] Cimarron River [24] 1.342,4751,835 sq mi
(4,753 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Cimarron County.svg
ClevelandCounty 027 Norman 1890County 3 in Oklahoma Territory. Grover Cleveland, twice President of the United States [25] 477.15255,755536 sq mi
(1,388 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Cleveland County.svg
CoalCounty 029 Coalgate 1907Atoka County, Choctaw Nation Coal, the primary economic product of the region at the time [26] 11.445,925518 sq mi
(1,342 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Coal County.svg
ComancheCounty 031 Lawton 1907Kiowa, Comanche, and Apache reservationSpanish "Camino Ancho", meaning broad trail [27] 116.09124,0981,069 sq mi
(2,769 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Comanche County.svg
CottonCounty 033 Walters 1912Lands of Quapaws, Choctaws, Chickasaws, Comanche Reservation, and Big Pasture The principal economic base of the county, cotton [28] 9.726,193637 sq mi
(1,650 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Cotton County.svg
CraigCounty 035 Vinita 1907Cherokee Nation Granville Craig, a prominent Cherokee planter [29] 19.7515,029761 sq mi
(1,971 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Craig County.svg
CreekCounty 037 Sapulpa 1907Creek Nation Creek Nation of Indians [30] 73.1969,967956 sq mi
(2,476 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Creek County.svg
CusterCounty 039 Arapaho 1891Cheyenne-Arapaho Reservation George A. Custer, United States Army cavalry commander during the Indian Wars [31] 27.8327,469987 sq mi
(2,556 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Custer County.svg
DelawareCounty 041 Jay 1907Delaware District of Cherokee Nation Delaware Nation of Indians [2] 55.9941,487741 sq mi
(1,919 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Delaware County.svg
DeweyCounty 043 Taloga 1892Cheyenne-Arapaho Reservation Admiral George Dewey, hero of the Spanish–American War [32] 4.814,8101,000 sq mi
(2,590 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Dewey County.svg
EllisCounty 045 Arnett 1907Roger Mills and Woodward counties Albert H. Ellis, member of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention and first state Legislature [33] 3.384,1511,229 sq mi
(3,183 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Ellis County.svg
GarfieldCounty 047 Enid 1893Cherokee Outlet James Garfield, President of the United States [34] 57.2660,5801,058 sq mi
(2,740 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Garfield County.svg
GarvinCounty 049 Pauls Valley 1907Chickasaw Nation Samuel Garvin, a prominent Chickasaw Indian and local merchant [35] 34.0927,576809 sq mi
(2,095 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Garvin County.svg
GradyCounty 051 Chickasha 1907Pickens County, Chickasaw Nation Henry W. Grady, editor of the Atlanta Constitution [36] 47.6252,4311,101 sq mi
(2,852 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Grady County.svg
GrantCounty 053 Medford 1892County L Ulysses S. Grant, President of the United States [37] 4.524,5271,001 sq mi
(2,593 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Grant County.svg
GreerCounty 055 Mangum 1896 Greer County, Texas John Alexander Greer, Lieutenant Governor of Texas [38] 9.766,239639 sq mi
(1,655 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Greer County.svg
HarmonCounty 057 Hollis 1909GREER County Judson Harmon, U.S. Attorney General and Governor of Ohio [39] 5.432,922538 sq mi
(1,393 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Harmon County.svg
HarperCounty 059 Buffalo 1893 Woodward County Oscar G. Harper, clerk of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention [40] 3.553,6851,039 sq mi
(2,691 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Harper County.svg
HaskellCounty 061 Stigler 1907San Bois County of the Choctaw Nation Charles N. Haskell, first Governor of Oklahoma [41] 22.1312,769577 sq mi
(1,494 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Haskell County.svg
HughesCounty 063 Holdenville 1907 Choctaw Nation and Creek Nation lands William C. Hughes, member of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention [2] [42] 17.3514,003807 sq mi
(2,090 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Hughes County.svg
JacksonCounty 065 Altus 1907Greer CountyEither Stonewall Jackson, Confederate general during the American Civil War [43] or Andrew Jackson, seventh President of the United States [2] 32.9326,446803 sq mi
(2,080 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Jackson County.svg
JeffersonCounty 067 Waurika 1907Comanche County and part of Chickasaw Nation Thomas Jefferson, third President of the United States [44] 8.536,472759 sq mi
(1,966 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Jefferson County.svg
JohnstonCounty 069 Tishomingo 1907 Chickasaw Nation land Douglas H. Johnston, Governor of the Chickasaw Nation [45] 16.9910,957645 sq mi
(1,671 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Johnston County.svg
KayCounty 071 Newkirk 1895County K, Cherokee StripOriginally designated as county "K" [46] 50.6746,562919 sq mi
(2,380 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Kay County.svg
KingfisherCounty 073 Kingfisher 1907Unassigned LandsEither for the kingfisher bird [2] or King David Fisher, an early settler in the area [47] 16.6515,034903 sq mi
(2,339 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Kingfisher County.svg
KiowaCounty 075 Hobart 1901Kiowa-Comanche-Apache Indian Reservations Kiowa Nation of Indians [48] 9.319,4461,015 sq mi
(2,629 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Kiowa County.svg
LatimerCounty 077 Wilburton 1907 Choctaw Nation land James S. Latimer, member of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention [49] 15.4511,154722 sq mi
(1,870 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Latimer County.svg
Le FloreCounty 079 Poteau 1907Choctaw Nation [50] A Choctaw Indian family of French descent [2] 31.7750,3841,586 sq mi
(4,108 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Le Flore County.svg
LincolnCounty 081 Chandler 1891County A in Oklahoma Territory Abraham Lincoln, the sixteenth president of the United States 35.7434,273959 sq mi
(2,484 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Lincoln County.svg
LoganCounty 083 Guthrie 1891County 1 in Oklahoma Territory John A. Logan, American Civil War general56.1741,848745 sq mi
(1,930 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Logan County.svg
LoveCounty 085 Marietta 1907Pickens County, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory Overton Love, Chickasaw judge and prominent landowner18.39,423515 sq mi
(1,334 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Love County.svg
MajorCounty 093 Fairview 1909Woods County, Oklahoma Territory John C. Major, member of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention7.877,527957 sq mi
(2,479 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Major County.svg
MarshallCounty 095 Madill 1907Pickens County, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory [51] The maiden name of a member of the Constitutional Convention's mother42.715,840371 sq mi
(961 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Marshall County.svg
MayesCounty 097 Pryor 1907Saline District, Cherokee Nation [52] Cherokee leader Samuel Houston Mayes 62.8941,259656 sq mi
(1,699 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Mayes County.svg
McClainCounty 087 Purcell 1907 Choctaw Nation land Charles M. McClain, member of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention60.5434,506570 sq mi
(1,476 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting McClain County.svg
McCurtainCounty 089 Idabel 1907 [53] The McCurtain family, a prominent Choctaw landowning group17.933,1511,852 sq mi
(4,797 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting McCurtain County.svg
McIntoshCounty 091 Eufaula 1907 Creek Nation land [54] The McIntosh family, a prominent Creek landowning group32.6620,252620 sq mi
(1,606 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting McIntosh County.svg
MurrayCounty 099 Sulphur 1907 Chickasaw Nation land Governor of Oklahoma William H. "Alfalfa Bill" Murray 32.2713,488418 sq mi
(1,083 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Murray County.svg
MuskogeeCounty 101 Muskogee 1907Muskogee District of Creek Nation and part of Illinois and Canadian Districts of Cherokee Nation [55] Muskogee Nation of Indians87.2170,990814 sq mi
(2,108 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Muskogee County.svg
NobleCounty 103 Perry 1897County P in Oklahoma Territory. [56] U.S. Secretary of the Interior John W. Noble 15.7911,561732 sq mi
(1,896 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Noble County.svg
NowataCounty 105 Nowata 1907Cooweescoowee District of Cherokee Nation [57] The town of Nowata, Oklahoma. The exact origin is unknown, but the two most common stories are that railroad surveyors used the Delaware word noweta for welcome or that a sign was posted indicating that local springs had no water: No wata18.6510,536565 sq mi
(1,463 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Nowata County.svg
OkfuskeeCounty 107 Okemah 1907 Creek Nation land Creek town of the same name in Cleburn County, Alabama 19.5112,191625 sq mi
(1,619 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Okfuskee County.svg
OklahomaCounty 109 Oklahoma City 1891 Unassigned Lands in Indian Territory, the County 2 in Oklahoma Territory [58] From two Choctaw words okla and humma, meaning people and red1,013.59718,633709 sq mi
(1,836 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Oklahoma County.svg
OkmulgeeCounty 111 Okmulgee 1907 Creek Nation land Creek word meaning boiling water57.4940,069697 sq mi
(1,805 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Okmulgee County.svg
OsageCounty 113 Pawhuska 1907Coterminous with Osage ReservationThe Osage Indian Reservation, inhabited by the Osage Nation 21.0947,4722,251 sq mi
(5,830 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Osage County.svg
OttawaCounty 115 Miami 1907Multiple tribal reservations in Indian Territory. [59] Ottawa Native American people67.6231,848471 sq mi
(1,220 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Ottawa County.svg
PawneeCounty 117 Pawnee 1897 Cherokee Outlet, then County Q in Oklahoma Territory [60] The Skidi Pawnee Native American people29.0816,577570 sq mi
(1,476 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Pawnee County.svg
PayneCounty 119 Stillwater 1890County 6 in Oklahoma Territory in 1889, renamed to Payne County in 1907 [61] David L. Payne, the key figure in opening Oklahoma to white settlement112.7677,350686 sq mi
(1,777 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Payne County.svg
PittsburgCounty 121 McAlester 1907 Choctaw Nation land [62] Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 35.145,8371,306 sq mi
(3,383 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Pittsburg County.svg
PontotocCounty 123 Ada 1907 Chickasaw Nation [63] Pontotoc is a Chickasaw word meaning cat tails growing on the prairie52.0737,492720 sq mi
(1,865 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Pontotoc County.svg
PottawatomieCounty 125 Shawnee 1891 Creek Nation and Seminole Nation lands. [64] The Pottawatomie Native American people88.1269,442788 sq mi
(2,041 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Pottawatomie County.svg
PushmatahaCounty 127 Antlers 1907 Pushmataha District of the Choctaw Nation [65] The Pushmataha District of the Choctaw Nation 8.2811,5721,397 sq mi
(3,618 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Pushmataha County.svg
Roger MillsCounty 129 Cheyenne 1895County F in Oklahoma Territory [66] U.S. Senator Roger Q. Mills 3.193,6471,142 sq mi
(2,958 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Roger Mills County.svg
RogersCounty 131 Claremore 1907Cooweescoowee District, Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory [67] Clem V. Rogers, a member of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention and the father of entertainer Will Rogers 128.7586,905675 sq mi
(1,748 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Rogers County.svg
SeminoleCounty 133 Wewoka 1907 Seminole Nation [68] The Seminole Native American people40.3225,482632 sq mi
(1,637 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Seminole County.svg
SequoyahCounty 135 Sallisaw 1907Sequoyah District and part of Illinois District, Cherokee Nation Sequoyah (George Guess), invented the Cherokee syllabary [69] 62.8942,391674 sq mi
(1,746 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Sequoyah County.svg
StephensCounty 137 Duncan 1907Comanche County, Oklahoma Territory John Hall Stephens, a Texas congressman and advocate of Oklahoma statehood51.3745,048877 sq mi
(2,271 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Stephens County.svg
TexasCounty 139 Guymon 1907Seventh County (entire panhandle until 1907) [12] The neighboring U.S. state of Texas 10.1320,6402,037 sq mi
(5,276 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Texas County.svg
TillmanCounty 141 Frederick 1907 Comanche County, Oklahoma [70] U.S. Senator Benjamin Tillman of South Carolina 9.177,992872 sq mi
(2,258 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Tillman County.svg
TulsaCounty 143 Tulsa 1907 Cherokee Nation and Creek Nation land.Derived from Tulsey Town, Alabama, an old Creek settlement.1,058.6603,403570 sq mi
(1,476 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Tulsa County.svg
WagonerCounty 145 Wagoner 1907 Cherokee Nation land [71] Bailey P. Waggoner, attorney of the Missouri Pacific Railroad, which established the town of Wagoner [7] 129.8173,085563 sq mi
(1,458 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Wagoner County.svg
WashingtonCounty 147 Bartlesville 1907Cooweescoowee District of Cherokee Nation. [72] First President of the United States George Washington 122.2450,976417 sq mi
(1,080 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Washington County.svg
WashitaCounty 149 Cordell 1897County H in Oklahoma Territory [73] The Washita River 11.5811,6291,004 sq mi
(2,600 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Washita County.svg
WoodsCounty 151 Alva 1893County M in Oklahoma Territory. [74] Kansas populist and territorial legislator Samuel Newitt Wood 6.98,8781,287 sq mi
(3,333 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Woods County.svg
WoodwardCounty 153 Woodward 1893County N in Oklahoma Territory [75] Santa Fe Railroad director B. W. Woodward 16.1720,0811,242 sq mi
(3,217 km2)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Woodward County.svg

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

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