Arapaho, Oklahoma

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Arapaho, Oklahoma
OKMap-doton-Arapaho.PNG
Location of Arapaho, Oklahoma
Coordinates: Coordinates: 35°34′37″N98°57′45″W / 35.57694°N 98.96250°W / 35.57694; -98.96250
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Custer
Area
[1]
  Total0.70 sq mi (1.81 km2)
  Land0.70 sq mi (1.81 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
1,669 ft (509 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total796
  Estimate 
(2019) [2]
803
  Density1,148.78/sq mi (443.74/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
73620
Area code(s) 580
FIPS code 40-02500 [3]
GNIS feature ID1089676 [4]

Arapaho is a town in and county seat of Custer County, Oklahoma, United States. [5] The population was 796 at the 2010 census, a 6.4 percent increase from 748 at the 2000 census. [6] The town lies long U.S. Route 183. It is named for the Arapaho Native American tribe.

Contents

History

The area containing present Arapaho was surveyed by federally-contracted surveyors in 1891, prior to the Cheyenne-Arapaho land opening on April 19, 1892. A US post office was set up for the proposed community on March 23, 1892.

On April 19, 1892, the expected inrush of settlers did materialize; by sundown some 400 claims had been posted. The first town newspaper was issued 10 days later, titled The Arapahoe Arrow (by the end of the year its name had changed to The Arapahoe Bee).

Several Protestant church groups had been organized during the first few years. By 1894 the county courthouse and a school had been built. A lending library was in operation by May 1904.

The Oklahoma Territorial Legislature approved the incorporation on March 2, 1905 (Council Bill #80). The county courthouse had been lost in an 1896 fire, and was not replaced until 1935, built with Public Works Administration funds. It was enlarged in 1985. [7]

Geography

Arapaho is located at 35°34′37″N98°57′45″W / 35.57694°N 98.96250°W / 35.57694; -98.96250 (35.577014, -98.962370). [8] This places it along U.S. Route 183 north of Clinton, Oklahoma. [9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2), all of it land.

Climate

Climate data for Arapaho, Oklahoma
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)49.1
(9.5)
54.4
(12.4)
64.5
(18.1)
74.6
(23.7)
82.4
(28.0)
91
(33)
97.1
(36.2)
95.7
(35.4)
86.5
(30.3)
75.7
(24.3)
61.7
(16.5)
51.2
(10.7)
73.7
(23.2)
Average low °F (°C)24.0
(−4.4)
28.5
(−1.9)
37.0
(2.8)
47.3
(8.5)
56.6
(13.7)
65.7
(18.7)
70.4
(21.3)
69.0
(20.6)
61.2
(16.2)
49.2
(9.6)
37.3
(2.9)
27.4
(−2.6)
47.8
(8.8)
Average precipitation inches (mm)0.9
(23)
1.2
(30)
2.0
(51)
2.3
(58)
4.9
(120)
4.2
(110)
2.1
(53)
3.2
(81)
3.7
(94)
2.8
(71)
1.8
(46)
1.0
(25)
30.2
(770)
Source: Weatherbase.com [10]

Public education

The public education system of the town is combined with that of nearby Butler, Oklahoma. The Arapaho-Butler Public School System operates an elementary school (preK-6th grade) and a high school (7th-12th grade). Both schools are located in Arapaho, adjacent to each other on north 12th Avenue. [11] The two schools had a combined enrollment of 280 in 2000. [7]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1900 253
1910 713181.8%
1920 326−54.3%
1930 41427.0%
1940 401−3.1%
1950 311−22.4%
1960 35112.9%
1970 53151.3%
1980 85160.3%
1990 802−5.8%
2000 748−6.7%
2010 7966.4%
Est. 2019803 [2] 0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census [12]

As of the 2010 census, there were 796 people living in the town. [13] The population density was 1,067.4 people per square mile (412.6/km2). There were 289 housing units at an average density of 426 per square mile (165/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 87.03% White, 1.20% African American, 5.88% Native American, 1.07% Asian, 2.41% from other races, and 2.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.61% of the population.

There were 265 households, out of which 41.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.0% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.3% were non-families. 21.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 29.1% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $34,271, and the median income for a family was $36,339. Males had a median income of $26,375 versus $20,972 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,645. About 13.7% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.3% of those under age 18 and 3.1% of those age 65 or over.

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References

  1. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  6. CensusViewer:Arapaho, Oklahoma Population. Retrieved January 4, 2014.
  7. 1 2 Wilson, Linda D. ARAPAHO, Oklahoma Historical Society
  8. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  9. "Arapaho, Oklahoma". Google Maps. Retrieved April 2, 2020.
  10. "Historical Weather for Arapaho, Oklahoma, United States".
  11. Arapaho-Butler Public Schools
  12. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved October 18, 2013.[ dead link ]