Hobart, Oklahoma

Last updated
Hobart, Oklahoma
Hobart Main Street.jpg
Main Street of Hobart, 2004
Motto(s): 
"Hobart is not just a town, It's a Community."
OKMap-doton-Hobart.PNG
Location of Hobart, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 35°1′35″N99°5′27″W / 35.02639°N 99.09083°W / 35.02639; -99.09083 Coordinates: 35°1′35″N99°5′27″W / 35.02639°N 99.09083°W / 35.02639; -99.09083
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Kiowa
Area
[1]
  Total3.25 sq mi (8.42 km2)
  Land3.25 sq mi (8.42 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
1,552 ft (473 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total3,756
  Estimate 
(2019) [2]
3,427
  Density1,054.79/sq mi (407.20/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
73651
Area code(s) 580
FIPS code 40-35000 [3]
GNIS feature ID1093806 [4]

Hobart is a city in, and the county seat of, Kiowa County, Oklahoma, United States. [5] It was named for Garret Hobart, the 24th Vice President of the United States. The population was 3,756 at the 2010 census, a decline of 6.0 percent from the figure of 3,997 in 2000. [6] It is served by Hobart Regional Airport. It also has two museums: the General Tommy Franks Museum and the Kiowa County Museum.

Contents

History

The present town of Hobart began almost overnight on August 6, 1901, when lots on the former Kiowa-Apache-Comanche Reservation in southern Oklahoma Territory were put up for sale. It quickly became the residence of 2,936 people, mostly living in tents. Initially, the town was nicknamed "Ragtown." Wooden structures replaced tents as fast as possible. By 1903, Hobart had electric lights, an ice plant, and some large wholesale businesses. It also had a wooden courthouse. It developed into a town whose economy was based on the production of cotton. At statehood in November 1907, Hobart had a population of 3,136. [7]

Hobart's population declined to 2,936 in 1920, but resumed growing for several years afterward. In 1930, the population was 4,982. In 1950, it reached a peak of 5,380. Thereafter, the town population went into a long-term decline that has continued to the present. [7] In the 1950 water supply in the area was improved with a series of reservoirs; the town is connected by aqueduct to Lake Hobart several kilometers to the north.

Geography

Hobart is located at 35°1′35″N99°5′27″W / 35.02639°N 99.09083°W / 35.02639; -99.09083 (35.026276, -99.090876). [8] It is 120 miles (190 km) southwest of Oklahoma City and 65 miles (105 km) northwest of Lawton [7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.7 square miles (7.0 km2), all land.

Economy

The economy of the area around Hobart was first based on farming, with the major crops being wheat and cotton. Cattle ranching became important later. Hobart is still primarily a farm town. By the 21st century, most of the employed townspeople worked in the education, health and social services industries. [7]

Climate

Climate data for Hobart, Oklahoma
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)88
(31)
92
(33)
100
(38)
99
(37)
105
(41)
112
(44)
117
(47)
116
(47)
108
(42)
99
(37)
89
(32)
86
(30)
117
(47)
Average high °F (°C)51
(11)
56
(13)
65
(18)
74
(23)
82
(28)
92
(33)
96
(36)
96
(36)
88
(31)
76
(24)
63
(17)
53
(12)
74
(24)
Average low °F (°C)27
(−3)
30
(−1)
37
(3)
47
(8)
57
(14)
66
(19)
70
(21)
69
(21)
62
(17)
50
(10)
36
(2)
28
(−2)
48
(9)
Record low °F (°C)−10
(−23)
−11
(−24)
2
(−17)
19
(−7)
27
(−3)
43
(6)
52
(11)
46
(8)
34
(1)
14
(−10)
9
(−13)
−2
(−19)
−11
(−24)
Average precipitation inches (mm)0.9
(23)
1.0
(25)
1.5
(38)
2.9
(74)
4.5
(110)
3.6
(91)
2.3
(58)
2.1
(53)
2.4
(61)
3.0
(76)
1.3
(33)
1.2
(30)
26.6
(680)
Average snowfall inches (cm)1.7
(4.3)
1.4
(3.6)
1.4
(3.6)
0.1
(0.25)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.2
(0.51)
1.4
(3.6)
6.2
(16)
Average rainy days2.62.73.8676.34.64.44.252.63.152.3
Source 1: weather.com
Source 2: Weatherbase.com [9]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1910 3,845
1920 2,936−23.6%
1930 4,98269.7%
1940 5,3808.0%
1950 5,132−4.6%
1960 5,1320.0%
1970 4,638−9.6%
1980 4,7352.1%
1990 4,305−9.1%
2000 3,997−7.2%
2010 3,756−6.0%
2019 (est.)3,427 [2] −8.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [10]

As of the census [3] of 2000, there were 3,997 people, 1,584 households, and 1,031 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,472.9 people per square mile (569.5/km2). There were 1,979 housing units at an average density of 729.3 per square mile (282.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 80.01% White, 8.18% African American, 4.38% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 3.83% from other races, and 2.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.91% of the population.

There were 1,584 households, out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.9% were non-families. 32.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 25.0% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 20.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,781, and the median income for a family was $35,313. Males had a median income of $24,821 versus $20,345 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,729. About 16.4% of families and 20.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.2% of those under age 18 and 15.2% of those age 65 or over.

Historical Sites

Five of the eight NRHP-listed sites in Kiowa County are located in Hobart:

Media

FM Radio

Frequency (MHz)Call Sign kW
105.9 KQTZ 100

Distant FM Radio

Frequency (MHz)Call Sign kW
93.5 KWHW-FM 45
106.9 KTJI 100
103.5 KVSP 100

Newspaper The Hobart Democrat-Chief is one of Hobart's oldest businesses, established in August 1901 and still in operation in 2020. [11] The town has had two other newspapers, the Hobart Daily Chief and the Hobart Republican. [7]

Notable people

Organist Catherine Crozier was born in Hobart in 1914. Oklahoma Poet Laureate Jeanetta Calhoun Mish was born in Hobart. Textile executive Alfred P. Slaner was raised in Hobart. Clint Lorance, an Army officer convicted of second-degree murder for battlefield deaths and subsequently pardoned, was born in Hobart.

Adjacent communities

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. 1 2 "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. CensusViewer:Hobart, Oklahoma Population
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 Taylor, Ethel Crisp. "Hobart," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Accessed June 16, 2015.
  8. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. "Historical Weather for Hobart, Oklahoma, United States".
  10. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  11. "Log In". The Hobart Democrat-Chief. Retrieved August 15, 2020.