Marietta, Oklahoma

Last updated
Marietta, Oklahoma
Motto(s): 
"Gateway To Lake Country"
OKMap-doton-Marietta.PNG
Location of Marietta, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 33°56′08″N97°07′12″W / 33.93556°N 97.12000°W / 33.93556; -97.12000 Coordinates: 33°56′08″N97°07′12″W / 33.93556°N 97.12000°W / 33.93556; -97.12000
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Love
Area
[1]
  Total2.44 sq mi (6.32 km2)
  Land2.43 sq mi (6.29 km2)
  Water0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)
Elevation
846 ft (258 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total2,626
  Estimate 
(2019) [2]
2,768
  Density1,139.09/sq mi (439.82/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
73448
Area code(s) 580
FIPS code 40-46500 [3]
GNIS feature ID1095143 [4]
Website www.mariettaok.city

Marietta is a city in and county seat of Love County, Oklahoma, United States. [5] The population was 2,626 at the 2010 census, a 7.4 percent increase from the figure of 2,445 in 2000. [6] Marietta is part of the Ardmore, Oklahoma, Micropolitan Statistical Area. For tourism purposes, the Oklahoma Department of Tourism includes it in 'Chickasaw Country'. It is also a part of the Texoma region.

Contents

History

Settlers were attracted by the fertile land near the Red River, which was conducive to agriculture and cattle raising. Cotton quickly became the principal crop. William "Bill" Washington had the largest cattle ranch in Pickens County, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory. Bill's brother, Jeremiah Calvin Washington(Jerry), who lived about a mile north of present-day Marietta on the Washington Ranch which has a historical marker and is lived in by a Washington descendant's extended family, became the town's first postmaster when the post office opened on December 20, 1887. He was a banker and gentleman rancher. A local story claims that the town was named for Jerry's wife, Marietta Love Washington. [7]

At the time of its founding, Marietta was located in Pickens County, Chickasaw Nation. [8]

The Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway (later the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway) laid its rail line in early 1887, stimulating economic growth for the future town of Marietta, Indian Territory. The first train ran July 28, 1887. [7]

Marietta had 1,391 settlers at the time of Oklahoma Statehood in 1907. The Love County Courthouse, one of four sites in the town listed on the NRHP, was the first built after statehood in Oklahoma and was completed in 1910. There were 1,546 residents in the 1910 census, and the town was served by at least three banks, three churches and 24 retail establishments. [7]

Geography

Marietta is located at 33°56′8″N97°7′12″W / 33.93556°N 97.12000°W / 33.93556; -97.12000 (33.935551, -97.119867). [9] It is 15 miles (24 km) north of the Red River and 114 miles (183 km) south of Oklahoma City. [7] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2), of which 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2) is land and 0.42% is water.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1900 842
1910 1,54683.6%
1920 1,97727.9%
1930 1,505−23.9%
1940 1,83722.1%
1950 1,8752.1%
1960 1,9333.1%
1970 2,0134.1%
1980 2,49423.9%
1990 2,306−7.5%
2000 2,4456.0%
2010 2,6267.4%
2019 (est.)2,768 [2] 5.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,626 people, 983 households, and 670 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,029.2 people per square mile (396.6/km2). There were 1,115 housing units at an average density of 461 per square mile (178/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 64.4% white, 4.7% African American, 5.8% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 18.5% from other races, and 5.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 25.9% of the population.

There were 983 households, out of which 34.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.5% were married couples living together, 17.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.8% were non-families. Twenty-eight percent of households were made up of individuals, and 2.3% of the population was institutionalized. The average household size was 2.6 and the average family size was 3.7.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 28.7% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,198, and the median income for a family was $37,188. Males had a median income of $28,900 versus $25,556 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,625. About 20% of families and 26% of the population were below the poverty line.

Economy

Downtown Marietta suffered when Interstate 35 was built on the edge of town. By the turn of the 21st Century, the main employers were the Marietta Bakery (400 workers) and Siemens Dematic (65 workers). In January 2004, the bakery declared bankruptcy and closed. Soon after, the Siemens plant closed. Months later the Chickasaw Nation bought the Siemens plant and rehired many of the former employees. That facility now builds and repairs oil field equipment. [10] Still later, it bought the bakery and reopened it, though with a much smaller work force.

Transportation

Highways

Marietta is located on State Highway 32 at the corner of junction U.S. Route 77 and is just east of Interstate 35.

Airports

Related Research Articles

Love County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

Love County is a county on the southern border of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 9,423. Its county seat is Marietta. The county was created at statehood in 1907 and named for Overton Love, a prominent Chickasaw farmer, entrepreneur and politician.

Grady County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

Grady County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 52,431. Its county seat is Chickasha. It was named for Henry W. Grady, an editor of the Atlanta Constitution and southern orator.

Garvin County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

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Bryan County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

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Milburn, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

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Leon, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

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Thackerville, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

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Dibble, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

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Dougherty, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

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Sulphur, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

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References

  1. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. CensusViewer:Marietta, Oklahoma Population. Retrieved October 20, 2013.
  7. 1 2 3 4 Tommie L. Horn, "Marietta," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Retrieved October 20, 2013.
  8. Charles Goins, Historical Atlas of Oklahoma (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2006), p. 105.
  9. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  10. "Chickasaw Nation Industries has begun manufacturing oil field equipment". Adam Wilmoth, The Oklahoman, July 28, 2013. Retrieved February 26, 2020.
  11. "McGehee Catfish Restaurant Airport". Facebook. Retrieved February 26, 2020.