Tishomingo, Oklahoma

Last updated

Tishomingo, Oklahoma
City of Tishomingo
Chickasaw Nation Capitol building.jpg
Main façade of the Old Chickasaw Nation Capitol building in September 2018
Motto(s): 
"Progressive, Growing, Beautiful"
OKMap-doton-Tishomingo.PNG
Location of Tishomingo, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 34°14′8″N96°40′39″W / 34.23556°N 96.67750°W / 34.23556; -96.67750 Coordinates: 34°14′8″N96°40′39″W / 34.23556°N 96.67750°W / 34.23556; -96.67750
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of Oklahoma.svg  Oklahoma
County Johnston
Named for Tishomingo
Government
  TypeHome Rule (council-manager)
  City managerSteve Kelly
Area
[1]
  Total4.47 sq mi (11.58 km2)
  Land4.36 sq mi (11.30 km2)
  Water0.11 sq mi (0.28 km2)
Elevation
669 ft (204 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total3,034
  Estimate 
(2019) [2]
3,082
  Density706.39/sq mi (272.74/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
73460
Area code(s) 580
FIPS code 40-73900 [3]
GNIS feature ID1098926 [4]
Website Official website OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg

Tishomingo is the largest city in, and the county seat of, Johnston County, Oklahoma, United States. [5] The population was 3,034 at the 2010 census, a decline of 4.1 percent from the figure of 3,162 in 2000. [6] It was the first capital of the Chickasaw Nation, from 1856 until Oklahoma statehood in 1907. [7] The city is home to Murray State College, a community college with an annual enrollment of 3,015 students. Tishomingo is part of the Texoma region.

Contents

History

Tishomingo was named for Tishomingo, who died of smallpox on the Trail of Tears near Little Rock, Arkansas, after the Chickasaws had been removed from their original homelands in and around Tishomingo, Mississippi. [7]

Before the founding of Tishomingo in 1852, the area was known as "Good Springs", for the presence of several springs that made the area a suitable campsite along the road between Fort Washita and Fort Arbuckle. A small town had replaced the old campsites with permanent structures and had been renamed "Tishomingo" by 1856, when it was designated as the Chickasaw capital. A post office was established in 1857. [7]

The Chickasaw Capitol Building was constructed in 1897 from local red granite and officially dedicated in 1898. It housed the tribal governor, the bicameral legislature and other government officials and clerks. The territorial court also met there from time to time. The territorial government was dissolved at statehood. In 1910, the building was sold to Johnston County, becoming the county court house. [7]

The Western Oklahoma Railroad was built from Haileyville to Ardmore via Tishomingo in 1902, and bought by the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway in the same year. It was abandoned in 1938. [7]

Tishomingo is home of the Texhoma Oil and Refining Company, established in the 1920s by the industrialist Joseph A. Kemp of Wichita Falls, Texas. [8]

Tishomingo Cemetery dates back to at least 1832. Notables buried there include two former Oklahoma governors, William H. Murray and Johnston Murray, and Chickasaw Nation governors Douglas H. Johnson and Robert M. Harris. [7]

Geography

Tishomingo is located in south-central Johnston County at 34°14′8″N96°40′39″W / 34.23556°N 96.67750°W / 34.23556; -96.67750 (34.235575, -96.677542). [9] U.S. Route 377 runs through the center of the city, leading south 13 miles (21 km) to Madill and north 40 miles (64 km) to Ada. Oklahoma State Highway 22 also passes through the center of Tishomingo, leading southeast 23 miles (37 km) to Kenefic and west 4 miles (6 km) to Ravia. Ardmore is 31 miles (50 km) west of Tishomingo, and Oklahoma City is 116 miles (187 km) to the northwest. [7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, Tishomingo has a total area of 4.5 square miles (11.6 km2), of which 4.4 square miles (11.3 km2) are land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2), or 2.38%, are water. [10] Pennington Creek flows through the west side of the city, leading south 2 miles (3 km) to the Washita River where it becomes an arm of Lake Texoma. The Tishomingo National Wildlife Refuge, covering the bottomlands of the river and creek valleys, borders the city to the south.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1910 1,408
1920 1,87132.9%
1930 1,281−31.5%
1940 1,95152.3%
1950 2,32519.2%
1960 2,3812.4%
1970 2,66311.8%
1980 3,21220.6%
1990 3,116−3.0%
2000 2,987−4.1%
2010 3,0341.6%
2019 (est.)3,082 [2] 1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census [11]

As of the census [3] of 2000, there were 3,162 people, 1,218 households, and 768 families residing in the city. The population density was 671.0 people per square mile (259.2/km2). There were 1,407 housing units at an average density of 298.6 per square mile (115.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 73.12% White, 4.65% African American, 15.24% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.98% from other races, and 5.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.04% of the population.

There were 1,218 households, out of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.8% were married couples living together, 15.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.9% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 24.8% under the age of 18, 14.2% from 18 to 24, 22.9% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 18.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $20,938, and the median income for a family was $28,462. Males had a median income of $25,655 versus $16,957 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,429. About 21.8% of families and 27.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.6% of those under age 18 and 20.9% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Tishomingo has a home-rule charter form of government, [7] headed by a city manager and city council. [12]

Notable people

Related Research Articles

Washita County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

Washita County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,629. Its county seat is New Cordell. The county seat was formerly located in Cloud Chief. The county was created in 1891.

Stephens County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

Stephens County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 45,048. Its county seat is Duncan. The county was created at statehood, partly from the Chickasaw Nation in Indian Territory and partly from Comanche County in Oklahoma Territory. It was named for Texas politician John Hall Stephens.

Murray County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

Murray County is a county located in the southern part of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,488. This is a 6.9 percent increase from 12,623 at the 2000 census. The county seat is Sulphur. The county was named for William H. Murray, a member and president of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention and later a Governor of Oklahoma.

Marshall County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

Marshall County is a county located on the south central border of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,840. Its county seat is Madill. The county was created at statehood in 1907 from the former Pickens County of the Chickasaw Nation. It was named to honor the maiden name of the mother of George Henshaw, a member of the 1906 Oklahoma Constitutional Convention. The county and its cities are part of the Texoma region.

Love County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

Love County is a county on the southern border of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 9,423. Its county seat is Marietta. The county was created at statehood in 1907 and named for Overton Love, a prominent Chickasaw farmer, entrepreneur and politician.

Johnston County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

Johnston County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,957. Its county seat is Tishomingo. It was established at statehood on November 16, 1907 and named for Douglas H. Johnston, a governor of the Chickasaw Nation.

Grady County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

Grady County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 52,431. Its county seat is Chickasha. It was named for Henry W. Grady, an editor of the Atlanta Constitution and southern orator.

Garvin County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

Garvin County is a county in south-central Oklahoma, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 27,576. Its county seat is Pauls Valley. In 1906, delegates to Constitution Convention formed Garvin County from part of the Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory. The county was named for Samuel J. Garvin, a local Chickasaw rancher, merchant and banker. Its economy is largely based on farming, ranching and oil production.

Carter County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

Carter County is a county in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 47,557. Its county seat is Ardmore. The county was named for Captain Ben W. Carter, a Cherokee who lived among the Chickasaw.

Bryan County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

Bryan County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 42,416. Its county seat is Durant. It is the only county in the United States named for Democratic politician William Jennings Bryan.

Tishomingo County, Mississippi county in Mississippi

Tishomingo County is a county located in the northeastern corner of the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 19,593. Its county seat is Iuka.

Tishomingo, Mississippi town in Mississippi

Tishomingo is a town in Tishomingo County, Mississippi, United States. The population of the city of Tishomingo was 339 at the 2010 census.

Gene Autry, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Gene Autry is a town in Carter County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 158 as of the 2010 census, up from 99 in 2000. It is part of the Ardmore, Oklahoma Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Maysville, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Maysville is a town in Garvin and McClain counties, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 1,232 at the 2010 census, down from 1,313 in 2000.

Milburn, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Milburn is a town in Johnston County, Oklahoma, United States, along the Blue River. The population was 317 at the 2010 census, an increase of 1.6 percent from the figure of 312 in 2000. The town is notable as the location of the Chickasaw White House, the former home of Chickasaw Governor Douglas H. Johnston. This home is now a museum and is listed on the NRHP.

Mill Creek, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Mill Creek is a town in Johnston County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 319 at the 2010 census, a decline from the figure of 340 in 2000. Mill Creek Community is an unincorporated area of Johnston County that surrounds the town and claims to have about 1,000 residents, including those who live within the town limits. Local residents consider the town as the focal point of the community.

Marietta, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States.

Marietta is a city in and county seat of Love County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 2,626 at the 2010 census, a 7.4 percent increase from the figure of 2,445 in 2000. Marietta is part of the Ardmore, Oklahoma, Micropolitan Statistical Area. For tourism purposes, the Oklahoma Department of Tourism includes it in 'Chickasaw Country'. It is also a part of the Texoma region.

Madill, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Madill is a city and county seat of Marshall County, Oklahoma, United States. It was named in honor of George Alexander Madill, an attorney for the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway. The population at the 2010 census was 3,770, an increase of 10.8 percent from 3,410 at the 2000 census. It is best known as the site of the annual National Sand Bass Festival. It is part of the Texoma region.

Bromide, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Bromide is a town in Coal and Johnston counties in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The population was 165 at the 2010 census.

Davis, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Davis is a city in Garvin and Murray counties in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The population was 2,683 at the 2010 census.

References

  1. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. 1 2 "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  6. CensusViewer:Population of the City of Tishomingo, Oklahoma..
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Maxine Bamburg, "Tishomingo." Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Accessed May 12, 2015
  8. "Brian Hart, "Joseph Alexander Kemp"". tshaonline.org. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  9. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  10. "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Tishomingo city, Oklahoma". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved October 18, 2018.
  11. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. "City of Tishomingo home page. Accessed November 29, 2019.
  13. "Chickasaw Nation Ambassador Charles W. Blackwell – a Man of Vision". KXII . January 4, 2013. Archived from the original on January 8, 2013. Retrieved January 20, 2013.