Jay, Oklahoma

Last updated
Jay, Oklahoma
OKMap-doton-Jay.PNG
Location of Jay, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 36°25′26″N94°47′52″W / 36.42389°N 94.79778°W / 36.42389; -94.79778 Coordinates: 36°25′26″N94°47′52″W / 36.42389°N 94.79778°W / 36.42389; -94.79778
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Delaware
Area
[1]
  Total3.34 sq mi (8.65 km2)
  Land3.34 sq mi (8.65 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
1,043 ft (318 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total2,448
  Estimate 
(2019) [2]
2,542
  Density760.85/sq mi (293.76/km2)
Demonym(s) Jayite
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
74346
Area code(s) 539/918
FIPS code 40-37650 [3]
GNIS feature ID1094183 [4]
Website City website

Jay is a city and county seat of Delaware County, Oklahoma, United States. [5] The population was 2,448 at the 2010 census, compared to 2,482 at the 2000 census, a decrease of 1.4 percent. [6] Almost 40% of its residents are Native American, thus Jay is home to numerous Cherokee tribal offices and a health clinic for the Delaware District of the Cherokee Nation.

Contents

The city is celebrated as the Huckleberry Capital of the World and has been host to the annual Huckleberry Festival each July 4 weekend since 1967. [7]

History

Jay was named for Jay Washbourne, a nephew of Stand Watie and grandson of an early-day Cherokee missionary. [8] The town is the county seat of Delaware County, having won that distinction from Grove, Oklahoma in a special county seat election on December 8, 1908. The 191011 Legislature made Grove a County Court Town, and provided for two court terms each year. On June 27, 1911, the Supreme Court of Oklahoma ruled in favor of Jay, and on January 5, 1912, the County Commissioners ordered the records to be moved to Jay. [9] On May 10, 1913 the courthouse in Jay was burned, destroying most of the county records. The post office was established May 19, 1909. [10] Jay incorporated in 1939. [7]

Geography

East facade of Delaware County Courthouse. Built 1941. Delaware courthouse facade.jpg
East facade of Delaware County Courthouse. Built 1941.

Jay is located at 36°25′26″N94°47′52″W / 36.42389°N 94.79778°W / 36.42389; -94.79778 (36.423906, -94.797831). [11] in the oak and hickory forests of the Ozark Plateau. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.2 square miles (8.3 km2), all land. The Cherokee name for Jay is Dlaygvi (Bluejay Place).

Jay is at the intersection of U.S. Route 59 and Oklahoma State Highway 20, southeast of Grand Lake of the Cherokees and northeast of Lake Eucha. [12]

Jay is atypical in Oklahoma history because the townsite and layout were located and platted specifically for its purpose as a county seat. It is not located on a river, major road or railway line as were most Oklahoma towns of the late 1800s and early 1900s.

Spavinaw Creek as it spills into Lake Eucha. Five miles south of Jay on Highway 10. Lake eucha.JPG
Spavinaw Creek as it spills into Lake Eucha. Five miles south of Jay on Highway 10.

Around 1908, the Delaware County Improvement Association hired a survey team to pinpoint the exact location of the center of the county. They pinpointed allotment land belonging to Thomas Oochaleta, a full-blood Cherokee. Since acquiring title to a full-blood's allotment would require a lengthy federal legal procedure, the committee shifted their attention to the allotment adjoining Oochaleta's on the east, a parcel belonging to committee member Claude L. "Jay" Washbourne. As a mixed-blood Cherokee, Washbourne was exempt from the federal policy restricting the sale or transfer of his land. He gave ten acres on which to construct a town. The town was designed, reserving a central block for a courthouse. The committee quickly constructed a frame building and then applied to the U.S. Postal Service for a post office, submitting the required three town names for consideration. The names submitted were "Center," "Jay," and "Washbourne." Postal authorities chose Jay for its brevity. [7]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1940 741
1950 697−5.9%
1960 1,12060.7%
1970 1,59442.3%
1980 2,18036.8%
1990 2,2201.8%
2000 2,48211.8%
2010 2,448−1.4%
2019 (est.)2,542 [2] 3.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census [3] of 2000, there were 2,482 people, 954 households, and 609 families residing in the city. The population density was 767.2 people per square mile (296.7/km2). There were 1,051 housing units at an average density of 324.9 per square mile (125.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 54.43% White, 0.56% African American, 36.50% Native American, 0.04% Asian, 1.89% from other races, and 6.57% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.55% of the population.

There were 955 households, out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.9% were married couples living together, 17.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.1% were non-families. 32.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 28.3% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $21,875, and the median income for a family was $25,592. Males had a median income of $20,212 versus $17,039 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,700. About 21.4% of families and 25.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.1% of those under age 18 and 22.3% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

Washington County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

Washington County is a county located in the northeastern part of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 50,976. Its county seat is Bartlesville. Named for President George Washington, it is the second smallest county in Oklahoma in total area, adjacent to the largest county in Oklahoma, Osage County.

Nowata County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

Nowata County is a county located in northeastern Oklahoma, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,536. Its county seat is Nowata. The county name is derived from a Delaware word "no-we-ata," meaning "come here" or "welcome." It is located on the Kansas border.

Delaware County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

Delaware County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 41,487. Its county seat is Jay. The county was named for the Delaware Indians, who had established a village in the area prior to the Cherokees being assigned to relocate to Indian Territory in the 1830s.

Adair County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

Adair County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,286. Its county seat is Stilwell. Adair County was named after the Adair family of the Cherokee tribe. One source says that the county was specifically named for Watt Adair, one of the first Cherokees to settle in the area.

Westville, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Westville is a town in Adair County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 1,639 at the 2010 census, an increase of 2.7 percent over the figure of 1,596 recorded in 2000.

Bernice, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Bernice is a town in Delaware County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 562 at the 2010 census, an increase of 11.5 percent over the figure of 504 recorded in 2000. The town is now primarily a vacation and retirement area. It claims to be the "Crappie Fishing Capital of the World."

Brush Creek, Oklahoma Census-designated place in Oklahoma, United States

Brush Creek is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Delaware County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 35 at the 2010 census.

Cayuga, Oklahoma Census-designated place in Oklahoma, United States

Cayuga Springs is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Delaware County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 140 at the 2010 census, a 33.3 percent increase over the figure of 105 recorded in 2000.

Cloud Creek, Oklahoma Census-designated place in Oklahoma, United States

Cloud Creek is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Delaware County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 121 at the 2010 census, a 40.7 percent increase over the figure of 86 recorded in 2000 census.

Copeland, Delaware County, Oklahoma Census-designated place in Oklahoma, United States

Copeland is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Delaware County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 1,629 at the 2010 census, a 12.5 percent increase from the figure of 1,448 recorded in 2000. Founded as a railroad community, it was named for local resident D.R. Copeland.

Dennis, Oklahoma Census-designated place in Oklahoma, United States

Dennis is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Delaware County, Oklahoma, United States, near Grand Lake. The population was 195 at the 2010 census. The Dennis Post Office existed from March 25, 1914, until January 31, 1956. It is said to be named for a local resident, Peter Dennis.

Grove, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Grove is a city in Delaware County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 6,623 at the 2010 census, an increase of 27.6 percent over the figure of 5,131 recorded in 2000. Grove is surrounded by Grand Lake o’ the Cherokees, a legendary professional bass fishing tournament lake and recreational hotspot during the travel season of Memorial Day to Labor Day.

Kansas, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Kansas is a town in Delaware County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 802 at the 2010 census.

New Eucha, Oklahoma Census-designated place in Oklahoma, United States

New Eucha is a census-designated place (CDP) in Delaware County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 405 at the 2010 census, up from the figure of 300 recorded in 2000.

Rocky Ford, Oklahoma Census-designated place in Oklahoma, United States

Rocky Ford is a census-designated place (CDP) in Delaware County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 61 at the 2010 census.

Sycamore, Delaware County, Oklahoma Census-designated place in Oklahoma, United States

Sycamore is a census-designated place (CDP) in Delaware County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 177 at the 2010 census.

West Siloam Springs, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

West Siloam Springs is a town in Delaware County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 846 at the 2010 census, a 3.5 percent decrease from the figure of 877 recorded in 2000. A bedroom community for Siloam Springs, Arkansas, it is notable for its Cherokee casino, and is the closest town to Natural Falls State Park.

Lahoma, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Lahoma is a town in Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 611 at the 2010 census, a 5.9 percent gain over the figure of 577 in 2000. Its name was formed from the last three syllables of Oklahoma. Until the 1960s, Lahoma was a farm town. Later, it became primarily a bedroom community for people who commuted to work in Enid.

Wyandotte, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Wyandotte is a town in Ottawa County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 333 at the 2010 census, a decline of 8.26 percent from the figure of 363 recorded in 2000. The town is the tribal headquarters of the Wyandotte Nation of Oklahoma, for which the town was named. Wyandotte is part of the Joplin, Missouri metropolitan area.

Oaks, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Oaks is a town in Cherokee and Delaware counties in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The population was 288 at the 2010 census, a decrease from the figure of 412 recorded in 2000.

References

  1. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. 1 2 "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. MuniNet Guide. Jay, Oklahoma. Retrieved October 27, 2011 Archived July 12, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  7. 1 2 3 Dale Denney, "Jay." Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
  8. Shirk, George H. (1966). Oklahoma Place Names, p. 111. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press.
  9. Rose Stauber, "Delaware County," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Retrieved July 18, 2012.[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/D/DE010.html Archived 2010-02-19 at the Wayback Machine
  10. Helbock, Richard W. (1987). Oklahoma Post Offices, p. 97. Lake Oswego, Oregon: La Posta Publications.
  11. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  12. "Jay, Oklahoma". Mapquest. Retrieved June 26, 2020.