Grant County, Oklahoma

Last updated
Grant County
Grant County, OK County Courthouse.jpg
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Grant County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Oklahoma
Oklahoma in United States.svg
Oklahoma's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 36°48′N97°47′W / 36.8°N 97.79°W / 36.8; -97.79
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Oklahoma.svg  Oklahoma
Founded1893
Named for Ulysses S. Grant
Seat Medford
Largest cityMedford
Area
  Total1,004 sq mi (2,600 km2)
  Land1,001 sq mi (2,590 km2)
  Water2.7 sq mi (7 km2)  0.3%%
Population
  Estimate 
(2018)
4,326
  Density4.5/sq mi (1.7/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 3rd
Website www.grantcountyok.com

Grant County is a county located on the northern border of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 4,527. [1] Its county seat is Medford. [2] Originally designated as part of the Cherokee Outlet, it was named County L in Oklahoma Territory at the time of its opening to non-Indian settlement. A county election renamed it for U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant.

Contents

History

Pond Creek Masonic Lodge No. 125 Masonic Lodge of Pond Creek, OK.JPG
Pond Creek Masonic Lodge No. 125

Grant County was part of the Cherokee Nation's Cherokee Outlet until it was opened to non-Indian settlers in response to public demand on September 16, 1893. Settlers named the county after President Ulysses S. Grant [3] in a general election held November 6, 1894. Congress originally designated this area as County L in Oklahoma Territory, with the county seat at Pond Creek. Medford became the county seat through an election held on May 27, 1908. [4]

The Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska Railway (later the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway) built a railroad from northern Kansas through Grant County in 1889 and 1890. In 1897 the Gulf Railroad (later the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway, AT&SF) linked Manchester, Wakita, Medford, and Deer Creek. At the start of the 20th Century the Blackwell, Enid and Southwestern Railroad (later the St. Louis and San Francisco Railway) passed through Lamont. Still later, the Denver, Enid and Gulf Railroad (later the AT&SF) reached Nash (Nashville). [4]

The railroads gave the county access to markets in the northern and eastern U.S., helping turn the county into a major agriculture and cattle producer. At statehood, the principal crops were wheat, corn, oats, alfalfa, and forage sorghum. The county also had more than fourteen thousand each of hogs and cattle as well as almost thirteen thousand horses. [4]

Bethel was the site of a post office in Grant County that existed from March 12, 1895, until November 2, 1895. [5]

Florence was the site of a post office in Grant Co. that existed prior to 1908 but ceased to exist about 1920, after the post office closed, per information acquired in researching an ancestor, Isaac Arnold who was post-master in Florance from August 1908 to 1920.[ citation needed ]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,004 square miles (2,600 km2), of which 1,001 square miles (2,590 km2) is land and 2.7 square miles (7.0 km2) (0.3%) is water. [6] Most of the county is drained by the Salt Fork of the Arkansas River and its tributaries (Pond, Deer, Osage, and Crooked creeks). The Chikaskia River flows southeast from Kansas into the county's northeastern corner, then crosses east into Kay County. [4]

The county is by the U.S. state of Kansas on the north, specifically Sumner County, Kansas, and Harper County, Kansas. Adjacent counties in Oklahoma are Kay County to the east, Garfield County to the south, and Alfalfa County to the west.

Major highways

Adjacent Counties

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1900 17,373
1910 18,6707.5%
1920 16,072−13.9%
1930 14,150−12.0%
1940 13,128−7.2%
1950 10,461−20.3%
1960 8,140−22.2%
1970 7,117−12.6%
1980 6,518−8.4%
1990 5,684−12.8%
2000 5,144−9.5%
2010 4,527−12.0%
Est. 20184,326 [7] −4.4%
U.S. Decennial Census [8]
1790-1960 [9] 1900-1990 [10]
1990-2000 [11] 2010-2013 [1]
Age pyramid for Grant County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data. USA Grant County, Oklahoma age pyramid.svg
Age pyramid for Grant County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.

As of the 2010 census, the county's population was 4,527, a 12 percent decline from 5,144 at the 2000 census. [12] The population density was 4.5 people per square mile (1.7/km²). There were 2,622 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km²). More than 90 percent of residents self-identified as white. Less than 3 percent of residents self-identified as Native American and less than 2 percent self-identified as Hispanic or Latino of any race. Less than 1 percent of the population self-identified as Black or African American, Asian, or Pacific Islander. Less than 2 percent of the population self-identified as of a race not listed or as from two or more races.

There were 2,089 households out of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.4% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.30% were non-families. 28.40% of households were made up of individuals and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 24.10% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 21.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 94.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,977, and the median income for a family was $35,833. Males had a median income of $26,837 versus $19,036 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,709. About 10.50% of families and 13.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.60% of those under age 18 and 11.90% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2019 [13]
PartyNumber of VotersPercentage
Democratic 67623.40%
Republican 1,91766.36%
Others29610.24%
Total2,889100%
Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [14]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 83.0%1,82713.1% 2883.9% 86
2012 81.0%1,67519.0% 393
2008 78.1%1,83621.9% 514
2004 77.4%1,95022.7% 571
2000 70.4%1,76228.3% 7091.3% 32
1996 52.1%1,38232.7% 86715.2% 404
1992 42.9%1,31128.3% 86428.8% 881
1988 56.7%1,69041.9% 1,2491.4% 41
1984 74.3%2,47024.8% 8250.9% 29
1980 69.4%2,41126.7% 9273.9% 134
1976 47.0% 1,68551.6%1,8531.4% 50
1972 75.3%2,82921.4% 8053.2% 121
1968 61.8%2,40326.9% 1,04711.2% 437
1964 48.4% 1,99251.6%2,120
1960 62.0%2,81038.0% 1,723
1956 58.8%2,78841.2% 1,953
1952 72.4%3,99627.6% 1,521
1948 53.8%2,47146.3% 2,126
1944 59.5%3,02140.3% 2,0450.3% 13
1940 53.0%3,39446.4% 2,9700.6% 38
1936 36.7% 2,30762.8%3,9550.5% 32
1932 30.0% 1,90270.0%4,432
1928 74.3%4,37124.6% 1,4491.1% 63
1924 51.7%2,80036.8% 1,99011.5% 622
1920 60.6%3,21035.5% 1,8833.9% 206
1916 42.3% 1,51747.4%1,70010.3% 368
1912 47.2%1,72942.6% 1,55910.2% 373

Economy

The county economy has largely been based on agriculture since before statehood. At statehood the principal crops included wheat, corn, oats, alfalfa, and forage sorghum with estimated value of $3.5 million. Farmers and ranchers had more than fourteen thousand each of hogs and cattle as well as almost thirteen thousand horses. [4]

Oil and gas were discovered In the early 1920s in the eastern part of the county near the Blackwell Field. On April 24, 1921, the first oil well in Grant County, was drilled near Deer Creek. [4]

Communities

Cities

Towns

Unincorporated community

Wakita was featured in the 1996 blockbuster film Twister in which the town was destroyed by an F4 tornado that was part of a storm system later spawning an F5 tornado. False fronts were built onto the existing store fronts for pre-tornado shots and then were removed and replaced with rubble in the streets for post-tornado shots.

NRHP sites

The following sites in Grant County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

Related Research Articles

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Lambert, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Lambert is a town in Alfalfa County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was six at the 2010 census.

Deer Creek, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Deer Creek is a town in Grant County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 130 at the 2010 census, an 11.6 percent decrease from 147 at the 2000 census. It was named for a nearby stream, which is a tributary of the Salt Fork of the Arkansas River.

Medford, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Medford is a city in and the county seat of Grant County, Oklahoma, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 996.

Pond Creek, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Pond Creek is a city in Grant County, Oklahoma, along the Salt Fork Arkansas River. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 856, a 4.5 percent decline from 896 at the 2000 census.

Wakita, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Wakita is a town in Grant County, Oklahoma, United States, founded in 1898, approximately 8 miles (13 km) south of the Kansas border. Its population was 344 at the 2010 census, a decrease of 18.1 percent at the 2000 census. Wakita is notable as a location in the 1996 feature film Twister.

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Numa was a farming community that was established early on in what was then "L" County in the Oklahoma Territory. This area was part of the Cherokee Strip Outlet which was opened for settlement on September 16, 1893. It is located in modern-day Grant County, between Medford and Deer Creek. It was located seven miles east and one-half mile south of Medford. It was located along the Gulf Railroad that connected the towns of Manchester, Wakita, Medford, and Deer Creek. The Numa Post Office was established on April 20, 1898. Numa had amenities such as a community hall, granary, weigh station, and a rail spur. Many members of the settler community made the run from Caldwell, Kansas and continued their relationships with contacts from that entry point.

Driftwood, Oklahoma Unincorporated community in Oklahoma, United States

Driftwood is a small unincorporated community in northern Alfalfa County, Oklahoma, United States. A formerly prosperous small rural community, at one time it had two churches, a grocery store, barber shop, gas station with repair shop, grain elevator, two-story school, a telephone office, bank, and post office. Currently, it is made up of less than a dozen residences - along with a church and cemetery - grouped along both sides of Oklahoma State Highway 8/State Highway 58.

References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp.  141.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Wilson, Linda D. The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Grant County." Accessed 8 January 2017.
  5. Shirk, Oklahoma Place Names, pg. 23; "No longer in existence."
  6. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  7. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved December 28, 2019.
  8. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  9. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  10. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  11. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  12. CensusViewer:Population of Grant County, Oklahoma
  13. "Oklahoma Registration Statistics by County" (PDF). OK.gov. January 15, 2019. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  14. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-29.

Further reading

Coordinates: 36°48′N97°47′W / 36.80°N 97.79°W / 36.80; -97.79