Payne County, Oklahoma

Last updated
Payne County, Oklahoma
Payne County Courthouse (cropped).jpg
Payne County Courthouse
Payne County OK seal.gif
Seal
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Payne County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Oklahoma
Map of USA OK.svg
Oklahoma's location within the U.S.
FoundedMay 2, 1890
Named for Capt. David L. Payne
Seat Stillwater
Largest cityStillwater
Area
  Total697 sq mi (1,805 km2)
  Land685 sq mi (1,774 km2)
  Water12 sq mi (31 km2)
Population (est.)
  (2013)79,066
  Density113/sq mi (44/km2)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website www.paynecounty.org

Payne County is a county in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 77,350. [1] Its county seat is Stillwater. [2] The county was created in 1890 as part of Oklahoma Territory and is named for Capt. David L. Payne, a leader of the "Boomers". [3]

County (United States) Subdivision used by most states in the United States of America

In the United States, an administrative or political subdivision of a state is a county, which is a region having specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs respectively.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Oklahoma State of the United States of America

Oklahoma is a state in the South Central region of the United States, bordered by Kansas on the north, Missouri on the northeast, Arkansas on the east, Texas on the south, New Mexico on the west, and Colorado on the northwest. It is the 20th-most extensive and the 28th-most populous of the fifty United States. The state's name is derived from the Choctaw words okla and humma, meaning "red people". It is also known informally by its nickname, "The Sooner State", in reference to the non-Native settlers who staked their claims on land before the official opening date of lands in the western Oklahoma Territory or before the Indian Appropriations Act of 1889, which dramatically increased European-American settlement in the eastern Indian Territory. Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory were merged into the State of Oklahoma when it became the 46th state to enter the union on November 16, 1907. Its residents are known as Oklahomans, and its capital and largest city is Oklahoma City.

Contents

Payne County comprises the Stillwater, OK Micropolitan Statistical Area. The county lies northeast of the Oklahoma City metropolitan area though many consider it an extension of the Oklahoma City metro area due to commuter patterns and other indicators.

Oklahoma City metropolitan area Metropolitan area in Oklahoma, United States

The Oklahoma City Metropolitan Area is an urban region in Central Oklahoma. It is the largest metropolitan area in the state of Oklahoma and contains the state capital and principal city, Oklahoma City. It is often known as the Oklahoma City Metro, Oklahoma City Metroplex, or Greater Oklahoma City in addition to the nicknames Oklahoma City is known for.

History

This county was established and named as the Sixth County by the Oklahoma Organic Act of 1890. It included land settled during the Land Run of 1889. The Organic Act settled a dispute between the towns of Stillwater and Perkins over which should be the county seat. [4]

Eastern Oklahoma Railway built two lines in Payne County between 1900 and 1902, then immediately leased them to the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. The historic civil townships of the county were abolished by 1930.

Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway company

The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway, often referred to as the Santa Fe or AT&SF, was one of the larger railroads in the United States. Chartered in February 1859, the railroad reached the Kansas-Colorado border in 1873 and Pueblo, Colorado, in 1876. To create a demand for its services, the railroad set up real estate offices and sold farm land from the land grants that it was awarded by Congress. Despite the name, its main line never served Santa Fe, New Mexico, as the terrain was too difficult; the town ultimately was reached by a branch line from Lamy.

In 2010, the Keystone-Cushing Pipeline (Phase II) was constructed into Payne County.

Keystone Pipeline oil pipeline

The Keystone Pipeline System is an oil pipeline system in Canada and the United States, commissioned in 2010 and now owned solely by TransCanada Corporation. It runs from the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin in Alberta to refineries in Illinois and Texas, and also to oil tank farms and an oil pipeline distribution center in Cushing, Oklahoma. The pipeline became well-known when a planned fourth phase, Keystone XL, attracted opposition from environmentalists, becoming a symbol of the battle over climate change and fossil fuels. In 2015 Keystone XL was temporarily delayed by then–President Barack Obama. On January 24, 2017, President Donald Trump took action intended to permit the pipeline's completion.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 697 square miles (1,810 km2), of which 685 square miles (1,770 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (1.8%) is water. [5]

Payne County is covered by rolling plains, mostly within the Sandstone Hills physiographic region, but with the western part of the county in the Red Bed plains. The county has two significant reservoirs: McMurtry Lake and Carl Blackwell Lake. The Cimarron River and Stillwater Creek drain most of the county. [4]

Major Highways

Airports

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1890 7,215
1900 20,909189.8%
1910 23,73513.5%
1920 30,18027.2%
1930 36,90522.3%
1940 36,057−2.3%
1950 46,43028.8%
1960 44,231−4.7%
1970 50,65414.5%
1980 62,43523.3%
1990 61,507−1.5%
2000 68,19010.9%
2010 77,35013.4%
Est. 201781,575 [6] 5.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
1790-1960 [8] 1900-1990 [9]
1990-2000 [10] 2010-2013 [1]
Age pyramid for Payne County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data. USA Payne County, Oklahoma age pyramid.svg
Age pyramid for Payne County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.

As of the census [11] of 2000, there were 68,190 people, 26,680 households, and 15,314 families residing in the county. The population density was 99 people per square mile (38/km²). There were 29,326 housing units at an average density of 43 per square mile (16/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.33% White, 3.63% Black or African American, 4.58% Native American, 3.00% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.77% from other races, and 3.64% from two or more races. 2.15% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 26,680 households out of which 25.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.60% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.60% were non-families. 30.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the county, the population was spread out with 19.60% under the age of 18, 25.90% from 18 to 24, 26.20% from 25 to 44, 17.60% from 45 to 64, and 10.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,733, and the median income for a family was $40,823. Males had a median income of $31,132 versus $21,113 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,983. About 10.80% of families and 20.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.00% of those under age 18 and 8.50% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2019 [12]
PartyNumber of VotersPercentage
Democratic 13,07432.55%
Republican 20,13950.14%
Others6,95216.65%
Total40,165100%
Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [13]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 60.0%16,65131.7% 8,7888.4% 2,321
2012 64.2%16,48135.8% 9,198
2008 63.5%18,43536.5% 10,601
2004 66.0%19,56034.1% 10,101
2000 61.2%15,25637.4% 9,3191.5% 372
1996 48.1%11,68641.1% 9,98510.9% 2,637
1992 42.2%13,03232.0% 9,88625.8% 7,962
1988 59.6%16,02739.3% 10,5681.2% 310
1984 72.6%20,81126.7% 7,6530.6% 184
1980 62.1%15,95529.1% 7,4668.8% 2,270
1976 56.4%13,48141.8% 9,9871.8% 420
1972 73.8%17,01924.5% 5,6441.8% 407
1968 53.7%9,57732.4% 5,77213.9% 2,475
1964 47.1% 7,93652.9%8,906
1960 63.6%9,94336.4% 5,694
1956 59.8%9,38140.3% 6,320
1952 62.0%10,60538.0% 6,490
1948 44.0% 5,79956.0%7,390
1944 51.7%6,04848.1% 5,6240.3% 30
1940 46.6% 6,77253.0%7,7040.4% 63
1936 37.0% 4,78362.5%8,0810.4% 57
1932 33.1% 3,87466.9%7,819
1928 72.2%7,86426.7% 2,9041.2% 125
1924 48.5%4,81743.7% 4,3427.8% 774
1920 54.8%4,58338.7% 3,2386.6% 549
1916 36.7% 1,76744.5%2,14018.8% 902
1912 41.7%1,66938.3% 1,53420.1% 804

Economy

Agriculture was the basis of the county economy for more than fifty years. The primary crops were cotton, corn and wheat. [4]

World War II caused hundreds of students at Oklahoma A & M to leave school for military service. To offset this loss to the local economy, civic and college leaders, to lobby military leaders and Oklahoma Senator, Mike Monroney, to have the school designated as a war training center. This resulted in the establishment of twelve training programs for the Navy, with nearly 40,000 people. [4]

The wartime experience showed local political leaders that it would be essential to diversify the county's economic base. They formed an Industrial Foundation to attract manufacturing plants and industrial jobs. This effort succeeded and accelerated an increase in population. [4]

Education

"Old Central", first building constructed for Oklahoma A&M College, ca. 1894 Old Central.jpg
"Old Central", first building constructed for Oklahoma A&M College, ca. 1894

Educational entities located in Payne County include:

Communities

Cities

Towns

Unincorporated communities

NRHP sites

The following sites in Payne County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

Other landmarks include:

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References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. Chronicles of Oklahoma. "Origin of County Names in Oklahoma." v. 2, N, 1. March 1924. Retrieved May 26, 2013.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 Newsom, D. Earl. "Payne County," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society, 2009. Accessed April 4, 2015.
  5. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  6. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  7. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  8. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  9. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  10. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  11. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. "Oklahoma Registration Statistics by County" (PDF). OK.gov. January 15, 2019. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  13. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-29.

Coordinates: 36°05′N96°58′W / 36.08°N 96.97°W / 36.08; -96.97