Payne County, Oklahoma

Last updated
Payne County
Payne County Courthouse (cropped).jpg
Payne County Courthouse
Payne County OK seal.gif
Seal
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Payne County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Oklahoma
Oklahoma in United States.svg
Oklahoma's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 36°05′N96°58′W / 36.08°N 96.97°W / 36.08; -96.97
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Oklahoma.svg  Oklahoma
FoundedMay 2, 1890
Named for Capt. David L. Payne
Seat Stillwater
Largest cityStillwater
Area
  Total697 sq mi (1,810 km2)
  Land685 sq mi (1,770 km2)
  Water12 sq mi (30 km2)
Population
  Estimate 
(2018)
82,040
  Density113/sq mi (44/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 3rd
Website www.paynecounty.org

Payne County is located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 77,350. [1] Its county seat is Stillwater. [2] The county was created in 1890 as part of Oklahoma Territory and is named for Capt. David L. Payne, a leader of the "Boomers". [3]

Contents

Payne County comprises the Stillwater, OK Micropolitan Statistical Area. The county lies northeast of the Oklahoma City metropolitan area though many consider it an extension of the Oklahoma City metro area due to commuter patterns and other indicators.

History

This county was established and named as the Sixth County by the Oklahoma Organic Act of 1890. It included land settled during the Land Run of 1889. The Organic Act settled a dispute between the towns of Stillwater and Perkins over which should be the county seat. [4]

Eastern Oklahoma Railway built two lines in Payne County between 1900 and 1902, then immediately leased them to the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. The historic civil townships of the county were abolished by 1930. One north-south line ran between Pawnee, Stillwater, Ripley and Cushing before joining another north-south line that from Newark to Shawnee. Another line was built from Guthrie along the Cimarron River to Ripley. These lines were important in getting crops from farm to market. [4]

In 2010, the Keystone-Cushing Pipeline (Phase II) was constructed into Payne County.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 697 square miles (1,810 km2), of which 685 square miles (1,770 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (1.8%) is water. [5]

Payne County is covered by rolling plains, mostly within the Sandstone Hills physiographic region, but with the western part of the county in the Red Bed plains. The county has two significant reservoirs: McMurtry Lake and Carl Blackwell Lake. The Cimarron River and Stillwater Creek drain most of the county. [4]

Major Highways

Airports

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1890 7,215
1900 20,909189.8%
1910 23,73513.5%
1920 30,18027.2%
1930 36,90522.3%
1940 36,057−2.3%
1950 46,43028.8%
1960 44,231−4.7%
1970 50,65414.5%
1980 62,43523.3%
1990 61,507−1.5%
2000 68,19010.9%
2010 77,35013.4%
Est. 201882,040 [6] 6.1%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
1790-1960 [8] 1900-1990 [9]
1990-2000 [10] 2010-2013 [1]
Age pyramid for Payne County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data. USA Payne County, Oklahoma age pyramid.svg
Age pyramid for Payne County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.

As of the census [11] of 2000, there were 68,190 people, 26,680 households, and 15,314 families residing in the county. The population density was 99 people per square mile (38/km²). There were 29,326 housing units at an average density of 43 per square mile (16/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.33% White, 3.63% Black or African American, 4.58% Native American, 3.00% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.77% from other races, and 3.64% from two or more races. 2.15% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 26,680 households out of which 25.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.60% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.60% were non-families. 30.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the county, the population was spread out with 19.60% under the age of 18, 25.90% from 18 to 24, 26.20% from 25 to 44, 17.60% from 45 to 64, and 10.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,733, and the median income for a family was $40,823. Males had a median income of $31,132 versus $21,113 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,983. About 10.80% of families and 20.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.00% of those under age 18 and 8.50% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2019 [12]
PartyNumber of VotersPercentage
Democratic 13,07432.55%
Republican 20,13950.14%
Others6,95216.65%
Total40,165100%
Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [13]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 60.0%16,65131.7% 8,7888.4% 2,321
2012 64.2%16,48135.8% 9,198
2008 63.5%18,43536.5% 10,601
2004 66.0%19,56034.1% 10,101
2000 61.2%15,25637.4% 9,3191.5% 372
1996 48.1%11,68641.1% 9,98510.9% 2,637
1992 42.2%13,03232.0% 9,88625.8% 7,962
1988 59.6%16,02739.3% 10,5681.2% 310
1984 72.6%20,81126.7% 7,6530.6% 184
1980 62.1%15,95529.1% 7,4668.8% 2,270
1976 56.4%13,48141.8% 9,9871.8% 420
1972 73.8%17,01924.5% 5,6441.8% 407
1968 53.7%9,57732.4% 5,77213.9% 2,475
1964 47.1% 7,93652.9%8,906
1960 63.6%9,94336.4% 5,694
1956 59.8%9,38140.3% 6,320
1952 62.0%10,60538.0% 6,490
1948 44.0% 5,79956.0%7,390
1944 51.7%6,04848.1% 5,6240.3% 30
1940 46.6% 6,77253.0%7,7040.4% 63
1936 37.0% 4,78362.5%8,0810.4% 57
1932 33.1% 3,87466.9%7,819
1928 72.2%7,86426.7% 2,9041.2% 125
1924 48.5%4,81743.7% 4,3427.8% 774
1920 54.8%4,58338.7% 3,2386.6% 549
1916 36.7% 1,76744.5%2,14018.8% 902
1912 41.7%1,66938.3% 1,53420.1% 804

Economy

Agriculture was the basis of the county economy for more than fifty years. The primary crops were cotton, corn and wheat. [4]

World War II caused hundreds of students at Oklahoma A & M to leave school for military service. To offset this loss to the local economy, civic and college leaders lobbied military officials and Oklahoma Senator Mike Monroney to have the school designated as a war training center. This resulted in the establishment of twelve training programs for the Navy, with nearly 40,000 people. [4]

The wartime experience showed local political leaders that it would be essential to diversify the county's economic base. They formed an Industrial Foundation to attract manufacturing plants and industrial jobs. This effort succeeded and accelerated an increase in population. [4]

Education

"Old Central", first building constructed for Oklahoma A&M College, ca. 1894 Old Central.jpg
"Old Central", first building constructed for Oklahoma A&M College, ca. 1894

Educational entities located in Payne County include:

Communities

Cities

Towns

Unincorporated communities

NRHP sites

The following sites in Payne County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

Other landmarks include:

Related Research Articles

Sherman County, Texas U.S. county in Texas

Sherman County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 3,034. Its county seat is Stratford. The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1889. It is named for Sidney Sherman, who fought in the Texas Revolution.

Woods County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

Woods County is a county located in the northwestern part of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,878. Its county seat is Alva. The county is named after Samuel Newitt Wood, a renowned Kansas populist.

Pawnee County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

Pawnee County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,577. Its county seat is Pawnee. The county is named after the Pawnee Tribe.

Noble County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

Noble County is located in the north central part of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,561. Its county seat is Perry. It was part of the Cherokee Outlet in Indian Territory until Oklahoma Territory was created in 1890, and the present county land was designated as County P. After the U. S. government opened the area to non-Indian settlement in 1893, it was renamed Noble County for John Willock Noble, then the United States Secretary of the Interior.

Major County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

Major County is a county in the northwestern part of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,527. Its county seat is Fairview. The county was created in 1907.

Logan County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

Logan County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 41,848. Its county seat is Guthrie.

Kingfisher County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

Kingfisher County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,034. Its county seat is Kingfisher. The county was formed in 1890 and named Kingfisher by a vote of residents.

Kay County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

Kay County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 46,562. Its county seat is Newkirk, and the largest city is Ponca City.

Harper County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

Harper County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 3,685, making it the fourth-least populous county in Oklahoma. The county seat is Buffalo. It was created in 1907 from the northwestern part of Woodward County, and named for Oscar Green Harper, who was clerk of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention.

Creek County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

Creek County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 69,967. Its county seat is Sapulpa.

Cimarron County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

Cimarron County is the westernmost county in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 2,475, making it the least-populous county in Oklahoma. Its county seat is Boise City. Located in the Oklahoma Panhandle, Cimarron County contains the only community in the state (Kenton) that observes the Mountain Time Zone. Black Rock Mesa, the highest point in the state, is in the northwest corner of the county. Throughout most of its history it has had both the smallest population and the lowest population density of any county in Oklahoma.

Union County, New Mexico U.S. county in New Mexico

Union County is the northeasternmost county in the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 4,549, making it the fourth-least populous county in New Mexico. Its county seat is Clayton. The county was formed in 1894. Union County borders Colorado to the north, and Oklahoma and Texas to the east.

Stillwater County, Montana U.S. county in Montana

Stillwater County is a county in the U.S. state of Montana. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 9,117. Its county seat is Columbus.

Oilton, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Oilton is a city in Creek County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 1,013 at the 2010 census, a loss of 7.8 percent from 1,099 at the 2000 census.

Cimarron City, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Cimarron City is a town in Logan County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 150 at the 2010 census, a 39.4 percent gain from 110 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Oklahoma City Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is a combination bedroom and retirement community.

Coyle, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Coyle is a town in Logan County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 325 at the 2010 census, compared to 337 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Oklahoma City Metropolitan Statistical Area. The town was named for William Coyle, an influential Guthrie business man.

Glencoe, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Glencoe is a town in northern Payne County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 601 at the 2010 census, an increase of 3.1 percent from 583 at the 2000 census. Glencoe is a midway point between Pawnee County and Stillwater, Oklahoma, which is the county seat. The city has recently been the site of economic growth due to positive investments in agritourism and athletic achievements.

Ripley, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Ripley is a town in southeastern Payne County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 423 at the 2010 census, a decline of 9.2 percent from 444 at the 2000 census. The town was named after Edward Ripley, the 14th president of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway.

Quay, Oklahoma Unincorporated community in Oklahoma, United States

Quay is an unincorporated community located on the boundary line between Pawnee and Payne counties in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The population was 47 at the 2000 census, when it was still a town; the community disincorporated on August 23, 2000. No population was recorded in the census of 2010.

Oklahoma State Highway 108 highway in Oklahoma

State Highway 108 is a minor state highway in Payne, Noble, and Pawnee counties in north-central Oklahoma. It runs for 24.1 miles (38.8 km), from SH-33 south of Ripley to U.S. Route 64 (US-64) in Lela. SH-108 has no lettered spurs.

References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. Chronicles of Oklahoma. "Origin of County Names in Oklahoma." v. 2, N, 1. March 1924. Retrieved May 26, 2013.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Newsom, D. Earl. "Payne County," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society, 2009. Accessed April 4, 2015.
  5. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  6. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved December 26, 2019.
  7. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  8. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  9. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  10. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  11. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. "Oklahoma Registration Statistics by County" (PDF). OK.gov. January 15, 2019. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  13. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-29.

Coordinates: 36°05′N96°58′W / 36.08°N 96.97°W / 36.08; -96.97