Grady County, Oklahoma

Last updated
Grady County
Grady County Courthouse.jpg
Grady County Courthouse in Chickasha (2014)
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Grady County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Oklahoma
Oklahoma in United States.svg
Oklahoma's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 35°01′N97°53′W / 35.02°N 97.89°W / 35.02; -97.89
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Oklahoma.svg  Oklahoma
Founded1907
Named for Henry W. Grady
Seat Chickasha
Largest cityChickasha
Area
  Total1,105 sq mi (2,860 km2)
  Land1,100 sq mi (3,000 km2)
  Water4.4 sq mi (11 km2)  0.4%%
Population
  Estimate 
(2018)
55,551 [1]
  Density50/sq mi (20/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 4th
Website www.gradycountyok.com

Grady County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 52,431. [2] Its county seat is Chickasha. [3] It was named for Henry W. Grady, an editor of the Atlanta Constitution and southern orator. [4]

Contents

Grady County is part of the Oklahoma City, OK Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Grady County was part of the land given to the Choctaw by the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek, in exchange for property in the southeastern United States. In 1837, the Chickasaw joined the Choctaws, and in 1855 a treaty separated the two tribes, and the Chickasaw acquired an area that included much of Grady County. Most of the present Grady County became a part of Pickens County in the Chickasaw Nation. [4]

Before the Civil War, Randolph B. Marcy blazed the California Road through this area, reporting a Waco and a Wichita village. In 1858, while the Comanches were holding a meeting with the Wichita, Choctaw, and Chickasaw, Federal troops attacked a party of Comanches. Although the commander of Fort Arbuckle had been informed about the meeting, the troops' commander, Major Earl Van Dorn, had not consulted him before the attack. As a result, the troops killed 60 Comanches and four Wichitas. Fearing a Comanche reprisal, the other tribes fled to safety at Fort Arbuckle. At the end of the Civil War, the Five Civilized Tribes and the Caddo, Delaware, Kiowa, Comanche, Apache, Cheyenne, Arapaho, and Osage signed a peace agreement and pledged to stand united against any unjust demands that the federal government made at the war's end. The agreement was known as the Camp Napoleon Compact. [4]

The first railroad in this area was built to the town of Minco in 1890 by the Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska Railway. The company was acquired by the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad (Rock Island) during the following year. In 1892, the Rock Island built a track connecting Chickasha, Ninnekah, and Rush Springs to the Texas border. The same railroad built a line from Chickasha to Magnum in 1900. The Oklahoma City and Western Railroad (sold to the St. Louis and San Francisco Railway in 1907) constructed tracks from Oklahoma City to Chickasha, which it extended to the Texas border in the following year. Between 1906 and 1910, the Oklahoma Central Railway (sold to the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway in 1914) built from Lehigh to Chickasha. [4]

The 1898 Curtis Act stripped the Chickasaw Nation of its authority, and communal land was forced into allotment, paving the way for statehood. When Oklahoma acquired statehood in 1907, the Chickasaw Nation ceased to exist, Grady County was organized and Chickasha was named the county seat. In 1911, Grady County annexed Washington, Prairie Valley, and the northern section of Dutton townships formerly in Caddo County, Oklahoma. [4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,105 square miles (2,860 km2), of which 1,100 square miles (2,800 km2) is land and 4.4 square miles (11 km2) (0.4%) is water. [5] The county lies in the Red Bed Plains, and is mostly covered with rolling prairie. The Canadian River forms the northern boundary and the Washita River runs through the middle. [4]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1910 30,309
1920 33,94312.0%
1930 47,63840.3%
1940 41,116−13.7%
1950 34,872−15.2%
1960 29,590−15.1%
1970 29,354−0.8%
1980 39,49034.5%
1990 41,7475.7%
2000 45,5169.0%
2010 52,43115.2%
Est. 201955,834 [6] 6.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
1790-1960 [8] 1900-1990 [9]
1990-2000 [10] 2010-2013 [2]
Age pyramid for Grady County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data. USA Grady County, Oklahoma age pyramid.svg
Age pyramid for Grady County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.

As of the census [11] of 2000, there were 45,516 people, 17,341 households, and 12,797 families residing in the county. The population density was 41 people per square mile (16/km²). There were 19,444 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 87.31% White, 3.06% Black or (United States Census), 4.85% Native American, 0.34% Asians, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.12% from other races, and 3.28% from two or more races. 2.89% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 17,341 households out of which 34.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.50% were married couples living together, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.20% were non-families. 22.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.70% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 27.70% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 13.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,625, and the median income for a family was $39,636. Males had a median income of $30,306 versus $21,108 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,846. About 10.40% of families and 13.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.90% of those under age 18 and 14.60% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2019 [12]
PartyNumber of VotersPercentage
Democratic 9,66429.93%
Republican 17,75855.01%
Others4,86215.06%
Total32,284100%
Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [13]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 77.7%17,31617.4% 3,8824.9% 1,088
2012 75.6%14,83324.4% 4,786
2008 73.4%15,19526.7% 5,520
2004 70.3%14,13629.7% 5,970
2000 61.7%10,04037.1% 6,0371.2% 199
1996 46.3%7,22840.1% 6,25613.6% 2,114
1992 39.4%6,99734.8% 6,17725.8% 4,583
1988 53.8%7,99445.1% 6,6891.1% 165
1984 69.2%11,04230.4% 4,8460.5% 72
1980 58.2%8,13138.2% 5,3303.7% 510
1976 39.2% 4,68659.9%7,1551.0% 114
1972 67.5%7,76229.9% 3,4402.6% 297
1968 38.2% 4,24242.8%4,76019.0% 2,117
1964 32.0% 3,56968.0%7,593
1960 52.1%5,91347.9% 5,446
1956 43.4% 5,19156.6%6,773
1952 45.2% 6,34854.8%7,710
1948 26.2% 2,88273.8%8,136
1944 34.6% 4,06965.3%7,6890.2% 20
1940 34.6% 4,29965.0%8,0750.4% 43
1936 24.9% 3,01374.6%9,0250.5% 61
1932 18.0% 2,03482.0%9,247
1928 62.6%6,33236.3% 3,6671.1% 110
1924 30.8% 2,64059.3%5,09110.0% 855
1920 41.7% 3,40352.4%4,2775.9% 478
1916 23.8% 1,27260.6%3,24315.7% 841
1912 25.1% 1,12157.7%2,57717.3% 772

Communities

NRHP sites

The following sites in Grady County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

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Chickasha, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Chickasha is a city in and the county seat of Grady County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 16,036 at the 2010 census. Chickasha is home to the University of Science and Arts of Oklahoma. The city is named for and strongly connected to Native American heritage, as "Chickasha" (Chikashsha) is the Choctaw word for Chickasaw.

Minco, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Minco is a city in Grady County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 1,632 at the 2010 census.

Ninnekah, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Ninnekah is a town in Grady County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 1,002 at the 2010 census.

Pocasset, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Pocasset is a town in Grady County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 156 at the 2010 census, down from 192 at the 2000 census.

Rush Springs, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Rush Springs is a town in Grady County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 1,231 at the 2010 census. The town promotes itself as the "Watermelon Capital of the World."

Verden, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Verden is a town in western Grady County, Oklahoma, United States. It abuts the Caddo County line, and is probably best known as the site of the 1865 Camp Napoleon Council. The population was 530 at the 2010 census, a decline from 659 at the 2000 census.

Milburn, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Milburn is a town in Johnston County, Oklahoma, United States, along the Blue River. The population was 317 at the 2010 census, an increase of 1.6 percent from 312 at the 2000 census. The town is notable as the location of the Chickasaw White House, the former home of Chickasaw Governor Douglas H. Johnston. This home is now a museum and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

References

  1. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/gradycountyoklahoma/PST045216
  2. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
  3. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 O'Dell, Larry. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Grady County accessed March 6, 2015
  5. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  6. "County Population Totals and Components of Change: 2010-2019". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  7. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  8. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  9. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  10. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  11. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. "Oklahoma Registration Statistics by County" (PDF). OK.gov. January 15, 2019. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  13. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-29.

Further reading

Coordinates: 35°01′N97°53′W / 35.02°N 97.89°W / 35.02; -97.89