Bethany, Oklahoma

Last updated
Bethany
Bethany, Oklahoma
Motto(s): 
"In God We Trust"
Oklahoma County Oklahoma Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Bethany highlighted.svg
Location in Oklahoma County and the state of Oklahoma.
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Bethany
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 35°30′17″N97°38′20″W / 35.50472°N 97.63889°W / 35.50472; -97.63889 Coordinates: 35°30′17″N97°38′20″W / 35.50472°N 97.63889°W / 35.50472; -97.63889
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Oklahoma
Government
  Typecouncil-manager
Area
[1]
  Total5.23 sq mi (13.54 km2)
  Land5.23 sq mi (13.54 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
1,309 ft (399 m)
Population
 (2010) [2]
  Total19,051
  Estimate 
(2018) [3]
19,317
  Density3,694.91/sq mi (1,426.57/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
73008
Area code(s) 405
FIPS code 40-05700 [4]
GNIS feature ID1090023 [5]
Website City of Bethany
Photo taken during the Annual Tree Lighting Festival on December 17, 2017. Downtown Bethany - December 17, 2017.jpg
Photo taken during the Annual Tree Lighting Festival on December 17, 2017.

Bethany is a city in Oklahoma County, Oklahoma, United States, and a part of the Oklahoma City metropolitan area. The community was founded in 1909 by followers of the Church of the Nazarene from Oklahoma City.

Contents

History

Bethany was founded July 28, 1909 as a community where members of the Church of the Nazarene could express their religious beliefs without interference by non-members. The town was named after the biblical place of Bethany. [6] The community quickly established the Oklahoma Holiness College (now Southern Nazarene University, SNU). Two other institutions were soon established, the Oklahoma Orphanage (now the Children's Center, a medical facility) operated by Mattie Mallory, and the Nazarene Rescue Home for unwed mothers. [7]

Bethany incorporated on August 8, 1910 as a rural town whose economy depended on the surrounding farmlands. It gained a post office on March 11, 1913. The relatively large population of Nazarenes soon caused the town to enact strict blue laws that banned alcohol, tobacco, gambling, dancing, movies, swearing, and working on Sundays. The blue laws have been relaxed since Bethany reorganized as a first class city in 1931. An F4 tornado nearly wiped out Bethany on November 19, 1930, killing 23 people and destroying 652 buildings. [7] It is one of only three documented violent November tornadoes in Oklahoma since 1900. [8] Recovery from the storm was slow until the outbreak of World War II, when the city began developing as a bedroom community for Oklahoma City. [7]

Geography

Bethany is located at 35°30′17″N97°38′20″W / 35.50472°N 97.63889°W / 35.50472; -97.63889 (35.504607, -97.638818). [9]

The city is in the central part of Oklahoma County, about 10 miles (16 km) west of downtown Oklahoma City, and is bounded by Warr Acres on the east and by Lake Overholser and Stinchcomb Wildlife Refuge on the west. [7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.2 square miles (13 km2), all land.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1920 485
1930 2,032319.0%
1940 2,59027.5%
1950 5,705120.3%
1960 12,342116.3%
1970 22,69483.9%
1980 22,038−2.9%
1990 20,075−8.9%
2000 20,3071.2%
2010 19,051−6.2%
Est. 201819,317 [3] 1.4%
Sources: [4] [10] [11] [12]

As of the census [4] of 2000, there were 20,307 people, 8,161 households, and 5,280 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,896.7 people per square mile (1,504.9/km²). There were 8,874 housing units at an average density of 1,702.8 per square mile (657.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 85.79% White, 4.36% African American, 2.87% Native American, 1.38% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 2.18% from other races, and 3.36% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.80% of the population.

There were 8,161 households out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.0% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the city, the population was spread out with 23.0% under the age of 18, 12.9% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,073, and the median income for a family was $43,905. Males had a median income of $30,180 versus $24,747 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,793. About 6.9% of families and 9.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.7% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.

Governance

City government

The city operates using a council-manager government system. The city council comprises two members elected from each of the four wards. The city manager, city attorney, and municipal judge are appointed by the council. The mayor is elected at large. [7] The current Mayor is KP Westmoreland.

State government

Most of Bethany is represented in the Oklahoma Senate by Julia Kirt, with some areas falling into the districts of Carrie Hicks and Greg Treat. It is represented in the Oklahoma House of Representatives by Tammy West and Marilyn Stark.

Economy

The largest employers in the area include: Southern Nazarene University, Southwestern Christian University, The Children's Center, Bethany and Putnam City Public Schools, City of Bethany, and Gilbert Medical Clinic. Bethany became the headquarters for the International Pentecostal Holiness Church in 1975. It is also the headquarters for the Pinto Horse Association of America. [7]

Transportation

Wiley Post Airport handles business and commercial aircraft. It also has an industrial park that contains about fifty aviation-related businesses, including Rockwell International (an aircraft manufacturer), Million Air, Servicenter Incorporated, and the Federal Aviation Administration Systems Management Office. [7]

The main vehicular route in and out of Bethany is the 39th Street Expressway (part of Historic Route 66), which runs through downtown Bethany. [7]

Education

Public schools

Both Bethany School District and the Putnam City School District provide educational needs to citizens within its district borders. The chief educational providers for elementary-aged students include the Southern Nazarene University School for Children on the campus of Calvary Church of the Nazarene, about 1 mile south of Southern Nazarene University, as well as Bethany Earl Harris Elementary. Primary school goes from pre-K - 5th grade. Bethany Middle School and Western Oaks Junior High School respond to those in 6th - 8th grade. Bethany High School, home of the Bronchos, covers grades 9th - 12th. Putnam City schools located within Bethany include: Apollo Elementary, Lake Park Elementary, Overholser Elementary, Western Oaks Elementary, and Western Oaks Middle School.

The superintendent for Bethany Public Schools is Drew Eichelberger. [13] The website for Bethany Public Schools is http://bethanyschools.com/.

The superintendent for Putnam City Schools is Dr. Fred Rhodes. [14] The website for Putnam City Schools is http://putnamcityschools.org/.

Higher education

Bethany is home to two universities. Southern Nazarene University (SNU) and Southwestern Christian University (SWCU).

SNU offers adult degree completion and many masters programs including an MBA with evening classes. Southwestern Christian University is a Holiness–Pentecostal university specializing in Bible and Christian ministries and offers adult degree completion and master programs. [7]

Attractions

The Bethany parks and recreation system includes many small neighborhood parks, and four large parks, Eldon Lyon Park, McFarland Park, Ripper Park, and Stinchcomb Wildlife Refuge. Eldon Lyon Park is the venue for the annual Fourth of July festival, which is an all-day event with fireworks, a carnival, and a parade that starts on main street. Downtown festivals include Bethany66, the Annual Tree Lighting, Cinco de Mayo and is home to many special one-time musical events hosted by main street businesses like Java39.

Notable people

Related Research Articles

Harrison County, Missouri U.S. county in Missouri

Harrison County is a county located in the northwest portion of the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,957. Its county seat is Bethany. The county was organized February 14, 1845 and named for U.S. Representative Albert G. Harrison of Missouri.

Vilonia, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Vilonia is a city in Faulkner County, Arkansas, United States. Its population was 3,815 at the 2010 census, up from 2,106 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Huntington Park, California City in California, United States

Huntington Park is a city in the Gateway Cities district of southeastern Los Angeles County, California.

Clermont, Florida City in Florida

Clermont is a city in Lake County, Florida, United States, about 22 miles (35 km) west of Orlando and 22 miles (35 km) southeast of Leesburg. The population was 28,742 in 2010. The city is residential in character and its economy is centered in retail trade, lodging, and tourism-oriented restaurants and bars. It is part of the Orlando–Kissimmee–Sanford Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Olympia Heights, Florida CDP in Florida, United States

Olympia Heights is a census-designated place (CDP) in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States. The population was 13,488 at the 2010 census.

Lilburn, Georgia City in Georgia, United States

Lilburn is a city in Gwinnett County, Georgia, United States. The population was 11,596 at the 2010 census. The estimated population was 12,644 in 2018. It is a developed suburb of Atlanta and a part of the Atlanta metropolitan area.

Roxana, Illinois Village in Illinois, United States

Roxana is a village in Madison County, Illinois, United States. The population was 1,542 at the 2010 census.

Westfield, Indiana City in Indiana, United States

Westfield is a city in Hamilton County, Indiana, United States. As of the 2010 census the population was 30,068, and in 2018 the estimated population was 41,528. Westfield is in the Indianapolis metropolitan area.

Arapaho, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Arapaho is a town in and county seat of Custer County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 796 at the 2010 census, a 6.4 percent increase from 748 at the 2000 census. The town lies long U.S. Route 183. It is named for the Arapaho Native American tribe.

Weatherford, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Weatherford is a city in Custer County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 10,833 at the 2010 census.

Putnam, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Putnam is a town in Dewey County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 29 at the 2010 census, down from 46 at the 2000 census. It lies along U.S. Route 183.

Fairview, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Fairview is a city in Major County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 2,579 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Major County.

Warr Acres, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Warr Acres is a city in Oklahoma County, Oklahoma, United States, and a part of the Oklahoma City metropolitan area. It was established after World War II by C.B. Warr, a dynamic businessman, builder, and commercial developer. The population was 10,043 at the 2010 census.

Woodlawn Park, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Woodlawn Park is a town in Oklahoma County, Oklahoma, United States, and a part of the Oklahoma City Metropolitan Area. The population was 161 at the 2000 census.

Webb City, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Webb City is an unincorporated town in northwestern Osage County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 62 at the 2010 census, a 34.7 percent decline from 95 at the 2000 census. It was named for its founder, Horace Webb, on whose land the town was founded. The Webb City post office opened December 16, 1922.

Marlow, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Marlow is a city in Stephens County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 4,662 at the 2010 census.

Clover, South Carolina Town in South Carolina, United States

Clover is a town in York County, South Carolina, United States located in the greater Charlotte, North Carolina, metropolitan area. As of 2010, the population was at 5,094 within the town limits. Clover is twinned with the Northern Irish town of Larne on County Antrim's East Coast.

Drumright, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Drumright is a city in Creek and Payne counties in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. It began as an oil boom town. However, the population has declined as oil production has waned in the area. The population was 2,907 at the 2010 census, almost unchanged from 2,905 at the 2000 census. Drumright and nearby Cushing were at the center of a large, productive oilfield in the 1910s and 1920s.

Southern Nazarene University Christian liberal arts college located in Bethany, Oklahoma, United States

Southern Nazarene University (SNU) is a private Nazarene liberal arts college in Bethany, Oklahoma.

Donald D. Owens is an American general superintendent emeritus in the Church of the Nazarene, and also a retired ordained minister, missionary, professor, and seminary and college president. Owens is the founding president of the forerunner of Korea Nazarene University, and Asia-Pacific Nazarene Theological Seminary in Taytay, Rizal, Philippines (1983-1984), and served as the pioneer missionary for the Church of the Nazarene in the Republic of Korea (1954-1966), and as a missionary for four years in the Philippines (1981-1985), where he was the first Regional Director of both the Asia Region (1981-1985) and the South Pacific Region (1981-1983) of the Church of the Nazarene. Owens was the 2nd President of MidAmerica Nazarene College in Olathe, Kansas for 4 years from 1985. In June 1989 Owens was elected the 28th General Superintendent of the Church of the Nazarene, and after being re-elected in 1993, served until his retirement in June 1997.

References

  1. "2018 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Feb 12, 2020.
  2. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved August 30, 2014.
  3. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 4, 2019.
  4. 1 2 3 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  6. "Oklahoma's Strangely Named Towns". KWTV. Archived from the original on August 22, 2001. Retrieved November 14, 2015.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Fugate, Tally D. "Bethany," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society. Accessed February 22, 2016.
  8. "Top Ten Deadliest Oklahoma Tornadoes (1882-Present)". National Weather Service Norman, Oklahoma. Retrieved February 17, 2017.
  9. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  10. "Number of Inhabitants: Oklahoma" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2013.[ permanent dead link ]
  11. "Oklahoma: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2013.
  12. "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 22, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014.
  13. "Bethany Public Schools". Bethany Public Schools. Archived from the original on April 8, 2012. Retrieved March 6, 2012.
  14. "Meet Our Superintendent". Putnam City Schools. Archived from the original on January 11, 2016. Retrieved January 12, 2016.