Blanchard, Oklahoma

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Blanchard, Oklahoma
Blanchard 2004.jpg
Main Street
OKMap-doton-Blanchard.PNG
Location of Blanchard, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 35°8′56″N97°39′2″W / 35.14889°N 97.65056°W / 35.14889; -97.65056 Coordinates: 35°8′56″N97°39′2″W / 35.14889°N 97.65056°W / 35.14889; -97.65056
Country United States
State Oklahoma
Counties McClain, Grady
Area
  Total32.9 sq mi (85.3 km2)
  Land32.8 sq mi (85.0 km2)
  Water0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation
1,270 ft (387 m)
Population
  Total7,670
  Density234/sq mi (90.2/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
73010
Area code(s) 405
FIPS code 40-06700 [1]
GNIS feature ID1090249 [2]
Website cityofblanchard.us

Blanchard is a city in McClain and Grady counties in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The population was 7,670 at the 2010 census, [3] up from 2,816 at the 2000 census. Blanchard is part of a rapidly growing area of northern McClain and Grady counties known as the "Tri-City Area" with Newcastle and Tuttle.

McClain County, Oklahoma County in the United States

McClain County is a county located in south central Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 34,506. Its county seat is Purcell. The county was named for Charles M. McClain, an Oklahoma constitutional convention attendee.

Grady County, Oklahoma County in the United States

Grady County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 52,431. Its county seat is Chickasha. It was named for Henry W. Grady, an editor of the Atlanta Constitution and southern orator.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Contents

History

The center of Blanchard is situated in Township 8 North, Range 4 West, Section 30 in northwestern McClain County. Named after William G. "Bill" Blanchard, [4] the community was organized originally by the Canadian Valley Construction Company, which also planned to build a railroad. However, the company went into bankruptcy, and the railroad came under the control of the Oklahoma Central Railroad which also experienced financial problems. The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway took over and completed the line.

Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway company

The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway, often referred to as the Santa Fe or AT&SF, was one of the larger railroads in the United States. Chartered in February 1859, the railroad reached the Kansas-Colorado border in 1873 and Pueblo, Colorado, in 1876. To create a demand for its services, the railroad set up real estate offices and sold farm land from the land grants that it was awarded by Congress. Despite the name, its main line never served Santa Fe, New Mexico, as the terrain was too difficult; the town ultimately was reached by a branch line from Lamy.

The townsite was established by three lot sales beginning with the Canadian Valley Construction Company sale on September 19, 1906. The second sale was held on July 18, 1907, and final lots were sold on March 25, 1908, by the Blanchard Townsite Company. Within a year the town was described as having forty business establishments, including a state and national bank, four blacksmith shops, three livery barns, two grain elevators, and a weekly newspaper.

Blacksmith person who creates wrought iron or steel products by forging, hammering, bending, and cutting

A blacksmith is a metalsmith who creates objects from wrought iron or steel by forging the metal, using tools to hammer, bend, and cut. Blacksmiths produce objects such as gates, grilles, railings, light fixtures, furniture, sculpture, tools, agricultural implements, decorative and religious items, cooking utensils and weapons.

Livery yard a stable where horse owners pay a weekly or monthly fee to keep their horses

A livery yard or livery stable, or boarding stable, is a stable where horse owners pay a weekly or monthly fee to keep their horses. A livery or boarding yard is not usually a riding school and the horses are not normally for hire. Facilities at a livery yard normally include a loose box or stable and access for the horse to graze on grass.

Grain elevator grain storage building

A grain elevator is an agrarian facility complex designed to stockpile or store grain. In grain trade, the term grain elevator also describes a tower containing a bucket elevator or a pneumatic conveyor, which scoops up grain from a lower level and deposits it in a silo or other storage facility.

Several incorporation dates are reported in various publications pertaining to the history of Blanchard, and in the town offices as well. The most reliable source seems to be the Blanchard Record of October 25, 1907, which reported, "That Blanchard is now an incorporated town is realized by but a few of our citizens. The petition praying for incorporation was favorably acted upon at the [federal] courts at Chickasha [ sic ] last week. On or about November 19 notice of an election of officers will be given. In the meantime candidates will be chosen."

Chickasha, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Chickasha is a city in and the county seat of Grady County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 16,036 at the 2010 census. Chickasha is home to the University of Science and Arts of Oklahoma. The city is named for and strongly connected to Native American heritage, as "Chickasha" (Chikashsha) is the Choctaw word for Chickasaw.

The Latin adverb sic inserted after a quoted word or passage indicates that the quoted matter has been transcribed or translated exactly as found in the source text, complete with any erroneous, archaic, or otherwise nonstandard spelling. It also applies to any surprising assertion, faulty reasoning, or other matter that might be likely interpreted as an error of transcription.

A population of 629 was reported by 1910, and 1,040 in 1930. The Blanchard post office charter was granted by the Post Office Department on December 19, 1906. Mail had previously been received at Womack. When Arthur H. "Art" and Bill Blanchard moved their store from Womack to the new townsite in 1906, they took the post office with them.

In 1909, the Northern District Court was established whereby McClain County was divided into two sections for legal matters for the convenience of the citizens. A court house was built in Blanchard, and the first case began on December 13, 1909. The district was disestablished in the late 1920s and combined with District One in Purcell, the county seat. At the turn of the 21st century legal records could be found at Blanchard.

Purcell, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Purcell is a city in and the county seat of McClain County, Oklahoma, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 5,884.

A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Taiwan and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, and historically in Jamaica.

Geography

Blanchard is located in northwestern McClain County at 35°8′56″N97°39′2″W / 35.14889°N 97.65056°W / 35.14889; -97.65056 (35.148830, 97.650677). [5] The city limits extend west into Grady County. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 32.9 square miles (85.3 km2), of which 32.8 square miles (85.0 km2) are land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2), or 0.38%, are water. [3]

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

U.S. Route 62 passes through the center of town as 2nd Street, leading northeast 28 miles (45 km) to the center of Oklahoma City and southwest 18 miles (29 km) to Chickasha. Oklahoma State Highway 76 heads north out of town on Main Street, ending after 10 miles (16 km) in the northern part of Newcastle. Highway 76 leads south 23 miles (37 km) to Lindsay.

Blanchard consists of a one square mile "core" of streets roughly laid out in a grid pattern situated atop a gentle hill surrounded by newer development and agricultural areas within about a 4-mile (6 km) radius of the center. Central Blanchard, located in McClain County, consists of homes (about half built before 1960), several churches and a historic Main Street downtown area. The commercial downtown features antique shops, eating establishments, city services, senior center and a fitness center.

On the periphery of the city center are schools, businesses and modern housing subdivisions. These subdivisions tend to be low-density (typically one to 5-acre (20,000 m2) lots.)

While Blanchard is often described as a commuter town with much of its workforce commuting to nearby Norman and Oklahoma City, local businesses are beginning to surge. As of 2008, local amenities include a supermarket, several restaurants, public library, banks, a large building supply center, new hardware store and a large car dealership.

Residents of Blanchard tend to view it as a small town environment with character and charm, but the rapid growth in the area has brought change. In an effort to keep the town from being swallowed by urban sprawl, a large annexation was effected in 2004 to provide Blanchard with a "buffer zone". A Main Street beautification project is underway and infrastructure is being improved to handle the rise in population. In 2007, several older buildings in central Blanchard were removed to allow the widening of U.S. Highway 62, yet the historic downtown commercial buildings were preserved.

Climate

Climate data for Blanchard, Oklahoma
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)49.5
(9.7)
55.0
(12.8)
65.1
(18.4)
74.7
(23.7)
81.3
(27.4)
88.5
(31.4)
94.8
(34.9)
94.4
(34.7)
85.8
(29.9)
76.0
(24.4)
62.5
(16.9)
52.3
(11.3)
73.3
(22.9)
Average low °F (°C)27.1
(−2.7)
30.9
(−0.6)
39.8
(4.3)
49.6
(9.8)
57.9
(14.4)
65.6
(18.7)
70.2
(21.2)
69.2
(20.7)
62.0
(16.7)
50.8
(10.4)
39.7
(4.3)
30.2
(−1.0)
49.4
(9.7)
Average precipitation inches (mm)1.1
(28)
1.8
(46)
2.7
(69)
3.1
(79)
5.0
(130)
4.0
(100)
2.6
(66)
2.7
(69)
4.2
(110)
3.4
(86)
2.1
(53)
1.6
(41)
34.1
(870)
Source: Weatherbase.com [6]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1910 629
1920 84233.9%
1930 1,04023.5%
1940 1,1399.5%
1950 1,31115.1%
1960 1,3775.0%
1970 1,58014.7%
1980 1,6886.8%
1990 1,92213.9%
2000 2,81646.5%
2010 7,670172.4%
Est. 20168,463 [7] 10.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [8]

As of the census [1] of 2000, there were 2816 people. The population density was 253.7 people per square mile (97.8/km²). There were 11 housing units at an average density of 105.8 per square mile (40.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.62% White, 0.32% African American, 3.23% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.53% from other races, and 4.08% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.41% of the population. There were 1,085 households which 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.0% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.6% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city, the population was spread out with 27.5% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 4 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,121, and the median income for a family was $43,028. Males had a median income of $31,691 versus $23,182 for females. The per capita income for the city was $2.00 About 7.8% of families and 10.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.5% of those under age 18 and 11.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Blanchard is served by four secondary schools with an average enrollment (as of 2008) of about 1,460 students. The elementary school is of recent construction and houses grades Pre-K through second. There is also an intermediate school for third thru fifth grade and a middle school for sixth through eighth grades. Dr. Jim Beckham is the Superintendent for Blanchard Public Schools. [9]

Blanchard High School is home to "The Lions" football team (class 4A) and has won 2 football state championships 2012(class 3A), and 1979 (class A). The athletic program also includes baseball won back to back State Championships in 1979 and 1980, softball won a State Championship in 1984 and 2009, basketball, golf, cheerleading, powerlifting and wrestling. . The school also includes a successful Marching band program.

Libraries

Blanchard is served by the Blanchard Public Library, which is part of the Pioneer Library System spanning many of the suburbs of Oklahoma City. [10]

Culture

Recreation

There are currently two parks in Blanchard as well as an athletic stadium and three nearby golf courses.

Annual festivals include "May Daze" in early May. Blanchard also boasts one of the largest Veterans' Day Parades in Oklahoma around Veteran's Day. Blanchard has also built a new high school in 2011.

Media

Residents of Blanchard and nearby Dibble are served by the weekly newspaper The Blanchard News . The radio station KKNG-FM ("King Country 97.3 KKNG") identifies Blanchard as its home, although only the transmitter is located in Blanchard, while the operating offices are in Oklahoma City.

Notable people

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References

  1. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Blanchard city, Oklahoma". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
  4. Rex, Joyce A. "Oklahoma Encyclopedia of History and Culture - Blanchard" . Retrieved 2011-03-04.
  5. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. "Historical Weather for Blanchard, Oklahoma, United States".
  7. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016" . Retrieved July 2, 2017.
  8. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. "Blanchard Public Schools". Blanchard Public Schools. Retrieved 2012-03-06.
  10. Pioneer Library System (accessed May 24, 2013)