Sparks, Oklahoma

Last updated
Sparks, Oklahoma
Town
OKMap-doton-Sparks.PNG
Location of Sparks, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 35°36′35″N96°49′11″W / 35.60972°N 96.81972°W / 35.60972; -96.81972 Coordinates: 35°36′35″N96°49′11″W / 35.60972°N 96.81972°W / 35.60972; -96.81972
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Lincoln
Area
  Total 0.4 sq mi (1.0 km2)
  Land 0.4 sq mi (1.0 km2)
  Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 853 ft (260 m)
Population (2000)
  Total 137
  Density 354.6/sq mi (136.9/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
  Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 74869
Area code(s) 539/918
FIPS code 40-68950 [1]
GNIS feature ID 1098336 [2]

Sparks is a town in Lincoln County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 169 at the 2010 census, a 23.4 percent gain from 137 at the 2000 census. [3] The center of population of Oklahoma is located in Sparks .

Contents

Geography

Sparks is located at 35°36′35″N96°49′11″W / 35.60972°N 96.81972°W / 35.60972; -96.81972 (35.609854, -96.819861). [4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2), of which, 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) of it is land and 2.50% is water.

United States Census Bureau bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Demographics

As of the census [1] of 2000, there were 137 people, 55 households, and 37 families residing in the town. The population density was 354.6 people per square mile (135.6/km²). There were 73 housing units at an average density of 188.9 per square mile (72.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 81.75% White, 3.65% African American, 11.68% Native American, and 2.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.73% of the population.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include agriculture, business, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

There were 55 households out of which 36.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.08.

Marriage social union or legal contract between people called spouses that creates kinship

Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a socially or ritually recognised union between spouses that establishes rights and obligations between those spouses, as well as between them and any resulting biological or adopted children and affinity. The definition of marriage varies around the world not only between cultures and between religions, but also throughout the history of any given culture and religion, evolving to both expand and constrict in who and what is encompassed, but typically it is principally an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually sexual, are acknowledged or sanctioned. In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity. When defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. A marriage ceremony is known as a wedding.

In the town, the population was spread out with 29.2% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 114.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 110.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $20,000, and the median income for a family was $21,750. Males had a median income of $16,875 versus $12,083 for females. The per capita income for the town was $7,715. There were 22.9% of families and 25.4% of the population living below the poverty line, including 40.5% of under eighteens and 7.4% of those over 64.

Per capita income mean income of the people in an economic unit such as a country or city

Per capita income (PCI) or average income measures the average income earned per person in a given area in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population.

History

Located on the Deep Fork River in eastern Lincoln County and five miles (8 km) east of State Highway 18 on State Highway 18B, Sparks lies between Meeker and Chandler. The town is situated on land that was once part of the Sac and Fox Reservation, which was dissolved in 1890 when the principal chiefs signed an agreement with the Jerome Commission that each tribal member would receive a 160-acre (0.65 km2) allotment. The surplus land was opened to settlement in a land run on September 22, 1891. The original townsite totaled 186 acres (0.75 km2) and was homesteaded by William and Tabitha Baker.

The Eastern Oklahoma Railway (acquired by Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway in 1907) and the Fort Smith and Western Railroad (FS&W) established plans for a town at the junction of the two lines as they began surveying Lincoln County in 1902. The town was named in honor of George T. Sparks, an FS&W director. The first school, known as Ball School, was built southeast of Sparks in the late 1890s. In addition, there were two subscription schools, which charged a dollar per pupil per month. A post office was established on August 30, 1902, and the town eventually had approximately fifty businesses. Soon, two newspapers, the Sparks Review and the Sparks Visitor, were published, both Republican in politics. At 1907 statehood the population was 503.

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 421
1920 47212.1%
1930 470−0.4%
1940 339−27.9%
1950 233−31.3%
1960 186−20.2%
1970 183−1.6%
1980 772321.9%
1990 202−73.8%
2000 137−32.2%
2010 16923.4%
Est. 2015173 [5] 2.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

When farm prices fell after World War I and during the Great Depression, people looked elsewhere for employment. In 1920 and 1930 the federal census reported 472 and 470 citizens, respectively. The last bank closed in 1938, and rail service ceased in 1939. By 1940 the population dropped to 339. The high school closed in 1957, and the grade school closed in 1993. The number of citizens declined from 233 in 1950 to 183 in 1970. At the turn of the 21st century the town, with 137 residents, had a post office, a few churches, a rural water district, a volunteer fire department, and two community centers, one in the Old Sparks School Building, which served as a senior citizens' center and town library.

On November 5, 2011, a 5.7-magnitude earthquake occurred near Sparks. At the time, it was the largest earthquake in Oklahoma's history. [6] [7] This record lasted for less than five years; a larger, 5.8-magnitude earthquake broke the record on September 3, 2016. [8] [9]

Related Research Articles

Pawnee County, Oklahoma county in Oklahoma

Pawnee County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,577. Its county seat is Pawnee. The county is named after the Pawnee Tribe.

Greenbrier, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Greenbrier is a city in Faulkner County, Arkansas, United States. It is part of the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 4,706 at the 2010 census, up from 3,042 at the 2000 census.

Good Hope, Georgia Town in Georgia, United States

Good Hope is a town in Walton County, Georgia, United States. The population was 210 at the 2000 census.

Red Chute, Louisiana Census-designated place in Louisiana, United States

Red Chute is a census-designated place (CDP) in Bossier Parish, Louisiana, United States. The population was 6,261 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Shreveport–Bossier City Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Mead, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Mead is a town in Bryan County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 122 at the 2010 census, compared to 123 at the 2000 census. Mead was originally named for C.W. Meade, the first postmaster, but the town later dropped the final "e" of the name.

Fort Cobb, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Fort Cobb is a town in Caddo County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 634 at the 2010 census.

Slick, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Slick is a town in Creek County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 131 at the 2010 census, an 11.5 percent decline from 148 at the 2000 census.

Horntown, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Horntown is a town in Hughes County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 97 at the 2010 census, up from 61 at the 2000 census.

Lamar, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Lamar is a town in Hughes County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 158 at the 2010 census.

Yeager, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Yeager is a town in Hughes County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 75 at the 2010 census. Developed in the early 1900s, the town grew with the help of an oil and gas field, but has always had a low population.

Davenport, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Davenport is a town in Lincoln County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 881 at the 2000 census.

Kendrick, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Kendrick is a town in Lincoln County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 138 at the 2000 census.

Prague, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Prague is a city in southeastern Lincoln County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 2,386 at the 2010 census, an 11.6 percent increase from 2,138 at the 2000 census. Czech immigrants founded the city, and named it for the capital of the Czech Republic with an altered pronunciation of the name.

Tryon, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Tryon is a town in Lincoln County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 448 at the 2000 census. The community is named after early land owner Fred S. Tryon.

Bearden, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Bearden is a town in Okfuskee County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 133 at the 2010 census.

Clearview, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Clearview is a town in Okfuskee County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 56 at the 2000 census. It was historically an all-black freedmen's town town and was platted by the Lincoln Townsite Company and designated as Lincoln.

Jones, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Jones is a town in Oklahoma County, Oklahoma, and a part of the Oklahoma City Metropolitan Area. The population was 2,517 at the 2000 census.

Grainola, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Grainola is a town in northwest Osage County, Oklahoma in the United States. The population was 31 at the 2010 census, unchanged from the 2000 census. The main industry of the area is cattle ranching. The town name was invented in March 1910.

Pawnee, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Pawnee is a city and county seat of Pawnee County, Oklahoma, United States. It was named for the Pawnee tribe, which was relocated to this area between 1873 and 1875. The population was 2,190 at the 2010 census, a decline of 1.5 percent from 2,230 at the 2000 census.

Johnson, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Johnson is a town in north-central Pottawatomie County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 247 at the 2010 census, a 10.8 percent increase from 223 at the 2000 census.

References

  1. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. CensusViewer:Sparks, Oklahoma Population Retrieved January 22, 2014.
  4. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  5. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Archived from the original on July 14, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  6. Oklahoma's largest quake buckles highway; 1 injured, CNN.com (Nov. 6, 2011)
  7. Magnitude 5.6 - OKLAHOMA: 2011 November 06 03:53:10 UTC, USGS.gov (Nov. 6, 2011)
  8. "M5.8 - 15km NW of Pawnee, Oklahoma". Earthquake Hazards Program. United States Geological Survey. September 7, 2016. Retrieved September 20, 2016.
  9. "Magnitudes for Oklahoma Earthquakes Shift Upward". United States Geological Survey. September 7, 2016. Retrieved September 20, 2016.