Nichols Hills, Oklahoma

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Nichols Hills, Oklahoma
Nichols Hills Town Hall.jpg
City of Nichols Hills Town Hall
Oklahoma County Oklahoma Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Nichols Hills highlighted.svg
Location in Oklahoma County and the state of Oklahoma.
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Nichols Hills, Oklahoma
Location in the United States
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Nichols Hills, Oklahoma
Nichols Hills, Oklahoma (the United States)
Coordinates: 35°32′45″N97°32′32″W / 35.54583°N 97.54222°W / 35.54583; -97.54222 Coordinates: 35°32′45″N97°32′32″W / 35.54583°N 97.54222°W / 35.54583; -97.54222
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Oklahoma
Government
  Type Council – Manager
  MayorSteven J. Goetzinger (R)
   City Manager S. Shane Pate, II
  Vice-MayorSody Clements
  CouncilmanE. Peter Hoffman, Jr.
Area
  Total2.0 sq mi (5.2 km2)
  Land2.0 sq mi (5.2 km2)
  Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
1,220 ft (372 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total3,710
  Density1,880.9/sq mi (715.65/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
73116, 73120
Area code(s) 405
FIPS code 40-51800 [1]
GNIS feature ID1095866 [2]
Website http://www.nicholshills.net

Nichols Hills is a city in Oklahoma County, Oklahoma, United States, and a part of the Oklahoma City metropolitan area. The population was 3,710 as of the 2010 census. It is considered the most affluent city in Oklahoma, based on per capita income.

Oklahoma County, Oklahoma County in the United States

Oklahoma County is a county located in the central part of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 718,633, making it the most populous county in Oklahoma. The county seat is Oklahoma City, the state capital and largest city.

Oklahoma City metropolitan area Metropolitan area in Oklahoma, United States

The Oklahoma City Metropolitan Area is an urban region in Central Oklahoma. It is the largest metropolitan area in the state of Oklahoma and contains the state capital and principal city, Oklahoma City. It is often known as the Oklahoma City Metro, Oklahoma City Metroplex, or Greater Oklahoma City in addition to the nicknames Oklahoma City is known for.

Contents

History

The 1,280 acres now known as Nichols Hills were developed as an exclusive residential area by Dr. G.A. Nichols in 1929. [3] Between 1907 and 1929, Dr. Nichols, an Oklahoma City real estate pioneer, developed the University, Paseo Arts District, Military Park, Central Park, Winans, University Place, Gatewood, Harndale, Nichols University Place and Lincoln Terrace neighborhoods of Oklahoma City and designed the city of Nicoma Park, Oklahoma.

Paseo Arts District human settlement in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States of America

The Paseo Arts District, originally referred to as the Spanish Village, was built in 1929 as the first commercial shopping district north of Downtown Oklahoma City by Oklahoman G.A. Nichols. Early business in the area included a swimming pool called the Paseo Plunge, a dry cleaner, drug store, shoe repair store, and restaurants. The Spanish Village era is said to have ended in the mid-1950s.

Nicoma Park, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Nicoma Park is a city in Oklahoma County, Oklahoma, United States, and a part of the Oklahoma City metropolitan area. The name Nicoma was made of the first three letters of Nichols, for G.A.Nichols, and the last three letters of Oklahoma. Thus was the birth of the name Nicoma Park. The population was 2,415 at the 2000 census.

By 1928, [4] Dr. Nichols saw many Oklahoma City residential neighborhoods being encroached by the Oklahoma City Oil Field and industrial districts. Recognizing the importance of protecting home owners, Dr. Nichols developed Nichols Hills by placing restrictions on undesirable commercial activity while at the same time comprehending the need for commercial shopping districts within the city. Dr. Nichols hired Hare and Hare, a Kansas City, Missouri landscape architecture firm known for its landscape designs for Kansas City's Country Club Plaza and Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, to design the city in such a way as to follow the natural terrain of the country side. The distinctive curving streets, named after English towns, were punctuated by small and large parks, two golf courses, bridle paths, a polo field, a club house, and tennis courts located throughout the city. Commercial districts were located by Dr. Nichols on the perimeter of the city. Nichols Hills was founded as a municipality in September 1929 and grew when Dr. Nichols dedicated additional property to the city.

Oklahoma City Oil Field

The Oklahoma City Oil Field is one of the world's giant petroleum fields and is located in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma in the United States of America. The field was opened just south of the city limits on December 4, 1928, and first entered Oklahoma City limits on May 27, 1930.

Kansas City, Missouri City in western Missouri

Kansas City is the largest city in the U.S. state of Missouri. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city had an estimated population of 491,918 in 2018, making it the 38th most-populous city in the United States. It is the central city of the Kansas City metropolitan area, which straddles the Kansas–Missouri state line. Kansas City was founded in the 1830s as a Missouri River port at its confluence with the Kansas River coming in from the west. On June 1, 1850 the town of Kansas was incorporated; shortly after came the establishment of the Kansas Territory. Confusion between the two ensued and the name Kansas City was assigned to distinguish them soon after.

Country Club Plaza human settlement in Kansas City, Missouri, United States of America

The Country Club Plaza is a privately owned American shopping center in the Country Club District of Kansas City, Missouri.

During the early 1930s, The Great Depression took its toll on Nichols Hills’ finances and large investors in Nichols Hills' property became delinquent on their taxes. Nichols Hills petitioned Oklahoma City for annexation, but was refused. The refusal awakened the citizens of Nichols Hills, who thereafter embarked on a capital and beautification campaign that ultimately led to significant manor and upscale residential development after World War II.

Annexation acquisition of a states territory by another state

Annexation is the administrative action and concept in international law relating to the forcible acquisition of one state's territory by another state and is generally held to be an illegal act. It is distinct from conquest, which refers to the acquisition of control over a territory involving a change of sovereignty, and differs from cession, in which territory is given or sold through treaty, since annexation is a unilateral act where territory is seized and held by one state. It usually follows military occupation of a territory.

Manor house country house that historically formed the administrative centre of a manor

A manor house was historically the main residence of the lord of the manor. The house formed the administrative centre of a manor in the European feudal system; within its great hall were held the lord's manorial courts, communal meals with manorial tenants and great banquets. The term is today loosely applied to various country houses, frequently dating from the late medieval era, which formerly housed the gentry.

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

By 1950, and after its failure to annex Nichols Hills, Oklahoma City began annexing the land surrounding Nichols Hills including some property which was originally platted by Dr. Nichols as part of Nichols Hills. Nichols Hills is now surrounded entirely by Oklahoma City on the south, east and west, and The Village on the north. In 1959, thwarting a potential annexation from Oklahoma City, the first city charter was formed. Since its inception, Nichols Hills has maintained strict land use restrictions and zoning ordinances.

The Village, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

The Village is a city in Oklahoma County, Oklahoma, United States, and a part of the Oklahoma City metropolitan area. The population was 8,929 at the 2010 Census.

Known for its quality housing, Nichols Hills and its citizens maintain parks running throughout the city. The city is home to the Oklahoma City Golf and Country Club which was designed by Perry Maxwell.

Oklahoma City Golf & Country Club is a private golf and country club located in Nichols Hills, Oklahoma.

Perry Maxwell

Perry Duke Maxwell was an American golf course architect. He was a founding member of the American Society of Golf Course Architects and was an inductee into the Oklahoma Sports Hall of Fame in 2012. He was known as the "father of Oklahoma golf".

Nichols Hills is known to have some of the highest housing prices in the state of Oklahoma. Its citizens have the highest average household income in Oklahoma. Nichols Hills has a full-service city government, which includes water, police and fire services.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2), of which, 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2) of it is land and 0.50% is water.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1940 942
1950 2,606176.6%
1960 4,89787.9%
1970 4,478−8.6%
1980 4,153−7.3%
1990 4,020−3.2%
2000 4,0560.9%
2010 3,710−8.5%
Est. 20163,908 [5] 5.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]

As of the census [1] of 2010, there were 3,710 people, 1,729 households, and 1,167 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,880.9 people per square mile (715.65/km²). There were 1,858 housing units at an average density of 928.3 per square mile (358.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.66% White, 0.42% African American, 1.38% Native American, 1.95% Asian, 0.59% from other races, and 2.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.36% of the population.

Nichols Hills is Oklahoma's best educated city, proportionately, with 71.3% of adult residents (25 and older) holding an associate degree or higher, and 68.7% of adults possessing a baccalaureate degree or higher.

There were 1,729 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.5% were married couples living together, 5.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.5% were non-families. Of all households, 29.3% were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the city, the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 4.0% from 18 to 24, 22.7% from 25 to 44, 29.8% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $139,375 and the median income for a family was $197,917. The per capita income for the city was $99,366 ranking it first on Oklahoma locations by per capita income list. About 2.8% of families and 4.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.7% of those under age 18 and 0.9% of those age 65 or over.

The home ownership rate (owner-occupied housing units to total units) is 91.2%.

Education

Primary and Secondary Schools

Nichols Hills is zoned to Oklahoma City Public Schools. Its public high school is John Marshall High School located in Oklahoma City. It is also located near the Oklahoma City private schools Casady School, Heritage Hall School, and Bishop McGuinness Catholic High School.

Library

Nichols Hills is part of the Metropolitan Library System and is served by The Village Library located in The Village. [7]

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References

  1. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  2. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved October 31, 2008.
  3. University of Oklahoma Study, Division of Landscape Architecture, Division of Regional and City Planning, September 2006
  4. Keesee and Taylor, Nichols Hills A Residential Community, 2007
  5. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016". Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2017.
  6. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  7. "The Village Library". Metropolitan Library System. Retrieved February 11, 2018.