Wellston, Oklahoma

Last updated
Wellston, Oklahoma
OKMap-doton-Wellston.PNG
Location of Wellston, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 35°41′27″N97°3′47″W / 35.69083°N 97.06306°W / 35.69083; -97.06306 Coordinates: 35°41′27″N97°3′47″W / 35.69083°N 97.06306°W / 35.69083; -97.06306
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Lincoln
Area
[1]
  Total1.35 sq mi (3.50 km2)
  Land1.34 sq mi (3.47 km2)
  Water0.01 sq mi (0.04 km2)
Elevation
899 ft (274 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total788
  Estimate 
(2018) [2]
784
  Density585.51/sq mi (226.05/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
74881
Area code(s) 405
FIPS code 40-79900 [3]
GNIS feature ID1099483 [4]

Wellston is a town in Lincoln County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 788 at the 2010 census.

Contents

History

Wellston started as an Indian trading post and post office located on the old Kickapoo Reserve. Wellston OK map 1887.png
Wellston started as an Indian trading post and post office located on the old Kickapoo Reserve.

Wellston was named by Christian T. Wells, who established a trading post on the site in 1883. [5] The post office officially opened September 19, 1884.

The trading post closed during the allotment of the Kickapoo Reserve. Following the Run of 95, the post office reopened June 15, 1897. [6]

Geography

Wellston is located at 35°41′27″N97°3′47″W / 35.69083°N 97.06306°W / 35.69083; -97.06306 (35.690863, -97.063185). [7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.4 square miles (3.6 km2), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1900 383
1910 59054.0%
1920 65010.2%
1930 632−2.8%
1940 607−4.0%
1950 6435.9%
1960 630−2.0%
1970 78925.2%
1980 8021.6%
1990 91213.7%
2000 825−9.5%
2010 788−4.5%
Est. 2018784 [2] −0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [8]

At the 2000 census there were 825 people, 338 households, and 225 families in the town. The population density was 608.5 people per square mile (234.2/km²). There were 380 housing units at an average density of 280.3 per square mile (107.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 86.67% White, 5.58% African American, 2.91% Native American, 0.48% from other races, and 4.36% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.42%. [3]

Of the 338 households 36.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.5% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.4% were non-families. 29.9% of households were one person and 13.3% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.05.

The age distribution was 30.3% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% 65 or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.3 males.

The median household income was $28,553 and the median family income was $33,906. Males had a median income of $24,911 versus $20,000 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,052. About 12.2% of families and 13.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.0% of those under age 18 and 16.7% of those age 65 or over.

National Register of Historic Places

Sources

Shirk, George H.; Oklahoma Place Names; University of Oklahoma Press; Norman, Oklahoma; 1987: ISBN   0-8061-2028-2 .

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References

  1. "2018 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Feb 12, 2020.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 4, 2019.
  3. 1 2 "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. "Encyclopedia of Oklahoma". Oklahoma Historical Society. 2017-11-25. Retrieved 2017-11-25.
  6. "Postmaster Finder. Post Offices by State". United States Postal Service. 2017-11-25. Retrieved 2017-11-25.
  7. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.