Cleveland County, Oklahoma

Last updated
Cleveland County
Norman July 2019 09 (Cleveland County Courthouse).jpg
Cleveland County Courthouse
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Cleveland County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Oklahoma
Oklahoma in United States.svg
Oklahoma's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 35°12′N97°20′W / 35.2°N 97.33°W / 35.2; -97.33
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Oklahoma.svg  Oklahoma
Founded1890
Named for Grover Cleveland
Seat Norman
Largest cityNorman
Area
  Total558 sq mi (1,450 km2)
  Land539 sq mi (1,400 km2)
  Water19 sq mi (50 km2)  3.5%%
Population
  Estimate 
(2019)
284,014
  Density509.2/sq mi (196.6/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 4th
Website www.clevelandcountyok.com

Cleveland County is a county in the central part of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The population was 255,755 at the 2010 census, [1] making it the third-most populous county in Oklahoma. Its county seat is Norman. [2] The county was named after U.S. President Grover Cleveland. [3]

Contents

Cleveland County is part of the Oklahoma City, OK Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Originally occupied by the Quapaw tribe, the Quapaw ceded the area to the U.S. Government soon after the Louisiana Purchase in 1818. During the late 1820s and 1830s, the area was given to the Creek and Seminole tribes after their forced removal from the southeastern United States. An agreement between the two tribes resulted in this area being part of the Seminole Nation, located west of the Creek Nation.

In 1866, these tribes were forced to cede the area to the Federal Government for siding with the Confederacy during the American Civil War [ citation needed ]. The area became part of the Unassigned Lands and was opened for white settlement on April 22, 1889.

After the passage of the Organic Act in 1890, Cleveland County was organized as County 3 and Norman became the county seat. For a short time, Cleveland County was known as Little River County, until an election in 1890. The voters selected the name Cleveland in honor of President Grover Cleveland over the name Lincoln. [3]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 558 square miles (1,450 km2), of which 539 square miles (1,400 km2) is land and 19 square miles (49 km2) (3.5%) is water. [4] It is the seventh smallest county in the state.

Cleveland County contains the reservoir Lake Thunderbird 5,349 acres (21.65 km2), constructed between 1962 and 1965.

Cleveland County is the origin of the Little River, a tributary of the Canadian River, 90 miles (140 km) long. The Canadian River defines the southern border of Cleveland County.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1890 6,605
1900 16,388148.1%
1910 18,84315.0%
1920 19,3892.9%
1930 24,94828.7%
1940 27,72811.1%
1950 41,44349.5%
1960 47,60014.9%
1970 81,83971.9%
1980 133,17362.7%
1990 174,25330.8%
2000 208,01619.4%
2010 255,75522.9%
Est. 2019284,014 [5] 11.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]
1790-1960 [7] 1900-1990 [8]
1990-2000 [9] 2010-2019 [1]
Age pyramid for Cleveland County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data. USA Cleveland County, Oklahoma age pyramid.svg
Age pyramid for Cleveland County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.

As of the census of 2010, [10] there were 255,755 people, 98,306 households, and 64,182 families residing in the county. The population density was 458 people per square mile (177/km²). There were 104,821 housing units at an average density of 188 per square mile (72.5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 79.3% white, 4.2% black or African American, 4.7% Native American, 3.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.3% from other races, and 5.6% from two or more races. 7.0% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 98,306 households, of which almost half (49.9%) included married couples living together and more than a third (34.7%) were non-families. Almost a third (32.9%) included children under the age of 18, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present. More than a fourth (25.9%) of households consisted of a sole individual and 6.9% were individuals 65 years of age or older living alone. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 14.2% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 24.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.1 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $53,759, and the median income for a family was $67,412. Males had a median income of $45,580 versus $34,801 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,640. About 7.2% of families and 12.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.7% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2019 [11]
PartyNumber of votersPercentage
Democratic 53,23333.59%
Republican 76,06748.00%
Others29,18418.42%
Total158,484100%
Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [12]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 57.1%62,53835.5% 38,8297.4% 8,083
2012 63.0%59,11637.0% 34,771
2008 62.0%64,74938.0% 39,681
2004 65.9%65,72034.1% 34,007
2000 62.2%47,39336.5% 27,7921.3% 986
1996 52.2%36,45737.3% 26,03810.4% 7,288
1992 44.1%35,56130.3% 24,40425.6% 20,664
1988 61.6%36,31337.4% 22,0670.9% 553
1984 71.7%42,80627.7% 16,5120.7% 387
1980 61.9%31,17828.8% 14,5369.3% 4,687
1976 51.1%22,09846.3% 20,0542.6% 1,129
1972 68.7%25,77729.7% 11,1261.6% 615
1968 48.3%12,44633.4% 8,61718.3% 4,711
1964 45.4% 9,65654.6%11,599
1960 59.2%9,29240.8% 6,397
1956 56.5%7,76643.5% 5,987
1952 56.8%8,14943.2% 6,190
1948 35.9% 3,67164.1%6,556
1944 40.9% 3,64258.9%5,2400.2% 21
1940 37.9% 3,66061.5%5,9330.6% 57
1936 29.3% 2,64369.9%6,3040.8% 75
1932 23.8% 1,86876.2%5,969
1928 61.4%3,73837.6% 2,2911.1% 64
1924 33.4% 1,67256.7%2,8419.9% 495
1920 45.8% 2,28348.1%2,3976.1% 305
1916 27.4% 88554.2%1,75318.5% 597
1912 32.7% 93851.3%1,47115.9% 456

Education

The University of Oklahoma is located in Norman. It is the largest university in Oklahoma with approximately 30,000 students.

Libraries

Pioneer Library System operates branch libraries in ten cities in Cleveland, McClain and Pottawatomie counties. [13]

Transportation

Airports

The University of Oklahoma Westheimer Airport is owned by the University of Oklahoma and located 3 nautical miles (5.6 km) northwest of Norman.

Major highways

US 77 James C. Nance Bridge between Lexington and Purcell

The US 77 Purcell/Lexington James C. Nance Bridge was originally built as a circa 1938 deck truss 2-lane bridge and in 2019 rebuilt as a concrete pier 4-lane bridge [14] crossing the Canadian River between Purcell and Lexington, Oklahoma. The bridge carries U.S. Route 77 (US-77) and Oklahoma State Highway 39 (SH-39) from McClain County to Cleveland County. The bridge is named for James C. Nance, longtime community newspaper chain publisher and Speaker of the Oklahoma House of Representatives, President Pro Tem of Oklahoma State Senate and Uniform Law Commissioner.

The Nance bridge allows travel time from Purcell (west side of the Canadian river) to Lexingon (East side of the river) to be only 3 minutes by car, according to google maps. When the bridge was closed for emergency repairs, the same trip was 43 minutes when re-routed North to the nearest bridge, or 1 hour and 4 minutes when re-routed Southeast to the nearest bridge.

The 1938 construction of this bridge enabled communities from West and Southwest (Byars, Cole, Dibble, Paoli, Pauls Valley, Purcell, Rosedale, and Wayne) side of the river to reach the communities on the East side of the river (Lexington, Slaughterville, and Wanette). Traffic using the bridge allows trade and commerce to freely flow in this retail trade area of southern McClain County, southern Cleveland County, Southern Pottawatomie County, and northern area of Garvin County, and eastern portion of Grady county. The 2019 rebuilt bridge features the same design elements with concrete post and wrought iron railings with protected turn lane and sidewalks. [14]

According to the Oklahoma Department of Transportation, "History was made Friday July 26,2019 in Purcell and Lexington, just as it was more than 80 years ago when the two cities celebrated the grand opening of a new bridge connecting their communities. The new US 77 Purcell/Lexington James C. Nance Bridge that links the twin cities, located less than one mile apart, fully opened to traffic with much fanfare on Friday, July 26 2019, the culmination of a major two-year, expedited reconstruction project." [14]

Communities

NRHP sites

The following sites in Cleveland County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

Related Research Articles

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McCurtain County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

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McClain County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

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Garvin County, Oklahoma U.S. county in Oklahoma

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Lexington, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Lexington is a city in Cleveland County, Oklahoma, United States. The city population was 2,152 at the 2010 census.

Noble, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Noble is a city in Cleveland County, Oklahoma, United States, and is part of the Oklahoma City Metropolitan Area. The population was 6,481 at the 2010 census. Noble is Cleveland County's third-largest city behind Norman and Moore.

Slaughterville, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Slaughterville is a town in Cleveland County, Oklahoma, United States, and located in the Oklahoma City metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 4,137.

Maysville, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Maysville is a town in Garvin and McClain counties, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 1,232 at the 2010 census, down from 1,313 at the 2000 census.

Dibble, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Dibble is a town in McClain County, Oklahoma, United States. The population within city limits was 878 at the 2010 census. The community has 8,868 residents in its 73031 zipcode, according to Sperling's Best Places. Dibble is in the outer suburban area west of Purcell, OK, and southwest of Norman, OK, in the Oklahoma City Metropolitan Area, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.

Newcastle, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Newcastle is a city in McClain County, Oklahoma, United States, and part of the Oklahoma City Metropolitan Area. The population was 7,685 at the 2010 census.

Wayne, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Wayne is a town in McClain County, Oklahoma, United States. Wayne and McClain County are part of the Oklahoma City Metropolitan Area The population was 688 according to the 2010 census with ZIP code population of 1875 according to Sperling's BestPlaces. Wayne is part of the "Heart of Oklahoma" exurban area south of Norman OK and Oklahoma City OK. Wayne was so named by early railroad workers from Pennsylvania who adopted town names from the railways there, including Wayne, Paoli, Ardmore, and Wynnewood. Wayne is named for Mad Anthony Wayne a United States Army general and statesman. Gen. Wayne earned a reputation in the American Revolutionary War as a war hero. Oklahoma Governor Kevin Stitt attended school in Wayne, OK in his early years before moving to nearby Norman, OK Stitt, a former Tulsa mortgage banker and business leader, recalled attending Wayne Schools in his inaugural address on January 14, 2019 in Oklahoma City, OK

Wanette, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Wanette is a town in Pottawatomie County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 350 at the 2010 census, a decline of 13 percent from 402 at the 2000 census. Wanette is part of the Purcell-Lexington retail trade area and is within the Greater Oklahoma City Metropolitan Area.

Purcell, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Purcell is a city in and the county seat of McClain County, Oklahoma, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 5,884.

Blanchard, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

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Oklahoma State Highway 39 highway in Oklahoma

State Highway 39, abbreviated as SH-39, is a state highway in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. It is 68.4 miles (110.1 km) in length. It runs east–west through the central part of the state, beginning at unincorporated Tabler, east of Chickasha, and ending east of Konawa. Along the way, SH-39 serves the counties of Grady, McClain, Cleveland, Pottawatomie, and Seminole. It currently has no lettered spurs.

Oklahoma City metropolitan area Metropolitan area in Oklahoma, United States

The Oklahoma City Metropolitan Area is an urban region in Central Oklahoma. It is the largest metropolitan area in the state of Oklahoma and contains the state capital and principal city, Oklahoma City. It is often known as the Oklahoma City Metro, Oklahoma City Metroplex, or Greater Oklahoma City in addition to the nicknames Oklahoma City itself is known for, such as O.K.C. or 'the 405'.

U.S. Route 77 in Oklahoma section of U.S. Highway in Oklahoma, United States

U.S. Highway 77 (US-77) in Oklahoma is a 267.21-mile-long (430.03 km) U.S. Highway in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. It travels from south to north, paralleling Interstate 35 (I-35), connecting Texas to Kansas through the central part of the state. It travels through many major cities, including Ardmore, Oklahoma City and its suburbs, Guthrie, and Ponca City. It has four lettered spur routes.

James C. Nance Memorial Bridge

The US 77 James C. Nance Bridge connecting Purcell and Lexington was originally built as a circa 1938 deck truss two-lane bridge and in 2019 rebuilt as a concrete pier four-lane bridge crossing the Canadian River between Purcell and Lexington, Oklahoma. The bridge carries U.S. Route 77 (US-77) and Oklahoma State Highway 39 (SH-39) from McClain County to Cleveland County. The bridge is named for James C. Nance, longtime community newspaper chain publisher and Speaker of the Oklahoma House of Representatives, President Pro Tem of Oklahoma State Senate and Uniform Law Commissioner.

James C. Nance American politician

James Clark "Jim" Nance was a leader for 40 years in the Oklahoma Legislature in the U.S. state of Oklahoma and was community newspaper chain publisher 66 years. Nance served as Speaker of the Oklahoma House of Representatives and President pro tempore of the Oklahoma Senate. During his legislative career, Nance wrote the "Honest Mistake" law which became a model for other states. Nance then became a key sponsor and Legislative Chairman of the U.S. Uniform Law Commission (ULC), sponsored by the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws, a non-partisan advisory panel which drafted uniform acts and uniform state commerce laws. Nance became known as a legislative expert in a 40-year legislative career as one of two Oklahomans to hold the top posts in both chambers of the Oklahoma Legislature. The state's largest newspaper, The Daily Oklahoman wrote he was the "longest serving Oklahoma Legislator" and "A Legislator's Legislator." Nance, a Democrat, is the only Oklahoma House Speaker elected through a bipartisan coalition of Democrats and Republicans. Fiercely Independent, Nance considered public policy work to be a service and did not ever accept a salary or pension for any of his 40 years in the legislature and 24 years on the Uniform Law Commission. Nance refused to work as a lobbyist, although he had many offers after leaving office.

References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 8, 2013.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. 1 2 Wilson, Linda D. "Cleveland County," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, 2009. Accessed March 28, 2015.
  4. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
  5. "County Population Totals and Components of Change: 2010-2019". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  6. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 18, 2016.
  7. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
  8. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
  9. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
  10. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. "Oklahoma Registration Statistics by County" (PDF). OK.gov. January 15, 2019. Retrieved 2019-02-21.
  12. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-28.
  13. "Pioneer Library System to buy Borders bookstore building in Norman". NewsOK. The Oklahoman. September 27, 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-25.
  14. 1 2 3 Department of Transportation, website. . "US-77 James C. Nance Bridge between Purcell and Lexington". Accessed 26 July 2019.

Coordinates: 35°12′N97°20′W / 35.20°N 97.33°W / 35.20; -97.33