Demographics of Oklahoma

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Oklahoma Population Density Map (2010) 2010populationdensityoklahoma.svg
Oklahoma Population Density Map (2010)

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, as of 2015, the state of Oklahoma has an estimated population of 3,911,338, which is an increase of 159,987 or 4.26% since the year 2010. Oklahoma is the 28th most populous state in the United States.

Oklahoma State of the United States of America

Oklahoma is a state in the South Central region of the United States, bordered by Kansas on the north, Missouri on the northeast, Arkansas on the east, Texas on the south, New Mexico on the west, and Colorado on the northwest. It is the 20th-most extensive and the 28th-most populous of the fifty United States. The state's name is derived from the Choctaw words okla and humma, meaning "red people". It is also known informally by its nickname, "The Sooner State", in reference to the non-Native settlers who staked their claims on land before the official opening date of lands in the western Oklahoma Territory or before the Indian Appropriations Act of 1889, which dramatically increased European-American settlement in the eastern Indian Territory. Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory were merged into the State of Oklahoma when it became the 46th state to enter the union on November 16, 1907. Its residents are known as Oklahomans, and its capital and largest city is Oklahoma City.

Contents

Population

Historical population
CensusPop.
1890 258,657
1900 790,391205.6%
1910 1,657,155109.7%
1920 2,028,28322.4%
1930 2,396,04018.1%
1940 2,336,434−2.5%
1950 2,233,351−4.4%
1960 2,328,2844.3%
1970 2,559,2299.9%
1980 3,025,29018.2%
1990 3,145,5854.0%
2000 3,450,6549.7%
2010 3,751,3518.7%
Est. 20173,930,8644.8%
Source: 1910-2010 [1]
Distribution of languages of Oklahoma (2000)
English
92.6%
Spanish
4.4%
Cherokee
0.6%
German
0.4%
Vietnamese
0.4%
French
0.3%
Chinese
0.2%
Korean
0.1%
Arabic
0.1%
Tagalog
0.1%
Japanese
0.1%

The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of Oklahoma was 3,911,338 on July 1, 2015, a 4.26% increase since the 2010 United States Census. [2]

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

2010 United States Census 23rd national census of the United States, taken in 2010

The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.

According to the U.S. Census, as of 2010, Oklahoma has a historical estimated population of 3,751,351 which is an increase of 300,058 or 8.7 percent, since the year 2000. [3] Oklahoma ranks first in the Great Plains region in terms of population, followed by Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, and North Dakota. There has historically been a lot of German American, Irish American and English American immigration to what is now the state of Oklahoma. [4]

Kansas State of the United States of America

Kansas is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States. Its capital is Topeka and its largest city is Wichita, with its most populated county being Johnson County. Kansas is bordered by Nebraska on the north; Missouri on the east; Oklahoma on the south; and Colorado on the west. Kansas is named after the Kansa Native American tribe, which inhabited the area. The tribe's name is often said to mean "people of the (south) wind" although this was probably not the term's original meaning. For thousands of years, what is now Kansas was home to numerous and diverse Native American tribes. Tribes in the eastern part of the state generally lived in villages along the river valleys. Tribes in the western part of the state were semi-nomadic and hunted large herds of bison.

Nebraska State of the United States of America

Nebraska is a state that lies in both the Great Plains and the Midwestern United States. It is bordered by South Dakota to the north; Iowa to the east and Missouri to the southeast, both across the Missouri River; Kansas to the south; Colorado to the southwest; and Wyoming to the west. It is the only triply landlocked U.S. state.

South Dakota State of the United States of America

South Dakota is a U.S. state in the Midwestern region of the United States. It is named after the Lakota and Dakota Sioux Native American tribes, who compose a large portion of the population and historically dominated the territory. South Dakota is the seventeenth largest by area, but the fifth smallest by population and the 5th least densely populated of the 50 United States. As the southern part of the former Dakota Territory, South Dakota became a state on November 2, 1889, simultaneously with North Dakota. Pierre is the state capital and Sioux Falls, with a population of about 187,200, is South Dakota's largest city.

In the state, the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.2 years. For every 100 females there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.8 males. [5] There were 1,460,450 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.2% were non-families. Of all households, 27.5% were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.04.

It was estimated in 2010, that 5.5% of Oklahoma's residents, 206,382 were foreign born. Of them 31.9% were Naturalized US citizens and 68.1% were Not a US citizen. [6]

The median income for a household in the state was $42,072, and the median income for a family was $51,958 (these figures have risen to 44,287 and 55,296 respectively in 2011). The per capita income for the state was $22,254 (risen to 26,192). It was estimated that 16.9% (has decreased to 16.3%, in 2011) [7] of the population were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 24.7% of those under the age of 18 and 15.4% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. [8]

Per capita income mean income of the people in an economic unit such as a country or city

Per capita income (PCI) or average income measures the average income earned per person in a given area in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population.

Poverty threshold Minimum income deemed adequate to live in a specific country or place

The poverty threshold, poverty limit or poverty line is the minimum level of income deemed adequate in a particular country. In practice, like the definition of poverty, the official or common understanding of the poverty line is significantly higher in developed countries than in developing countries. In 2008, the World Bank came out with a figure of $1.25 a day at 2005 purchasing-power parity (PPP). In October 2015, the World Bank updated the international poverty line to $1.90 a day. The new figure of $1.90 is based on ICP purchasing power parity (PPP) calculations and represents the international equivalent of what $1.90 could buy in the US in 2011. The new IPL replaces the $1.25 per day figure, which used 2005 data. Most scholars agree that it better reflects today's reality, particularly new price levels in developing countries. The common international poverty line has in the past been roughly $1 a day. At present the percentage of the global population living under extreme poverty is likely to fall below 10% according to the World Bank projections released in 2015, although this figure is claimed by scholars to be artificially low due to the effective reduction of the IPL in 2015

About 81.1% of the state's civilian non-institutionalized population has health coverage with 61.8% with private insurance and 31.3% with public coverage. About 18.9% of the state's population has no health insurance coverage and 10.0% of all children 18 years and younger in Oklahoma have no health insurance. [8]

The center of population of Oklahoma is located at 35.598464 N, -96.836786 W, in Lincoln County near the town of Sparks. [9]

As of 2010, the largest ancestry groups in Oklahoma were: [10]

Ethnicity

According to the 2013 United States census, the racial and ethnic composition of Oklahoma was the following: [3] [13] [14]

Ethnically, the Hispanic or Latinos (of any race) make up 11% of the population. Major ancestry groups of the Hispanic population include: 7.1% Mexican, 0.3% Puerto Rican, 0.2% Spanish, 0.2% Guatemalan, 0.1% Salvadoran, 0.1% Cuban.

An estimated 7.4 percent of Oklahomans are African American. African Americans are a plurality in southeast Lawton, northeast Oklahoma City, northwest Tulsa, and portions of Muskogee. In Tulsa, the historic Black community of Greenwood was once prosperous enough to earn the nickname "the Black Wall Street" in the 1920s. [15] [16]

In 2010, Oklahoma had the second-largest Native American population after California, with the highest concentration found in the Tulsa-Broken Arrow metropolitan area (8.3%). As a percentage of population, Oklahoma ranked fourth behind Alaska, New Mexico, and South Dakota with 8.57%. [17]

Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders are mostly concentrated in the Oklahoma City−Norman metropolitan area. Oklahoma City, Norman, and Edmond, which are located within Oklahoma and Cleveland counties have sizable Vietnamese and Indian communities, as well as a significant Korean community that is present there. [18] Oklahoma is also home to a large and growing Hmong (3369) and Burmese (1146) population, more than half of whom reside in the Tulsa-Broken Arrow metropolitan area. [19] [20]

Cities and towns

Oklahoma had 598 incorporated places in 2010, including three cities over 100,000 in population and 40 over 10,000. [21] Two of the fifty largest cities in the United States are located in Oklahoma, Oklahoma City and Tulsa, and 58 percent of Oklahomans live within their metropolitan areas, or spheres of economic and social influence defined by the United States Census Bureau as a metropolitan statistical area. Oklahoma City, the state's capital and largest city, had the largest metropolitan area in the state in 2010, with 1,252,987 people, and the metropolitan area of Tulsa had 937,478 residents. [22]

Oklahoma's largest cities in 2010 were: Oklahoma City (579,999), Tulsa (391,906), Norman (110,925), Broken Arrow (98,850), Lawton (96,867), Edmond (81,405), Moore (55,081), Midwest City (54,371), Enid (49,379), and Stillwater (45,688). Between 2000 and 2010, the cities that led the state in population growth were Blanchard 172.4%, Elgin 78.2%, Piedmont 56.7%, Bixby 56.6%, and Owasso 56.3%. [21]

Age and finance

In 2000, 6.8% of Oklahoma's population was reported as under 5, 25.9% under 18, and 13.2% was 65 or older. Females made up approximately 50.9% of the population. The state has an above-average birth rate than most of the United States. Oklahoma has dealt with many socioeconomic issues, as the state's rank of annual household income is below national average and the state's poverty rate exceeds 15 percent, higher in rural areas. The state's 2000 per capita personal income was $23,517, 43rd in the nation. However, Oklahoma's cost of living index also among the lowest in the nation.[1] Oklahoma City suburb Nichols Hills is ranked first on Oklahoma locations by per capita income at $73,661.

Birth data

Note: Births in table don't add up, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number.

Live Births by Single Race/Ethnicity of Mother
Race 2013 [23] 2014 [24] 2015 [25] 2016 [26] 2017 [27]
White 40,619 (76.1%)40,258 (75.5%)40,143 (75.6%)......
> Non-Hispanic White 33,978 (63.6%)33,577 (63.0%)33,293 (62.7%)30,499 (58.0%)28,976 (57.7%)
American Indian 6,075 (11.4%)6,051 (11.3%)5,924 (11.1%)4,939 (9.4%)4,846 (9.7%)
Black 5,092 (9.5%)5,296 (9.9%)5,293 (10.0%)4,394 (8.3%)4,085 (8.1%)
Asian 1,583 (3.0%)1,734 (3.2%)1,762 (3.3%)1,377 (2.6%)1,328 (2.6%)
Hispanic (of any race)7,208 (13.5%)7,219 (13.5%)7,406 (13.9%)7,544 (14.3%)7,441 (14.8%)
Total Oklahoma53,369 (100%)53,339 (100%)53,122 (100%)52,592 (100%)50,214 (100%)

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  25. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr66/nvsr66_01.pdf
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