Demographics of Oklahoma

Last updated
Oklahoma Population Density Map (2010) 2010populationdensityoklahoma.svg
Oklahoma Population Density Map (2010)

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, as of 2015, the state of Oklahoma has an estimated population of 3,911,338, which is an increase of 159,987 or 4.26% since the year 2010. Oklahoma is the 28th most populous state in the United States.

Oklahoma State of the United States of America

Oklahoma is a state in the South Central region of the United States, bordered by Kansas on the north, Missouri on the northeast, Arkansas on the east, Texas on the south, New Mexico on the west, and Colorado on the northwest. It is the 20th-most extensive and the 28th-most populous of the fifty United States. The state's name is derived from the Choctaw words okla and humma, meaning "red people". It is also known informally by its nickname, "The Sooner State", in reference to the non-Native settlers who staked their claims on land before the official opening date of lands in the western Oklahoma Territory or before the Indian Appropriations Act of 1889, which dramatically increased European-American settlement in the eastern Indian Territory. Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory were merged into the State of Oklahoma when it became the 46th state to enter the union on November 16, 1907. Its residents are known as Oklahomans, and its capital and largest city is Oklahoma City.



Historical population
1890 258,657
1900 790,391205.6%
1910 1,657,155109.7%
1920 2,028,28322.4%
1930 2,396,04018.1%
1940 2,336,434−2.5%
1950 2,233,351−4.4%
1960 2,328,2844.3%
1970 2,559,2299.9%
1980 3,025,29018.2%
1990 3,145,5854.0%
2000 3,450,6549.7%
2010 3,751,3518.7%
Est. 20173,930,8644.8%
Source: 1910-2010 [1]
Distribution of languages of Oklahoma (2000)

The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of Oklahoma was 3,911,338 on July 1, 2015, a 4.26% increase since the 2010 United States Census. [2]

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

2010 United States Census 23rd national census of the United States, taken in 2010

The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.

According to the U.S. Census, as of 2010, Oklahoma has a historical estimated population of 3,751,351 which is an increase of 300,058 or 8.7 percent, since the year 2000. [3] Oklahoma ranks first in the Great Plains region in terms of population, followed by Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, and North Dakota. There has historically been a lot of German American, Irish American and English American immigration to what is now the state of Oklahoma. [4]

Kansas State of the United States of America

Kansas is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States. Its capital is Topeka and its largest city is Wichita, with its most populated county being Johnson County. Kansas is bordered by Nebraska on the north; Missouri on the east; Oklahoma on the south; and Colorado on the west. Kansas is named after the Kansa Native American tribe, which inhabited the area. The tribe's name is often said to mean "people of the (south) wind" although this was probably not the term's original meaning. For thousands of years, what is now Kansas was home to numerous and diverse Native American tribes. Tribes in the eastern part of the state generally lived in villages along the river valleys. Tribes in the western part of the state were semi-nomadic and hunted large herds of bison.

Nebraska State of the United States of America

Nebraska is a state that lies in both the Great Plains and the Midwestern United States. It is bordered by South Dakota to the north; Iowa to the east and Missouri to the southeast, both across the Missouri River; Kansas to the south; Colorado to the southwest; and Wyoming to the west. It is the only triply landlocked U.S. state.

South Dakota State of the United States of America

South Dakota is a U.S. state in the Midwestern region of the United States. It is named after the Lakota and Dakota Sioux Native American tribes, who compose a large portion of the population and historically dominated the territory. South Dakota is the seventeenth largest by area, but the fifth smallest by population and the 5th least densely populated of the 50 United States. As the southern part of the former Dakota Territory, South Dakota became a state on November 2, 1889, simultaneously with North Dakota. Pierre is the state capital and Sioux Falls, with a population of about 187,200, is South Dakota's largest city.

In the state, the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.2 years. For every 100 females there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.8 males. [5] There were 1,460,450 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.2% were non-families. Of all households, 27.5% were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.04.

It was estimated in 2010, that 5.5% of Oklahoma's residents, 206,382 were foreign born. Of them 31.9% were Naturalized US citizens and 68.1% were Not a US citizen. [6]

The median income for a household in the state was $42,072, and the median income for a family was $51,958 (these figures have risen to 44,287 and 55,296 respectively in 2011). The per capita income for the state was $22,254 (risen to 26,192). It was estimated that 16.9% (has decreased to 16.3%, in 2011) [7] of the population were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 24.7% of those under the age of 18 and 15.4% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. [8]

Per capita income mean income of the people in an economic unit such as a country or city

Per capita income (PCI) or average income measures the average income earned per person in a given area in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population.

Poverty threshold Minimum income deemed adequate to live in a specific country or place

The poverty threshold, poverty limit or poverty line is the minimum level of income deemed adequate in a particular country. In practice, like the definition of poverty, the official or common understanding of the poverty line is significantly higher in developed countries than in developing countries. In 2008, the World Bank came out with a figure of $1.25 a day at 2005 purchasing-power parity (PPP). In October 2015, the World Bank updated the international poverty line to $1.90 a day. The new figure of $1.90 is based on ICP purchasing power parity (PPP) calculations and represents the international equivalent of what $1.90 could buy in the US in 2011. The new IPL replaces the $1.25 per day figure, which used 2005 data. Most scholars agree that it better reflects today's reality, particularly new price levels in developing countries. The common international poverty line has in the past been roughly $1 a day. At present the percentage of the global population living under extreme poverty is likely to fall below 10% according to the World Bank projections released in 2015, although this figure is claimed by scholars to be artificially low due to the effective reduction of the IPL in 2015

About 81.1% of the state's civilian non-institutionalized population has health coverage with 61.8% with private insurance and 31.3% with public coverage. About 18.9% of the state's population has no health insurance coverage and 10.0% of all children 18 years and younger in Oklahoma have no health insurance. [8]

The center of population of Oklahoma is located at 35.598464 N, -96.836786 W, in Lincoln County near the town of Sparks. [9]

As of 2010, the largest ancestry groups in Oklahoma were: [10]


According to the 2013 United States census, the racial and ethnic composition of Oklahoma was the following: [3] [13] [14]

Ethnically, the Hispanic or Latinos (of any race) make up 11% of the population. Major ancestry groups of the Hispanic population include: 7.1% Mexican, 0.3% Puerto Rican, 0.2% Spanish, 0.2% Guatemalan, 0.1% Salvadoran, 0.1% Cuban.

An estimated 7.4 percent of Oklahomans are African American. African Americans are a plurality in southeast Lawton, northeast Oklahoma City, northwest Tulsa, and portions of Muskogee. In Tulsa, the historic Black community of Greenwood was once prosperous enough to earn the nickname "the Black Wall Street" in the 1920s. [15] [16]

In 2010, Oklahoma had the second-largest Native American population after California, with the highest concentration found in the Tulsa-Broken Arrow metropolitan area (8.3%). As a percentage of population, Oklahoma ranked fourth behind Alaska, New Mexico, and South Dakota with 8.57%. [17]

Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders are mostly concentrated in the Oklahoma City−Norman metropolitan area. Oklahoma City, Norman, and Edmond, which are located within Oklahoma and Cleveland counties have sizable Vietnamese and Indian communities, as well as a significant Korean community that is present there. [18] Oklahoma is also home to a large and growing Hmong (3369) and Burmese (1146) population, more than half of whom reside in the Tulsa-Broken Arrow metropolitan area. [19] [20]

Cities and towns

Oklahoma had 598 incorporated places in 2010, including three cities over 100,000 in population and 40 over 10,000. [21] Two of the fifty largest cities in the United States are located in Oklahoma, Oklahoma City and Tulsa, and 58 percent of Oklahomans live within their metropolitan areas, or spheres of economic and social influence defined by the United States Census Bureau as a metropolitan statistical area. Oklahoma City, the state's capital and largest city, had the largest metropolitan area in the state in 2010, with 1,252,987 people, and the metropolitan area of Tulsa had 937,478 residents. [22]

Oklahoma's largest cities in 2010 were: Oklahoma City (579,999), Tulsa (391,906), Norman (110,925), Broken Arrow (98,850), Lawton (96,867), Edmond (81,405), Moore (55,081), Midwest City (54,371), Enid (49,379), and Stillwater (45,688). Between 2000 and 2010, the cities that led the state in population growth were Blanchard 172.4%, Elgin 78.2%, Piedmont 56.7%, Bixby 56.6%, and Owasso 56.3%. [21]

Age and finance

In 2000, 6.8% of Oklahoma's population was reported as under 5, 25.9% under 18, and 13.2% was 65 or older. Females made up approximately 50.9% of the population. The state has an above-average birth rate than most of the United States. Oklahoma has dealt with many socioeconomic issues, as the state's rank of annual household income is below national average and the state's poverty rate exceeds 15 percent, higher in rural areas. The state's 2000 per capita personal income was $23,517, 43rd in the nation. However, Oklahoma's cost of living index also among the lowest in the nation.[1] Oklahoma City suburb Nichols Hills is ranked first on Oklahoma locations by per capita income at $73,661.

Birth data

Note: Births in table don't add up, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number.

Live Births by Single Race/Ethnicity of Mother
Race 2013 [23] 2014 [24] 2015 [25] 2016 [26] 2017 [27]
White 40,619 (76.1%)40,258 (75.5%)40,143 (75.6%)......
> Non-Hispanic White 33,978 (63.6%)33,577 (63.0%)33,293 (62.7%)30,499 (58.0%)28,976 (57.7%)
American Indian 6,075 (11.4%)6,051 (11.3%)5,924 (11.1%)4,939 (9.4%)4,846 (9.7%)
Black 5,092 (9.5%)5,296 (9.9%)5,293 (10.0%)4,394 (8.3%)4,085 (8.1%)
Asian 1,583 (3.0%)1,734 (3.2%)1,762 (3.3%)1,377 (2.6%)1,328 (2.6%)
Hispanic (of any race)7,208 (13.5%)7,219 (13.5%)7,406 (13.9%)7,544 (14.3%)7,441 (14.8%)
Total Oklahoma53,369 (100%)53,339 (100%)53,122 (100%)52,592 (100%)50,214 (100%)

Related Research Articles

Demographics of Minnesota

The United States Census Bureau counted Minnesota's population at 5,303,925 in the 2010 Census.

Demographics of Texas

Texas is the second most populous U.S. state, with an estimated 2017 population of 28.449 million. In recent decades, it has experienced strong population growth. Texas has many major cities and metropolitan areas, along with many towns and rural areas. Much of the population is in the major cities of Houston, San Antonio, Dallas, Fort Worth, Austin, and El Paso.

Demographics of New York (state)

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, as of 2010, New York was the third largest state in population after California and Texas, with a population of 19,378,102, an increase of over 400,000 people, or 2.1%, since the year 2000. The population change between 2000–2006 includes a natural increase of 601,779 people and a decrease due to net migration of 422,481 people out of the state. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 820,388 people, and migration within the country produced a net loss of about 800,213. This means a very small population change for the state.

Demographics of Alaska

As of 2017, Alaska has an estimated population of 739,818.

Tulsa metropolitan area human settlement in United States of America

The Tulsa Metropolitan Area, officially defined as the Tulsa-Broken Arrow-Owasso Metropolitan Statistical Area is a metropolitan area in northeastern Oklahoma centered around the city of Tulsa and encompassing Tulsa, Rogers, Wagoner, Osage, Creek, Okmulgee and Pawnee counties. It has an estimated population of 991,005 and 1,251,172 people in the larger Combined Statistical area as of 2015.

Demographics of South Dakota population characteristics within South Dakota

South Dakota is the 46th-most populous U.S. state; in 2012, the U.S. Census Bureau estimated a population of about 833,354. The majority of South Dakotans are White, and the largest religion is Christianity. In 2010, 93.46% of the population spoke English as their primary language.

The demographics of Virginia are the various elements used to describe the population of the Commonwealth of Virginia and are studied by various government and non-government organizations. Virginia is the 12th-most populous state in the United States with over 8 million residents and is the 35th largest in area.

The demographics of Washington, D.C., also known as the District of Columbia, are ethnically diverse in the cosmopolitan capital city. In 2017, the District had a population of 693,972 people, for a resident density of 11,367 people per square mile.

Demographics of Florida

Florida is the third-most populous state in the United States. With a population of 18.8 million according to the 2010 census, Florida is the most populous state in the Southeastern United States, and the second-most populous state in the South behind Texas. Within the United States, it contains the highest percentage of people over 65 (17.3%), and the 8th fewest people under 18 (21.9%).

Demographics of Massachusetts

Massachusetts has an estimated 2017 population of 6.833 million. As of 2015, Massachusetts is estimated to be the third most densely populated U.S. state, with 822.7 per square mile, after New Jersey and Rhode Island, and ahead of Connecticut and Maryland.

Demographics of Kentucky Demographics of the US state of Kentucky

As of 1 July 2006, the United States Commonwealth of Kentucky had an estimated population of 4,206,074, which is an increase of 33,466, or 0.8%, from the prior year and an increase of 164,586, or 4.1%, since the year 2000. This includes a natural increase since the last census of 77,156 people and an increase due to net migration of 59,604 people into the state. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 27,435 people, and migration within the country produced a net increase of 32,169 people. As of 2004, Kentucky's population included about 95,000 foreign-born (2.3%). The population density of the state is 101.7 people per square mile.

Demographics of Arizona

As of 2009, Arizona had a population of 6.343 million, which is an increase of 213,311, or 3.6%, from the prior year and an increase of 1,035,686, or 20.2%, since the year 2000. This includes a natural increase since the last census of 297,928 people and an increase due to net migration of 745,944 people into the state. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 204,661 people, and migration within the country produced a net increase of 541,283 people. New population figures for the year ending July 1, 2006, indicate that Arizona is the fastest growing state in the United States, with 3.6% population growth since 2005, exceeding the growth of the previous leader, Nevada. The most recent population estimates released by the US Census put the population at 6,828,065 in 2015.

Demographics of Arkansas

This article refers to the demographics of the U.S. state of Arkansas.

Demographics of North Carolina covers the varieties of ethnic groups who reside in North Carolina and relevant trends.

Demographics of New England

According to the 2006–08 American Community Survey, New England had a population of 14,265,187, of which 48.7% were male and 51.3% were female. Approximately 22.4% of the population were under 18 years of age; 13.5% were over 65 years of age.

The demographics of Georgia are inclusive of the ninth most populous state in the United States, with over 9.68 million people, just over 3% of America's population.

Demographics of South Carolina

The U.S. state of South Carolina is the 23rd largest state by population, with a population of 5,024,369 as of 2017 United States Census estimates.

The racial and ethnic demographics of the United States have changed dramatically throughout its history.


  1. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2012-12-24.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" (CSV). 2015 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. December 2015. Retrieved December 26, 2015.
  3. 1 2 "Oklahoma". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 11, 2012.
  4. "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics - Oklahoma". US Census Bureau. 2010. Retrieved 2011-09-04.
  5. "QT-P1 Age Groups and Sex:2010 - Oklahoma". US Census Bureau. 2010. Retrieved 2011-09-04.
  6. "Oklahoma - SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES 2010 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. 2010. Retrieved 2011-10-06.
  7. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-08-15. Retrieved 2012-07-05.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  8. 1 2 "Oklahoma SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS 2010 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. 2010. Retrieved 2011-10-07.
  9. "2010 Census Centers of Population by State". U.S. Census Bureau. 2010. Archived from the original on 2011-04-29. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  10. Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results".
  11. David Hackett Fischer, Albion's Seed: Four British Folkways in America , New York: Oxford University Press, 1989, pp.602–645
  12. Sharing the Dream: White Males in a Multicultural America By Dominic J. Pulera.
  13. Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results".
  14. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-12-18. Retrieved 2016-05-07.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  15. "Race Alone or in Combination and Hispanic or Latino: 2010 All census tracks within Oklahoma". US Census Bureau. 2010. Retrieved 2011-10-06.
  16. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Greenwood District" . Retrieved 2011-10-06.
  17. "P1 Universal Total Population - All US States". US Census Bureau. 2010. Retrieved 2011-10-06.
  18. "Race Alone or in Combination Oklahoma City". US Census Bureau. 2010. Retrieved 2011-10-06.
  19. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-12-14. Retrieved 2012-12-04.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  20. "The spice of life".
  21. 1 2 Oklahoma Department of Commerce. "2000-2010 Oklahoma Incorporated Place Populations". Archived from the original (xls) on 2011-05-20. Retrieved 2011-10-09.
  22. "P1 Total Population All Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas (or parts) within Oklahoma". US Census Bureau. 2010. Retrieved 2011-10-09.