Demographics of Arizona

Last updated
Historical population
1860 6,482
1870 9,65849.0%
1880 40,440318.7%
1890 88,243118.2%
1900 122,93139.3%
1910 204,35466.2%
1920 334,16263.5%
1930 435,57330.3%
1940 499,26114.6%
1950 749,58750.1%
1960 1,302,16173.7%
1970 1,745,94434.1%
1980 2,718,21555.7%
1990 3,665,22834.8%
2000 5,130,63240.0%
2010 6,392,01724.6%
Est. 20197,278,71713.9%
Sources: 1910–2010 [1]
2019 estimate [2]
Note that early censuses
may not include
Native Americans in Arizona

As of 2009, Arizona had a population of 6.343 million, [3] which is an increase of 213,311, or 3.6%, from the prior year and an increase of 1,035,686, or 20.2%, since the year 2000. This includes a natural increase since the last census of 297,928 people (that is 564,062 births minus 266,134 deaths) and an increase due to net migration of 745,944 people into the state. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 204,661 people, and migration within the country produced a net increase of 541,283 people. New population figures for the year ending July 1, 2006, indicate that Arizona is the fastest growing state in the United States, with 3.6% population growth since 2005, exceeding the growth of the previous leader, Nevada. The most recent population estimates released by the US Census put the population at 7,278,717 in 2019. [2]


The population density of the state is 45.2 people per square mile. [4] In 2010, there were an estimated 460,000 undocumented immigrants in the state. [5] These constituted an estimated 7.9% of the population. [6]

Arizona's population density. Arizona population map.png
Arizona's population density.

The center of population of Arizona is located in Maricopa County, [7] which contains over 61% of Arizona's population. [8]


Demographics of Arizona (csv)
By race WhiteBlackAIAN*AsianNHPI*
2000 (total population)89.29%3.74%5.81%2.36%0.28%
2000 (Hispanic only)24.13%0.41%0.73%0.19%0.07%
2005 (total population)88.74%4.20%5.63%2.75%0.31%
2005 (Hispanic only)27.20%0.58%0.72%0.23%0.08%
Growth 2000–05 (total population)15.05%30.11%12.25%35.27%25.02%
Growth 2000–05 (non-Hispanic only)9.32%25.75%11.85%34.75%22.33%
Growth 2000–05 (Hispanic only)30.51%65.92%15.01%41.10%32.89%
* AIAN is American Indian or Alaskan Native; NHPI is Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

According to the 2005–2007 American Community Survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, White Americans made up 76.4% of Arizona's population; of which 59.6% were Non-Hispanic Whites. Blacks or African Americans made up 3.4% of Arizona's population; of which 3.3% were non-Hispanic blacks. American Indians made up 4.5% of the state's population; of which 4.1% were non-Hispanic. Asian Americans made up 2.3% of the state's population. Pacific Islander Americans made up 0.1% of the state's population. Individuals from some other race made up 10.8% of the state's population; of which 0.2% were non-Hispanic. Individuals from two or more races made up 2.4% of the state's population; of which 1.4% were non-Hispanic. In addition, Hispanics and Latinos made up 29.0% of Arizona's population. [9] [10]

The state has the third highest number (and the sixth highest percentage) of Native Americans of any state in the Union. 286,680 were estimated to live in Arizona, representing more than 10% of the country's total Native American population of 2,752,158. Only California and Oklahoma [11] have more Native Americans. The perimeters of Phoenix, Tucson, Prescott, Flagstaff and Yuma border on Native American reservations.

The largest ancestry groups in Arizona are Mexican (25.8%), German (16.5%), English (10.3%), Irish (10.9%), and Native American (4.5%). [12] The southern and central parts of the state are predominantly Mexican American, especially in Santa Cruz County and Yuma County near the Mexican border. The north-central and northwestern counties are largely inhabited by non-Hispanic White Americans. The northeastern part of Arizona has many American Indians. Asian Americans also made major contributions to the development of Arizona, such as the many Chinese who arrived in the state's mines and railroads, and the fact that over 20,000 Japanese Americans, mostly residing in the Grand Avenue section of Phoenix and farming areas of southern Arizona and the Colorado River valley, were interned during World War II. As of the 2010 US Census, Arizonans who claim Filipino ancestry exceed 53,000. [13] Filipino Americans are also the largest Asian American subgroup in the state.

Arizona is projected to become a minority-majority state by the year 2027, [14] if current population growth trends continue. In 2003, for the first time, there were slightly more births to Hispanics in the state than births to non-Hispanic whites. Since then, the gap has widened. In 2007, Hispanics accounted for 45% of all newborns whereas non-Hispanic whites accounted for 41% of all births. All of the other races accounted for 14% of births.[ citation needed ] However, by 2011 those trends reversed. By 2011, non-Hispanic whites accounted for 45.6% of all births while Hispanics births fell to 38.9%. [15]

Birth data

Note: Births in table don't add up, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number.

Live Births by Single Race/Ethnicity of Mother
Race 2013 [16] 2014 [17] 2015 [18] 2016 [19] 2017 [20] 2018 [21]
White:71,470 (83.5%)72,687 (83.6%)71,422 (83.7%).........
> Non-Hispanic White 38,360 (44.8%)38,608 (44.4%)36,976 (43.3%)35,244 (41.7%)33,694 (41.2%)32,805 (40.6%)
American Indian 5,746 (6.7%)5,473 (6.3%)5,316 (6.2%)4,516 (5.3%)4,256 (5.2%)4,155 (5.1%)
Black 4,870 (5.7%)5,208 (6.0%)5,095 (6.0%)4,075 (4.8%)4,241 (5.2%)4,305 (5.3%)
Asian 3,514 (4.1%)3,519 (4.1%)3,518 (4.1%)2,954 (3.5%)2,987 (3.6%)2,908 (3.6%)
Pacific Islander .........215 (0.2%)217 (0.3%)248 (0.3%)
Hispanic (of any race)33,885 (39.6%)35,034 (40.3%)35,247 (41.3%)34,950 (41.3%)34,377 (42.0%)34,084 (42.2%)
Total Arizona85,600 (100%)86,887 (100%)85,351 (100%)84,520 (100%)81,872 (100%)80,723 (100%)


Top 10 non-English languages spoken in Arizona
LanguagePercentage of population
(as of 2010) [22]
Spanish 20.80%
Navajo 1.48%
German 0.39%
Chinese (including Mandarin)0.39%
Tagalog 0.33%
Vietnamese 0.30%
Other North American indigenous languages (especially indigenous languages of Arizona)0.27%
French 0.26%
Arabic 0.24%
Apache 0.18%
Korean 0.17%

As of 2010, 72.90% (4,215,749) of Arizona residents age 5 and older spoke English at home as a primary language, while 20.80% (1,202,638) spoke Spanish, 1.48% (85,602) Navajo, 0.39% (22,592) German, 0.39% (22,426) Chinese (which includes Mandarin), 0.33% (19,015) Tagalog, 0.30% (17,603) Vietnamese, 0.27% (15,707) other North American indigenous languages (especially indigenous languages of Arizona), and French was spoken as a main language by 0.26% (15,062) of the population over the age of five. In total, 27.10% (1,567,548) of Arizona's population age 5 and older spoke a mother language other than English. [22]

Arizona is home to the largest number of speakers of Native American languages in the 48 contiguous states. Arizona's Apache County has the highest concentration of speakers of Native American Indian languages in the United States. [23]

See also the list of native peoples. See also the list of Indigenous languages of Arizona.


Religion in Arizona (2014) [24]

   Protestantism (39%)
   Mormonism (5%)
   Eastern Orthodoxy (0.5%)
  Other Christian (0.5%)
   No religion (27%)
   Judaism (2%)
   Islam (1%)
   Buddhism (1%)
   Hinduism (1%)
  Other religion (1%)

According to the Association of Religion Data Archives, the fifteen largest denominations by number of adherents in 2010 and 2000 were: [25] [26]

Religion2000 Population2010 Population
Catholic Church 974,884930,001
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 251,974392,918
Southern Baptist Convention 138,516126,830
Assemblies of God 82,802123,713
United Methodist Church 53,23254,977
Christian Churches and Churches of Christ 33,16248,386
Evangelical Lutheran Church in America 69,39342,944
Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod 24,97726,322
Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) 33,55426,078
Episcopal Church (United States) 24,85331,104
Seventh-day Adventist Church 11,51320,924
Church of the Nazarene 18,14316,991
Lutheran Congregations in Mission for Christ 014,350
Churches of Christ 14,47114,151
Non-denominational Christian281,10563,885 [nb 1]

Regarding non-Christian denominations, Hinduism became the largest non-Christian religion (when combining all denominations) in 2010, with over 32,000 adherents in several denominations, followed by Judaism with over 20,000 in three denominations, and Buddhism with over 19,000 adherents in several denominations. [25] [27] [28]


  1. In 2000, this designation was broken into two groups: Independent, Non-Charismatic Churches (34,130 adherents) and Independent, Charismatic Churches (29,755 adherents

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