Apache County, Arizona

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Apache County, Arizona
Navajo Nation Council Chambers 6809.jpg
Apache County, Az.png
Seal
Map of Arizona highlighting Apache County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Arizona
Map of USA AZ.svg
Arizona's location within the U.S.
FoundedFebruary 24, 1879
Named for Apache people
Seat St. Johns
Largest community Eagar
Area
  Total11,218 sq mi (29,054 km2)
  Land11,198 sq mi (29,003 km2)
  Water21 sq mi (54 km2), 0.2%
Population (est.)
  (2018)71,818
  Density6.4/sq mi (2.5/km2)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Mountain: UTC−7
Website www.co.apache.az.us
Apache County includes the Arizona section of the Four Corners Monument. Four Corners marker, southwestern United States.jpg
Apache County includes the Arizona section of the Four Corners Monument.

Apache County is located in the northeast corner of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census its population was 71,518. [1] The county seat is St. Johns. [2]

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Arizona state of the United States of America

Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico; its other neighboring states are Nevada and California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the south and southwest.

2010 United States Census 23rd national census of the United States, taken in 2010

The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.

Contents

Part of the county is assigned to the Fort Apache Indian Reservation.

Fort Apache Indian Reservation

The Fort Apache Indian Reservation is an Indian reservation in Arizona, United States, encompassing parts of Navajo, Gila, and Apache counties. It is home to the federally recognized White Mountain Apache Tribe of the Fort Apache Reservation, a Western Apache tribe. It has a land area of 2,627 square miles (6,800 km2) and a population of 12,429 people as of the 2000 census. The largest community is in Whiteriver.

History

Apache County was formed during the Tenth Territorial Legislation in 1879 out of the eastern section of Yavapai County; officially all land east of 119°45′ W. By 1895, Navajo County and parts of Graham, Greenlee and Gila Counties were formed from this land. The county seat was placed in the town of Snowflake, but was moved a year later to St. Johns. From 1880 to 1882, the county seat was temporarily in Springerville before being returned to St. Johns. [3]

St. Johns, Arizona City in Arizona, United States

St. Johns is the county seat of Apache County, Arizona, United States. It is located along U.S. Route 180, mostly west of where that highway intersects with U.S. Route 191. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city was 3,480.

A history of the area, written in 1896, records the following about the county:

Apache County was created in 1879 and lies in the northeastern corner of the Territory. Until March, 1895, it also embraced what is now Navajo County, but at that date the latter was set apart and established as a separate county. Apache County is justly noted for its great natural resources and advantages. It is destined some day in the early future to have a large agricultural population. Now, immense herds of cattle and flocks of sheep roam over its broad mesas and its fertile valleys. The Navajo Indians occupy the northern part of the county-in fact, occupy much of the remainder of the county, as they refuse to remain on their reservation, preferring to drive their sheep and cattle on lands outside their reservation, where the grazing is better. The southern part is a fine grazing country, while the northern part is cut up into picturesque gorges and canons by the floods of past centuries.[ citation needed ]

Navajo County, Arizona County in the United States

Navajo County is located in the northern part of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census, its population was 107,449. The county seat is Holbrook.

In the late 1880s, the county sheriff was Commodore Perry Owens, an Old West gunfighter legend. At that time, the county covered more than 21,177 square miles (54,850 km2) in territory. In September 1887, near Holbrook in what is now Navajo County, Owens was involved in one of the Old West's most famous gunfights, when he killed three men and wounded a fourth while serving a warrant on outlaw Andy Blevins/Andy Cooper, an active participant in a raging range war, later dubbed the Pleasant Valley War.

A sheriff is a government official, with varying duties, existing in some countries with historical ties to England, where the office originated. There is an analogous although independently developed office in Iceland that is commonly translated to English as sheriff, and this is discussed below.

Perry Owens American lawman

Commodore Perry Owens was an American-born lawman and gunfighter of the Old West. One of his many exploits was the Owens-Blevins Shootout in Arizona Territory during the Pleasant Valley War.

Gunfighter person able to shoot quickly and accurately with a gun

Gunslinger and gunfighter are words used historically to refer to men in the American Old West who had gained a reputation of being dangerous with a gun and had participated in gunfights and shootouts. Gunman was a more common term used for these individuals in the 19th century. Today, the term "gunslinger" is more or less used to denote someone who is quick on the draw with a pistol, but can also refer to riflemen and shotgun messengers. The gunfighter is also one of the most popular characters in the Western genre and has appeared in associated films, video games, and literature.

In 2015, Apache County had the highest rate of death due to motor vehicles in the United States, with 82.5 deaths per 100,000 people. [4]

The Fort Apache Indian Reservation occupies part of the county.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 11,218 square miles (29,050 km2), of which 11,198 square miles (29,000 km2) is land and 21 square miles (54 km2) (0.2%) is water. [5] The county is the third-largest county by area in Arizona and the sixth-largest in the United States (excluding boroughs and census areas in Alaska).

Apache County contains parts of the Navajo Indian Reservation, the Fort Apache Indian Reservation, and Petrified Forest National Park. Canyon de Chelly National Monument is entirely within the county.

Adjacent counties

Apache County is one of two U.S. counties (the other being Wayne County, West Virginia) to border two counties of the same name, neither of which is in the same state as the county itself (San Juan County, Utah and San Juan County, New Mexico).

Indian reservations

Apache County has the most land designated as Indian reservation of any county in the United States. (Coconino County and Navajo County are a close second and third.) The county has 19,857.34 km2 (7,666.96 sq mi) of reservation territory, or 68.34 percent of its total area. The reservations are, in descending order of area within the county, the Navajo Nation, the Fort Apache Indian Reservation, and the Zuni Indian Reservation, all of which are partly located within the county.

National protected areas

White House Ruin at Canyon de Chelly National Monument Canyon de Chelly White House Ruin Close View 2006 09 07.jpg
White House Ruin at Canyon de Chelly National Monument

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 5,283
1890 4,281−19.0%
1900 8,29793.8%
1910 9,19610.8%
1920 13,19643.5%
1930 17,76534.6%
1940 24,09535.6%
1950 27,76715.2%
1960 30,4389.6%
1970 32,2986.1%
1980 52,10861.3%
1990 61,59118.2%
2000 69,42312.7%
2010 71,5183.0%
Est. 201871,818 [6] 0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
1790–1960 [8] 1900–1990 [9]
1990–2000 [10] 2010–2018 [1]

2000 census

As of the census [11] of 2000, there were 69,423 people, 19,971 households, and 15,257 families residing in the county. The population density was 6 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 31,621 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 76.88% Native American, 19.50% White, 0.25% Black or African American, 0.13% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.75% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. 4.49% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 58.39% reported speaking Navajo at home, while 38.39% speak English and 2.71% Spanish .

There were 19,971 households out of which 43.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.30% were married couples living together, 21.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.60% were non-families. 21.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.41 and the average family size was 4.04.

In the county, the population was spread out with 38.50% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 25.10% from 25 to 44, 18.70% from 45 to 64, and 8.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 98.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $23,344, and the median income for a family was $26,315. Males had a median income of $30,182 versus $22,312 for females. The per capita income for the county was $8,986. About 33.50% of families and 37.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.80% of those under age 18 and 36.50% of those age 65 or over. The county's per-capita income makes it one of the poorest counties in the United States.

Apache County is one of only 38 county-level census divisions of the United States where the most spoken language is not English and one of only 3 where it is neither English nor Spanish. 58.32% of the population speak Navajo at home, followed by English at 38.34% and Spanish at 2.72%.

In 2000, the largest denominational group was the Catholics (with 19,965 adherents). [12] The largest religious bodies were The Catholic Church (with 19,965 members) and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (with 8,947 members). [12]

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 71,518 people, 22,771 households, and 16,331 families residing in the county. [13] The population density was 6.4 inhabitants per square mile (2.5/km2). There were 32,514 housing units at an average density of 2.9 per square mile (1.1/km2). [14] The racial makeup of the county was 72.9% American Indian, 23.3% white, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% black or African American, 1.3% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.8% of the population. [13]

The largest ancestry groups were: [15]

  • 69.6% Navajo
  • 5.4% English
  • 5.3% German
  • 4.2% Irish
  • 4.0% Mexican
  • 1.4% American
  • 1.1% Scottish
  • 1.0% French
  • 1.0% Polish

Of the 22,771 households, 42.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.8% were married couples living together, 21.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.3% were non-families, and 24.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 3.10 and the average family size was 3.76. The median age was 32.4 years. [13]

The median income for a household in the county was $30,184 and the median income for a family was $36,915. Males had a median income of $38,451 versus $31,557 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,294. About 26.9% of families and 34.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.8% of those under age 18 and 29.2% of those age 65 or over. [16]

Politics

Owing to its strongly Native American population, Apache County votes solidly Democratic. No Republican presidential nominee has won Apache County since Ronald Reagan in 1980, [17] during an election when incumbent Jimmy Carter was viewed as extremely weak on issues pertaining to the West, especially water development. [18] During most of the 1980s, 1990s and early 2000s Apache was the most Democratic county in Arizona, although concern about Republican immigration policies has led Santa Cruz County to take this title since 2008.

Presidential elections results
Apache County vote
by party in presidential elections
[19] [20]
Year Republican Democrat Others
2016 29.8% 8,24061.8%17,0838.5% 2,338
2012 31.8% 8,25066.2%17,1472.0% 520
2008 35.1% 8,55163.2%15,3901.7% 414
2004 34.7% 8,38464.7%15,6580.6% 156
2000 30.6% 5,94767.0%13,0252.5% 484
1996 25.5% 4,76166.3%12,3948.2% 1,529
1992 25.1% 4,58861.4%11,21813.4% 2,452
1988 36.8% 5,34761.5%8,9441.7% 253
1984 43.3% 5,63855.8%7,2770.9% 117
1980 56.6%5,99137.0% 3,9176.5% 687
1976 33.4% 3,44763.8%6,5832.9% 297
1972 50.3%3,39446.6% 3,1453.1% 211
1968 49.8%2,09239.7% 1,66810.4% 438
1964 47.5% 1,84952.5%2,0420.0% 1
1960 51.8%1,56848.2% 1,4590.1% 3
1956 63.2%1,68536.8% 9810.0% 1
1952 59.7%1,76740.3% 1,193
1948 39.5% 97060.3%1,4800.2% 5
1944 37.0% 72862.9%1,2380.1% 2
1940 32.0% 92667.9%1,9690.1% 3
1936 27.4% 63871.9%1,6740.6% 15
1932 37.4% 76062.5%1,2710.2% 3
1928 51.4%83748.6% 791
1924 48.5%62042.9% 5488.6% 110
1920 52.4%67947.7% 618
1916 31.7% 31166.1%6482.1% 21
1912 22.0% 5642.4%10835.7% 91

Education

Primary and secondary schools

The following school districts serve Apache County:

In addition several other schools, including charter schools and tribal schools operated by the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs's Office of Education Programs, serve the county.

Public libraries

The Apache County Library District, headquartered in St. Johns, operates public libraries in the county. [21] The branches include Alpine Public Library ( unincorporated area ), [22] Concho Public Library (unincorporated area), [23] Greer Memorial Library (unincorporated area), [24] Round Valley Public Library (Eagar), [25] Sanders Public Library (unincorporated area), [26] St. Johns Public Library (St. Johns), [27] and Vernon Public Library (unincorporated area). [28]

The Navajo Nation Museum and Library is located in Window Rock, Arizona. The library and museum is the largest one on the Navajo Nation and in Apache County.

Transportation

Major highways

U.S. Route 191 crossing the Beautiful Valley in Apache County U.S. Route 191 NM Beautiful Valley 2006 09 06.jpg
U.S. Route 191 crossing the Beautiful Valley in Apache County

Airports

The following public use airports are located in Apache County:

Communities

Wildflower meadow in the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest, near Alpine. Apache Sitgreaves Nima2.JPG
Wildflower meadow in the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest, near Alpine.
Kiva at Casa Malpais, near Springerville. Casa Malpais Kiva.jpg
Kiva at Casa Malpais, near Springerville.

City

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

County population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Apache County. [29] [30]

county seat

RankCity/Town/etc.Population (2010 Census)Municipal typeIncorporated
1 Eagar 4,885Town1948
2 Chinle 4,518 CDP
3 Fort Defiance 3,624CDP
4St. Johns 3,480City1879
5 Window Rock 2,712CDP
6 Springerville 1,961Town1948
7 Lukachukai 1,701CDP
8 St. Michaels 1,443CDP
9 Many Farms 1,348CDP
10 Ganado 1,210CDP
11 Tsaile 1,205CDP
12 Houck 1,024CDP
13 Round Rock 789CDP
14 Sawmill 748CDP
15 Dennehotso 746CDP
16 Teec Nos Pos 730CDP
17 Rock Point 642CDP
18 Sanders 630CDP
19 Burnside 537CDP
20 McNary 528CDP
21 Nazlini 489CDP
22 Red Mesa 480CDP
23 Rough Rock 414CDP
24 Del Muerto 329CDP
25 Steamboat 284CDP
26 Cornfields 255CDP
27 Klagetoh 242CDP
28 Cottonwood 226CDP
29 Wide Ruins 176CDP
30 Red Rock 169CDP
31 Alpine 145CDP
32 Sehili 135CDP
33 Vernon 122CDP
34 Oak Springs 63CDP
35 Greer 41CDP
36 Concho 38CDP
37 Nutrioso 26CDP
38 Lupton 25CDP
39 Toyei 13CDP

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

Coconino County, Arizona County in the United States

Coconino County is a county located in the north central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. The population was 134,421 at the 2010 census. The county seat is Flagstaff. The county takes its name from Cohonino, a name applied to the Havasupai. It is the second-largest county by area in the contiguous United States, behind San Bernardino County, California, with its 18,661 square miles (48,300 km2), or 16.4% of Arizona's total area, making it larger than each of the nine smallest states.

Chinle, Arizona Census-designated place in Arizona, United States

Chinle is a census-designated place (CDP) in Apache County, Arizona. The name in Navajo means "flowing out" and is a reference to the location where the water flows out of the Canyon de Chelly. The population was 4,518 at the 2010 census.

Dennehotso, Arizona Census-designated place in Arizona, United States

Dennehotso is a census-designated place (CDP) in Apache County, Arizona, United States. The population was 746 at the 2010 census.

Lukachukai, Arizona Census-designated place in Arizona, United States

Lukachukai is a census-designated place (CDP) in Apache County, Arizona, United States. The population was 1,701 at the 2010 census.

Many Farms, Arizona Census-designated place in Arizona, United States

Many Farms is a census-designated place (CDP) in Apache County, Arizona, United States. The population was 1,348 at the 2010 census.

Nazlini, Arizona Census-designated place in Arizona, United States

Nazlini is a census-designated place (CDP) in Apache County, Arizona, United States. The population was 489 at the 2010 census. Nearby are Nazlini Creek and Nazlini Canyon. Nazlini Canyon is the site of many Native American ruins and campsites which were abandoned when erosion made them unusable.

Red Mesa, Arizona Census-designated place in Arizona, United States

Red Mesa is a census-designated place (CDP) in Apache County, Arizona, United States. The population was 480 at the 2010 census.

Rock Point, Arizona Census-designated place in Arizona, United States

Rock Point is a census-designated place (CDP) in Apache County, Arizona, United States. The population was 642 at the 2010 census. Its name is descriptive of the point where Chinle Creek enters some high sandstone walls.

Rough Rock, Arizona Census-designated place in Arizona, United States

Rough Rock is a census-designated place (CDP) in Apache County, Arizona, United States. The population was 414 at the 2010 census.

Round Rock, Arizona Census-designated place in Arizona, United States

Round Rock is a census-designated place (CDP) in Apache County, Arizona, United States. The population was 789 at the 2010 census. It is named after a nearby mesa.

Springerville, Arizona Town in Arizona, United States

Springerville is a town in Apache County, Arizona, United States, within the White Mountains. Its postal ZIP code is 85938. As of the 2010 census, the population of the town was 1,961.

Teec Nos Pos, Arizona Census-designated place in Arizona, United States

Teec Nos Pos is a census-designated place (CDP) in Apache County, Arizona, United States. The population was 730 at the 2010 census. The Navajo name of this community translates as "cottonwoods in a circle." It is the western terminus of U.S. Route 64.

Tsaile, Arizona Census-designated place in Arizona, United States

Tsaile is a census-designated place (CDP) in Apache County, Arizona, United States, on the Navajo Nation. The population was 1,205 at the 2010 census.

Window Rock, Arizona City in Arizona, United States

Window Rock is a small city that serves as the seat of government and capital of the Navajo Nation, the largest territory of a sovereign Native American nation in North America. It lies within the boundaries of the St. Michaels Chapter, adjacent to the Arizona and New Mexico state line. Window Rock hosts the Navajo Nation governmental campus which contains the Navajo Nation Council, Navajo Nation Supreme Court, the offices of the Navajo Nation President and Vice President, and many Navajo government buildings.

Cibecue, Arizona Census-designated place in Arizona, United States

Cibecue is a census-designated place (CDP) in Navajo County, Arizona, United States. The population was 1713 in the 2010 United States Census.

East Fork, Arizona CDP in Arizona, United States

East Fork is a census-designated place (CDP) in Navajo County, Arizona, United States. The population was 699 at the 2010 census.

Jeddito, Arizona CDP in Arizona, United States

Jeddito is a census-designated place (CDP) in Navajo County, Arizona, United States. The population was 293 at the 2010 census.

Whiteriver, Arizona Census designated place in Arizona, United States

Whiteriver is a census-designated place (CDP) located on the Fort Apache Indian Reservation in Navajo County, Arizona, United States. The population was 4,104 at the 2010 census, making it the largest settlement on the Reservation.

References

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  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. Walker, Henry (1986). "Historical Atlas of Arizona", p.32. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman. ISBN   978-0806120249.
  4. "Underlying Cause of Death, 1999-2015 Results". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved January 11, 2017.
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  6. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved May 10, 2019.
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  11. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  12. 1 2 "County Membership Reports". thearda.com. Retrieved August 22, 2011.
  13. 1 2 3 "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  14. "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  15. "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  16. "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 20, 2016.
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  18. Reisner, Marc; Cadillac Desert: The American West and Its Disappearing Water ; p. 11 ISBN   0140178244
  19. "Dave Leip's Atlas of United States Presidential Elections" . Retrieved June 11, 2011.
  20. Scammon, Richard M. (compiler); America at the Polls: A Handbook of Presidential Election Statistics 1920-1964; pp. 42-44 ISBN   0405077114
  21. "Home Archived January 29, 2011, at the Wayback Machine ." Apache County Library District. Retrieved on January 30, 2011. "Apache County Library District PO Box 2760 30 South 2nd West St Johns, AZ 85936"
  22. "Alpine Public Library Archived August 13, 2010, at the Wayback Machine ." Apache County Library District. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  23. "Concho Public Library [ permanent dead link ]." Apache County Library District. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  24. "Greer Memorial Library Archived August 22, 2010, at the Wayback Machine ." Apache County Library District. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  25. "Round Valley Public Library [ permanent dead link ]." Apache County Library District. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  26. "Sanders Public Library [ permanent dead link ]." Apache County Library District. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  27. "St. Johns Public Library [ permanent dead link ]." Apache County Library District. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  28. "Vernon Public Library [ permanent dead link ]." Apache County Library District. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  29. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 21, 2013. Retrieved December 6, 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  30. https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/maps/block/2010/

Coordinates: 35°25′26″N109°26′33″W / 35.42389°N 109.44250°W / 35.42389; -109.44250