Goodyear, Arizona

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Goodyear
Goodyear-City Hall.JPG
Goodyear City Hall building at 190 N Litchfield Road
City-of-goodyear-logo.png
Seal
Maricopa County Arizona Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Goodyear Highlighted 0428380.svg
Location of Goodyear in Maricopa County, Arizona
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Goodyear
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°27′00″N112°21′30″W / 33.45000°N 112.35833°W / 33.45000; -112.35833 Coordinates: 33°27′00″N112°21′30″W / 33.45000°N 112.35833°W / 33.45000; -112.35833
Country United States
State Arizona
County Maricopa
Government
   Mayor Georgia Lord
Area
[1]
  Total191.23 sq mi (495.29 km2)
  Land191.20 sq mi (495.20 km2)
  Water0.03 sq mi (0.09 km2)
Elevation
968 ft (295 m)
Population
  Total65,275
  Estimate 
(2017) [3]
79,858
  Density404.07/sq mi (156.01/km2)
Time zone UTC-7 (MST (no DST))
ZIP code
85338, 85395
Area code(s) 623
FIPS code 04-28380
Website http://www.goodyearaz.gov/

Goodyear (O'odham: Valin Thak) is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. It is a suburb of Phoenix and at the 2010 census had a population of 65,275, [2] the third fastest-growing city in Arizona between 1990 and 2000. The 2017 population estimate was 79,858. [4]

Maricopa County, Arizona County in the United States

Maricopa County is a county in the south-central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. The U.S. Census Bureau estimated its population was 4,307,033 as of 2017, making it the state's most populous county, and the fourth-most populous in the United States, containing more than half the population of Arizona. It is more populous than 23 states. The county seat is Phoenix, the state capital and fifth-most populous city in the United States.

Arizona state of the United States of America

Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico; its other neighboring states are Nevada and California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the south and southwest.

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

Contents

The city is home to the Goodyear Ballpark, where the Cleveland Indians and Cincinnati Reds of Major League Baseball hold spring training.

Goodyear Ballpark Baseball stadium located in Goodyear, AZ

Goodyear Ballpark is a stadium in Goodyear, Arizona and part of a $108 million baseball complex that is the current spring training home of the Cleveland Indians and the Cincinnati Reds. The stadium opened to the public with a grand opening ceremony on February 21, 2009 and held its first Cactus League spring training baseball game on February 25, 2009. The stadium complex is owned by the city of Goodyear and contains the main field with a seating capacity of 10,311 along with several practice fields and team offices.

Cleveland Indians Baseball team and Major League Baseball franchise in Cleveland, Ohio, United States

The Cleveland Indians are an American professional baseball team based in Cleveland, Ohio. The Indians compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the American League (AL) Central division. Since 1994, they have played at Progressive Field. The team's spring training facility is at Goodyear Ballpark in Goodyear, Arizona. Since their establishment as a major league franchise in 1901, the Indians have won two World Series championships: in 1920 and 1948, along with 10 Central Division titles and six American League pennants. The Indians' current World Series championship drought is the longest active drought.

Cincinnati Reds Baseball team and Major League Baseball franchise in Cincinnati, Ohio, United States

The Cincinnati Reds are an American professional baseball team based in Cincinnati, Ohio. The Reds compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the National League (NL) Central division. They were a charter member of the American Association in 1882 and joined the NL in 1890.

In 2008, Goodyear won the All-America City Award, sponsored by the National Civic League. The city is named after the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company. The company cultivated extensive farmland here to grow cotton for use in their tires.

The National Civic League is an American nonpartisan, non-profit organization founded in 1894 with a mission to advance civic engagement to create equitable, thriving communities. The League envisions a country where the full diversity of community members are actively and meaningfully engaged in local governance, including both decision making and implementation of activities to advance the common good. It also promotes professional management of local government through publication of "model charters" for both city and county governments.

The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company is an American multinational tire manufacturing company founded in 1898 by Frank Seiberling and based in Akron, Ohio. Goodyear manufactures tires for automobiles, commercial trucks, light trucks, motorcycles, SUVs, race cars, airplanes, farm equipment and heavy earth-mover machinery. It also produced bicycle tires from its founding until 1976. As of 2017, Goodyear is one of the top four tire manufacturers along with Bridgestone (Japan), Michelin (France) and Continental (Germany).

History

Goodyear was established in 1917 with the purchase of 16,000 acres (65 km2) of land by the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company to cultivate cotton for vehicle tire cords. World War II was important to Goodyear in the 1940s as the current Phoenix Goodyear Airport was built, but after the war, the economy suffered. Goodyear became a town on November 19, 1946. [5] At the time, it had 151 homes and 250 apartments, a grocery store, a barber shop, beauty shop and a gas station.

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

Phoenix Goodyear Airport airport

Phoenix Goodyear Airport is a public airport a 1.15 miles southwest of Goodyear, in Maricopa County, Arizona.

World War II

Luke Field Auxiliary #6 (Goodyear Field) was built by the United States Army Air Forces in 1943. It served as a satellite airfield for Luke AAF. According to the History of Luke AFB, this airfield boasted the most facilities. It had separate buildings for crew chiefs, operations, supply, barracks, pit latrine, crash truck shed, generator shed and a control tower. Luke AF Auxiliary #6 ceased operations by 1971. [6]

United States Army Air Forces Aerial warfare branch of the United States army from 1941 to 1947

The United States Army Air Forces, informally known as the Air Force,or United States Army Air Force, was the aerial warfare service component of the United States Army during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services. The AAF was a component of the United States Army, which in 1942 was divided functionally by executive order into three autonomous forces: the Army Ground Forces, the Services of Supply, and the Army Air Forces. Each of these forces had a commanding general who reported directly to the Army Chief of Staff.

The property, which is in a state of complete abandonment, is owned by the State of Arizona, which has worked with developers on proposals for use. [6]

Modern history

In January 1965, the Phoenix Trotting Park, a harness racing track opened, the current Interstate 10 passes north of the site. As the region lacked major roads from Phoenix to Goodyear, there was not enough business and the track closed two years later. The Park no longer stands, it was demolished in 2017. The park had been abandoned since the late 1960s.

The town became a city in 1985. In the same decade, the remaining 10,000 acres (40 km2) of the original farmland was sold for future development. The Phoenix Goodyear Airport received its current name in 1986. [7]

Housing and growth

South Lake Park in Estrella, on the southern end of Goodyear. GoodyearAZ.jpg
South Lake Park in Estrella, on the southern end of Goodyear.

Although Goodyear was founded in 1917, the majority of construction and population growth happened after 1990. 22 communities that are completed and under construction have a total area of approximately 20,000 acres (31 sq mi). These communities, along with another 21 communities for future suburban development, will contain almost 200,000 homes, with only 25,000 built. [8]

Goodyear was affected by the 2000s American housing bubble, reducing home values. Since then, the housing market has rebounded considerably. According to Opendoor, zip code 85338 in Goodyear was the fifth most popular place in the Phoenix metro area to buy a home, based on home sales. There are also a variety of home options in 2019 to accommodate families, those who are single, and seniors. As the population in Goodyear grows faster than ever, home builders and community developers are working quickly to keep up with the demand.

Estrella is the largest community in Goodyear, at 20,000 acres (31 sq mi). The community is home to about 10,000 residents. Palm Valley, located north of Interstate 10, is 9,000 acres (14 sq mi), with variously-sized homes. PebbleCreek is a community for active adult living, with 45 holes of championship golf, fitness centers, and restaurants.

From the 1990s through the 2010s, residential development has stimulated the growth of Goodyear as a suburb of Phoenix. Goodyear's population is projected to be 358,000 by 2035. [9]

Geography

Goodyear is located at 33°27′00″N112°21′30″W / 33.45000°N 112.35833°W / 33.45000; -112.35833 (33.449917, −112.358382). [10] Nearby cities include Avondale, Litchfield Park, Tolleson and Buckeye. Goodyear is about 17 miles (27 km) west of downtown Phoenix.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 116.5 square miles (302 km2), all of it land. The Gila River passes through the city. The largest master planned community is Estrella, south of the Gila River, located near the Estrella Mountains. [11]

The Estrella Mountain Regional Park covers almost 20,000 acres (31 sq mi), and most of that area is still desert. It contains eight trails over 30 mi (48 km) in length combined, two baseball fields, and a 9.5 mi (15.3 km) track. [12]

Climate

Goodyear has a subtropical desert climate (Köppen: BWh) due to its location in the Sonoran Desert. The city receives somewhere around ten inches of rain annually. The city has more than 300 sunny days per year.

Winters are sunny with mild temperatures -- nighttime lows averaging between 40°F and 50°F (4°C and 10°C) and daytime highs ranging from 60°F to 75°F (16°C to 24°C). The lowest temperature ever recorded in Goodyear is 16°F (-9°C). Summers are very hot, with daily high temperatures at or above 100°F (38°C) for the entirety of June, July, and August, as well as many days in May and September. An occasional heat wave will spike temperatures over 115°F (46°C) briefly. Nighttime lows in the summer months average between 70°F and 80°F (21°C and 27°C), with an occasional overnight low above 80°F (27°C) not uncommon. The highest recorded temperature in Goodyear is 125°F (52°C).

Snow is rare in the area, occurring once every several years. Lows in the winter occasionally dip below freezing, which may damage some desert plants such as saguaros and other cacti. In the summer (mainly July, August and early September), the North American Monsoon can hit the Phoenix area in the afternoon and evening (possibly continuing overnight), causing rain showers even from a sunny morning. Dust storms are occasional, mainly during the summer.

Climate data for Goodyear, Arizona
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)89
(32)
93
(34)
100
(38)
105
(41)
115
(46)
125
(52)
125
(52)
120
(49)
116
(47)
109
(43)
98
(37)
89
(32)
125
(52)
Average high °F (°C)65
(18)
70
(21)
76
(24)
85
(29)
94
(34)
103
(39)
105
(41)
103
(39)
98
(37)
87
(31)
74
(23)
64
(18)
85
(30)
Average low °F (°C)42
(6)
45
(7)
50
(10)
56
(13)
64
(18)
72
(22)
79
(26)
79
(26)
72
(22)
59
(15)
48
(9)
41
(5)
59
(15)
Record low °F (°C)16
(−9)
22
(−6)
22
(−6)
27
(−3)
36
(2)
49
(9)
57
(14)
50
(10)
44
(7)
31
(−1)
22
(−6)
20
(−7)
16
(−9)
Average precipitation inches (mm)0.99
(25)
1.28
(33)
0.97
(25)
0.37
(9.4)
0.11
(2.8)
0.04
(1.0)
0.83
(21)
1.23
(31)
0.95
(24)
0.49
(12)
0.68
(17)
0.99
(25)
8.93
(227)
Source: The Weather Channel [13]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1930 1,135
1950 1,254
1960 1,65431.9%
1970 2,14029.4%
1980 2,74728.4%
1990 6,258127.8%
2000 18,911202.2%
2010 65,275245.2%
Est. 201779,858 [14] 22.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [15]

2010 Census

As of 2010, the U.S. Census Bureau reported that there were 65,275 people residing in the city. 71.9% of the city's population was White, 6.7% were Black, 1.3% were Native American, and 4.3% were Asian. 27.8% were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 25,027 housing units in the city. [16] 31% of the population is between ages 35 and 49.

2000 Census

As of 2000, there were 18,911 people, 6,179 households, and 4,986 families residing in the city. The population density was 162.4 people per square mile (62.7/km²). There were 6,771 housing units at an average density of 58.1 per square mile (22.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 78.13% White, 5.20% African American, 1.06% Native American, 1.71% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 10.87% from other races, and 2.95% from two or more races. 20.80% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,179 households out of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.1% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.3% were non-families. 14.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city, the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 34.1% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, and 9.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $57,492, and the median income for a family was $60,707. Males had a median income of $40,702 versus $28,410 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,506. About 3.6% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.7% of those under age 18 and 3.7% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure

Goodyear has a council-manager form of government. The current mayor is Georgia Lord, who was elected to fill a two-year unexpired term as Mayor of the City of Goodyear in March of 2011, was re-elected to serve a second term as Mayor in 2013, and was elected to serve her final term in 2017. The mayor has a two-term limit. The vice mayor of the city is Wally Campbell, who was first elected in 2011. There are six councilmembers, with three-term limits. [17]

The Arizona Department of Corrections operates the Arizona State Prison Complex-Perryville in Goodyear. [18] The prison houses the female death row. [19]

Education

Several school districts serve the city of Goodyear. Elementary school districts include Avondale Elementary School District, Liberty Elementary School District, Litchfield Elementary School District, and Mobile Elementary School District. High school districts include Agua Fria Union High School District and Buckeye Union High School District. [20]

Elementary/Middle schools

[21] [22]

High schools

[23]

Colleges and universities

Franklin Pierce University has had a campus here since 2008, when the New Hampshire-based university signed a lease with the city to purchase 30 acres (120,000 m2) of land. [24] It offers a Doctor of Physical Therapy program and other health-care related programs. [25]

Sports

Goodyear Ballpark Goodyear Ballpark 1st Base Entrance.jpg
Goodyear Ballpark

Goodyear is known as a site for professional baseball teams' spring training sessions. The Cleveland Indians of Major League Baseball's American League moved their spring training facility to Goodyear from Winter Haven, Florida and rejoined the Cactus League in February 2009, after a 15-year absence. Before that, the Indians held spring training for many years in Tucson.

On April 7, 2008, Goodyear's city council unanimously approved a memorandum to fund a new $33 million baseball spring training complex for Major League Baseball's Cincinnati Reds and Cleveland Indians. This includes a 10,000-seat park, Goodyear Ballpark, that opened in 2009. The Reds and the Indians have separate offices, clubhouses and practice fields. The Indians had held their spring training in Tucson for many years until moving to Winter Haven in 1993. They agreed in 2006 to return their spring training location to Arizona at Goodyear.

The Goodyear Centennials, of the Freedom Pro Baseball League, played their home games at the Goodyear Ballpark. Two other baseball teams in the Arizona League, the Arizona League Indians and the Arizona League Reds, also play at the stadium.

Transportation

Air

Phoenix Goodyear Airport is located here. It has an 8,500 ft runway capable of handling large jet aircraft. This airport, used by many international airlines for aircraft maintenance and storage, has no active commercial air service.

Rail

Union Pacific operates a railroad that goes through Goodyear. Rail lines provide Goodyear with access to 23 states in the western two-thirds of the United States.

Road transport

Interstate 10 goes through Goodyear, heading west to Buckeye and Los Angeles. I-10 heads east to Phoenix, Tucson, and the Southern states.

The city is also served by the western ends of several bus routes of the Valley Metro Bus. [26]

Other roads and highways serve the area. Loop 303 starts as Cotton Lane then heads up north to Surprise and then to Interstate 17. Van Buren Street, McDowell, Indian School and Camelback Roads are major arterial roads leading from the extreme western Phoenix area to past Scottsdale, in the east. MC 85 (Maricopa County Highway 85) is a highway running from Arizona State Route 85 in Buckeye to central Phoenix. The highway passes the southern sections of Goodyear.

Road improvements

Interstate 10 was built through Goodyear in the late 20th century. Between 2008 and 2014, the road had significant expansions. It was expanded from 2 lanes in each direction to 5 or 6 (including one HOV lane starting near Loop 303 going east). There were also new interchanges, including Exit 122 (Perryville Road), Exit 123 (Citrus Road) and Exit 125 (Sarival Avenue).

Loop 303 improvement

The Arizona Department of Transportation built a new interchange near the Interstate 10/Loop 303 junctions. The interchange is being expanded from a diamond interchange to a stack interchange. As a result, Loop 303 under Interstate 10 was cleared, and Exit 124 on Interstate 10 has been shut down; the new interchange was completed in 2014.

South of Interstate 10, Loop 303 is being planned to extend to a future State Route 30. [27]

State Route 801

Arizona State Route 801 is a proposed highway south of Interstate 10 that will relieve traffic congestion. It is planned to run between Arizona State Route 85 to Loop 202. [28]

This gallery includes photos of the following:

Notable people

Events

Source: [33]

See also

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The Phoenix Trotting Park, was a horse racing track built in 1964 in Goodyear, Arizona. It opened in 1965 and was run for about two and a half seasons. The large, futuristically designed structure gave an optimistic look for the 1960s.

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Estrella is a mixed-use master-planned community located in Goodyear, Arizona, in the United States. Encompassing roughly 20,000 acres, the lakeside community is nestled in the foothills of the Sierra Estrella Mountains, in the Sonoran Desert Valley. Located approximately 17 miles west of Phoenix off the I-10 and Estrella Parkway, the community offers easy access to the Greater Metro-Phoenix area. Currently, Estrella is home to more than 40,000 residents ranging from young couples to retirees. The community hosts regular family-friendly events, provides residents with a variety of amenities and its design includes an abundance of parks, trails and open space to support a healthy, outdoor lifestyle. Estrella currently comprises three distinct communities – Mountain Ranch, Montecito and the gated, 55-Plus CantaMia.

Goodyear Farms Historic Cemetery

The Goodyear Farms Historic Cemetery is the official name given to a historic cemetery located at 3900 N Santa Fe Trail in the city of Avondale, Arizona. In the past the cemetery was known as the "Pioneer Cemetery" and also as the "Litchfield Cemetery". It is the final resting place of many Mexican migrants and Native-Americans who worked in the Goodyear Farms and the Wigwam Resort in Litchfield Park. The majority of the unmarked graves are of those who perished in the 1918 Spanish Influenza pandemic which spread throughout the entire globe. The Pioneers' Cemetery Association (PCA) defines an "historic cemetery" as one which has been in existence for more than fifty years.

Paul W. Litchfield

Paul W. Litchfield was an American inventor, industrialist, author, CEO of the Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company and the founder of the town of Litchfield Park, Arizona. Among his accomplishments as Chairman was the establishment of a research and development department that produced the first practical airplane tire, long-haul conveyor belts, hydraulic disc brakes for airplanes, the first pneumatic truck tire, and a bullet-sealing fuel tank for military airplanes. Litchfield was also the author of books on air power, trucks, employee relations, and business.

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  6. 1 2 Airfields
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  17. "Goodyear, AZ – Official Website – Mayor and Council". Archived from the original on May 29, 2013. Retrieved December 17, 2012.
  18. "Arizona State Prison Complex- Perryville." Arizona Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 16, 2010.
  19. "Death Row Information and Frequently Asked Questions Archived May 27, 2010, at the Wayback Machine ." Arizona Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 16, 2010.
  20. "Schools & Education Archived December 17, 2007, at the Wayback Machine ." City of Goodyear. Retrieved on March 24, 2009.
  21. "Schools". Archived from the original on February 4, 2012. Retrieved December 16, 2012.
  22. "Liberty Elementary SD 25 – AZ – Liberty Home". Archived from the original on June 25, 2012. Retrieved December 16, 2012.
  23. "Agua Fria Union High School District – Agua Fria Union High School District Home". Archived from the original on July 23, 2012. Retrieved December 16, 2012.
  24. "Goodyear, AZ – Official Website – Education". Archived from the original on September 21, 2012. Retrieved January 19, 2013.
  25. "Franklin Pierce University in Goodyear Arizona – Franklin Pierce University". Archived from the original on May 5, 2008. Retrieved January 20, 2013.
  26. Transit Book. Valley Metro. July 2012. Retrieved August 26, 2012.
  27. "Loop 303 South of I-10" . Retrieved December 18, 2012.
  28. "Valley Freeways (State Route 801)" . Retrieved December 18, 2012.
  29. Home Depot
  30. All About Phoenix Trotting Park
  31. Goodyear history: 'Wingfoot' house created in Goodyear
  32. Goodyear Arizona History Wingfoot House
  33. http://www.goodyearaz.gov