Avondale, Arizona

Last updated

Avondale
City
Avondale-Avondale entrance.jpg
Entrance to the town of Avondale
Maricopa County Arizona Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Avondale Highlighted 0404720.svg
Location of Avondale in Maricopa County, Arizona.
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Avondale
Location in Arizona
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Avondale
Avondale (the United States)
North America laea location map.svg
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Avondale
Avondale (North America)
Coordinates: 33°26′01″N112°20′59″W / 33.43361°N 112.34972°W / 33.43361; -112.34972 Coordinates: 33°26′01″N112°20′59″W / 33.43361°N 112.34972°W / 33.43361; -112.34972
CountryUnited States
State Arizona
County Maricopa
Government
  MayorKenn Weise
Area
[1]
  Total45.32 sq mi (117.38 km2)
  Land45.25 sq mi (117.19 km2)
  Water0.07 sq mi (0.19 km2)
Elevation
974 ft (297 m)
Population
 (2010) [2]
  Total76,238
  Estimate 
(2018) [3]
85,835
  Density1,896.95/sq mi (732.42/km2)
Time zone UTC-7 (MST (no daylight saving time))
ZIP code
85323, 85392
Area code(s) 623
FIPS code 04-04720
Website http://www.ci.avondale.az.us/

Avondale is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, adjacent to Phoenix. According to the 2017 U.S. Census estimates, the population of the city is 84,025. [2]

Maricopa County, Arizona County in Arizona

Maricopa County is located in the south-central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. The U.S. Census Bureau estimated its population was 4,410,824 as of 2018, making it the state's most populous county, and the fourth-most populous in the United States, containing more than half the population of Arizona. It is more populous than 23 states. The county seat is Phoenix, the state capital and fifth-most populous city in the United States.

Phoenix, Arizona State capital city of Arizona, United States

Phoenix is the capital and most populous city in Arizona, with 1,660,272 people. It is also the fifth most populous city in the United States, and the only state capital with a population of more than one million residents.

Contents

Avondale, incorporated in 1946, experienced rapid residential and commercial growth in the years since 1980. Once primarily a sparsely populated farming community with many acres of alfalfa and cotton fields, Avondale has transformed into a major bedroom suburb for Phoenix. Several major residential subdivisions and shopping centers have recently been built on former farmland, many adjacent to Interstate 10.[ citation needed ]

Phoenix Children's Hospital has a satellite facility (the Southwest Valley Urgent Care Center), at the corner of Avondale Boulevard and McDowell Road.

Phoenix Childrens Hospital Hospital in Arizona, United States

Phoenix Children’s Hospital is a 433-bed, freestanding children’s hospital located in Phoenix, Arizona that provides specialty pediatric services in inpatient, outpatient, emergency, trauma, and urgent care. Specialty and urgent care centers are located in Mesa, Scottsdale, Glendale, Avondale with additional specialty care services in Chandler, Gilbert, Tucson, Yuma and Flagstaff.

Geography

Avondale is located at 33°26′01″N112°20′59″W / 33.43361°N 112.34972°W / 33.43361; -112.34972 (33.435322, −112.349758). [4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 41.3 square miles (107 km2), of which, 41.3 square miles (107 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (0.15%) is water.

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Demographics

Avondale first appeared on the 1920 U.S. Census as the 45th Precinct of Maricopa County (AKA Coldwater). [5] In 1930, it simply appeared as the Coldwater Precinct. It was recorded as having a Spanish/Hispanic majority for that census [6] (the census would not separately feature that racial demographic again until 1980). With the combination of all county precincts into 3 districts in 1940, it did not report on that census. In 1946, it was incorporated as the town of Avondale, and has appeared on every census since 1950. In 1959, it upgraded to a city. [7]

As of the census of 2000, there were 35,883 people, 10,640 households, and 8,724 families residing in the city. The population density was 869.7 people per square mile (335.8/km²). There were 11,419 housing units at an average density of 276.8 per square mile (106.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 63.27% White, 5.20% Black or African American, 1.28% Native American, 1.89% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 24.32% from other races, and 3.89% from two or more races. 46.23% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 10,640 households out of which 47.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.9% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.0% were non-families. 12.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age. The average household size was 3.36 and the average family size was 3.66.

In the city, the population was spread out with 34.2% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 33.1% from 25 to 44, 17.7% from 45 to 64, and 5.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $49,153, and the median income for a family was $51,084. Males had a median income of $35,134 versus $27,487 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,919. About 10.3% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.2% of those under age 18 and 16.7% of those age 65 or over.

In 2010 Avondale had a population of 78,256. The racial and ethnic composition of the population was 50.3% Hispanic or Latino, 34.0% non-Hispanic white, 9.3% black or African American, 1.7% Native American, 3.5% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 0.2% non-Hispanic of some other race and 4.5% reporting two or more races. [8]

Historical population
CensusPop.
1920 517
1930 1,770242.4%
1950 2,505
1960 6,151145.5%
1970 6,6267.7%
1980 8,16823.3%
1990 16,16998.0%
2000 35,883121.9%
2010 76,238112.5%
Est. 201885,835 [3] 12.6%
U.S. Decennial Census [9]

Governmental representation

Avondale falls within Arizona's 3rd Congressional District, served by Representative Raúl Grijalva and Arizona's 19th State Legislative District, served by Representatives Mark A. Cardenas and Diego Espinoza and Senator Lupe Contreras, all Democrats.

Climate

Avondale has a large amount of sunshine year round due to its stable descending air and high pressure. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, the city has a Hot desert climate, abbreviated "Bwh" on climate maps. [10]

Winters are sunny and mild with nighttime lows averaging between 40 °F (4 °C) and 50 °F (4 °C and 10 °C) and daytime highs ranging from 60 °F (16 °C) to 75 °F (16 °C to 24 °C). The record low temperature recorded in Avondale is 16 °F (−9 °C). Summers are extremely hot, with daily high temperatures at or above 100 °F (38 °C) for the entirety of June, July, and August, as well as many days in May and September. An occasional heat wave will spike temperatures over 115 °F (46 °C) briefly. Nighttime lows in the summer months average between 70 °F (21 °C) and 80 °F (21 °C and 27 °C), with an occasional overnight low above 80 °F (27 °C) not uncommon. Avondale's record high temperature stands at an impressive 125 °F (52 °C), a few degrees warmer than the record for Phoenix, and just 3 °F (−16 °C) shy of Arizona's state record of 128 °F (53 °C), recorded in Lake Havasu City on June 29, 1994.

Snow is rare in the area, occurring once every several years. Lows in the winter occasionally dip below freezing, which may damage some desert plants such as saguaros and other cacti. In the summer (mainly July, August and early September), the North American Monsoon can hit the Phoenix area in the afternoon and evening (possibly continuing overnight), causing rain showers even from a sunny morning. Dust storms are occasional, mainly during the summer.

Climate data for Avondale, Arizona
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)89
(32)
93
(34)
100
(38)
105
(41)
115
(46)
125
(52)
125
(52)
120
(49)
116
(47)
109
(43)
98
(37)
89
(32)
125
(52)
Average high °F (°C)65
(18)
70
(21)
76
(24)
85
(29)
94
(34)
103
(39)
105
(41)
103
(39)
98
(37)
87
(31)
74
(23)
64
(18)
85
(30)
Average low °F (°C)42
(6)
45
(7)
50
(10)
56
(13)
64
(18)
72
(22)
79
(26)
79
(26)
72
(22)
59
(15)
48
(9)
41
(5)
59
(15)
Record low °F (°C)16
(−9)
22
(−6)
22
(−6)
27
(−3)
36
(2)
49
(9)
57
(14)
50
(10)
44
(7)
31
(−1)
22
(−6)
20
(−7)
16
(−9)
Average precipitation inches (mm)0.99
(25)
1.28
(33)
0.97
(25)
0.37
(9.4)
0.11
(2.8)
0.04
(1.0)
0.83
(21)
1.23
(31)
0.95
(24)
0.49
(12)
0.68
(17)
0.99
(25)
8.93
(227)
Source: The Weather Channel [11]

Notable people

Education

Avondale is served by the Littleton Elementary School District, the Avondale Elementary School District, and the Agua Fria Union High School District and Tolleson Union High School District. Within city boundaries are four public high schools—Agua Fria High School, [La Joya Community High School]], Westview High School and West Point High School—as well as charter Estrella High School and Catholic St. John Paul II Catholic High School. Estrella Mountain Community College, established in 1992, is located in the city. Another college is Universal Technical Institute.

Sports

The Phoenix International Raceway as viewed from the summit of Monument Hill Avondale-Phoenix International Raceway.jpg
The Phoenix International Raceway as viewed from the summit of Monument Hill

Avondale is home to ISM Raceway. It holds two Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series races, two Xfinity Series races, and a Camping World Truck Series race annually.

The City of Avondale Parks and Recreation Department offers sports for both youth and adults. [14]

City parks

12421 W Lower Buckeye Road

101 E. Lower Buckeye

10857 West Pima St.

12325 West McDowell

201 E Mountain View Drive [15]

521 E Western Ave

101 E Lawrence Blvd

351 E Western Ave

202 E Main St

104 W Western Ave

Gila and Salt River Meridan

The initial point of the Gila and Salt River Meridan. Avondale-Gila and Salt River Meridan-2.jpg
The initial point of the Gila and Salt River Meridan.

The surveying marker of the Gila and Salt River Meridan is located on Monument Hill. Ever since 1851, this has been the center point used by the state to measure the land in Arizona. The federal government recognized this point for measuring the boundary between the United States and Mexico after the Mexican–American War ended. The first survey conducted in 1867, involved the first 36 miles (58 km) of Arizona. Up until 1874, this was the epicenter of all surveying in Arizona for property deeds. It was listed in the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 2002, Reference #02001137. Monument Hill is located at 115th Avenue and Baseline Road in Avondale. [16]

See also

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References

  1. "2018 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2019.
  2. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved June 18, 2012.
  3. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 4, 2019.
  4. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  5. http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/06229686v1-7ch02.pdf
  6. https://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/10612963v3p1ch02.pdf
  7. http://www.leagueaz.org/lgd/index.cfm?area=main&cid=2
  8. 2010 census report for Avondale
  9. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  10. Climate Summary for Avondale, Arizona
  11. "Monthly Averages for Avondale, AZ". Weather.com. 2018. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
  12. "Tribute to Randall McDaniel". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved August 29, 2016.
  13. "Shelley Smith". National Football League. Archived from the original on March 4, 2014. Retrieved August 29, 2016.
  14. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 21, 2008. Retrieved November 6, 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 7, 2014. Retrieved April 3, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. Did You Know: Monument Hill Is An Important Arizona Spot