Sun City, Arizona

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Sun City, Arizona
Sun City-Sun City DEVCO Model -1-1959.JPG
The Sun City DEVCO Model #1
Maricopa County Incorporated and Planning areas Sun City highlighted.svg
Location of Sun City in Maricopa County, Arizona
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Sun City
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°36′51″N112°16′55″W / 33.61417°N 112.28194°W / 33.61417; -112.28194 Coordinates: 33°36′51″N112°16′55″W / 33.61417°N 112.28194°W / 33.61417; -112.28194
Country United States
State Arizona
County Maricopa
Area
[1]
  Total14.59 sq mi (37.80 km2)
  Land14.42 sq mi (37.34 km2)
  Water0.17 sq mi (0.45 km2)
Elevation
1,142 ft (348 m)
Population
  Total37,499
  Estimate 
(2016) [2]
N/A
Time zone UTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
ZIP codes
85300-85399
Area code(s) 623
FIPS code 04-70320
GNIS feature ID0011953
Sun City and Sun City West, Arizona from Landsat 8, 2016 Sun City, Arizona.jpg
Sun City and Sun City West, Arizona from Landsat 8, 2016

Sun City is a census-designated place and unincorporated community in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, that is within the Phoenix metropolitan area. The population was 37,499 according to the 2010 census. Its adjoining sister city is Sun City West. Both cities are retirement communities popular with snowbirds.

A census-designated place (CDP) is a concentration of population defined by the United States Census Bureau for statistical purposes only. CDPs have been used in each decennial census since 1980 as the counterparts of incorporated places, such as self-governing cities, towns, and villages, for the purposes of gathering and correlating statistical data. CDPs are populated areas that generally include one officially designated but currently unincorporated small community, for which the CDP is named, plus surrounding inhabited countryside of varying dimensions and, occasionally, other, smaller unincorporated communities as well. CDPs include small rural communities, colonias located along the U.S. border with Mexico, and unincorporated resort and retirement communities and their environs.

Maricopa County, Arizona county in Arizona, United States

Maricopa County is a county in the south-central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. The U.S. Census Bureau estimated its population was 4,307,033 as of 2017, making it the state's most populous county, and the fourth-most populous in the United States. It is more populous than 23 states. The county seat is Phoenix, the state capital and fifth-most populous city in the United States.

Arizona state of the United States of America

Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona, one of the Four Corners states, is bordered by New Mexico to the east, Utah to the north, Nevada and California to the west, and Mexico to the south, as well as the southwestern corner of Colorado. Arizona's border with Mexico is 389 miles (626 km) long, on the northern border of the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California.

Contents

History

Sun City was opened January 1, 1960, with five home models, a shopping center, a recreation center, and a golf course. The opening weekend drew 100,000 people, ten times more than expected, and resulted in a Time magazine cover story. [3] The future retirement community was built on the site of the former ghost town of Marinette. [4] Developer Del E. Webb expanded Sun City over the years, and his company went on to build other retirement communities in the Sun Belt. Sun City West was built in the late 1970s, Sun City Grand in the late 1990s, Sun City Anthem in 1999, and Sun City Festival in July 2006. [5]

Ghost town city depopulated of inhabitants and that stays practically intact

A ghost town is an abandoned village, town, or city, usually one that contains substantial visible remains. A town often becomes a ghost town because the economic activity that supported it has failed, or due to natural or human-caused disasters such as floods, prolonged droughts, government actions, uncontrolled lawlessness, war, pollution, or nuclear disasters. The term can sometimes refer to cities, towns, and neighbourhoods that are still populated, but significantly less so than in past years; for example, those affected by high levels of unemployment and dereliction.

Marinette, Arizona Ghost town in Arizona, United States

Marinette was a ghost town in Maricopa County, Arizona, located just northwest of Peoria, Arizona, along the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. The site was promoted in the early 20th century for production of citrus fruit, apricots, olives, and other crops. The town was purchased by the Southwest Cotton company, a Goodyear subsidiary, in 1920. It existed until 1957, when the post office serving Marinette was moved to Youngtown. The place where Marinette once was later became the site of Del Webb Corporation's Sun City, Arizona.

Del Webb American businessman

Delbert Eugene Webb was an American real estate developer, and a co-owner of the New York Yankees baseball club. He is known for founding and developing the retirement community of Sun City, Arizona, and for many works of his firm, Del E. Webb Construction Company.

The community is well known to law students, as it is featured in the case Spur Industries v. Del E. Webb Development Co., 494 P.2d 700 (Ariz. 1972), commonly used in first-year property law courses to illustrate nuisance law.

The community's street network design consists largely of concentric circles in four main pinwheels. [6] [7]

Geography

Sun City is located at 33°35′31″N112°16′19″W / 33.59194°N 112.27194°W / 33.59194; -112.27194 (33.597439, −112.272052). [8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 14.6 square miles (38 km2), of which 14.5 square miles (38 km2) is land and 0.1 square mile (0.2 km², 0.62%) is water.

United States Census Bureau bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1970 13,670
1980 40,505196.3%
1990 38,126−5.9%
2000 38,3090.5%
2010 37,499−2.1%
source: [9]

According to the census [10] of 2000, there were 38,309 people, 23,490 households, and 12,520 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 2,639.5 people per square mile (1,019.4/km²). There were 27,731 housing units at an average density of 1,910.7 per square mile (737.9/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 98.44% White, 0.51% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, and 0.44% from two or more races. One percent (1.00%) of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 23,490 households, out of which 0.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 3.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.7% were nonfamilies. Individuals comprised 44.1% of all households, and 39.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.60 and the average family size was 2.07.

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 0.4% under the age of 18, 0.3% from 18 to 24, 2.0% from 25 to 44, 17.5% from 45 to 64, and 79.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 75 years. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 69.8 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $32,508, and the median income for a family was $40,464. Males had a median income of $35,459 versus $26,453 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $25,935. About 2.5% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.

Recreation

The city has eight golf courses. [11]

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References

  1. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 18, 2017.
  2. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. http://content.time.com/time/covers/0,16641,19620803,00.html
  4. Grant, Tina (1988). International directory of company histories. 14. St. James Press. p. 163. ISBN   1-55862-342-6 . Retrieved July 31, 2010.
  5. Judith Ann Trolander, "Age 55 or Better: Active Adult Communities and City Planning," Journal of Urban History, (Nov 2011) 37#6 pp 952–974
  6. http://g.co/maps/kn4bj http://g.co/maps/kn4bj
  7. http://www.city-data.com/zips/85351.html
  8. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  9. "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790–2000)". U.S. Census Bureau . Retrieved August 7, 2010.
  10. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  11. http://suncitygolfing.com/