Surprise, Arizona

Last updated

Surprise
City of Surprise
City Hall - Surprise, AZ, USA 2250094.jpg
The Surprise City Hall in January 2010
Surprise AZ seal.png
Seal
Maricopa County Arizona Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Surprise Highlighted 0471510.svg
Location of Surprise in Maricopa County, Arizona
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Surprise
Location in the contiguous United States
Coordinates: 33°37′50″N112°22′00″W / 33.63056°N 112.36667°W / 33.63056; -112.36667 Coordinates: 33°37′50″N112°22′00″W / 33.63056°N 112.36667°W / 33.63056; -112.36667
Country United States of America
State Arizona
County Maricopa
Government
   Mayor Skip Hall
Area
[1]
   City 108.28 sq mi (280.44 km2)
  Land108.17 sq mi (280.16 km2)
  Water0.11 sq mi (0.28 km2)
Elevation
1,175 ft (358 m)
Population
 (2010) [2]
   City 117,517
  Estimate 
(2018) [3]
138,161
  RankUS: 215th
  Density1,277.27/sq mi (493.15/km2)
   Metro
4,489,109 (US: 12th)
Time zone UTC-7 (MST (no DST))
ZIP code
85374, 85378-85379, 85387-85388
Area code(s) 623
FIPS code 04-71510
Website http://www.surpriseaz.gov

Surprise is a city in Maricopa County, in the U.S. state of Arizona. The population was 30,848 at the 2000 census; however, rapid expansion has boosted the city's population to 117,517 at the 2010 census, an increase of 281%. [2] As such, it is the second-fastest-expanding municipality in the greater Phoenix metropolitan area (after Gilbert) and, between 1990 and 2000, it was the sixth-fastest-expanding place among all cities and towns in Arizona. Census estimates in 2017 continue this accelerated growth pattern, with the population now estimated at 134,085. [4]

Maricopa County, Arizona County in the United States

Maricopa County is located in the south-central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. The U.S. Census Bureau estimated its population was 4,410,824 as of 2018, making it the state's most populous county, and the fourth-most populous in the United States, containing more than half the population of Arizona. It is more populous than 23 states. The county seat is Phoenix, the state capital and fifth-most populous city in the United States.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Arizona state of the United States of America

Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico; its other neighboring states are Nevada and California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the south and southwest.

Contents

The city has a 10,562-square-foot (981.2 m2) Aquatics Center and Maricopa County's northwest regional library, a $5.5 million, 20,000-square-foot (1,900 m2) library, along with a 100.3 cost of living index.

History

The city was founded in 1938 by Flora Mae Statler, who named it Surprise as she "would be surprised if the town ever amounted to much". [5] Surprise officials previously thought the city was founded by Statler's husband, real estate developer and state legislator Homer C. Ludden, but in 2010 property records were discovered which listed Statler owning the land before she met Ludden. [6]

Although there were only a few houses and a gas station on the one-square-mile (1.6 km) parcel of land when it was subdivided to build inexpensive houses for agricultural workers, Surprise has experienced tremendous growth in the years since. [7] It incorporated into a city in 1960, the townsite being bounded by Greenway Road on the south, El Mirage Road on the east, Bell Road on the north, and Dysart Road on the west. [8] City Hall is located on the site of one of Luke Air Force Base's former auxiliary airfields. [9]

Luke Air Force Base airport

Luke Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base located 7 miles west of the central business district of Glendale, in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. It is about 15 miles west of Phoenix, Arizona.

Tens of thousands of retirees moved to the city in the 1990s and early 2000s to live in Sun City Grand, an age-restricted resort-like community, with homes built by the property development firm Del Webb. Surprise is about five miles (8 km) northwest of Del Webb's original Sun City development and adjacent to Sun City West.

Retirement point where a person ceases employment permanently

Retirement is the withdrawal from one's position or occupation or from one's active working life. A person may also semi-retire by reducing work hours.

Del Webb American businessman

Delbert Eugene Webb was an American real estate developer, and a co-owner of the New York Yankees baseball club. He is known for founding and developing the retirement community of Sun City, Arizona, and for many works of his firm, Del E. Webb Construction Company.

Sun City, Arizona retirement community city in Arizona, United States

Sun City is a census-designated place and unincorporated community in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, that is within the Phoenix metropolitan area. The population was 37,499 according to the 2010 census. Its adjoining sister city is Sun City West. Both cities are retirement communities popular with snowbirds.

Sun City Grand has become a large contributor to the city's population, which more than septupled (7 times) from 10,187 to about 75,000 in 2004. [10] Rapid growth has led city officials to estimate the population at over 103,000 as of 2007, a figure the city maintains in spite of more conservative population estimates by the Census Bureau. [11]

Geography

Surprise is about 20 miles (32 km) northwest of Phoenix.

Phoenix, Arizona State capital city in Arizona, United States

Phoenix is the capital and most populous city of Arizona, with 1,660,272 people. It is also the fifth most populous city in the United States, and the most populous American state capital, and the only state capital with a population of more than one million residents.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 85.6 square miles (222 km2), of which, 85.5 square miles (221 km2) is land and 0.04 square mile (0.1 km²) (0.03%) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1970 2,427
1980 3,72353.4%
1990 7,12291.3%
2000 30,848333.1%
2010 117,517281.0%
Est. 2018138,161 [3] 17.6%
U.S. Decennial Census [12]

As of the census of 2000, there were 30,848 people, 12,484 households, and 9,725 families residing in the city. The population density was 443.9 people per square mile (171.4/km²). There were 16,260 housing units at an average density of 234.0 per square mile (90.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 85.97% White, 2.61% Black or African American, 0.43% Native American, 1.07% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 7.87% from other races, and 1.99% from two or more races. 23.29% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. In recent years, the racial makeup has varied due to the rapid expansion of the city.

There were 12,484 households out of which 21.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.5% were married couples living together, 5.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.1% were non-families. 17.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.75 people.

In the city, the population was spread out with 19.9% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 22.4% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 25.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $44,156, and the median income for a family was $47,899. Males had a median income of $33,079 versus $26,347 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,451. About 5.6% of families and 8.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.7% of those under age 18 and 3.3% of those age 65 or over.

In 2010, Surprise had a population of 117,517. The racial and ethnic composition of the population was 71.2% non-Hispanic white, 5.1% black or African American, 0.7% Native American, 2.6% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 0.1% non-Hispanic reporting some other race, 3.8% two or more races, and 18.5% Hispanic or Latino.[ citation needed ]

Economy

Largest employers

According to the City's 2016 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [13] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of employees
1 Dysart Unified School District 1,800
2City of Surprise1,020
3 Wal-Mart 770
4 Fry's Food and Drug 500
5 McDonald's 270
6 Maricopa County 210
7Sun City Grand Community Association200
8 The Home Depot 190
9 Kohl's Department Store 170
10 Sam's Club 160

Sports

The city is the spring training home of the Kansas City Royals and the Texas Rangers baseball teams. These Major League Baseball teams use Surprise Stadium for their activities. The city also hosted a Golden Baseball League team in 2005, the Surprise Fightin' Falcons and the Recreation Campus ballpark and is the home city for a team in the Arizona Fall League, the Surprise Saguaros. It also hosted ESPN SportsCenter's 50 States in 50 Days segment on August 11, 2005.

As part of the city's Recreation Campus, Surprise is also home to the Surprise Tennis and Racquet Complex (STRC). [14] Since its opening in August 2007, the complex has received numerous awards, including being named the 2008 Outstanding Facility of the year award by the USTA. The complex hosts various professional events throughout the year, including the Outback Champion Series tour, a USTA Pro Circuit event, and many USTA regional and sectional events. In 2009 the complex was chosen as the site for the Fed Cup Quarter Final between the U.S. and Argentina.

SurpriseStadiumPanorama.jpg
Panorama of Surprise Stadium

Government

Surprise is governed on the local level by a mayor and a six-member city council. [15] The mayor is elected at large, while the council members are elected from the six districts which they represent. All city council elections are officially nonpartisan. All representatives serve four-year terms. The current mayor is Skip Hall.

The local government website earned a "Sunny Award" for the proactive disclosure of government data from Sunshine Review. [16]

Education

The Dysart Unified School District serves the city of Surprise. [17] Arizona Charter Academy is also located in the area.

Infrastructure

Roads

Surprise is served by Loop 303 and U.S. Route 60. U.S. Route 60 leads southeast to Phoenix and northwest to Wickenburg and Las Vegas (via U.S. Route 93). Surprise is also served by many major arterial roads.

Utilities

Surprise is served by the following utilities:

Police

The Surprise Police Department consists of a field operations division, administrative services division, criminal investigations division, and technical services division. [18]

Mission Home Cemetery

Mission Home Cemetery Surprise-Home Mission Cemetery -2.jpg
Mission Home Cemetery

The Mission Home Cemetery, also known as the Sleeping Bride Cemetery, is a historic cemetery located in Surprise. [19]

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References

  1. "2018 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2019.
  2. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved June 18, 2012.
  3. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 4, 2019.
  4. Bureau, U. S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder.census.gov.
  5. "About Surprise". SurpriseAZ.Gov. Retrieved October 5, 2010.
  6. Gardiner, Dustin (August 28, 2010). "Historians: Flora Mae Statler, not husband, founded Surprise". The Arizona Republic . Retrieved October 5, 2010.
  7. Official Website – Surprise, Arizona Archived August 14, 2004, at the Wayback Machine
  8. "Moving to Phoenix: Where Should You Live?". TripSavvy.
  9. >
  10. Surprise, Arizona government web site – About Surprise Archived August 14, 2004, at the Wayback Machine
  11. Zlomek, Erin (July 3, 2007). "Census figure for Surprise 15,000 less than estimate from county". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved July 9, 2007.
  12. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  13. "City of Surprise 2016 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report" (PDF). June 30, 2016. p. 159. Retrieved January 22, 2018.
  14. "Tennis & Racquet Complex - Official Website - Surprise, Arizona". www.surpriseaz.gov.
  15. "Surprise City Council - Official Website - Surprise, Arizona". www.surpriseaz.gov.
  16. "Surprise, AZ News - Local News for Surprise, Arizona". www.americantowns.com.
  17. "Municipalities and Schools within the PUSD." (Archive) Peoria Unified School District. Retrieved on October 18, 2012.
  18. "Surprise Police Department - Official Website - Surprise, Arizona". www.surpriseaz.gov.
  19. "USA TODAY". USA TODAY.