Old Coconino County Courthouse in Flagstaff
Location within the U.S. state of Arizona
Arizona's location within the U.S.
|Founded||February 18, 1891|
|• Total||18,661 sq mi (48,330 km2)|
|• Land||18,619 sq mi (48,220 km2)|
|• Water||43 sq mi (110 km2) 0.2%%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||7.2/sq mi (2.8/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−7 (Mountain)|
Coconino County is a county located in the north central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. The population was 134,421 at the 2010 census. 18,661 square miles (48,300 km2), or 16.4% of Arizona's total area, making it larger than each of the nine smallest states.The county seat is Flagstaff. The county takes its name from Cohonino, a name applied to the Havasupai. It is the second-largest county by area in the contiguous United States, behind San Bernardino County, California, with its
Coconino County comprises the Flagstaff, Arizona Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Coconino County contains Grand Canyon National Park, the Havasupai Nation, and parts of the Navajo Nation, Hualapai Nation, and Hopi Nation. It has a relatively large Native American population at nearly 30% of the county's total population, being mostly Navajo with smaller numbers of Havasupai, Hopi, and others.
The county was the setting for George Herriman's early-20th-century Krazy Kat comic strip.
After the building of the Atlantic & Pacific Railroad in 1883 the region of northern Yavapai County began experiencing rapid growth. The people of the northern reaches had tired of the rigors of travelling all the way to Prescott for county business. They also believed that they were a significant enough entity that they should have their own county jurisdiction. Therefore, they decided in 1887 to petition for secession from Yavapai and the creation of a new Frisco County. They remained part of Yavapai, however, until 1891 when Coconino County was formed and its seat declared to be Flagstaff.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 18,661 square miles (48,330 km2), of which 18,619 square miles (48,220 km2) is land and 43 square miles (110 km2) (0.2%) is water. It is the largest county by area in Arizona and the second-largest county in the United States (excluding boroughs in Alaska) after San Bernardino County in California. It has more land area than each of the following U.S. states: Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Rhode Island, and Vermont.
The highest natural point in the county, as well as the entire state, is Humphreys Peak at 12,637 feet or 3,852 metres. The Barringer Meteor Crater is located in Coconino County.
Coconino County has 7,142.42 square miles (18,498.8 km2) of federally designated Indian reservation, second only to Apache County. In descending order of area within the county, the reservations are the Navajo Nation, Hualapai Indian Reservation, Hopi Indian Reservation, Havasupai Indian Reservation, and the Kaibab Indian Reservation. The Havasupai Reservation is the only one that lies entirely within the county's borders.
|U.S. Decennial Census |
As of the 2000 census, there were 116,320 people, 40,448 households, and 26,938 families living in the county. The population density was 6 people per square mile (2/km2). There were 53,443 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 63.1% White, 28.5% Native American, 1.0% Black or African American, 0.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 4.1% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. 10.9% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.6% reported speaking Navajo at home, while 6.6% speak Spanish.
There were 40,448 households out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.4% were non-families. 22.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.36.
In the county, the population was spread out with 28.7% under the age of 18, 14.4% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, and 7.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 99.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $38,256, and the median income for a family was $45,873. Males had a median income of $32,226 versus $25,055 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,139. About 13.1% of families and 18.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.3% of those under age 18 and 13.3% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2010 census, there were 134,421 people, 46,711 households, and 29,656 families living in the county. The population density was 7.2 inhabitants per square mile (2.8/km2). There were 63,321 housing units at an average density of 3.4 per square mile (1.3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 61.7% white, 27.3% American Indian, 1.4% Asian, 1.2% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 5.2% from other races, and 3.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 13.5% of the population. The largest ancestry groups were:
Of the 46,711 households, 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.5% were non-families, and 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.26. The median age was 31.0 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $49,510 and the median income for a family was $58,841. Males had a median income of $42,331 versus $31,869 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,632. About 11.6% of families and 18.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 13.8% of those age 65 or over.
The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Coconino County.† county seat
|Rank||City/Town/etc.||Population (2010 Census)||Municipal type||Incorporated|
|2||Sedona (mostly in Yavapai County )||10,031||City||1988|
|8||Grand Canyon Village||2,004||CDP|
|23||Winslow West (mostly in Navajo County )||438||CDP|
|26||Kaibab (mostly in Mohave County )||124||CDP|
Coconino County has trended towards the Democratic Party in modern times after being a Republican stronghold between the 1950s and 1980s. It was won by every Republican Presidential nominee between 1952 and 1988; however no Republican since George H. W. Bush in 1988 has managed to come within six percentage points of reclaiming the county.
Grand Canyon Airlines and Air Grand Canyon are headquartered on the grounds of Grand Canyon National Park Airport in Tusayan.
Flagstaff in Coconino County is a major highway junction, with Interstate 40 extending to the east and the west (connecting with Williams and Winslow, Arizona, for example), and with Interstate 17 extending south from Flagstaff to Phoenix and Maricopa County. U.S. Routes 89 and 180 extend north from Flagstaff and connect it with the Grand Canyon National Park.
The Grand Canyon National Park Airport is a public airport located in Tusayan,near the South Rim of the Grand Canyon.
Flagstaff Pulliam Airport is a public airport located four miles (6 km) south of the central business district of Flagstaff, it is mostly used for general aviation but is also served by two commercial airlines.
There is a Greyhound Bus Lines station in Flagstaff, with regular service east–west along Interstate 40, and also north–south service to Phoenix along Interstate 17.
Amtrak has a passenger railroad stations in Flagstaff and formerly in Williams, with daily service on the Southwest Chief to the east towards Chicago, and to the west towards Los Angeles.
The Grand Canyon Railway, a tourist railroad, links Williams with the canyon's South Rim in the Grand Canyon National Park and has service every day except Christmas.
The Mountain Line provides public transportation bus service in the Flagstaff area.
Flagstaff is a city in and the county seat of Coconino County in northern Arizona, in the southwestern United States. In 2018, the city's estimated population was 73,964. Flagstaff's combined metropolitan area has an estimated population of 139,097. The city is named after a ponderosa pine flagpole made by a scouting party from Boston to celebrate the United States Centennial on July 4, 1876.
Apache County is located in the northeast corner of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census its population was 71,518. The county seat is St. Johns.
Gila County is a county in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census its population was 53,597. The county seat is Globe.
Mohave County is in the northwestern corner of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census, its population was 200,186. The county seat is Kingman, and the largest city is Lake Havasu City.
Navajo County is located in the northern part of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census, its population was 107,449. The county seat is Holbrook.
Yavapai County is near the center of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census, its population was 211,073. The county seat is Prescott.
Sedona is a city that straddles the county line between Coconino and Yavapai counties in the northern Verde Valley region of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census, its population was 10,031. Most of the city lies in Yavapai County, with a portion in the east located in Coconino County.
Bitter Springs is a native village and census-designated place (CDP) on the Navajo Nation in Coconino County, Arizona, in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the CDP population was 452.
Cameron is a census-designated place (CDP) in Coconino County, Arizona, United States. The population was 885 at the 2010 census. Most of the town's economy is tourist food and craft stalls, restaurants, and other services for north-south traffic from Flagstaff and Page. There is a ranger station supplying information and hiking permits for the Navajo Nation as well as a small selection of books for sale. There is also a large craft store run by the Nation itself; most vendors in the area operate from small private stalls.
Moenkopi is a census-designated place (CDP) in Coconino County, Arizona, United States, adjacent to the southeast side of Tuba City off U.S. Route 160. The population was 964 at the 2010 census.
Page is a city in Coconino County, Arizona, United States, near the Glen Canyon Dam and Lake Powell. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city was 7,247.
Supai is a census-designated place (CDP) in Coconino County, Arizona, United States, within the Grand Canyon.
Tuba City is an unincorporated town in Coconino County, Arizona, on Navajo lands, in the United States. It is the second-largest community in Coconino County. The population of the census-designated place (CDP) was 8,611 at the 2010 census. It is the Navajo Nation's largest community, slightly larger than Shiprock, New Mexico, and the headquarters of the Western Navajo Agency. The Hopi village of Moenkopi lies directly to its southeast.
Tusayan is a town, but was a census-designated place during the 2010 census. It is located in Coconino County, Arizona, United States. It was incorporated in 2010. A resort town near the south entrance to Grand Canyon National Park, Tusayan is served by Grand Canyon National Park Airport. The population was 558 at the 2010 census.
Williams is a city in Coconino County, Arizona, west of Flagstaff. Its population was 3,023 at the 2010 census. It lies on the routes of Historic Route 66 and Interstate 40, and the Southwest Chief Amtrak train route. It is also the southern terminus of the Grand Canyon Railway, which takes visitors to Grand Canyon Village. There are numerous inns, motels, restaurants and gas stations catering to the large influx of tourists rather than local residents, especially during the summer and holiday seasons.
Winslow West is a census-designated place (CDP) in Coconino and Navajo counties in the U.S. state of Arizona. The population was 438 at the 2010 census. The entire community is off-reservation trust land belonging to the Hopi tribe. It lies just west of the city of Winslow, and more than 50 km (31 mi) south of the main Hopi reservation.
Ash Fork is a census-designated place (CDP) in Yavapai County, Arizona. The population was 396 at the 2010 U.S. Census, down from 457 in 2000.
Black Canyon City is a census-designated place (CDP) in Yavapai County, Arizona, United States. The population was 2,837 at the 2010 census, up from 2,697 in 2000.
The Havasupai people are an American Indian tribe who have lived in the Grand Canyon for at least the past 800 years. Havasu means "blue-green water" and pai "people".
Sanders is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Apache County, Arizona, United States. Sanders is located at the junction of U.S. Route 191 and Interstate 40. As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 630.
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