Coconino County, Arizona

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Coconino County, Arizona
Old Coconino County Courthouse.jpg
Old Coconino County Courthouse in Flagstaff
CoconinoCountyAZSeal.png
Seal
Map of Arizona highlighting Coconino County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Arizona
Map of USA AZ.svg
Arizona's location within the U.S.
FoundedFebruary 18, 1891
Seat Flagstaff
Largest cityFlagstaff
Area
  Total18,661 sq mi (48,332 km2)
  Land18,619 sq mi (48,223 km2)
  Water43 sq mi (111 km2), 0.2%
Population (est.)
  (2018)142,854
  Density7.4/sq mi (2.9/km2)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Mountain: UTC−7
Website coconino.az.gov
Humphreys Peak, the highest point in the state of Arizona Humphreys Peak western side.jpg
Humphreys Peak, the highest point in the state of Arizona
Great blue herons at Tonys Tank (near Mormon Lake), Coconino National Forest. San Francisco Peaks in background. Great Blue Heron at Tonys Tank AZ.jpg
Great blue herons at Tonys Tank (near Mormon Lake), Coconino National Forest. San Francisco Peaks in background.
Hahonogeh Canyon Hahonogeh Canyon.jpg
Hahonogeh Canyon
Grand Canyon Railway trains at Williams Depot WilliamsDepot WilliamsAZ.jpg
Grand Canyon Railway trains at Williams Depot

Coconino County is a county located in the north central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. The population was 134,421 at the 2010 census. [1] The county seat is Flagstaff. [2] The county takes its name from Cohonino, [3] a name applied to the Havasupai. It is the second-largest county by area in the contiguous United States, behind San Bernardino County, California, with its 18,661 square miles (48,300 km2), or 16.4% of Arizona's total area, making it larger than each of the nine smallest states.

County (United States) Subdivision used by most states in the United States of America

In the United States, an administrative or political subdivision of a state is a county, which is a region having specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs respectively.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Arizona state of the United States of America

Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico; its other neighboring states are Nevada and California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the south and southwest.

Contents

Coconino County comprises the Flagstaff, Arizona Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Coconino County contains Grand Canyon National Park, the Havasupai Nation, and parts of the Navajo Nation, Hualapai Nation, and Hopi Nation. It has a relatively large Native American population at nearly 30% of the county's total population, being mostly Navajo with smaller numbers of Havasupai, Hopi, and others.

Grand Canyon National Park national park of the United States in Arizona

Grand Canyon National Park, located in northwestern Arizona, is the 15th site in the United States to have been named a national park. The park's central feature is the Grand Canyon, a gorge of the Colorado River, which is often considered one of the Wonders of the World. The park, which covers 1,217,262 acres of unincorporated area in Coconino and Mohave counties, received more than six million recreational visitors in 2017, which is the second highest count of all American national parks after Great Smoky Mountains National Park. The Grand Canyon was designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1979. The park celebrated is 100th anniversary on February 26, 2019.

Havasupai ethnic group

The Havasupai people are an American Indian tribe who have lived in the Grand Canyon for at least the past 800 years. Havasu means "blue-green water" and pai "people".

Navajo Nation Reservation

The Navajo Nation is a Native American territory covering about 17,544,500 acres, occupying portions of northeastern Arizona, southeastern Utah, and northwestern New Mexico in the United States. This is the largest land area retained by a Native American tribe, with a population of roughly 350,000 as of 2016.

The county was the setting for George Herriman's early-20th-century Krazy Kat comic strip.

George Herriman American cartoonist

George Joseph Herriman was an American cartoonist best known for the comic strip Krazy Kat (1913–1944). More influential than popular, Krazy Kat had an appreciative audience among those in the arts. Gilbert Seldes' article "The Krazy Kat Who Walks by Himself" was the earliest example of a critic from the high arts giving serious attention to a comic strip. The Comics Journal placed the strip first on its list of the greatest comics of the 20th century. Herriman's work has been a primary influence on cartoonists such as Will Eisner, Charles M. Schulz, Robert Crumb, Art Spiegelman, Bill Watterson, and Chris Ware.

<i>Krazy Kat</i> comic strip

Krazy Kat is an American newspaper comic strip by cartoonist George Herriman, which ran from 1913 to 1944. It first appeared in the New York Evening Journal, whose owner, William Randolph Hearst, was a major booster for the strip throughout its run. The characters had been introduced previously in a side strip with Herriman's earlier creation, The Dingbat Family. The phrase "Krazy Kat" originated there, said by the mouse by way of describing the cat. Set in a dreamlike portrayal of Herriman's vacation home of Coconino County, Arizona, KrazyKat's mixture of offbeat surrealism, innocent playfulness and poetic, idiosyncratic language has made it a favorite of comics aficionados and art critics for more than 80 years.

History

After the building of the Atlantic & Pacific Railroad in 1883 the region of northern Yavapai County began experiencing rapid growth. The people of the northern reaches had tired of the rigors of travelling all the way to Prescott for county business. They also believed that they were a significant enough entity that they should have their own county jurisdiction. Therefore, they decided in 1887 to petition for secession from Yavapai and the creation of a new Frisco County. They remained part of Yavapai, however, until 1891 when Coconino County was formed and its seat declared to be Flagstaff.

Prescott, Arizona City in Arizona, United States

Prescott is a city in Yavapai County, Arizona, United States. According to the 2010 Census, the population of the city is 39,843. The city is the county seat of Yavapai County. In 1864 Prescott was designated as the capital of the Arizona Territory, replacing the temporary capital at Fort Whipple. The Territorial Capital was moved to Tucson in 1867. Prescott again became the Territorial Capital in 1877, until Phoenix became the capital in 1889.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 18,661 square miles (48,330 km2), of which 18,619 square miles (48,220 km2) is land and 43 square miles (110 km2) (0.2%) is water. [4] It is the largest county by area in Arizona and the second-largest county in the United States (excluding boroughs in Alaska) after San Bernardino County in California. It has more land area than each of the following U.S. states: Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

San Bernardino County, California County in California, United States

San Bernardino County, officially the County of San Bernardino, is a county located in the southern portion of the U.S. state of California, and is located within the Greater Los Angeles area. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the population was 2,035,210, making it the fifth-most populous county in California, and the 12th-most populous in the United States. The county seat is San Bernardino.

California State of the United States of America

California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. With 39.6 million residents, California is the most populous U.S. state and the third-largest by area. The state capital is Sacramento. The Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second- and fifth-most populous urban regions, with 18.7 million and 9.7 million residents respectively. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, and the country's second-most populous, after New York City. California also has the nation's most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The City and County of San Francisco is both the country's second-most densely populated major city after New York City and the fifth-most densely populated county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs.

The highest natural point in the county, as well as the entire state, is Humphreys Peak at 12,637 feet or 3,852 metres. The Barringer Meteor Crater is located in Coconino County.

Adjacent counties

Indian reservations

Coconino County has 7,142.42 square miles (18,498.8 km2) of federally designated Indian reservation, second only to Apache County. In descending order of area within the county, the reservations are the Navajo Nation, Hualapai Indian Reservation, Hopi Indian Reservation, Havasupai Indian Reservation, and the Kaibab Indian Reservation. The Havasupai Reservation is the only one that lies entirely within the county's borders.

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1900 5,514
1910 8,13047.4%
1920 9,98222.8%
1930 14,06440.9%
1940 18,77033.5%
1950 23,91027.4%
1960 41,85775.1%
1970 48,32615.5%
1980 75,00855.2%
1990 96,59128.8%
2000 116,32020.4%
2010 134,42115.6%
Est. 2018142,854 [5] 6.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]
1790–1960 [7] 1900–1990 [8]
1990–2000 [9] 2010–2018 [1]

2000 census

As of the 2000 census, there were 116,320 people, 40,448 households, and 26,938 families residing in the county. The population density was 6 people per square mile (2/km2). There were 53,443 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 63.09% White, 28.51% Native American, 1.04% Black or African American, 0.78% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 4.13% from other races, and 2.36% from two or more races. 10.94% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.59% reported speaking Navajo at home, while 6.58% speak Spanish. [10]

There were 40,448 households out of which 34.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.70% were married couples living together, 12.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.40% were non-families. 22.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.36.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.70% under the age of 18, 14.40% from 18 to 24, 29.20% from 25 to 44, 20.70% from 45 to 64, and 7.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 99.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,256, and the median income for a family was $45,873. Males had a median income of $32,226 versus $25,055 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,139. About 13.10% of families and 18.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.30% of those under age 18 and 13.30% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 134,421 people, 46,711 households, and 29,656 families residing in the county. [11] The population density was 7.2 inhabitants per square mile (2.8/km2). There were 63,321 housing units at an average density of 3.4 per square mile (1.3/km2). [12] The racial makeup of the county was 61.7% white, 27.3% American Indian, 1.4% Asian, 1.2% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 5.2% from other races, and 3.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 13.5% of the population. [11] The largest ancestry groups were: [13]

Of the 46,711 households, 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.5% were non-families, and 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.26. The median age was 31.0 years. [11]

The median income for a household in the county was $49,510 and the median income for a family was $58,841. Males had a median income of $42,331 versus $31,869 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,632. About 11.6% of families and 18.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 13.8% of those age 65 or over. [14]

Communities

Map showing the borders for incorporated and unincorporated areas in Coconino County. Also shown are borders for Indian reservations. Coconino County incorporated areas.svg
Map showing the borders for incorporated and unincorporated areas in Coconino County. Also shown are borders for Indian reservations.

Cities

Flagstaff Black on White Pot, 1100-1200 AD Grand Canyon Flagstaff Black on White Pottery.jpg
Flagstaff Black on White Pot, 1100–1200 AD

Towns

Census-designated places

Dinosaur track near Tuba City Tuba City Dinosaur Track.jpg
Dinosaur track near Tuba City

Other communities

Ghost towns

Indian reservations

County population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Coconino County. [15] [16]

county seat

RankCity/Town/etc.Population (2010 Census)Municipal typeIncorporated
1Flagstaff 65,870City1928
2 Sedona (mostly in Yavapai County )10,031City1988
3 Tuba City 8,611CDP
4 Page 7,247City1975
5 Doney Park 5,395CDP
6 Williams 3,023City1901
7 Kachina Village 2,622CDP
8 Grand Canyon Village 2,004CDP
9 Kaibito 1,522CDP
10 LeChee 1,443CDP
11 Fredonia 1,314Town1956
12 Parks 1,188CDP
13 Mountainaire 1,119CDP
14 Moenkopi 964CDP
15 Leupp 951CDP
16 Cameron 885CDP
17 Valle 832CDP
18 Fort Valley 779CDP
19 Munds Park 631CDP
20 Tusayan 558Town2010
21 Tonalea 549CDP
22 Bitter Springs 452CDP
23 Winslow West (mostly in Navajo County )438CDP
24 Tolani Lake 280CDP
25 Supai 208CDP
26 Kaibab (mostly in Mohave County )124CDP

Politics

Coconino County has trended towards the Democratic Party in modern times after being a Republican stronghold between the 1950s and 1980s. It was won by every Republican Presidential nominee between 1952 and 1988; however no Republican since George Bush senior in 1988 has managed to come within six percentage points of reclaiming the county.

Presidential elections results
Coconino County vote
by party in presidential elections
[17] [18]
Year REP DEM Others
2016 35.3% 21,10854.2% 32,40410.5% 6,272
2012 40.8% 21,22056.3% 29,2572.9% 1,485
2008 40.7% 22,18657.6%31,4331.8% 964
2004 43.0% 22,52655.8%29,2431.2% 622
2000 43.0% 17,56249.6%20,2807.4% 3,041
1996 35.4% 13,63853.2%20,47511.5% 4,409
1992 32.3% 13,76944.3%18,88823.4% 9,961
1988 51.8%16,64945.6% 14,6602.6% 831
1984 59.1%17,58138.8% 11,5282.1% 626
1980 55.8%14,61329.9% 7,83214.3% 3,754
1976 51.5%11,03644.1% 9,4504.4% 932
1972 61.0%10,61135.9% 6,2503.0% 528
1968 59.4%6,76530.8% 3,5049.9% 1,123
1964 52.2%5,75647.8% 5,2700.1% 11
1960 54.5%4,87045.5% 4,0650.1% 9
1956 63.5%4,04436.3% 2,3140.2% 11
1952 61.4%3,82738.6% 2,408
1948 47.1% 2,09352.0%2,3090.9% 39
1944 44.3% 1,78655.5%2,2360.2% 6
1940 38.6% 1,91361.1%3,0250.3% 13
1936 29.8% 1,14067.3%2,5782.9% 111
1932 28.8% 1,11069.8%2,6891.4% 54
1928 59.2%1,71740.4% 1,1720.4% 12
1924 45.1%1,04530.7% 71124.2% 561
1920 63.2%1,34236.8% 781
1916 38.7% 80256.5%1,1714.8% 99
1912 27.7% 23739.7%33932.6% 279

Economy

Grand Canyon Airlines and Air Grand Canyon are headquartered on the grounds of Grand Canyon National Park Airport in Tusayan. [19] [20]

Transportation

Flagstaff in Coconino County is a major highway junction, with Interstate 40 extending to the east and the west (connecting with Williams and Winslow, Arizona, for example), and with Interstate 17 extending south from Flagstaff to Phoenix and Maricopa County. U.S. Routes 89 and 180 extend north from Flagstaff and connect it with the Grand Canyon National Park.

The Grand Canyon National Park Airport is a public airport located in Tusayan, [19] near the South Rim of the Grand Canyon.

Flagstaff Pulliam Airport is a public airport located four miles (6 km) south of the central business district of Flagstaff, it is mostly used for general aviation but is also served by two commercial airlines.

There is a Greyhound Bus Lines station in Flagstaff, with regular service east-west along Interstate 40, and also north-south service to Phoenix along Interstate 17.

Amtrak has a passenger railroad stations in Flagstaff and formerly in Williams, with daily service on the Southwest Chief to the east towards Chicago, and to the west towards Los Angeles.

The Grand Canyon Railway, a tourist railroad, links Williams with the canyon's South Rim in the Grand Canyon National Park and has service every day except Christmas.

The Mountain Line provides public transportation bus service in the Flagstaff area.

Major highways

See also

Related Research Articles

Flagstaff, Arizona City in Arizona, United States

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Mohave County, Arizona County in the United States

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San Juan County, New Mexico County in the United States

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Steamboat, Arizona Census-designated place in Arizona, United States

Steamboat is a census-designated place (CDP) in Apache County, Arizona, United States, that includes Steamboat Canyon and Steamboat Trading Post. The population was 284 at the 2010 census.

Cameron, Arizona CDP in Arizona, United States

Cameron is a census-designated place (CDP) in Coconino County, Arizona, United States. The population was 885 at the 2010 census. Most of the town's economy is tourist food and craft stalls, restaurants, and other services for north-south traffic from Flagstaff and Page. There is a ranger station supplying information and hiking permits for the Navajo Nation as well as a small selection of books for sale. There is also a large craft store run by the Nation itself; most vendors in the area operate from small private stalls.

Page, Arizona City in Arizona, United States

Page is a city in Coconino County, Arizona, United States, near the Glen Canyon Dam and Lake Powell. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city was 7,247.

Tuba City, Arizona Unincorporated town CDP in Arizona, United States

Tuba City is an unincorporated town in Coconino County, Arizona, on Navajo lands, in the United States. It is the second-largest community in Coconino County. The population of the census-designated place (CDP) was 8,611 at the 2010 census. It is the Navajo Nation's largest community, slightly larger than Shiprock, New Mexico, and the headquarters of the Western Navajo Agency. The Hopi village of Moenkopi lies directly to its southeast.

Tusayan, Arizona Town in Arizona, United States

Tusayan is a town, but was a census-designated place during the 2010 census. It is located in Coconino County, Arizona, United States. It was incorporated in 2010. A resort town near the south entrance to Grand Canyon National Park, Tusayan is served by Grand Canyon National Park Airport. The population was 558 at the 2010 census.

Williams, Arizona City in Arizona, United States

Williams is a city in Coconino County, Arizona, west of Flagstaff. Its population was 3,158 in 2017, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. It lies on the route of Historic Route 66, Interstate 40, and the Southwest Chief Amtrak train route. It is also the southern terminus of the Grand Canyon Railway, which takes visitors to Grand Canyon Village. There are numerous inns, motels, restaurants and gas stations that cater to the large influx of tourists rather than local residents, especially during the summer and holiday seasons.

Winslow West, Arizona CDP in Arizona, United States

Winslow West is a census-designated place (CDP) in Coconino and Navajo counties in the U.S. state of Arizona. The population was 438 at the 2010 census. The entire community is off-reservation trust land belonging to the Hopi tribe. It lies just west of the city of Winslow, and more than 50 km (31 mi) south of the main Hopi reservation.

Canyon Day, Arizona Census-designated place in Arizona, United States

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Wickenburg, Arizona Town in Arizona, United States

Wickenburg is a town primarily located in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, with a portion in neighboring Yavapai County. According to the 2010 census, the population of the town is 6,363.

Second Mesa, Arizona CDP in Arizona, United States

Second Mesa is a census-designated place (CDP) in Navajo County, Arizona, on the Hopi Reservation, atop the 5,700-foot mesa. As of the 2010 census, the CDP population was 962, spread among three Hopi Indian villages, Musungnuvi, Supawlavi, and Songoopavi. The Hopi Cultural Center is on Second Mesa.

Black Canyon City, Arizona CDP in Arizona, United States

Black Canyon City is a census-designated place (CDP) in Yavapai County, Arizona, United States. The population was 2,697 at the 2000 census.

The Havasupai Indian Reservation is a Native American reservation for the Havasupai people, surrounded entirely by the Grand Canyon National Park, in Coconino county in Arizona, United States. It is considered one of America's most remote Indian reservations. The reservation is governed by a seven-member tribal council, led by a chairman who is elected from among the members of the council. The capital of the reservation is Supai, situated at the bottom of Cataract Canyon, one of the tributary canyons of the Grand Canyon. Havasupai is a combination of the words Havasu and pai, thus meaning "people of the blue-green waters".

References

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  5. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved May 10, 2019.
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  10. "Language Map Data Center".
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  12. "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  13. "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  14. "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  15. Promotions, Center for New Media and. "US Census Bureau 2010 Census". Archived from the original on December 21, 2013.
  16. Geography, US Census Bureau. "2010 Census Block Maps".
  17. "Dave Leip's Atlas of United States Presidential Elections" . Retrieved June 11, 2011.
  18. Scammon, Richard M. (compiler); America at the Polls: A Handbook of Presidential Election Statistics 1920-1964; pp. 42-44 ISBN   0405077114
  19. 1 2 "Our Location Archived July 11, 2011, at the Wayback Machine ." Grand Canyon Airlines. Retrieved on October 3, 2009.
  20. "Locate Us Archived March 23, 2009, at the Wayback Machine ." Air Grand Canyon. Retrieved on October 3, 2009.

Coordinates: 35°38′N112°6′W / 35.633°N 112.100°W / 35.633; -112.100