Fredonia, Arizona

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Fredonia, Arizona
Town
Fredonia AZ.JPG
Coconino County Arizona Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Fredonia Highlighted 0425720.svg
Location of Fredonia in Coconino County, Arizona.
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Fredonia, Arizona
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 36°56′58″N112°31′18″W / 36.94944°N 112.52167°W / 36.94944; -112.52167 Coordinates: 36°56′58″N112°31′18″W / 36.94944°N 112.52167°W / 36.94944; -112.52167
Country United States
State Arizona
County Coconino
Area [1]
  Total8.50 sq mi (22.02 km2)
  Land8.50 sq mi (22.02 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation4,671 ft (1,424 m)
Population (2010) [2]
  Total1,314
  Estimate (2016) [3] 1,323
  Density155.59/sq mi (60.07/km2)
Time zone UTC-7 (MST)
ZIP codes 86022, 86052
Area code 928
FIPS code 04-25720
Website www.fredoniaaz.net

Fredonia is a town in Coconino County, Arizona, United States. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 1,314. [2] Fredonia is the gateway to the North Rim of the Grand Canyon.

Coconino County, Arizona County in the United States

Coconino County is a county located in the north central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. The population was 134,421 at the 2010 census. The county seat is Flagstaff. The county takes its name from Cohonino, a name applied to the Havasupai. It is the second-largest county by area in the contiguous United States, behind San Bernardino County, California, with its 18,661 square miles (48,300 km2), or 16.4% of Arizona's total area, making it larger than each of the nine smallest states.

Arizona state of the United States of America

Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico; its other neighboring states are Nevada and California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the south and southwest.

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

Contents

History

Fredonia was laid out in 1886. [4]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1960 643
1970 79824.1%
1980 1,04030.3%
1990 1,20716.1%
2000 1,036−14.2%
2010 1,31426.8%
Est. 20161,323 [3] 0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [5]

As of the census [6] of 2000, there were 1,036 people, 359 households, and 287 families residing in the town. The population density was 139.7 people per square mile (54.0/km²). There were 455 housing units at an average density of 61.4 per square mile (23.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 85.71% White, 1.06% Black or African American, 11.39% Native American, 0.39% from other races, and 1.45% from two or more races. 1.45% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 359 households out of which 37.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.5% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.8% were non-families. 15.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.25.

In the town, the age distribution of the population shows 32.3% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $30,288, and the median income for a family was $30,913. Males had a median income of $24,904 versus $19,554 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,309. About 12.3% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.4% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.

Per capita income mean income of the people in an economic unit such as a country or city

Per capita income (PCI) or average income measures the average income earned per person in a given area in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population.

Geography and climate

Fredonia is located at 36°56′58″N112°31′18″W / 36.94944°N 112.52167°W / 36.94944; -112.52167 (36.949522, -112.521700), [7] at 4,680 feet (1,430 m) in elevation. It is in the Arizona Strip, the portion of Arizona lying north of the Colorado River, and is within a few miles of the Utah border. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 7.4 square miles (19 km2), all of it land.

Arizona Strip part of Arizona north of the Colorado River, having more physical/cultural connections with southern Utah and Nevada than the rest of Arizona due to the difficulty of crossing the Grand Canyon, whose largest settlements are Colorado City and Fredonia

The Arizona Strip is the part of Arizona lying north of the Colorado River. The difficulty of crossing the Grand Canyon causes this region to have more physical and cultural connections with southern Utah and Nevada than with the rest of Arizona. The largest settlements in the Strip are Colorado City and Fredonia.

Colorado River major river in the western United States and Mexico

The Colorado River is one of the principal rivers in the Southwestern United States and northern Mexico. The 1,450-mile-long (2,330 km) river drains an expansive, arid watershed that encompasses parts of seven U.S. and two Mexican states. Starting in the central Rocky Mountains of Colorado, the river flows generally southwest across the Colorado Plateau and through the Grand Canyon before reaching Lake Mead on the Arizona–Nevada border, where it turns south toward the international border. After entering Mexico, the Colorado approaches the mostly dry Colorado River Delta at the tip of the Gulf of California between Baja California and Sonora.

Utah A state of the United States of America

Utah is a state in the western United States. It became the 45th state admitted to the U.S. on January 4, 1896. Utah is the 13th-largest by area, 31st-most-populous, and 10th-least-densely populated of the 50 United States. Utah has a population of more than 3 million according to the Census estimate for July 1, 2016. Urban development is mostly concentrated in two areas: the Wasatch Front in the north-central part of the state, which contains approximately 2.5 million people; and Washington County in Southern Utah, with over 160,000 residents. Utah is bordered by Colorado to the east, Wyoming to the northeast, Idaho to the north, Arizona to the south, and Nevada to the west. It also touches a corner of New Mexico in the southeast.

Fredonia is also located within a short distance of other national parks, national monuments, state parks, and scenic outdoor recreation spots.

Climate data for Fredonia, Arizona
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)78
(26)
72
(22)
83
(28)
86
(30)
96
(36)
107
(42)
110
(43)
104
(40)
99
(37)
96
(36)
78
(26)
70
(21)
110
(43)
Average high °F (°C)46.2
(7.9)
51.6
(10.9)
59.7
(15.4)
68.5
(20.3)
77.4
(25.2)
87.3
(30.7)
93.7
(34.3)
90.7
(32.6)
84.2
(29)
72.2
(22.3)
58.5
(14.7)
47.9
(8.8)
69.8
(21)
Average low °F (°C)19.5
(−6.9)
22.1
(−5.5)
26.0
(−3.3)
31.9
(−0.1)
38.5
(3.6)
46.6
(8.1)
55.4
(13)
54.2
(12.3)
45.4
(7.4)
35.4
(1.9)
26.1
(−3.3)
20.1
(−6.6)
35.1
(1.7)
Record low °F (°C)−20
(−29)
−15
(−26)
−2
(−19)
2
(−17)
18
(−8)
26
(−3)
34
(1)
33
(1)
26
(−3)
9
(−13)
0
(−18)
−18
(−28)
−20
(−29)
Average precipitation inches (mm)1.13
(28.7)
0.80
(20.3)
0.88
(22.4)
0.62
(15.7)
0.48
(12.2)
0.29
(7.4)
0.73
(18.5)
1.21
(30.7)
0.89
(22.6)
0.90
(22.9)
0.77
(19.6)
0.97
(24.6)
9.67
(245.6)
Average snowfall inches (cm)7.0
(17.8)
3.5
(8.9)
3.5
(8.9)
1.1
(2.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.5)
1.3
(3.3)
4.8
(12.2)
21.4
(54.4)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)54433245343444
Source: Western Regional Climate Center [8]

Education

Fredonia is a part of the Fredonia-Moccasin Unified School District. Two schools, Fredonia Elementary School and Fredonia High/Middle School, serve the town.

Fredonia-Moccasin Unified School District is a school district headquartered in Fredonia, Arizona, United States.

See also

Pipe Spring National Monument National monument in Arizona, United States

Pipe Spring National Monument is a United States National Monument located in the U.S. state of Arizona, rich with American Indian, early explorer, and Mormon pioneer history. Administered by the National Park Service, Pipe Spring was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966, and the boundaries of the Pipe Spring National Monument Historic District were expanded in October 2000.

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References

  1. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 18, 2017.
  2. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 23 Aug 2014.
  3. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. The Utah Genealogical and Historical Magazine, Volumes 9-10. 1918. p. 128.
  5. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  6. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 September 2013. Retrieved 31 Jan 2008.
  7. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 12 Feb 2011. Retrieved 23 Apr 2011.
  8. "FREDONIA, ARIZONA (023250)". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. 2012. Retrieved 12 May 2012.