Constitution of Arizona

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Constitution of the State of Arizona
Jurisdiction Arizona, United States
Date effective 3 January 1910;109 years ago (1910-01-03)

The Constitution of the State of Arizona is the governing document and framework for the State of Arizona. The current constitution is the first and only adopted by the state of Arizona.

Contents

History

The Arizona Territory was authorized to hold a constitutional convention in 1910 at which the constitution was drafted and submitted to Congress. The original constitution was approved by Congress, but subsequently vetoed by President William H. Taft on his objections concerning the recalling of judges. The constitution was amended by the constitutional convention removing the recalling of judges and resubmitted upon which President Taft approved Arizona's statehood as the 48th state on February 14, 1912. [1]

The following individuals were the delegates to the convention: Fred Colter (D), representing Apache County; E. M. Doe (R) and C. C. Hutchinson (R), representing Coconino County; E.E. Ellinwood (D), John Bolan (D), H. B. Sims (D), C. M. Roberts (D), F. R. Bradner (D), Thomas Fenney (D), A. F. Parsons (D), E. A. Tovreau (D), D. L. Cunningham (D), C. F. Connelly (D), representing Cochise County; George W. P. Hunt (D), J. J. Keegan (D), Alfred Kinney (D), John H. McCormick (D), Jacob Weinberger (D), representing Gila County; Lamar Cobb (D), A. R. Lynch (D), Mit Simms (D), A. M. Tuthill (D), William T. Webb (D), representing Graham County; A. C. Baker (D), Lysander Cassidy (D), John Orme (D), Orrin Standage (D), J. E. Crutchfield (D), F. A. Jones (D), Benjamin Baker Moeur (D), Alfred Franklin (D), Sidney Osborn (D), representing Maricopa County; Henry Lovin (D) representing Mohave County; James Scott (R), and William Morgan (D), representing Navajo County; Thomas N. Willis (D) and Elmer Coker (D), representing Pinal County; S. L. Kingman (R), W. F. Cooper (R), George Pusch (R), Carl Jacome (R), and J. C. White (R), representing Pima County; Bracey Curtis (R) representing Santa Cruz; Mulford Winsor (D), F. L. Ingram (D), and C. E. Short (D), representing Yuma County; and E. M. Wells (R), M. G. Cunniff (D), A. A. Moore (D), Homer R. Wood (D), Morris Goldwater (D), and Albert Jones (D), representing Yavapai County. [2]

Fairly quickly after Arizona became a state, the state legislature approved a constitutional amendment which restored the ability to recall judges, which was approved in the 1912 general election. [1]

Preamble

We the people of the State of Arizona, grateful to Almighty God for our liberties, do ordain this Constitution.

Summary

The Arizona Constitution is divided into a preamble and 30 articles, numbered 1–6, 6.1, 7–22, and 25–30, with articles 23 and 24 having been repealed. Article 30 is no longer in force due to being ruled illegal.

Oddities

Two sections in the Constitutions are duplicated, having resulted from three constitutional amendments being approved in 1992 (Propositions 100, 101, and 107 all amending term limits with Proposition 107 creating a second version in both sections).

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References

  1. 1 2 Arizona State Library, Archives, and Public Record - The Road to Statehood Archived 2006-12-09 at the Wayback Machine Accessed November 6, 2006
  2. "Delegates To The Constitutional Convention". St. Johns Herald and Apache News (St. Johns, Arizona). September 22, 1910. p. 4. Retrieved January 23, 2017 via Newspapers.com. Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg
  3. http://www.azleg.gov/FormatDocument.asp?inDoc=/const/27/2.htm
  4. State of Arizona. "Article 5". Arizona Constitution. Arizona Legislature.
  5. State of Arizona. "Article 5, section 1". Arizona Constitution. Arizona Legislature.
  6. State of Arizona. "Article 19". Arizona Constitution. Arizona Legislature.
  7. State of Arizona. "Article 19, section 1". Arizona Constitution. Arizona Legislature.

Further reading

McClory, T. Understanding the Arizona Constitution, The University of Arizona Press, 2001 ISBN   978-0-8165-2096-1