Santa Cruz County, Arizona

Last updated
Santa Cruz County
Santa Cruz County Courthouse.jpg
Santa Cruz County Courthouse
Santa Cruz County az seal.jpg
Seal
Map of Arizona highlighting Santa Cruz County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Arizona
Arizona in United States.svg
Arizona's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 31°32′00″N110°50′00″W / 31.533333333333°N 110.83333333333°W / 31.533333333333; -110.83333333333
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Arizona.svg  Arizona
FoundedMarch 15, 1899
Named for Santa Cruz River
Seat Nogales
Largest cityNogales
Area
  Total1,238 sq mi (3,210 km2)
  Land1,237 sq mi (3,200 km2)
  Water1.2 sq mi (3 km2)  0.1%%
Population
 (2010)
  Total47,420
  Estimate 
(2019)
46,498
  Density38/sq mi (15/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (Mountain)
Congressional district 3rd
Website www.co.santa-cruz.az.us

Santa Cruz is a county in southern Arizona. As of the 2010 census, its population is 47,420. [1] The county seat is Nogales. [2] The county was established in 1899. It borders Pima County to the north and west, Cochise County to the east, and the Mexican state of Sonora to the south.

Contents

Santa Cruz County includes the Nogales, Arizona Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Tucson-Nogales, Arizona Combined Statistical Area.

History

Santa Cruz County, formed on March 15, 1899, out of what was then Pima County, is named after the Santa Cruz River, which was named in the late 17th century by Father Kino. Santa Cruz means "holy cross" in Spanish. After that Father Kino built the famous mission which still stands today at the Tumacácori National Historical Park. [3] [4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,238 square miles (3,210 km2), of which 1,237 square miles (3,200 km2) is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) (0.1%) is water. [5] It is the smallest county by area in Arizona.

Adjacent counties and municipalities

Major highways

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1900 4,545
1910 6,76648.9%
1920 12,68987.5%
1930 9,684−23.7%
1940 9,482−2.1%
1950 9,417−0.7%
1960 10,80814.8%
1970 13,96629.2%
1980 20,45946.5%
1990 29,67645.1%
2000 38,38129.3%
2010 47,42023.6%
Est. 201946,498 [6] −1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
1790–1960 [8] 1900–1990 [9]
1990–2000 [10] 2010–2018 [1]

2000 census

As of the 2000 census, there were 38,381 people, 11,809 households, and 9,506 families living in the county. The population density was 31 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 13,036 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 76.00% White, 0.38% Black or African American, 0.65% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 19.73% from other races, and 2.63% from two or more races. 80.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 79.71% of the population reported speaking Spanish at home, while 19.51% speak English .

There were 11,809 households, of which 45.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.30% were married couples living together, 15.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.50% were non-families. 16.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.23 and the average family size was 3.66.

In the county, the population was spread out with 33.60% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 26.60% from 25 to 44, 20.80% from 45 to 64, and 10.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 91.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,710, and the median income for a family was $32,057. Males had a median income of $27,972 versus $21,107 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,278. About 21.40% of families and 24.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.70% of those under age 18 and 23.20% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 47,420 people, 15,437 households, and 11,992 families living in the county. [11] The population density was 38.3 inhabitants per square mile (14.8/km2). There were 18,010 housing units at an average density of 14.6 per square mile (5.6/km2). [12] The racial makeup of the county was 73.5% white, 0.7% American Indian, 0.5% Asian, 0.4% black or African American, 22.9% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 82.8% of the population. [11]

The largest ancestry groups were: [13]

Of the 15,437 households, 45.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 17.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.3% were non-families, and 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 3.05 and the average family size was 3.51. The median age was 35.6 years. [11]

The median income for a household in the county was $36,519 and the median income for a family was $40,933. Males had a median income of $30,666 versus $25,135 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,209. About 20.6% of families and 25.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.8% of those under age 18 and 15.7% of those age 65 or over. [14]

Communities

Map of the incorporated areas in Santa Cruz County. Santa Cruz County Incorporated and Unincorporated areas.svg
Map of the incorporated areas in Santa Cruz County.

Cities

Towns

Census designated places

Unincorporated communities

Ghost Towns

Alto Canelo Calabasas
Duquesne Fort Buchanan Harshaw
Lochiel Oro Blanco Ruby

County population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Santa Cruz County. [15] [16]

county seat

RankCity/Town/etc.Population (2010 Census)Municipal typeIncorporated
1Nogales 20,837City
2 Rio Rico 18,962 CDP
3 Tubac 1,191CDP
4 Patagonia 913Town
5 Sonoita 818CDP
6 Tumacacori-Carmen 393CDP
7 Amado 295CDP
8 Beyerville 177CDP
9 Elgin 161CDP
10 Kino Springs 136CDP

Politics

Owing to its border location and Hispanic majority population, Santa Cruz is a strongly Democratic county. The last Republican to win the county was George H.W. Bush in 1988, and although the Republicans won the county in six consecutive election from 1968 to 1988, three of these wins were by very narrow margins. Increasing Mexican immigration and fear of Republican opposition thereto has turned it even more solidly blue: in 2016 Hillary Clinton won over 70 percent of the county's vote, approaching figures typical of long-time Democratic strongholds in South Texas. In the process it took over from Apache County as the most Democratic of the state's counties.

Presidential elections results
Santa Cruz County vote
by party in presidential elections
[17] [18]
Year Republican Democrat Others
2016 23.7% 3,89771.1%11,6905.2% 846
2012 30.4% 4,23568.2%9,4861.4% 190
2008 33.9% 4,51865.1%8,6831.1% 143
2004 39.9% 4,66859.1%6,9091.0% 112
2000 37.6% 3,34458.8%5,2333.6% 316
1996 27.6% 2,25664.2%5,2418.2% 670
1992 37.4% 3,02443.5%3,51219.1% 1,544
1988 49.6%3,32048.9% 3,2681.5% 102
1984 60.3%3,85538.6% 2,4631.1% 71
1980 50.1%2,67439.1% 2,08910.8% 577
1976 48.8%2,31247.8% 2,2653.4% 161
1972 52.4%2,13745.8% 1,8661.9% 76
1968 48.2%1,70244.1% 1,5577.8% 274
1964 43.4% 1,50356.5%1,9550.1% 2
1960 40.4% 1,26559.6%1,8680.1% 2
1956 59.3%1,64640.7% 1,1310.0% 1
1952 55.7%1,71644.3% 1,365
1948 42.0% 1,05856.5%1,4241.5% 37
1944 36.0% 72763.9%1,2910.2% 4
1940 38.9% 97861.1%1,5360.1% 2
1936 29.3% 74268.3%1,7292.3% 59
1932 27.7% 62571.1%1,6061.3% 29
1928 48.8% 91951.1%9620.2% 3
1924 39.9% 57946.4%67313.7% 198
1920 54.6%85045.4% 706
1916 46.2% 66650.4%7263.5% 50
1912 11.9% 5653.3%25034.8% 163

See also

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Nogales, Arizona City in Arizona, United States

Nogales is a city in Santa Cruz County, Arizona. The population was 20,837 at the 2010 census and estimated 20,188 in 2018. Nogales forms part of the larger Tucson-Nogales combined statistical area, with a total population of 1,027,683 as of the 2010 Census. The city is the county seat of Santa Cruz County.

Patagonia, Arizona Town in Arizona, United States

Patagonia is a town in Santa Cruz County, Arizona, United States. As of the 2010 census Patagonia had a population of 913. Patagonia developed in the mid-19th century as a trading and supply center for nearby mines and ranches. In the 21st century, it is a tourist destination, retirement community, and arts and crafts center.

Sonoita, Arizona Census-designated place in Arizona, United States

Sonoita is a census-designated place (CDP) in Santa Cruz County, Arizona, United States. The population was 818 at the 2010 census.

Tubac, Arizona Census-designated place in Arizona, United States

Tubac is a census-designated place (CDP) in Santa Cruz County, Arizona, United States. The population was 1,191 at the 2010 census. The place name "Tubac" is an English borrowing from a Hispanicized form of the O'odham name, which translates into English as "rotten". The original O'odham name is written Cuwak. The first syllable is accented. When first taken into Spanish speech, it was spelled Tubaca. Finally over time the last "a" was dropped. Tubac is situated on the Santa Cruz River.

Tumacacori, Arizona Census-designated place in Arizona, United States

Tumacacori is an unincorporated community in Santa Cruz County, Arizona, United States, which abuts the community of Carmen. Together, the communities constitute the Tumacacori-Carmen census-designated place (CDP). The population of the CDP was 393 at the 2010 census.

References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. "History: Pima County". Pima County Justice Court. September 27, 2000. Archived from the original on May 27, 2010. Retrieved September 30, 2009.
  4. "Santa Cruz County". Arizona State Library Archives and Public Records: Arizona History and Archives Division. August 4, 2009. Archived from the original on September 15, 2009. Retrieved September 30, 2009.
  5. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 23, 2012. Retrieved August 23, 2015.
  6. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved May 10, 2019.
  7. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  8. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  9. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  10. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  11. 1 2 3 "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  12. "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  13. "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2016-01-20.
  14. "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  15. https://www.census.gov/2010census/
  16. https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/maps/block/2010/
  17. "Dave Leip's Atlas of United States Presidential Elections" . Retrieved June 11, 2011.
  18. Scammon, Richard M. (compiler); America at the Polls: A Handbook of Presidential Election Statistics 1920-1964; pp. 42-44 ISBN   0405077114

Coordinates: 31°32′N110°50′W / 31.533°N 110.833°W / 31.533; -110.833