Santa Cruz County, Arizona

Last updated
Santa Cruz County, Arizona
Santa Cruz County Courthouse.jpg
Santa Cruz County Courthouse
Santa Cruz County az seal.jpg
Seal
Map of Arizona highlighting Santa Cruz County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Arizona
Map of USA AZ.svg
Arizona's location within the U.S.
FoundedMarch 15, 1899
Seat Nogales
Largest cityNogales
Area
  Total1,238 sq mi (3,206 km2)
  Land1,237 sq mi (3,204 km2)
  Water1.2 sq mi (3 km2), 0.1%
Population (est.)
  (2018)46,511
  Density38/sq mi (15/km2)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Mountain: UTC−7
Website www.co.santa-cruz.az.us

Santa Cruz is a county in southern Arizona. As of the 2010 census, its population is 47,420. [1] The county seat is Nogales. [2] The county was established in 1899. It borders Pima County to the north and west, Cochise County to the east, and the Mexican state of Sonora to the south.

County (United States) Subdivision used by most states in the United States of America

In the United States, an administrative or political subdivision of a state is a county, which is a region having specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs respectively.

Arizona state of the United States of America

Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico; its other neighboring states are Nevada and California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the south and southwest.

2010 United States Census 23rd national census of the United States, taken in 2010

The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.

Contents

Santa Cruz County includes the Nogales, Arizona Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Tucson-Nogales, Arizona Combined Statistical Area.

Tucson, Arizona City in Arizona, United States

Tucson is a city and the county seat of Pima County, Arizona, United States, and home to the University of Arizona. The 2010 United States Census put the population at 520,116, while the 2015 estimated population of the entire Tucson metropolitan statistical area (MSA) was 980,263. The Tucson MSA forms part of the larger Tucson-Nogales combined statistical area (CSA), with a total population of 1,010,025 as of the 2010 Census. Tucson is the second-largest populated city in Arizona behind Phoenix, both of which anchor the Arizona Sun Corridor. The city is 108 miles (174 km) southeast of Phoenix and 60 mi (97 km) north of the U.S.–Mexico border. Tucson is the 33rd largest city and the 58th largest metropolitan area in the United States (2014).

History

Santa Cruz County, formed on March 15, 1899, out of what was then Pima County, is named after the Santa Cruz River, which was named in the late 17th century by Father Kino. Santa Cruz means "holy cross" in Spanish. After that Father Kino built the famous mission which still stands today at the Tumacácori National Historical Park. [3] [4]

Pima County, Arizona County in the United States

Pima County is a county in the south central region of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census, the population was 980,263, making it Arizona's second-most populous county. The county seat is Tucson, where nearly all of the population is centered. The county is named after the Pima Native Americans who are indigenous to this area.

Santa Cruz River (Arizona) river in the United States of America

The Santa Cruz River is a river in Southern Arizona and northern Sonora, Mexico. It is approximately 184 miles (296 km) long.

Eusebio Kino Italian Jesuit missionary

Eusebio Francisco Kino was a Jesuit, missionary, geographer, explorer, cartographer and astronomer born in the Territory of the Bishopric of Trent, then part of the Holy Roman Empire. For the last 24 years of his life he worked in the region then known as the Pimería Alta, modern-day Sonora in Mexico and southern Arizona in the United States. He explored the region and worked with the indigenous Native American population, including primarily the Tohono O'Odham, Sobaipuri and other Upper Piman groups. He proved that the Baja California Peninsula is not an island by leading an overland expedition there. By the time of his death he had established 24 missions and visitas.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,238 square miles (3,210 km2), of which 1,237 square miles (3,200 km2) is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) (0.1%) is water. [5] It is the smallest county by area in Arizona.

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Adjacent counties and municipalities

Cochise County, Arizona County in the Arizona, United States

Cochise County is located in the southeastern corner of the U.S. state of Arizona. The population was 131,346 at the 2010 census. The county seat is Bisbee.

Nogales, Sonora City in Sonora, Mexico

Heroica Nogales, more commonly known as Nogales, is a city and the county seat of the Municipality of Nogales. It is located on the northern border of the Mexican state of Sonora. The city is abutted on its north by the city of Nogales, Arizona, across the U.S.-Mexico border.

Santa Cruz, Sonora Place in Sonora, Mexico

Santa Cruz is a town in Santa Cruz Municipality, in the northern region of the Mexican state of Sonora.

Major highways

National protected areas

Coronado National Forest

The Coronado National Forest is a United States National Forest that includes an area of about 1.78 million acres (7,200 km2) spread throughout mountain ranges in southeastern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico.

Las Cienegas National Conservation Area National Conservation Area of Arizona

The Las Cienegas National Conservation Area is a National Conservation Area of Arizona, located in the transitional zone between the Sonoran Desert and the Chihuahuan Desert.

Tumacácori National Historical Park U.S. national park in Arizona

Tumacácori National Historical Park is located in the upper Santa Cruz River Valley in Santa Cruz County, southern Arizona. The park consists of 360 acres (1.5 km2) in three separate units. The park protects the ruins of three Spanish mission communities, two of which are National Historic Landmark sites. It also contains the landmark 1937 Tumacácori Museum building, also a National Historic Landmark.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1900 4,545
1910 6,76648.9%
1920 12,68987.5%
1930 9,684−23.7%
1940 9,482−2.1%
1950 9,417−0.7%
1960 10,80814.8%
1970 13,96629.2%
1980 20,45946.5%
1990 29,67645.1%
2000 38,38129.3%
2010 47,42023.6%
Est. 201846,511 [6] −1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
1790–1960 [8] 1900–1990 [9]
1990–2000 [10] 2010–2018 [1]

2000 census

As of the 2000 census, there were 38,381 people, 11,809 households, and 9,506 families residing in the county. The population density was 31 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 13,036 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 76.00% White, 0.38% Black or African American, 0.65% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 19.73% from other races, and 2.63% from two or more races. 80.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 79.71% of the population reported speaking Spanish at home, while 19.51% speak English .

There were 11,809 households, of which 45.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.30% were married couples living together, 15.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.50% were non-families. 16.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.23 and the average family size was 3.66.

In the county, the population was spread out with 33.60% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 26.60% from 25 to 44, 20.80% from 45 to 64, and 10.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 91.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,710, and the median income for a family was $32,057. Males had a median income of $27,972 versus $21,107 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,278. About 21.40% of families and 24.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.70% of those under age 18 and 23.20% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 47,420 people, 15,437 households, and 11,992 families residing in the county. [11] The population density was 38.3 inhabitants per square mile (14.8/km2). There were 18,010 housing units at an average density of 14.6 per square mile (5.6/km2). [12] The racial makeup of the county was 73.5% white, 0.7% American Indian, 0.5% Asian, 0.4% black or African American, 22.9% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 82.8% of the population. [11]

The largest ancestry groups were: [13]

Of the 15,437 households, 45.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 17.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.3% were non-families, and 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 3.05 and the average family size was 3.51. The median age was 35.6 years. [11]

The median income for a household in the county was $36,519 and the median income for a family was $40,933. Males had a median income of $30,666 versus $25,135 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,209. About 20.6% of families and 25.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.8% of those under age 18 and 15.7% of those age 65 or over. [14]

Communities

Map of the incorporated areas in Santa Cruz County. Santa Cruz County Incorporated and Unincorporated areas.svg
Map of the incorporated areas in Santa Cruz County.

Populated Places

Cities

Nogales (county seat)

Towns

Patagonia

Unincorporated Communities

Agua Linda Carmen Casa Piedra
Harshaw Lochiel Madera Canyon
Oro Blanco Trench Camp Washington Camp

Census Designated Communities

Amado Beyerville Elgin
Kino Springs Rio Rico Sonoita
Tubac Tumacacori-Carmen

Ghost Towns

Alto Canelo Duquesne
Fort Buchanan Harshaw Lochiel
Ruby Oro Blanco

County population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Santa Cruz County. [15] [16]

county seat

RankCity/Town/etc.Population (2010 Census)Municipal typeIncorporated
1Nogales 20,837City
2 Rio Rico 18,962 CDP
3 Tubac 1,191CDP
4 Patagonia 913Town
5 Sonoita 818CDP
6 Tumacacori-Carmen 393CDP
7 Amado 295CDP
8 Beyerville 177CDP
9 Elgin 161CDP
10 Kino Springs 136CDP

Politics

Owing to its border location and Hispanic majority population, Santa Cruz is a strongly Democratic county. The last Republican to win the county was George H.W. Bush in 1988, and although the Republicans won the county in six consecutive election from 1968 to 1988, three of these wins were by very narrow margins. Increasing immigration and fear of Republican opposition thereto has turned it even more solidly blue: in 2016 Hillary Clinton won over 70 percent of the county’s vote, approaching figures typical of long-time Democratic strongholds in South Texas. In the process it took over from Apache County as the most Democratic of the state’s counties.

Presidential elections results
Santa Cruz County vote
by party in presidential elections
[17] [18]
Year Republican Democrat Others
2016 23.7% 3,89771.1%11,6905.2% 846
2012 30.4% 4,23568.2%9,4861.4% 190
2008 33.9% 4,51865.1%8,6831.1% 143
2004 39.9% 4,66859.1%6,9091.0% 112
2000 37.6% 3,34458.8%5,2333.6% 316
1996 27.6% 2,25664.2%5,2418.2% 670
1992 37.4% 3,02443.5%3,51219.1% 1,544
1988 49.6%3,32048.9% 3,2681.5% 102
1984 60.3%3,85538.6% 2,4631.1% 71
1980 50.1%2,67439.1% 2,08910.8% 577
1976 48.8%2,31247.8% 2,2653.4% 161
1972 52.4%2,13745.8% 1,8661.9% 76
1968 48.2%1,70244.1% 1,5577.8% 274
1964 43.4% 1,50356.5%1,9550.1% 2
1960 40.4% 1,26559.6%1,8680.1% 2
1956 59.3%1,64640.7% 1,1310.0% 1
1952 55.7%1,71644.3% 1,365
1948 42.0% 1,05856.5%1,4241.5% 37
1944 36.0% 72763.9%1,2910.2% 4
1940 38.9% 97861.1%1,5360.1% 2
1936 29.3% 74268.3%1,7292.3% 59
1932 27.7% 62571.1%1,6061.3% 29
1928 48.8% 91951.1%9620.2% 3
1924 39.9% 57946.4%67313.7% 198
1920 54.6%85045.4% 706
1916 46.2% 66650.4%7263.5% 50
1912 11.9% 5653.3%25034.8% 163

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. "History: Pima County". Pima County Justice Court. September 27, 2000. Archived from the original on May 27, 2010. Retrieved September 30, 2009.
  4. "Santa Cruz County". Arizona State Library Archives and Public Records: Arizona History and Archives Division. August 4, 2009. Archived from the original on September 15, 2009. Retrieved September 30, 2009.
  5. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 23, 2012. Retrieved August 23, 2015.
  6. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved May 10, 2019.
  7. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  8. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  9. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  10. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  11. 1 2 3 "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  12. "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  13. "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2016-01-20.
  14. "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  15. https://www.census.gov/2010census/
  16. https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/maps/block/2010/
  17. "Dave Leip's Atlas of United States Presidential Elections" . Retrieved June 11, 2011.
  18. Scammon, Richard M. (compiler); America at the Polls: A Handbook of Presidential Election Statistics 1920-1964; pp. 42-44 ISBN   0405077114

Coordinates: 31°32′N110°50′W / 31.533°N 110.833°W / 31.533; -110.833