Tubac, Arizona

Last updated
Tubac, Arizona
Tubac Church.jpg
St. Ann's Church, Tubac, 1937
Santa Cruz County Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Tubac highlighted.svg
Location in Santa Cruz County and the state of Arizona
Urritiamapoftubac.jpg
18th century map of Tubac and surroundings
Coordinates: 31°37′32″N111°3′7″W / 31.62556°N 111.05194°W / 31.62556; -111.05194 Coordinates: 31°37′32″N111°3′7″W / 31.62556°N 111.05194°W / 31.62556; -111.05194
Country United States
State Arizona
County Santa Cruz
Area
[1]
  Total10.80 sq mi (27.97 km2)
  Land10.80 sq mi (27.96 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation
3,209 ft (978 m)
Population
  Total1,191
  Estimate 
(2016) [2]
N/A
Time zone UTC-7 (MST (no DST))
ZIP codes
85640, 85646
Area code(s) 520
FIPS code 04-75940
GNIS feature ID0035489

Tubac is a census-designated place (CDP) in Santa Cruz County, Arizona, United States. The population was 1,191 at the 2010 census. [3] The place name "Tubac" is an English borrowing from a Hispanicized form of the O'odham name, which translates into English as "rotten".[ why? ] The original O'odham name is written Cuwak. The first syllable is accented. When first taken into Spanish speech, it was spelled Tubaca. Finally over time the last "a" was dropped. [4] Tubac is situated on the Santa Cruz River.

A census-designated place (CDP) is a concentration of population defined by the United States Census Bureau for statistical purposes only. CDPs have been used in each decennial census since 1980 as the counterparts of incorporated places, such as self-governing cities, towns, and villages, for the purposes of gathering and correlating statistical data. CDPs are populated areas that generally include one officially designated but currently unincorporated small community, for which the CDP is named, plus surrounding inhabited countryside of varying dimensions and, occasionally, other, smaller unincorporated communities as well. CDPs include small rural communities, colonias located along the U.S. border with Mexico, and unincorporated resort and retirement communities and their environs.

Santa Cruz County, Arizona County in the United States

Santa Cruz is a county in southern Arizona. As of the 2010 census, its population is 47,420. The county seat is Nogales. The county was established in 1899. It borders Pima County to the north and west, Cochise County to the east, and the Mexican state of Sonora to the south.

Arizona state of the United States of America

Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico; its other neighboring states are Nevada and California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the south and southwest.

Contents

Tubac was the original Spanish colonial garrison in Arizona. It was depopulated during the O'odham Uprising in the 18th century. During the 19th century, the area was repopulated by miners, farmers and ranchers, but the town of Tubac is best known today as an artists' colony.

Spain Kingdom in Southwest Europe

Spain, officially the Kingdom of Spain, is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory also includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are also part of Spanish territory. The country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.

Colonialism Creation, and maintenance of colonies by people from another territory

Colonialism is the policy of a nation seeking to extend or retain its authority over other people or territories, generally with the aim of opening trade opportunities. The colonizing country seeks to benefit from the colonized country or land mass. In the process, colonizers imposed their religion, economics, and medicinal practices on the natives. Some argue this was a positive move toward modernization, while other scholars refute this theory as being biased and Eurocentric, noting that modernization is a concept introduced by Europeans. Colonialism is largely regarded as a relationship of domination of an indigenous majority by a minority of foreign invaders where the latter rule in pursuit of its interests.

Geography

Tubac is located at 31°37′32″N111°3′7″W / 31.62556°N 111.05194°W / 31.62556; -111.05194 (31.625462, -111.051921). [5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 10.8 square miles (28.0 km2), all land. [3]

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

History

Established in 1752 as a Spanish presidio, the first Spanish colonial garrison in what is now Arizona, Tubac was one of the stops on the Camino Real (the "Royal Road") from Mexico to the Spanish settlements in California.

Presidio San Ignacio de Tubac

The Presidio of San Ignacio de Túbac or Fort Tubac was a Spanish built fortress. The fortification was established by the Spanish Army in 1752 at the site of present-day Tubac, Arizona.

El Camino Real (California) historic highway in California

El Camino Real, sometimes associated with Calle Real, usually refers to the 600-mile (965-kilometer) road connecting the 21 Spanish missions in California, along with a number of sub-missions, four presidios, and three pueblos, stretching at its southern end from the San Diego area Mission San Diego de Alcalá, all of the way up to the trail's northern terminus at Mission San Francisco Solano in Sonoma, just above San Francisco Bay.

California State of the United States of America

California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. With 39.6 million residents, California is the most populous U.S. state and the third-largest by area. The state capital is Sacramento. The Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second and fifth most populous urban regions, with 18.7 million and 9.7 million residents respectively. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, and the country's second most populous, after New York City. California also has the nation's most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The City and County of San Francisco is both the country's second-most densely populated major city after New York City and the fifth-most densely populated county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs.

Tubac's most famous Spanish resident was Juan Bautista de Anza. While stationed at Tubac (1760–1776), de Anza built the chapel of Santa Gertrudis, the foundations of which lie beneath today's St. Ann's Church.

Juan Bautista de Anza Basque explorer and governor

Juan Bautista de Anza was born in the Spanish Provence of New Navarre in Viceroyalty of New Spain. Of Basque descent, he served as an expeditionary leader, military officer, and politician primarily in California and New Mexico under the Spanish Empire. He is credited as one of the founding fathers of Spanish California and served as an official within New Spain as Governor of the Province of New Mexico.

Apaches attacked the town repeatedly in the 1840s, forcing the Sonoran Mexicans to abandon both Tumacacori and Tubac.

Tubac was the scene of a four-day siege in 1861, between Tubac's male population, Confederate militia and Apache warriors. [6]

In the 1930s - 1960s Tubac became an art colony. Painter Dale Nichols opened an art school in the small desert village in 1948 and restored some of Tubac's historic buildings. Students included watercolorist Al Romo and sculptor Bob Brisley. In 1961, the Santa Cruz Valley Art Association was formed with 80 members and the group founded the Tubac Festival of the Arts in 1964. [7] Other significant artists in the Village included Sophie and Harwood Steiger, Hal Empie and Hugh Cabot.

Attractions

The remains of the old Spanish presidio are preserved by Tubac Presidio State Historic Park. The park also features a regional museum, an underground archeology display, and other historic buildings. Modern Tubac is home to over 100 art galleries, home decor boutiques, gift shops, jewelers, potters, artists of every kind. There is a very active Art school, many gourmet restaurants, and a golf resort nestled along a verdant valley with one of the oldest stands of cottonwoods in the state.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
U.S. Decennial Census [8]

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,191 people residing in Tubac. The racial makeup of Tubac was 76.67% non-Hispanic White, 0.59% Native American, 0.42% Black or African American, 0.59% Asian, 6.47% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. 20.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

In Tubac 1.5% of the population was age 0-4, 4.7% from 5 to 17, 50.97% from 18 to 64, and 42.49% 65 years of age or older. The population of Tubac is 52.39% female and 47.61% male.

2000 census

As of the census [9] of 2000, there were 949 people, 481 households, and 303 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 115.9 people per square mile (44.8/km²). There were 569 housing units at an average density of 69.5 per square mile (26.9/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 88.72% White, 1.16% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 8.96% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. 18.23% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 481 households out of which 12.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.3% were married couples living together, 2.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.8% were non-families. 32.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.97 and the average family size was 2.45.

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 12.3% under the age of 18, 2.5% from 18 to 24, 12.1% from 25 to 44, 37.8% from 45 to 64, and 35.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 58 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.5 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $39,444, and the median income for a family was $59,375. Males had a median income of $36,528 versus $30,268 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $46,643. About 2.1% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.

Related Research Articles

Kachina Village, Arizona CDP in Arizona, United States

Kachina Village is a census-designated place (CDP) in Coconino County, Arizona, United States. The population was 2,622 at the 2010 census. Kachina Village is primarily a bedroom community for Flagstaff.

Kaibito, Arizona CDP in Arizona, United States

Kaibito is a census-designated place (CDP) in Coconino County, Arizona, United States. The population was 1,522 at the 2010 census.

LeChee, Arizona Census-designated place in Arizona, United States

LeChee is a census-designated place (CDP) in Coconino County, Arizona, United States. The population was 1,443 at the 2010 census.

Mountainaire, Arizona CDP in Arizona, United States

Mountainaire is a census-designated place (CDP) in Coconino County, Arizona, United States. The population was 1,119 at the 2010 census.

Sun Lakes, Arizona CDP in Arizona, United States

Sun Lakes is a census-designated place (CDP) in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. The population was 13,975 at the 2010 census. Sun Lakes is an active adult community comprising five active adult country club communities in three homeowner associations. These include the gated communities of Oakwood and IronWood (IronOaks), and the gated and non-gated communities of Palo Verde and Cottonwood, and the non-gated community of Sun Lakes 1. Sun Lakes is a master-planned community developed by a single builder, Robson Communities. Robson Communities was founded by Ed Robson.

Avra Valley, Arizona CDP in Arizona, United States

Avra Valley is a census-designated place (CDP) in Pima County, Arizona, United States. The population was 5,038 at the 2000 census.

Picture Rocks, Arizona CDP in Arizona, United States

Picture Rocks is a census-designated place (CDP) in Pima County, Arizona, United States. The population was 8,139 at the 2000 census.

Pisinemo, Arizona CDP in Arizona, United States

Pisinemo is a census-designated place (CDP) in Pima County, Arizona, United States. The population was 237 at the 2000 census.

Santa Rosa, Arizona CDP in Arizona, United States

Santa Rosa, or Kaij Mek (O'odham), is a census-designated place (CDP) in Pima County, Arizona, United States. The population was 438 at the 2000 census.

Sells, Arizona CDP in Arizona, United States

Sells is a census-designated place (CDP) in Pima County, Arizona, United States. The population was 2,799 at the 2000 census. It is the capital of the Tohono O'odham Nation and the home of several of their tribal businesses, such as Tohono O'Odham Ki:Ki Association. Originally named Indian Oasis, by cattle-ranchers/businessmen brothers, Joseph and Louis Ménager in 1912. The Ménager brothers also built and ran the Indian Oasis Mercantile Store. The settlement took its present English name in 1918 to honor Indian Commissioner Cato Sells. The O'odham name means "Tortoise Got Wedged".

Tucson Estates, Arizona CDP in Arizona, United States

Tucson Estates is a census-designated place (CDP) in Pima County, Arizona, United States. The population was 9,755 at the 2000 census.

Valencia West, Arizona CDP in Arizona, United States

Valencia West is a census-designated place (CDP) in Pima County, Arizona, United States. The population was 9,355 at the 2010 census, a 293% increase over the population of 2,380 at the 2000 census.

Ak-Chin Village, Arizona CDP in Arizona, United States

Ak-Chin Village is a census-designated place (CDP) in Pinal County, Arizona, United States. The population was 669 at the 2000 census.

Chuichu, Arizona CDP in Arizona, United States

Chuichu is a census-designated place (CDP) in Pinal County, Arizona, United States. The population was 339 at the 2000 census.

Queen Valley, Arizona CDP

Queen Valley is a census-designated place (CDP) in north central Pinal County, Arizona. The population was 820 at the 2000 census.

Santan, Arizona Unincorporated community in Arizona, United States

Santan is an unincorporated community, and former census-designated place (CDP), in Pinal County, Arizona, United States. The settlement was named "Santa Ana" by its Akimel O'odham inhabitants in 1857, and pronounced "Santana".

Sonoita, Arizona Census-designated place in Arizona, United States

Sonoita is a census-designated place (CDP) in Santa Cruz County, Arizona, United States. The population was 818 at the 2010 census.

Tumacacori, Arizona Census-designated place in Arizona, United States

Tumacacori is an unincorporated community in Santa Cruz County, Arizona, United States It abuts the community of Carmen, Arizona. Together, the communities constitute the Tumacacori-Carmen census-designated place (CDP). The population of the CDP was 393 at the 2010 census.

Verde Village, Arizona CDP in Arizona, United States

Verde Village is a census-designated place (CDP) in Yavapai County, Arizona, United States. The population was 11,605 at the 2010 census. It is a retirement and bedroom community for Cottonwood.

Greenvale, New York Hamlet and census-designated place in New York, United States

Greenvale is a hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) in Nassau County, New York on the North Shore of Long Island. As of the United States 2010 Census, the CDP population was 1,094. It is part of both the Roslyn and North Shore School Districts.

References

  1. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 18, 2017.
  2. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Tubac CDP, Arizona". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 4, 2012.
  4. Dobyns, H.F. (1959). "''Tubac'' ''Through Four Centuries'': ''An Historical Resume and Analysis'', The Arizona State Parks Board". Parentseyes.arizona.edu. Retrieved 2013-11-29.
  5. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. Walker A. Tompkins, Santa Barbara History Makers. McNally & Loftin, 1983. p. 105. ISBN   0-87461-059-1
  7. Tubac Center of the Arts, History. 2016 http://tubacarts.org/about-us/mission-history/
  8. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  9. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Tubac, Arizona at Wikimedia Commons