Casa Grande, Arizona

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Casa Grande

O'odham: Wainom Wo:g
Casa Grande-Casa Grande Union High School-1920-2.jpg
Historic Casa Grande Union High School which now serves as the Casa Grande City Hall.
Pinal County Arizona Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Casa Grande Highlighted 0410530.svg
Location of Casa Grande in Pinal County, Arizona.
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Casa Grande
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 32°53′9″N111°44′38″W / 32.88583°N 111.74389°W / 32.88583; -111.74389 Coordinates: 32°53′9″N111°44′38″W / 32.88583°N 111.74389°W / 32.88583; -111.74389
Country United States
State Arizona
County Pinal
Founded1879
Government
  City ManagerLarry Rains 
  MayorCraig McFarland 
  City CouncilMary Kortsen,
Ralph Varela,
Karl Montoya,
Lisa Fitzgibbons,
Dick Powell,
Matt Herman
Area
[1]
  Total110.20 sq mi (285.41 km2)
  Land110.20 sq mi (285.41 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
1,398 ft (426 m)
Population
  Total48,571
  Estimate 
(2017) [3]
55,477
  Density494.87/sq mi (191.07/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (MST (no DST))
ZIP codes
85122, 85130, 85193
Area code(s) 520
FIPS code 04-10530
Website http://www.casagrandeaz.gov

Casa Grande (O'odham: Wainom Wo:g) is a city in Pinal County, approximately halfway between Phoenix and Tucson in the U.S. state of Arizona. According to U.S. Census estimates, the population of the city is 55,477 as of 2017. [2] It is named after the Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, which is actually located in Coolidge. "Casa Grande" is Spanish for "big house". Among resident English speakers, there is no consensus on how to pronounce the city’s name. [4]

Pinal County, Arizona County in the United States

Pinal County is a county in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. According to U.S. Census Bureau estimates in 2017, the population of the county was 430,237, making it Arizona's third-most populous county. The county seat is Florence. The county was founded in 1875.

Phoenix, Arizona State capital city in Arizona, United States

Phoenix is the capital and most populous city of Arizona, with 1,626,000 people. It is also the fifth most populous city in the United States, and the most populous American state capital, and the only state capital with a population of more than one million residents.

Tucson, Arizona City in Arizona, United States

Tucson is a city and the county seat of Pima County, Arizona, United States, and home to the University of Arizona. The 2010 United States Census put the population at 520,116, while the 2015 estimated population of the entire Tucson metropolitan statistical area (MSA) was 980,263. The Tucson MSA forms part of the larger Tucson-Nogales combined statistical area (CSA), with a total population of 1,010,025 as of the 2010 Census. Tucson is the second-largest populated city in Arizona behind Phoenix, both of which anchor the Arizona Sun Corridor. The city is 108 miles (174 km) southeast of Phoenix and 60 mi (97 km) north of the U.S.–Mexico border. Tucson is the 33rd largest city and the 58th largest metropolitan area in the United States (2014).

Contents

History

Casa Grande was founded in 1879 during the Arizona mining boom, specifically due to the presence of the Southern Pacific Railroad. In January 1880, the community of Terminus, meaning "end-of-the-line," was established despite consisting of just five residents and three buildings. [5] In September 1880, railroad executives renamed the settlement Casa Grande, after the Hohokam ruins at the nearby Casa Grande Ruins National Monument. Casa Grande grew slowly, and suffered several setbacks both in 1886 and 1893, when fires ravaged the town, destroying all wooden housing structures within it. [5] When the mining boom slowed in the 1890s, the town was nearly abandoned, but with the advent of agriculture, the town remained alive and well, and was eventually incorporated in 1915. [5]

Hohokam ethnic group

Hohokam is a term used in archaeology. Hohokam is a cultural tradition, which means it was a longstanding culture or lifestyle. It existed for over a thousand years in the present U.S. state of Arizona, as well as in the northernmost parts of the Mexican state of Sonora.

Casa Grande Ruins National Monument national monument in Coolidge, Arizona

Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, in Coolidge, Arizona, just northeast of the city of Casa Grande, preserves a group of Ancient Pueblo Peoples Hohokam structures of the Pueblo III and Pueblo IV Eras.

One of the founding fathers of Casa Grande was Thompson Rodney Peart. Peart Road, Peart Park, and the Peart Center, all of which are notable fixtures of Casa Grande, are named after him.

Casa Grande was home to a collective farm society which was part of the New Deal.

According to historian David Leighton, during World War II, from 1942 to 1945, a Japanese-American relocation camp was set up outside of Casa Grande, known as the Gila River War Relocation Center. Two notable people that were interned there were future actor Pat Morita and baseball player Kenichi Zenimura, who constructed a baseball field and set up a league in the relocation camp. [6]

Gila River War Relocation Center Place in Arizona, United States

The Gila River War Relocation Center was an American concentration camp in Arizona, one of several built by the War Relocation Authority (WRA) during the Second World War for the incarceration of Japanese Americans from the West Coast and Hawai'i. It was located within the Gila River Indian Reservation about 30 miles (48.3 km) southeast of Phoenix. With a peak population of 13,348, it became the fourth-largest city in the state, operating from May 1942 to late September 1945.

Pat Morita American actor

Noriyuki "Pat" Morita was an American actor and comedian known for his roles as Matsuo "Arnold" Takahashi on Happy Days (1975–1983), Mr. Miyagi in The Karate Kid film series and The Toymaster in Babes in Toyland. Morita was nominated for the 1985 Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his portrayal of Mr. Miyagi in The Karate Kid. Morita also voiced the Emperor of China in the Disney animated film Mulan (1998) and portrayed Ah Chew in Sanford and Son (1974–1976).

Kenichi Zenimura was a Japanese baseball player and manager, known as "The Dean of the Diamond." After his death he has come to be recognized as "The Father of Japanese American Baseball".

Casa Grande is home to Francisco Grande Hotel & Golf Resort, former spring training location for the San Francisco Giants. Then owner, Horace Stoneham, began developing the property in 1959. The first exhibition game was played in Casa Grande in 1961, with Willie Mays hitting a 375-foot (114 m) home run. The San Francisco Giants no longer play at Francisco Grande, but the pool in a baseball bat and ball shape remains in memory of the past ballgames. [7]

Francisco Grande is a hotel and golf resort is located in Casa Grande, Arizona, approximately 46 miles south east of Phoenix.

San Francisco Giants Baseball team and Major League Baseball franchise in San Francisco, California, United States

The San Francisco Giants are an American professional baseball team based in San Francisco, California. Founded in 1883 as the New York Gothams, and renamed three years later the New York Giants, the team eventually moved to San Francisco in 1958. The Giants compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the National League (NL) West division.

Horace Charles Stoneham (/stoh-nəm/) was an American Major League Baseball executive and the owner of the New York and San Francisco Giants from 1936 to 1976.

During the Cold War, Casa Grande was the location of the Corona Satellite Calibration Targets. These targets consisted of concrete arrows located in and to the south of the city, which calibrated satellites of the Corona spy program. [8] [9] [10]

Cold War Geopolitical tension after World War II between the Eastern and Western Bloc

The Cold War was a period of geopolitical tension between the Soviet Union with its satellite states, and the United States with its allies after World War II. A common historiography of the conflict begins between 1946, the year U.S. diplomat George F. Kennan's "Long Telegram" from Moscow cemented a U.S. foreign policy of containment of Soviet expansionism threatening strategically vital regions, and the Truman Doctrine of 1947, and ending between the Revolutions of 1989, which ended communism in Eastern Europe as well as in other areas, and the 1991 collapse of the USSR, when nations of the Soviet Union abolished communism and restored their independence. The term "cold" is used because there was no large-scale fighting directly between the two sides, but they each supported major regional conflicts known as proxy wars. The conflict split the temporary wartime alliance against Nazi Germany and its allies, leaving the USSR and the US as two superpowers with profound economic and political differences.

Corona Satellite Calibration Targets Place

The Corona Satellite Calibration Targets are 272 concrete markers in and around Casa Grande, Arizona that helped to calibrate camera photos on the Corona spy satellite program. The markers formed a square 16x16-mile grid, maintained from 1959 to 1972. About half of the original markers can still be found on Google satellite maps and ground inspection. See links to maps below.

Corona (satellite) series of American strategic reconnaissance satellites

The Corona program was a series of American strategic reconnaissance satellites produced and operated by the Central Intelligence Agency Directorate of Science & Technology with substantial assistance from the U.S. Air Force. The Corona satellites were used for photographic surveillance of the Soviet Union (USSR), the People's Republic of China, and other areas beginning in June 1959 and ending in May 1972. The name of this program is sometimes seen in pre-ASCII all caps as "CORONA", but in mixed caps, its actual name "Corona" was a codeword, not an acronym.

Casa Grande has also played a prominent role in semi-pro and collegiate baseball. The Casa Grande Cotton Kings, who were founded in 1948, qualified to play in the National Baseball Congress World Series ten straight times by winning Arizona state championships in the 1940s and 1950s, and were reactivated in the 2000s. They are now members of the Pacific Southwest Baseball League. [11]

The National Baseball Congress of Wichita, Kansas is an organization of 17 amateur and semi-professional baseball leagues operating in the United States and Canada. Since its founding in 1934 by Hap Dumont, it has conducted an annual North American championship tournament among its members, The National Baseball Congress World Series has been held at Wichita's Lawrence-Dumont Stadium annually since 1935.

The Pacific Southwest Collegiate Baseball League is a collegiate summer baseball league. The PSWL was a member of the National Baseball Congress. The PSWL League Champion represented the league annually at the National Baseball Congress World Series in Wichita, Kansas. The original league consists of 4 teams: Tucson Nationals, Casa Grande Cotton Kings, Mesa Garden of Gears and the Bisbee Copper Kings. Former teams like the Lake Havasu City Heat and the Palm Springs Power were one of the founding teams in the first season of 2000. Due to financial instability in 2011, the PSBL announced they will fold and any remaining teams will join the renamed Pacific Southwest Collegiate Baseball League for the 2012 season.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, Casa Grande has a total area of 48.2 square miles (125 km2), all of it land.

Climate

Casa Grande has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh), typical for the Sonoran Desert. The city experiences long, extremely hot summers and brief winters consisting of mild afternoons and chilly evenings. The area averages only 9.07 inches (230 millimeters) of rain per year. The coolest month on average is December, with highs averaging 68 °F (20 °C), and lows typically averaging around 37 °F (3 °C). The lowest temperature ever recorded in Casa Grande was 15 °F (−9 °C).[ when? ] July is the warmest month of the year, with an average high of 107 °F (42 °C) and an average low of 76 °F (24 °C). The highest temperature ever recorded in the city was 122 °F (50 °C). Along with the rest of southern Arizona, the community is prone to dust storms and in the summer months is affected by the North American Monsoon, which brings high winds and heavy rain. [12]

Climate data for Casa Grande, AZ
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)88
(31)
97
(36)
101
(38)
110
(43)
120
(49)
119
(48)
122
(50)
120
(49)
116
(47)
108
(42)
96
(36)
91
(33)
122
(50)
Average high °F (°C)69
(21)
73
(23)
79
(26)
88
(31)
97
(36)
106
(41)
107
(42)
105
(41)
101
(38)
90
(32)
78
(26)
68
(20)
88
(31)
Average low °F (°C)38
(3)
41
(5)
45
(7)
51
(11)
60
(16)
68
(20)
76
(24)
75
(24)
68
(20)
56
(13)
44
(7)
37
(3)
55
(13)
Record low °F (°C)17
(−8)
17
(−8)
24
(−4)
28
(−2)
36
(2)
36
(2)
52
(11)
57
(14)
40
(4)
25
(−4)
22
(−6)
15
(−9)
15
(−9)
Average precipitation inches (mm)0.86
(22)
0.96
(24)
1.03
(26)
0.27
(6.9)
0.20
(5.1)
0.18
(4.6)
0.90
(23)
1.72
(44)
0.73
(19)
0.52
(13)
0.56
(14)
1.14
(29)
9.07
(230)
Source: The Weather Channel [13]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 33
1890 328893.9%
1920 948
1930 1,35142.5%
1940 1,54514.4%
1950 4,181170.6%
1960 8,31198.8%
1970 10,53626.8%
1980 14,97142.1%
1990 19,07627.4%
2000 25,22432.2%
2010 48,57192.6%
Est. 201755,477 [3] 14.2%
U.S. Decennial Census [14]

As of the census of 2010, there were 48,571 people, 22,400 households, and 6,547 families residing in the city. The population density was 523.7 people per square mile (202.2/km²). There were 11,041 housing units at an average density of 229.2 per square mile (88.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 49.9% non-Hispanic White, 4.27% Black or African American, 4.91% Native American, 1.17% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 21.09% from other races, and 3.56% from two or more races. 39.13% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,920 households out of which 37.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.3% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.6% were non-families. 21.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the city, the population was spread out with 30.9% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,212, and the median income for a family was $40,827. Males had a median income of $34,858 versus $23,533 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,917. About 12.4% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.2% of those under age 18 and 12.3% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

The historic Southern Pacific Railroad Depot was built in 1925 and is located at 201 W. Main St. Casa Grande-Southern Pacific Railroad Depot-1925.JPG
The historic Southern Pacific Railroad Depot was built in 1925 and is located at 201 W. Main St.

The economy of Casa Grande was historically based on rural, agricultural industries such as cotton and dairy farms. Over time, the city has become home to many Phoenix or Tucson urbanites who own homes in Casa Grande. Most residents either commute north to work in the Phoenix metropolitan area, or to the south, to work in Tucson. This trend has contributed to growth in the service industry of Casa Grande. Many new businesses such as restaurants, gas stations, and retail outlets are opening throughout the city in order to keep up with demand from the growing population.

An outlet mall operates in southern Casa Grande. Phase one of The Promenade at Casa Grande opened on November 16, 2007. Built by Westcor and the Pederson Group, it is similar to Desert Ridge Marketplace (an outdoor shopping center in northeast Phoenix). The Promenade at Casa Grande is an open-air outdoor mall, built on a 100-acre (0.40 km2) patch of desert, and contains nearly a million square feet. An additional $11 million was spent by the city to fund the reconstruction of the Florence Blvd./I-10 freeway overpass.

Ehrmann Commonwealth Dairy operates a major dairy processing facility in the town that opened in 2013 and employs about 110 people. [15]

Cars

On November 29, 2016, officials from the state and the Lucid Motors car company announced a $700 million manufacturing plant will be constructed in Casa Grande that will employ up to 2,000 workers by 2022. [16] [17] [18]

Casa Grande was also a candidate for Tesla's Gigafactory 1 in 2014. [19]

Top employers

According to Casa Grande's 2014 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [20] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees
1 Casa Grande Elementary School District 1,076
2 Banner Casa Grande Medical Center900
3 Walmart Distribution Center574
4 Hexcel Corporation 550
5 Frito-Lay, Inc. 450
6City of Casa Grande444
7 Abbott Laboratories/Ross Products 435
8 Walmart Supercenter 340
9National Vitamin Company270
10Franklin Foods175

News

Library

The Casa Grande Public Library provides the standard services of access to reading materials, as well as some special services, including a volunteer reading club for elementary school, internet access, and a talking book program. The main library is 16,000 square feet (1,500 m2), provides 75,000 volumes, and provides 38 public access computers with internet access. The Vista Grande Public Library, a branch of the Casa Grande Library System, opened in the summer of 2009. [21] [22]

City Court

The Casa Grande Municipal Court is the judicial branch of Casa Grande City government and accepted 6,609 filings, conducted 2,486 arraignments and held 156 civil, criminal and jury trials in Fiscal Year 2006–2007. [23]

Notable people

Micheal Wagner (architect)


Education

The following schools are located in Casa Grande.

Transportation

These highways serve Casa Grande.

See also

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  14. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
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  16. "Lucid Motors Has A 1000HP Tesla Challenger; Now To Find The Cash To Build It". Forbes. November 29, 2016. Retrieved November 30, 2016.
  17. Ronald J. Hansen and Yvonne Wingett Sanchez (November 30, 2016). "Tesla rival Lucid Motors plans Casa Grande plant". azcentral, The Republic. Retrieved November 30, 2016.
  18. FOX (November 29, 2016). "Electric car factory planned in Arizona to have 2,000 workers – Story | KSAZ". Fox10phoenix.com. Retrieved February 17, 2017.
  19. "Atieva will launch its Tesla competitor by December". Recode. October 20, 2016. Retrieved October 21, 2016. the factory will be built in Casa Grande, which happens to be one of the locations [for] Gigafactory to produce battery packs for Tesla vehicles. That facility ended up in Nevada.. "Arizona is not going to want to lose out a second time"
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