Fountain Hills, Arizona

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Fountain Hills, Arizona
Fountainhill az fountain.jpg
The fountain of Fountain Hills can spew water to a height of up to 560 feet (170 m)
FountainHillsaz seal.png
Seal
Motto(s): 
"All That Is Arizona" [1]
Maricopa County Arizona Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Fountain Hills Highlighted 0425300.svg
Location of Fountain Hills in Maricopa County, Arizona
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Fountain Hills, Arizona
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°36′N111°43′W / 33.60°N 111.72°W / 33.60; -111.72 Coordinates: 33°36′N111°43′W / 33.60°N 111.72°W / 33.60; -111.72
Country United States
State Arizona
County Maricopa
Incorporated 1989
Government
   Mayor Ginny Dickey
Area
[2]
  Total20.36 sq mi (52.73 km2)
  Land20.27 sq mi (52.50 km2)
  Water0.09 sq mi (0.23 km2)
Elevation
1,905–2,100 ft (580–640 m)
Population
 (2010) [3]
  Total22,489
  Estimate 
(2016) [4]
24,482
  Density1,207.74/sq mi (466.30/km2)
Time zone UTC-7 (MST (no DST))
ZIP codes
85268-85269
Area code(s) 480
FIPS code 04-25300
Website Town of Fountain Hills, Arizona

Fountain Hills is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. Known for its impressive fountain, once the tallest in the world, it borders on the Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation, Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community, and Scottsdale, Arizona. The population is 22,489, as of the 2010 census. [3] Between the 1990 and 2000 censuses it was the eighth-fastest-growing place among cities and towns in Arizona.

Maricopa County, Arizona County in the United States

Maricopa County is located in the south-central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. The U.S. Census Bureau estimated its population was 4,410,824 as of 2018, making it the state's most populous county, and the fourth-most populous in the United States, containing more than half the population of Arizona. It is more populous than 23 states. The county seat is Phoenix, the state capital and fifth-most populous city in the United States.

Arizona state of the United States of America

Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico; its other neighboring states are Nevada and California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the south and southwest.

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

Contents

History

Before the development of Fountain Hills, the area was home to the Yavapai, and petroglyphs can be found near the Dixie Mine in the northwest corner of the town along the mountains.

kids posing at the petroglyphs by the Dixie Mine, Fountain Hills AZ Petroglyphpeople.jpg
kids posing at the petroglyphs by the Dixie Mine, Fountain Hills AZ

In the early 1900's, the area that became Fountain Hills and the McDowell Mountain Regional Park was part of the Pemberton Ranch [5] , later renamed the P Bar Ranch. Fountain Hills High School is built on the site of one of the P Bar Ranch's buildings, and a plaque stands in the parking lot to commemorate this.

Plaque commemorating the original Pemberton Ranch site, just north of modern Fountain Hills. Pemberton Sign 2016.jpg
Plaque commemorating the original Pemberton Ranch site, just north of modern Fountain Hills.

Fountain Hills was developed by C. V. Wood, president of McCulloch Oil, and was named after the towering man-made fountain in the center of town. [6] [7] It was incorporated in 1989. [8]

Cornelius Vanderbilt "C. V." Wood was an American developer of theme parks and planned communities. He was the chief developer of Disneyland and then, through his own company, Marco Engineering, he developed other parks in several locations across the country. These theme parks included Freedomland U.S.A. in New York City and Six Flags Over Texas in Arlington.

Robert Paxton McCulloch was an American entrepreneur from Missouri, best known for McCulloch chainsaws and purchasing the "New" London Bridge, which he moved to one of the cities he founded, Lake Havasu City, Arizona.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 18.2 square miles (47.1 km2), of which 18.1 square miles (46.9 km2) is land and 0.1 square mile (0.26 km2) (0.55%) is water.

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

To the east of the town is the Verde River, a tributary to the Salt River. Inside the town there are many washes that run through Fountain Hills into the Verde River. Some of these washes include the Ashbrook, Balboa, Legend, and Colony Washes. During times of rain the washes flood with water and can sometimes block roads with their water. Signs mark several of the intersections of washes and major streets in the town.

Verde River river in the United States of America

The Verde River is a major tributary of the Salt River in the U.S. state of Arizona. It is about 170 miles (270 km) long and carries a mean flow of 602 cubic feet per second (17.0 m3/s) at its mouth. It is one of the largest perennial streams in Arizona.

Salt River (Arizona) stream in the U.S. state of Arizona

The Salt River is a stream in the U.S. state of Arizona. It is the largest tributary of the Gila River. The river is about 200 miles (320 km) long. Its drainage basin is about 13,700 square miles (35,000 km2) large. The longest of the Salt River's many tributaries is the 195-mile (314 km) Verde River. The Salt's headwaters tributaries, the Black River and East Fork, increase the river's total length to about 300 miles (480 km). The name Salt River comes from the fact that the river flows over large salt deposits shortly after the merging of the White and Black Rivers.

To the southwest and northwest regions of Fountain Hills are the McDowell Mountains, a chain of extinct volcanic mountains. The highest mountains in the range are East End (4,033 ft (1,229 m)) and Thompson Peak (3,910 ft (1,190 m)).

McDowell Mountains

The McDowell Mountain Range is located about twenty miles north-east of downtown Phoenix, Arizona, and may be seen from most places throughout the city. The range is composed of miocene deposits left nearly five million years ago. The McDowells share borders with the cities of Fountain Hills, Scottsdale, and Maricopa County. The city of Scottsdale has made its share of the McDowells a preserve, and has set up a wide trail network in partnership with the McDowell Sonoran Conservancy. The McDowell Sonoran Conservancy was established in 1991. The highest peak in the McDowells is East End, at 4,069 feet (1,240 m). This mountain range also serves as a sacred marker to the Yavapai people. The boundaries of the range are generally defined by Saddleback Mountain in the South and Granite Mountain as the Northern boundary. The McDowells also comprise popular landmarks such as Pinnacle Peak and Tom's Thumb. Although technically a stand-alone, Mt. McDowell, not to be confused with McDowell Peak, is sometimes listed on maps as a part of the McDowell Mountains.

East End (Arizona)

East End is a mountain located at the northeastern end of the McDowell Mountains and about 24 miles (39 km) north northeast of Scottsdale, Arizona. Its summit is the highest point in the range, at 4,069 feet (1,240 m). The mountain is mostly covered in rocky boulders, and is the site of the ancient Marcus Landslide.

Thompson Peak (Arizona) mountain in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States

Thompson Peak is located in the McDowell Mountains, the summit being 20 miles (32 km) to the northeast of Phoenix, Arizona. Its height is 3,984 feet (1,214 m). Thompson Peak has amateur and Maricopa County government radio towers on the summit, accessible via a service road from Fountain Hills.

Climate

This area has a large amount of sunshine year round due to its stable descending air and high pressure. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Fountain Hills has a hot desert climate, abbreviated "Bwh" on climate maps. [9]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1980 2,771
1990 10,030262.0%
2000 20,235101.7%
2010 22,48911.1%
Est. 201624,482 [4] 8.9%
U.S. Decennial Census [10]

As of the census of 2010, there were 22,489 people, 10,339 households, and 7,121 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,113.8 inhabitants per square mile (430.0/km2). There were 13,167 housing units at an average density of 577.5 per square mile (223.0/km2). The ethnic makeup of the town was 94.1% White, 1.0% Black or African American, 0.6% Native American, 1.8% Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, 1.1% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race make up 4.1% of the population.

There were 10,339 households out of which 18.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.4% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.1% were non-families. Householders living alone make up 25.7% of all households and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.56.

In the town, the population was spread out with 14.4% under the age of 18, 85.6% 18 years and over, and 27.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 53.9 years. There were 47.8% males and 52.2% females.

According to a 2010 Census American Community Survey 3-year estimate, the median income for a household in the town was $75,038, and the median income for a family was $91,585. [11]

The per capita income for the town was $47,441. About 3.0% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.6% of those under age 18 and 0.7% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture

The Fountain

Fountain Hills Fountain Informative Plaque Fountain Hills Fountain Informative Plaque.jpg
Fountain Hills Fountain Informative Plaque

Fountain Hills has the world's fourth-tallest fountain. It was built in 1970, by Robert P. McCulloch, the year before the reconstruction of the London Bridge in Lake Havasu City, another of McCulloch's projects. The fountain sprays water for about 15 minutes every hour between 9am and 9pm. The plume rises from a concrete water-lily sculpture in the center of a large man-made lake. The fountain, driven by three 600 horsepower (450 kW) turbine pumps, sprays water at a rate of 7,000 US gallons (26,000 l; 5,800 imp gal) per minute through an 18-inch (460 mm) nozzle. With all three pumps under ideal conditions, the fountain reaches 560 feet (170 m) in height, [12] though in normal operation only two of the pumps are used, with a fountain height of around 300 feet (91 m). When built it was the world's tallest fountain, a record it held for over a decade. [13]

Annual fairs

The town has three annual fairs—a local art fair, the Fountain Hills Great Fair, which incorporates arts and a carnival, and the Thunderbird Artists' Fountain Hills Fine Art & Wine Affaire. Each year, the water in the town's fountain is dyed green in celebration of St. Patrick's day. [14] Fountain Hills Theater is an award-winning performing arts venue entering its 28th season and offering over 16 productions a year to local communities as well as performing an arts education year round for youth.

Government

Fountain Hills has a council-manager system. The current mayor of Fountain Hills is Ginny Dickey, elected in August 2018. The current Town Council consists of the mayor and six councilmembers: Councilmembers Dennis Brown, Alan Magazine, Art Tollis, Sherry Leckrone, Mike Scharnow, and David Spelich. Grady Miller has been serving as the Town Manager since 2015. Among other council appointed staff are Town Attorney Aaron Aronson and Town Magistrate Robert Melton.

The town contracts its law enforcement services with the Maricopa County Sheriff's Office.

Fountain Hills' Fire Department has two fire stations and contracts with Rural Metro for staffing of its fire department. Dave Ott is the Fire Chief.

Fountain Hills is in Arizona's 6th Congressional District, served by Representative David Schweikert and Arizona's 23rd State Legislative District served by Representatives Jay Lawrence and John Kavanagh. Michelle R. Ugenti is a member of the Arizona Senate.

Education

Fountain Hills Public Schools are part of the Fountain Hills Unified School District #98. The district has two elementary schools, one middle school and one high school. StudentsFountain Hills High School. [15]

Media

The Fountain Hills Times is the town's weekly newspaper and is published in Fountain Hills. [16] The paper has a weekly circulation of about 3,000. [17]

The parent company of the Times, Western States Publishers, Inc., also publishes the Fountain Hills/Rio Verde Telephone Directory, Fountain Hills Community Guide, Fountain Hills HOME. [18]

Notable people

Sister cities

Fountain Hills has four sister cities , as designated by Sister Cities International : [19]

Fountain Hills Arizona Fountain Hills Arizona.jpg
Fountain Hills Arizona

The Stoneman Road, established by Colonel George Stoneman, was an important supply road between Fort McDowell and Fort Whipple in Prescott between 1870 and 1890 on what is today the Yavapai Reservation near Fountain Hills. The trail passed through the McDowell Mountains. The McDowell Mountains is a chain of extinct volcanic mountains in Fountain Hills. [20]

Related Research Articles

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Mount McDowell mountain in United States of America

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The Fountain Hills Unified School District is a public school district in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA, based in Fountain Hills, Arizona.

Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation federally recognized tribe living near Scottsdale and Phoenix, Arizona

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Stoneman Military Trail

The Stoneman Road, an important supply road between Fort McDowell and Fort Whipple in Prescott between 1870 and 1890. It was an important conduit for the shipping of supplies from Fort Whipple in Prescott to Fort McDowell on what is today the Yavapai Reservation near Fountain Hills.

References

  1. "Town of Fountain Hills, Arizona". Town of Fountain Hills, Arizona. Retrieved August 23, 2012.
  2. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 18, 2017.
  3. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  4. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  5. https://arizona.hometownlocator.com/maps/feature-map,ftc,2,fid,32778,n,pemberton%20ranch.cfm
  6. Arroyo Rodriguez, Nadine (April 18, 2014). "Did You Know: The Fountain Hills Namesake Is Among The World's Largest". KJZZ. Retrieved July 17, 2016.
  7. "Profile for Fountain Hills, Arizona, AZ". ePodunk. Retrieved August 23, 2012.
  8. "Town of Fountain Hills, Arizona". Town of Fountain Hills, Arizona. Retrieved August 23, 2012.
  9. Climate Summary for Fountain Hills, Arizona
  10. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  11. "Selected Economic Characteristics (DP03): Fountain Hills, Arizona" . Retrieved May 11, 2012.
  12. "The Fountain". Archived from the original on July 22, 2011. Retrieved October 26, 2011.
  13. "The Fountain (site disabled 2017-06-26)". Fountain Hills Guide. Retrieved August 23, 2012.
  14. "The Fountain". Fountain Hills Guide. Retrieved August 23, 2012.
  15. "Fountain Hills United School District #98". Fountain Hills United School District #98. Retrieved August 23, 2012.
  16. "Fountain Hills Times". Fountain Hills Times. Retrieved August 23, 2012.
  17. "National Newspaper Association 2012 Better Newspaper Contest Winners" (PDF). National Newspaper Association. Retrieved August 23, 2012.
  18. "Fountain Hills Times CO". Yellowpages. Retrieved August 23, 2012.
  19. "Interactive City Directory". Sister Cities International. Archived from the original on August 23, 2016. Retrieved August 23, 2016.
  20. Arizona Republic