Gilbert, Arizona

Last updated

Gilbert, Arizona
Town
Gilbert-Gilbert Heritage District as viewed from Gilbert Rd..jpg
Gilbert's Heritage Court as viewed from Gilbert Road
Seal of Gilbert, Arizona.svg
Seal
Motto(s): 
"Gilbert: Clean, Safe, Vibrant"
Maricopa County Arizona Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Gilbert Highlighted 0427400.svg
Location of Gilbert in Maricopa County, Arizona
USA Arizona location map.svg
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Gilbert, Arizona
Location in Arizona
Usa edcp relief location map.png
Red pog.svg
Gilbert, Arizona
Location in United States
North America laea relief location map.jpg
Red pog.svg
Gilbert, Arizona
Location in North America
Coordinates: 33°21′10″N111°47′20″W / 33.35278°N 111.78889°W / 33.35278; -111.78889 Coordinates: 33°21′10″N111°47′20″W / 33.35278°N 111.78889°W / 33.35278; -111.78889 [1]
CountryUnited States
State Arizona
County Maricopa
Government
  Mayor Jenn Daniels (R)
Area
[2]
  Town68.29 sq mi (176.88 km2)
  Land68.09 sq mi (176.35 km2)
  Water0.20 sq mi (0.53 km2)
Elevation
[1]
1,237 ft (377 m)
Population
 (2010) [3]
  Town208,453
  Estimate 
(2018) [4]
248,279
  RankUS: 88th
  Density3,646.39/sq mi (1,407.88/km2)
   Metro
4,737,270 (US: 11th)
Time zone UTC-7 (MST (no DST))
ZIP codes
85233, 85234, 85295-85298
Area code(s) 480
FIPS code 04-27400
Website www.gilbertaz.gov

Gilbert is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, located southeast of Phoenix, within the Phoenix metropolitan area. Once known as the "Hay Shipping Capital of the World", [5] It is the sixth-largest municipality in Arizona, and the fifth-largest in the Metropolitan Phoenix Area.

Contents

Gilbert encompasses 76 square miles (197 km2) and has made a rapid transformation from an agriculture-based community to an economically diverse suburban center located in the southeast valley of the Greater Phoenix area. In the last three decades, Gilbert has grown at an extremely high rate, increasing in population from 5,717 in 1980 to 208,453 as of the 2010 census. The town grew at an average annual growth rate of nearly 13% during this 30-year period. In 2017, the town's population was estimated to be at 242,354.

History

Gilbert owes its beginnings to William "Bobby" Gilbert who provided land to the Arizona Eastern Railway in 1902 to construct a rail line between Phoenix and Florence, Arizona. Ayer's Grocery Store, the first store in Gilbert, opened in 1910 and became the location of the first post office in 1912. The location of the town post office moved several times before settling on the east side of Gilbert Road in downtown, where it still stands today. In 1912, many Mormons who had fled the Mormon colonies in Mexico due to the actions of the forces of Pancho Villa settled in Gilbert. By 1915, they began holding church meetings at the Gilbert Elementary School. In 1918, they were organized into the Gilbert Ward. [6]

Incorporated in July 1920, Gilbert was primarily a farming community fueled by the rail line and construction of the Roosevelt Dam and the Eastern and Consolidated Canals. It remained an agricultural town for many years and was known as the "Hay Capital of the World" [7] from 1911 until the late 1920s.

Geography

Gilbert is located in the southeast portion of the Phoenix metropolitan area. It is south of Mesa and northeast of Chandler. [8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, in the 2000 Census, the town had an estimated area of 40 square miles (104 km2). As of 2009, and due to annexations the current Municipal Planning Area of Gilbert has a total area of 76.0 square miles (197 km2), of which 75.76 square miles (196.2 km2) is land and 0.24 square miles (0.6 km2) is water.

Climate

Gilbert has a tropical and subtropical, hot desert type of climate (Köppen climate classification BWh) with dry and hot summers, and mild to warm winters, with a little amount of rainfall.

Climate data for Gilbert, Arizona
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)89
(32)
95
(35)
99
(37)
106
(41)
118
(48)
116
(47)
119
(48)
115
(46)
113
(45)
107
(42)
97
(36)
86
(30)
119
(48)
Average high °F (°C)67
(19)
71
(22)
77
(25)
85
(29)
94
(34)
104
(40)
106
(41)
104
(40)
99
(37)
89
(32)
75
(24)
67
(19)
87
(30)
Average low °F (°C)41
(5)
45
(7)
49
(9)
54
(12)
61
(16)
70
(21)
77
(25)
76
(24)
70
(21)
59
(15)
47
(8)
40
(4)
57
(14)
Record low °F (°C)15
(−9)
19
(−7)
24
(−4)
30
(−1)
37
(3)
43
(6)
54
(12)
51
(11)
40
(4)
30
(−1)
22
(−6)
17
(−8)
15
(−9)
Average precipitation inches (mm)1.01
(26)
1.03
(26)
1.19
(30)
0.33
(8.4)
0.13
(3.3)
0.04
(1.0)
0.89
(23)
1.14
(29)
0.89
(23)
0.81
(21)
0.77
(20)
0.98
(25)
9.21
(235.7)
Source: The Weather Channel [9]
Climate data for Gilbert
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Mean daily daylight hours10.011.012.013.014.014.514.013.512.511.510.510.012.2
Source: Weather Atlas [10]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1920 865
1930 791−8.6%
1940 8375.8%
1950 1,11433.1%
1960 1,83364.5%
1970 1,9717.5%
1980 5,717190.1%
1990 29,188410.5%
2000 109,697275.8%
2010 208,45390.0%
Est. 2018248,279 [4] 19.1%
U.S. Decennial Census [11]
Town Hall building at the Civic Center Gilbert Civic Center.jpg
Town Hall building at the Civic Center
A waterfront in the Val Vista Lakes Community in Gilbert Picture of lake front in Val Vista Lakes in Gilbert, Arizona, USA.jpg
A waterfront in the Val Vista Lakes Community in Gilbert
The Liberty Market and the water tower in March 2009 Downtown Gilbert - SWC Gilbert & Page - 2009-03-23.JPG
The Liberty Market and the water tower in March 2009
SanTan Village in September 2009 SanTan Village - North - 2009-09-20.JPG
SanTan Village in September 2009

As of the census of 2010, there were 208,453 people, 74,147 housing units, and 3.01 persons per household.

According to Nielsen's Claritas demographics, [14] in 2009 the racial makeup of the town was:

2009 estimated population data by gender/age: [14]

2009 estimated population age 15+ by marital status: [14]

2009 estimated population age 25+ educational attainment: [14]

2009 estimated household by household income: [14]

Religion

Various religious denominations are represented in Gilbert. The town has been known for its high population of members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, a fact evidenced by the building of Gilbert Arizona Temple dedicated March 2, 2014. [15] [16]

Economy

Largest employers

According to the town's 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [17] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of employees
1 Gilbert Public Schools 3,642
2 Banner Health 2,268
3 Mercy Gilbert Medical Center 1,233
4Town of Gilbert1,191
5 Fry's Food and Drug 966
6 Go Daddy 950
7 Walmart 791
8 Chandler Unified School District 518
9B H Drywall500
10 Dillard's Retail and Distribution490

Arts and culture

Music and dance

These performers have been associated with Gilbert:

Government

Gilbert was recognized in 2010 as the "36th Best Place to Live in the nation", [20] as well as among the nation's "top places to live and learn", [20] by GreatSchools.org. Washington, DC-based CQ Press rated Gilbert the "safest municipality in Arizona, and 25th safest in the nation." [21]

Since Gilbert remains incorporated as a town, it lacks the additional powers possessed by nearby Mesa and Chandler, which are incorporated as cities. For instance, Arizona towns do not have as much power to regulate utilities and construction within their borders as cities possess. [22] Unlike most of its neighboring communities, Gilbert is theoretically vulnerable to annexation. [23]

The town is part of Arizona's 5th congressional district , which is represented by Republican and Gilbert resident Andy Biggs. [24] The mayor of Gilbert is Jenn Daniels.

Crime

Gilbert
Crime rates* (2014)
Violent crimes
Homicide 0
Rape 11
Robbery 17
Aggravated assault 60
Total violent crime 89
Property crimes
Burglary 246
Larceny-theft 1,175
Motor vehicle theft 54
Arson 10
Total property crime 1,475
Notes

*Number of reported crimes per 100,000 population.

2014 population: 235,430

Source: 2014 FBI UCR Data

Gilbert is rated as a town of relatively low crime. According to FBI records, Gilbert was the largest town in the United States with zero murders in 2005, 2007, and 2014.[ citation needed ]

Education

Most of Gilbert is zoned to schools in the Gilbert Public Schools, while other portions are zoned to districts including the Chandler Unified School District, Mesa Public Schools, and the Higley Unified School District. Also in Gilbert are charter schools such as Eduprize (the first charter school in Arizona), American Leadership Academy, and Legacy Traditional School. The town is also home to Gilbert Christian Schools, a chain of private schools.

Infrastructure

Transportation

Gilbert is primarily served by one area freeway—the Santan Freeway portion of Loop 202. A small section of the US 60 Superstition Freeway also skirts the northern boundary of the town at the Higley Road interchange (Exit 186). Several regional arterials also serve the area, including Williams Field Road, Chandler Boulevard, and Gilbert Road. The town enjoys relative closeness to Phoenix Mesa Gateway Airport, which is located in east Mesa, and is a twenty-five-minute drive from Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport.

Recently, a park-and-ride facility was constructed in downtown Gilbert for bus service and future commuter rail service. Although the facility borders the Union Pacific (formerly Southern Pacific) tracks and has provisions for commuter rail service, there is currently no such service. Bus service is limited in Gilbert, with some north-south routes in Mesa dead-ending at Baseline Road before entering Gilbert. Routes that serve portions of Gilbert include the 108-Elliot Road, 112-Country Club/Arizona Avenue, 136-Gilbert Road, 140-Ray Road, 156-Chandler Boulevard/Williams Field Road, 184-Power Road, and 531-Mesa/Gilbert Express, with most of these routes operating at 30-minute frequency on weekdays. Sunday service is only available on Routes 108, 112, 156, and 184. Most people get around by cars or bikes. The city of Gilbert has a low percentage of households without a car. In 2015, 1.9 percent of Gilbert households lacked a car, and the figure was virtually unchanged in 2016 (1.7 percent). The national average was 8.7 percent in 2016. Gilbert averaged 2.08 cars per household in 2016, compared to a national average of 1.8. [25]

In 2018 Waymo started testing in a small portion of the northwest portion of the town of Gilbert. [26]

Historic structures

The following is a brief description of the historic structures which are pitcured. Some of these structures are listed in the National Register of Historic Places while others are listed as historical by the Gilbert Heritage District. [27] [28]

Notable people

Sister cities

Gilbert has two sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

See also

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References

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  3. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved June 18, 2012.
  4. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 4, 2019.
  5. Gilbert Profile
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  16. Gilbert Arizona Temple, ldschurchtemples.com. Retrieved April 27, 2008.
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  18. "About-Lydia". LydiaBand.com. Retrieved June 9, 2019.
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  22. "Arizona Revised Statutes §9-276. Additional powers of cities". Arizona State Legislature. Retrieved March 28, 2017.
  23. "Arizona Revised Statutes §9–122. Unification of a city and a town". Arizona State Legislature. Retrieved July 31, 2009.
  24. "Official biography, Congressman Andy Biggs". Congressman Andy Biggs. Retrieved March 28, 2017.
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  27. National Register of Historic Places Maricopa County, Arizona
  28. Historic Gilbert properties you need to see
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