Alpine, Arizona

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Alpine, Arizona
AlpineAZ.jpg
Alpine (center of image); Luna Lake, right center. NASA perspective image created by joining Landsat 7 and Digital Elevation Model data.
USA Arizona location map.svg
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Alpine
Coordinates: 33°50′53″N109°08′35″W / 33.84806°N 109.14306°W / 33.84806; -109.14306 Coordinates: 33°50′53″N109°08′35″W / 33.84806°N 109.14306°W / 33.84806; -109.14306 [1]
CountryUnited States
State Arizona
County Apache
Area
[2]
  Total0.60 sq mi (1.56 km2)
  Land0.60 sq mi (1.56 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
8,012 ft (2,442 m)
Population
  Total145
  Estimate 
(2016) [3]
N/A
Time zone UTC-7 (MST)
FIPS code 04-01920
GNIS Feature ID 25603

Alpine is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Apache County, Arizona, United States, in Bush Valley in the east central part of the state. As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 145. [4]

Unincorporated area Region of land not governed by own local government

In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land that is not governed by a local municipal corporation; similarly an unincorporated community is a settlement that is not governed by its own local municipal corporation, but rather is administered as part of larger administrative divisions, such as a township, parish, borough, county, city, canton, state, province or country. Occasionally, municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, and services become the responsibility of a higher administration. Widespread unincorporated communities and areas are a distinguishing feature of the United States and Canada. In most other countries of the world, there are either no unincorporated areas at all, or these are very rare; typically remote, outlying, sparsely populated or uninhabited areas.

A census-designated place (CDP) is a concentration of population defined by the United States Census Bureau for statistical purposes only. CDPs have been used in each decennial census since 1980 as the counterparts of incorporated places, such as self-governing cities, towns, and villages, for the purposes of gathering and correlating statistical data. CDPs are populated areas that generally include one officially designated but currently unincorporated small community, for which the CDP is named, plus surrounding inhabited countryside of varying dimensions and, occasionally, other, smaller unincorporated communities as well. CDPs include small rural communities, colonias located along the U.S. border with Mexico, and unincorporated resort and retirement communities and their environs.

Apache County, Arizona County in the United States

Apache County is located in the northeast corner of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census its population was 71,518. The county seat is St. Johns.

Contents

History

Alpine was settled in 1876 by Anderson Bush, who built a log house originally known as "Fort Bush". Bush sold his holdings in 1879 to William Maxwell and Fred Hamblin, Mormon settlers who established the town as a Mormon community. [5] The community was named for its lofty elevation. [6]

Mormons Religious group part of the Latter Day Saint movement

Mormons are a religious and cultural group related to Mormonism, the principal branch of the Latter Day Saint movement of Restorationist Christianity, initiated by Joseph Smith in upstate New York during the 1820s. After Smith's death in 1844, the Mormons followed Brigham Young to what would become the Utah Territory. Today, most Mormons are understood to be members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Some Mormons are also either independent or non-practicing. The center of Mormon cultural influence is in Utah, and North America has more Mormons than any other continent, though the majority of Mormons live outside the United States.

Geography

Alpine is located at an elevation of 8,050 feet (2,450 m) above sea level in the eastern end of the White Mountains and surrounded by the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest. Alpine is a popular destination for hunting, fishing, and camping. Alpine is near the headwaters of the San Francisco River and six miles from the New Mexico border. As of 1960, it was the highest place in the United States where farming was successfully occurring. [5]

White Mountains (Arizona)

The White Mountains of Arizona are a mountain range and mountainous region in the eastern part of the state, near the border with New Mexico; it is a continuation from the west of the Arizona transition zone–Mogollon Rim, with the Rim ending in western New Mexico. The White Mountains are a part of the Colorado Plateau high country of Northeast Arizona, the Navajo Nation, with the rest of the Plateau in eastern Utah, northwest New Mexico, and southwestern Colorado. Nearby communities include Show Low, Pinetop-Lakeside, Greer, Springerville, Eagar, and McNary. Much of the range is within the Fort Apache Indian Reservation.

San Francisco River river in the United States of America

The San Francisco River is a 159-mile-long (256 km) river in the southwest United States, the largest tributary of the Upper Gila River. The river originates near Alpine, Arizona and flows into New Mexico before re-entering Arizona and joining the Gila downstream from Clifton, Arizona.

New Mexico State of the United States of America

New Mexico is a state in the Southwestern region of the United States of America; its capital and cultural center is Santa Fe, which was founded in 1610 as capital of Nuevo México, while its largest city is Albuquerque with its accompanying metropolitan area. It is one of the Mountain States and shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and Arizona; its other neighboring states are Oklahoma to the northeast, Texas to the east-southeast, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua to the south and Sonora to the southwest. With a population around two million, New Mexico is the 36th state by population. With a total area of 121,590 sq mi (314,900 km2), it is the fifth-largest and sixth-least densely populated of the 50 states. Due to their geographic locations, northern and eastern New Mexico exhibit a colder, alpine climate, while western and southern New Mexico exhibit a warmer, arid climate.

The Alpine post office has the ZIP code of 85920. [7]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
U.S. Decennial Census [8]

Climate

Alpine has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csb) influence by its very high altitude and the North American Monsoon, which brings frequent thunder showers during the summer. Although temperatures are generally comfortable during the daytime, the sun is very intense and at night frosts have occurred even in summer and are an almost daily occurrence from October to May.

Köppen climate classification widely used climate classification system

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. It was first published by the Russian climatologist Wladimir Köppen (1846–1940) in 1884, with several later modifications by Köppen, notably in 1918 and 1936. Later, the climatologist Rudolf Geiger introduced some changes to the classification system, which is thus sometimes called the Köppen–Geiger climate classification system.

North American Monsoon california monsoons

The North American monsoon, variously known as the Southwest monsoon, the Mexican monsoon, the New Mexican monsoon, or the Arizona monsoon, is a pattern of pronounced increase in thunderstorms and rainfall over large areas of the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico, typically occurring between July and mid September. During the monsoon, thunderstorms are fueled by daytime heating and build up during the late afternoon-early evening. Typically, these storms dissipate by late night, and the next day starts out fair, with the cycle repeating daily. The monsoon typically loses its energy by mid-September when drier and cooler conditions are reestablished over the region. Geographically, the North American monsoon precipitation region is centered over the Sierra Madre Occidental in the Mexican states of Sinaloa, Durango, Sonora and Chihuahua.

Winters are cold, with storms bringing precipitation mostly in the form of snow. Because Alpine is on the eastern end of the Mogollon Rim, it experiences a rain shadow from the White Mountains: it gets less snowfall than points west at a similar elevation.

Mogollon Rim mountain range

The Mogollon Rim is a topographical and geological feature cutting across the U.S. state of Arizona. It extends approximately 200 miles (320 km), starting in northern Yavapai County and running eastward, ending near the border with New Mexico. It forms the southern edge of the Colorado Plateau in Arizona.

Rain shadow

A rain shadow is a dry area on the leeward side of a mountainous area. The mountains block the passage of rain-producing weather systems and cast a "shadow" of dryness behind them. Wind and moist air is drawn by the prevailing winds towards the top of the mountains, where it condenses and precipitates before it crosses the top. The air, without much moisture left, advances across the mountains creating a drier side called the "rain shadow".

Climate data for Alpine, Arizona
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)72
(22)
72
(22)
74
(23)
79
(26)
92
(33)
94
(34)
94
(34)
88
(31)
87
(31)
86
(30)
77
(25)
72
(22)
94
(34)
Average high °F (°C)44.8
(7.1)
47.6
(8.7)
52.3
(11.3)
59.7
(15.4)
67.6
(19.8)
77.5
(25.3)
78.4
(25.8)
75.3
(24.1)
71.2
(21.8)
62.6
(17)
52.6
(11.4)
46.2
(7.9)
61.3
(16.3)
Average low °F (°C)13.4
(−10.3)
16.7
(−8.5)
20.8
(−6.2)
24.4
(−4.2)
29.7
(−1.3)
36.5
(2.5)
44.7
(7.1)
43.9
(6.6)
37.4
(3)
27.9
(−2.3)
19.7
(−6.8)
14.2
(−9.9)
27.4
(−2.6)
Record low °F (°C)−32
(−36)
−28
(−33)
−25
(−32)
−6
(−21)
8
(−13)
13
(−11)
27
(−3)
29
(−2)
17
(−8)
−1
(−18)
−18
(−28)
−28
(−33)
−32
(−36)
Average precipitation inches (mm)1.35
(34)
1.29
(33)
1.30
(33)
0.63
(16)
0.75
(19)
0.86
(22)
3.43
(87)
4.47
(114)
2.41
(61)
2.38
(60)
1.44
(37)
1.35
(34)
21.66
(550)
Average snowfall inches (cm)7.4
(19)
6.8
(17)
5.8
(15)
1.4
(4)
0.2
(1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1.4
(4)
4.0
(10)
5.8
(15)
32.8
(85)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch)6.26.26.74.74.95.316.517.49.76.84.55.194
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 inch)2.22.32.11.00.100000.61.41.911.6
Source: NOAA [9]

Government and infrastructure

The U.S. Postal Service operates the Alpine Post Office on U.S. Route 191. [10]

Attractions

Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest, south of Alpine A087, Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest, Alpine, Arizona, USA, 2004.jpg
Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest, south of Alpine

Education

The Alpine Elementary School District, operating Alpine Elementary School, serves Alpine. [12]

The Apache County Library District operates the Alpine Public Library. [13]

See also

Related Research Articles

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Apache-Sitgreaves National Forests Apache-Sitgraves National Forest

The Apache-Sitgreaves National Forests are two 2.76-million-acre (11,169 km2) United States National Forests which run along the Mogollon Rim and the White Mountains in east-central Arizona and into the U.S. state of New Mexico. Both forests are managed as one unit by USDA Forest Service from the forests Supervisors Office in Springerville, Arizona. Apache-Sitgreaves has over 400 species of wildlife. With its high elevation and cool summer breezes it is a popular weekend destination from the hot desert for Phoenix, Arizona residents. The forest is divided into 5 Ranger Districts that span almost 300 miles (480 km) from Clifton, Arizona in the east-central portion of Arizona to the eastern boundary of the Coconino National Forest in north-central Arizona. The Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest borders the western and northern borders of the Fort Apache Indian Reservation. It is located in parts of Greenlee, Apache, Navajo, and Coconino counties in eastern and east-central Arizona, and Catron County in western New Mexico. The more northwesterly Sitgreaves National Forest portion lies adjacent to the north side of the Fort Apache Indian Reservation and is located entirely in Arizona, within Navajo, Apache, and Coconino counties. It has a total area of 818,651 acres (3,313 km2). The more southeasterly and much larger Apache National Forest portion lies adjacent to the east side of the Fort Apache and the San Carlos Indian Reservations. It lies on both sides of the border with New Mexico, in Greenlee, Catron, and Apache counties. It has a total area of 1,813,601 acres (7,339 km2).

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Ackre Lake is located in the White Mountains southwest of Alpine, Arizona, off State Route 191. This lake is located in and administered by the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forests. The lake is stocked with trout and grayling. Tiger salamanders are also found in Ackre Lake.

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References

  1. "Alpine". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2014-01-31.
  2. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 18, 2017.
  3. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Alpine CDP, Arizona". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
  5. 1 2 Byrd H. Granger (1960). Arizona Place Names. University of Arizona Press. p. 3. Retrieved November 20, 2011.
  6. The Utah Genealogical and Historical Magazine, Volumes 9-10. 1918. p. 9.
  7. Zip Code Lookup Archived June 15, 2011, at the Wayback Machine .
  8. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  9. "ALPINE, AZ" (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. December 2011. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  10. "Post Office™ Location – ALPINE Archived August 26, 2012, at the Wayback Machine .." U.S. Postal Service. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  11. "Alpine Elementary School." Alpine Elementary School District. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.
  12. "Alpine Public Library Archived August 13, 2010, at the Wayback Machine .." Apache County Library District. Retrieved on January 30, 2011.