Clifton, Arizona

Last updated
Clifton, Arizona
Clifton, AZ train station.jpg
Old train depot, built 1913, now used by the Chamber of Commerce
Motto(s): 
"Where the trail begins"
Greenlee County Arizona Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Clifton Highlighted 0414380.svg
Location of Clifton in Greenlee County, Arizona
USA Arizona location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Clifton
Location in the United States
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Clifton
Clifton (the United States)
Coordinates: 33°2′26″N109°18′3″W / 33.04056°N 109.30083°W / 33.04056; -109.30083 Coordinates: 33°2′26″N109°18′3″W / 33.04056°N 109.30083°W / 33.04056; -109.30083
Country United States
State Arizona
County Greenlee
Area
[1]
  Total14.82 sq mi (38.39 km2)
  Land14.61 sq mi (37.83 km2)
  Water0.22 sq mi (0.56 km2)
Elevation
3,478 ft (1,060 m)
Population
 (2010) [2]
  Total3,311
  Estimate 
(2016) [3]
3,734
  Density255.67/sq mi (98.71/km2)
Time zone UTC-7 (MST (no DST))
ZIP code
85533
Area code(s) 928
FIPS code 04-14380
Website cliftonaz.com

Clifton is a town in and the county seat of Greenlee County, Arizona, United States, [4] along the San Francisco River. The population of the town was 3,311 at the 2010 census, [2] with a 2017 population estimate of 4,870 by the Arizona Office of Economic Opportunity. [5] It was a site of the Arizona copper mine strike of 1983.

A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Taiwan and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, and historically in Jamaica.

Greenlee County, Arizona County in the United States

Greenlee County is a county located in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census its population was 8,437, making it the least populous county in Arizona. The county seat is Clifton.

Arizona state of the United States of America

Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico; its other neighboring states are Nevada and California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the south and southwest.

Contents

Clifton and Morenci are considered to be an economic unit by the Arizona Department of Commerce. [6]

Morenci, Arizona Census-designated place in Arizona, United States

Morenci is a census-designated place (CDP) and company town in Greenlee County, Arizona, United States, and was founded by the Detroit Copper Mining Company of Arizona. The population was 1,879 at the 2000 census and 1,489 at the 2010 census. The biggest employer in Morenci and the owner of the town is Freeport-McMoRan, the owner of the Morenci Mine, the largest copper mining operation in North America, and one of the largest copper mines in the world. The town was a site of the Arizona Copper Mine Strike of 1983. The large open-pit mine is north of the town.

Geography and climate

Clifton is located at 33°2′26″N109°18′3″W / 33.04056°N 109.30083°W / 33.04056; -109.30083 (33.040536, -109.300882). [7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 14.8 square miles (38.4 km2), of which 14.6 square miles (37.8 km2) is land and 0.23 square miles (0.6 km2), or 1.46%, is water. [2] Clifton has a hot semi-arid climate (Köppen BSh) that closely borders on both the hot desert climate and the cool semi-arid climate. There is a large degree of diurnal temperature variation. Summers are very hot and sometimes humid, with most rainfall coming from the monsoon between July and October. The wettest year was 2004 with 28.49 inches (723.6 mm) including 6.97 inches (177.0 mm) in August, whilst the driest year with a full record was 1924 with only 4.85 inches (123.2 mm) including a mere 1.98 inches (50.3 mm) between July and October. [8] Winters are mild (though with very cold nights) and dry, with snow only recorded in fourteen years since 1892. [9]

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Semi-arid climate climat with precipitation below potential evapotranspiration

A semi-arid climate or steppe climate is the climate of a region that receives precipitation below potential evapotranspiration, but not as low as a desert climate. There are different kinds of semi-arid climates, depending on variables such as temperature, and they give rise to different biomes.

Köppen climate classification climate classification system

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. It was first published by the Russian climatologist Wladimir Köppen (1846–1940) in 1884, with several later modifications by Köppen, notably in 1918 and 1936. Later, the climatologist Rudolf Geiger introduced some changes to the classification system, which is thus sometimes called the Köppen–Geiger climate classification system.

Climate data for Clifton, Arizona (1971 to 2000)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)83
(28)
87
(31)
92
(33)
99
(37)
107
(42)
116
(47)
115
(46)
113
(45)
110
(43)
102
(39)
94
(34)
80
(27)
116
(47)
Average high °F (°C)60.4
(15.8)
65.5
(18.6)
71.5
(21.9)
79.5
(26.4)
88.0
(31.1)
98.1
(36.7)
99.4
(37.4)
96.8
(36.0)
91.9
(33.3)
81.3
(27.4)
68.3
(20.2)
60.0
(15.6)
80.1
(26.7)
Average low °F (°C)31.6
(−0.2)
35.7
(2.1)
40.4
(4.7)
46.6
(8.1)
55.9
(13.3)
65.0
(18.3)
69.9
(21.1)
68.7
(20.4)
63.4
(17.4)
52.2
(11.2)
38.6
(3.7)
31.6
(−0.2)
50.0
(10.0)
Record low °F (°C)4
(−16)
17
(−8)
22
(−6)
26
(−3)
34
(1)
30
(−1)
42
(6)
51
(11)
45
(7)
32
(0)
4
(−16)
12
(−11)
4
(−16)
Average rainfall inches (mm)1.10
(28)
1.04
(26)
0.86
(22)
0.32
(8.1)
0.42
(11)
0.36
(9.1)
1.99
(51)
2.30
(58)
1.48
(38)
1.25
(32)
0.87
(22)
1.30
(33)
13.29
(338.2)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.01 inch)4.64.34.51.82.22.07.18.34.93.92.93.750.2
Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration [10]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1890 600
1910 4,874
1920 4,163−14.6%
1930 2,305−44.6%
1940 2,66815.7%
1950 3,46629.9%
1960 4,19120.9%
1970 5,08721.4%
1980 4,245−16.6%
1990 2,840−33.1%
2000 2,596−8.6%
2010 3,31127.5%
Est. 20163,734 [3] 12.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [11]

As of the census [12] of 2000, there were 2,596 people, 919 households, and 685 families residing in the town. The population density was 174.8 people per square mile (67.5/km²). There were 1,087 housing units at an average density of 73.2 per square mile (28.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 67.10% White, 0.96% Black or African American, 2.27% Native American, 0.04% Asian, 26.73% from other races, and 2.89% from two or more races. 55.86% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. This term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include agriculture, business, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

There were 919 households out of which 41.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.3% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.4% were non-families. 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.27.

Marriage Social union or legal contract between people called spouses that creates kinship

Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a socially or ritually recognised union between two people, also called spouses, that establishes rights and obligations between them, as well as between them and any resulting biological or adopted children and affinity. The definition of marriage varies around the world not only between cultures and between religions, but also throughout the history of any given culture and religion, evolving to both expand and constrict in who and what is encompassed, but typically it is principally an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually sexual, are acknowledged or sanctioned. In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity. When defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. A marriage ceremony is known as a wedding.

In the town, the population was spread out with 32.3% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 109.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $39,786, and the median income for a family was $41,820. Males had a median income of $39,813 versus $19,485 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,313. About 8.1% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.4% of those under age 18 and 10.3% of those age 65 or over.

Government

The town of Clifton operates under a council-manager form of government with seven elected council members, including a mayor and vice-mayor, and a town manager appointed by the council. Each council member is elected to a four-year term. [13] The Mayor is Felix Callicotte and the Town Manager is Ian McGaughey. [14]

Transportation

Clifton is served by U.S. Route 191, Greenlee County Airport, and the Arizona Eastern Railway.

Related Research Articles

Graham County, Arizona County in the United States

Graham County is a county located in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census, the population was 37,220, making it the third-least populous county in Arizona. The county seat is Safford.

Lynn, Alabama Town in Alabama, United States

Lynn is a town in Winston County, Alabama, United States. It incorporated in April 1952. At the 2010 census the population was 659, up from 597 in 2000.

Lukachukai, Arizona Census-designated place in Arizona, United States

Lukachukai is a census-designated place (CDP) in Apache County, Arizona, United States. The population was 1,701 at the 2010 census.

Sawmill, Arizona Census-designated place in Arizona, United States

Sawmill is a census-designated place (CDP) in Apache County, Arizona, United States. Sawmill is a part of Fort Defiance Agency, which is on the Navajo Nation. The population was 748 at the 2010 census. It is named after and developed around a sawmill. A trading post has been present since 1907.

Pima, Arizona Town in Arizona, United States

Pima is a town in Graham County, Arizona, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population of the town was 2,387, up from 1,989 at the 2000 census. The estimated population in 2015 was 2,524. Pima is part of the Safford Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Safford, Arizona City in Arizona, United States

Safford is a city in Graham County, Arizona, United States. According to the 2010 Census, the population of the city is 9,566. The city is the county seat of Graham County.

Duncan, Arizona Town in Arizona, United States

Duncan is a town in Greenlee County, Arizona, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population of the town was 696. In 2015 the estimated population was 799.

Parker, Arizona Town in Arizona, United States

Parker is the county seat of La Paz County, Arizona, United States, on the Colorado River in Parker Valley. The population was 3,083 at the 2010 census.

Pinetop-Lakeside, Arizona Town in Arizona, United States

Pinetop–Lakeside is a small town in Navajo County, Arizona, United States. According to 2010 census, the population of the town is 4,282. It was founded in 1984 when the neighboring towns of Pinetop and Lakeside merged.

Whiteriver, Arizona Census designated place in Arizona, United States

Whiteriver is a census-designated place (CDP) located on the Fort Apache Indian Reservation in Navajo County, Arizona, United States. The population was 4,104 at the 2010 census, making it the largest settlement on the Reservation.

Ivey, Georgia Town in Georgia, United States

Ivey is a town in Wilkinson County, Georgia, United States. The population was 1,100 at the 2000 census.

Springfield, Maine Town in Maine, United States

Springfield is a town in Penobscot County, Maine, United States. The population was 409 at the 2010 census.

Morenci, Michigan City in Michigan, United States

Morenci is a city in Lenawee County in the U.S. state of Michigan. Its southern boundary is the Ohio state line. The population was 2,220 at the 2010 census.

Redwood, New York Census-designated place in New York, United States

Redwood is a hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) in Jefferson County, New York, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 605.

Oak Ridge, Cooke County, Texas Town in Texas, United States

Oak Ridge is a town in Cooke County, Texas, United States. The population was 141 at the 2010 census, down from 224 at the 2000 census.

Clifton, Monroe County, Wisconsin Town in Wisconsin, United States

Clifton is a town in Monroe County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 693 at the 2000 census. The unincorporated community of Clifton is located in the town.

Safford, Arizona micropolitan area

The Safford Micropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the United States Census Bureau, is an area consisting of one county in eastern Arizona, anchored by the city of Safford.

Franklin, Arizona Census-designated place in Arizona, United States

Franklin is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Greenlee County, Arizona, United States. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 92. It is located in southern Greenlee County along U.S. Route 70, 3 miles (5 km) south of Duncan and 32 miles (51 km) south of Clifton. Residents of Franklin are zoned to use Duncan public schools, like the nearby communities of York, Arizona, and Virden, New Mexico. A large share of the residents work for the Morenci Mine, owned by Freeport-McMoRan in Morenci, Arizona.

References

  1. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 18, 2017.
  2. 1 2 3 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Clifton town, Arizona". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
  3. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. "JULY 1, 2017 POPULATION ESTIMATES FOR ARIZONA'S COUNTIES, INCORPORATED PLACES AND UNINCORPORATED BALANCE OF COUNTIES" (PDF). Arizona Office of Economic Opportunity. 2017-12-15.
  6. Clifton-Morenci Community Profile at Arizona Department of Commerce
  7. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. CLIFTON, ARIZONA: Monthly Total Precipitation (inches) - (021849)
  9. CLIFTON, ARIZONA: Monthly Total Snowfall (Inches)
  10. "Climatic Averages for the United States 1971-2000: CLIFTON, AZ" (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-03-31.
  11. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  12. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  13. "Town of Clifton, Arizona". Archived from the original on 2015-07-06.
  14. "Ian McGaughey takes the reins as Clifton town manager".

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Clifton, Arizona at Wikimedia Commons