Pew Research Center

Last updated

Pew Research Center
Pew Research Center.svg
Established2004;15 years ago (2004)
ChairmanMichael X. Delli Carpini
PresidentMichael Dimock
Staff130+ [1]
BudgetRevenue: $44,409,611
Expenses: $35,069,976
(FYE June 2016) [2]
Location
Address1615 L Street, NW Suite 800
Washington, D.C.
Website www.pewresearch.org

The Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan American fact tank based in Washington, D.C. It provides information on social issues, public opinion, and demographic trends shaping the United States and the world. [3] It also conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis, and other empirical social science research. The Pew Research Center does not take policy positions, and is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts. [4] [5]

Nonpartisanism in the United States is organized under United States Internal Revenue Code that qualifies certain non-profit organizations for tax-exempt status because they refrain from engaging in certain prohibited political activities. The designation "nonpartisan" usually reflects a claim made by organizations about themselves, or by commentators, and not an official category per American law. Rather, certain types of nonprofit organizations are under varying requirements to refrain from election-related political activities, or may be taxed to the extent they engage in electoral politics, so the word affirms a legal requirement. In this context, "nonpartisan" means that the organization, by US tax law, is prohibited from supporting or opposing political candidates, parties, and in some cases other votes like propositions, directly or indirectly, but does not mean that the organization cannot take positions on political issues.

Washington, D.C. Capital of the United States

Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States. Founded after the American Revolution as the seat of government of the newly independent country, Washington was named after George Washington, the first President of the United States and a Founding Father. As the seat of the United States federal government and several international organizations, Washington is an important world political capital. The city is also one of the most visited cities in the world, with more than 20 million tourists annually.

A social issue is a problem that influences a considerable number of individuals within a society. It is often the consequence of factors extending beyond an individual's control, and is the source of a conflicting opinion on the grounds of what is perceived as a morally just personal life or societal order. Social issues are distinguished from economic issues; however, some issues have both social and economic aspects. There are also issues that don't fall into either category, such as warfare.

Contents

History

In 1990, the Times Mirror Company founded the Times Mirror Center for the People & the Press as a research project, tasked with conducting polls on politics and policy. Andrew Kohut became its director in 1993, and The Pew Charitable Trusts became its primary sponsor in 1996, when it was renamed the Pew Research Center for the People & the Press. [6]

The Times Mirror Company was an American newspaper and print media publisher from 1884 until 2000.

Andrew Kohut American pollster

Andrew Kohut was an American pollster and nonpartisan news commentator about public affairs topics.

The Pew Charitable Trusts foundation

The Pew Charitable Trusts is an independent non-profit, non-governmental organization (NGO), founded in 1948.

In 2004, the trust established the Pew Research Center in Washington, D.C. In 2013, Kohut stepped down as president and became founding director, and Alan Murray became the second president of the center. [7] In October 2014, Michael Dimock, a 14-year veteran of the Pew Research Center, was named president. [8]

Funding

The Pew Research Center is a nonprofit, tax-exempt 501(c)(3) organization and a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts, its primary funder. [5] [9] For its studies focusing on demographics of religions in the world, the Pew Research Center has been jointly funded by the Templeton Foundation. [10] [11]

A 501(c)(3) organization is a corporation, trust, unincorporated association, or other type of organization exempt from federal income tax under section 501(c)(3) of Title 26 of the United States Code. It is one of the 29 types of 501(c) nonprofit organizations in the US.

Research areas

The Center's research is divided into nine areas: [1]

Related Research Articles

New America, formerly the New America Foundation, is a non-partisan think tank in the United States. It focuses on a range of public policy issues, including national security studies, technology, asset building, health, gender, energy, education, and the economy. The organization is based in Washington, D.C., with additional offices in New York City and Oakland.

Buddhism by country the Buddhism in the world

Buddhism is a religion practiced by an estimated 488 million in the world, 495 million, or 535 million people as of the 2010s, representing 9% to 10% of the world's total population.

The Atlas Network, formerly known as the Atlas Economic Research Foundation, is a nonprofit organization based in the United States. The group aims to promote free-market economic policies across the world. The stated mission of the Atlas Network is "To strengthen the worldwide freedom movement by cultivating a highly effective and expansive network that inspires and incentivizes all committed individuals and organizations to achieve lasting impact." The Atlas Network has awarded grants of over $20 million. Atlas promotes think tanks that support private-property rights, limited government, the rule of law, and market economics. The Atlas Network is not named after Ayn Rand's novel Atlas Shrugged.

Hinduism in the United States

Hinduism is a minority religion in the United States. The vast majority of American Hindus are immigrants from South Asia, Indonesia, the Caribbean, Oceania, Africa, and Mauritius and other countries and their descendants. Additionally, the United States has a number of converts to Hinduism. There are also about 900 ethnic Cham people of Vietnam, living in America, 55% of whom are Hindus. They are one of the few remaining non-Indic Hindus in the World.

Muslim population growth Wikimedia list article

Muslim population growth is the population growth of Muslims worldwide. In 2006, countries with a Muslim majority had an average population growth rate of 1.8% per year. This compares with a world population growth rate of 1.1% per year. As of 2011, it was predicted that the world's Muslim population will grow twice as fast as non-Muslims over the next 20 years. By 2030, Muslims will make up more than a quarter of the global population.

The Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA) is a free source of online information related to American and international religion. One of the primary goals of the archive is to democratize access to academic information on religion by making this information as widely accessible as possible. Over 900 surveys, membership reports, and other data collections are currently available for online preview, and most can be downloaded free of charge. Other features include national profiles, GIS maps, church membership overviews, denominational heritage trees, historical timelines, tables, charts, and other summary reports.

Islam in North Macedonia

Muslims in North Macedonia represent one third of the nation's total population, making Islam the second most widely professed religion in the country. Muslims in North Macedonia follow Sunni Islam of the Hanafi madhhab. Some northwestern and western regions of the country have Muslim majorities. A large majority of all the Muslims in the country are ethnic Albanians, with the rest being primarily Turks, Romani, Bosniaks or Torbeš.

Growth of religion is the spread of religions and the increase of religious adherents around the world. The statistics are commonly measured by the absolute number of adherents, the percentage of the absolute growth per year, and the growth of the number of converts in the world. Projections of future religious adherence are based on assumptions that trends, total fertility rates, life expectancy, political climate, conversion rates, secularization, etc will continue. Such forecasts cannot be validated empirically and are contentious, but are useful for comparison.

Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason and Science

The Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason and Science is a division of Center for Inquiry (CFI) founded by British biologist Richard Dawkins in 2006 to promote scientific literacy and secularism.

Religions by country Wikimedia list article

This is an overview of religion by country according to the Pew Research Center. The article Religious information by country gives information from The World Factbook of the CIA and the U.S. Department of State.

National Physicians Alliance organization

The National Physicians Alliance (NPA) was a 501(c)(3) national, multi-specialty medical organization founded in 2005. The organization's mission statement was: "The National Physicians Alliance creates research and education programs that promote health and foster active engagement of physicians with their communities to achieve high quality, affordable health care for all. The NPA offers a professional home to physicians across medical specialties who share a commitment to professional integrity and health justice." In 2019, they merged with Doctors for America.

Surveys show that Americans without a religious affiliation range around 23.8%, 22.8%, 24.8%, 31%, 36% and 21% of the population, with 'nothing in particulars' making up the majority of this demographic. Since the early 1990s, independent polls have shown the rapid growth of those without a religious affiliation.

Islam by country Wikimedia list article

Adherents of Islam constitute the world's second largest religious group. According to a study in 2015, Islam has 1.8 billion adherents, making up about 24.1% of the world population. Most Muslims are either of two denominations: Sunni or Shia. Islam is the dominant religion in Central Asia, Indonesia, Middle East, North Africa, the Sahel and some other parts of Asia. The diverse Asia-Pacific region contains the highest number of Muslims in the world, easily surpassing the Middle East and North Africa.

Donald Kimelman

Donald Kimelman is an American journalist and former managing director of The Pew Charitable Trusts, who continues to serve on the Pew Research Center's board. He is the son of Henry L. Kimelman, who served as United States Ambassador to Haiti.

Fenggang Yang is professor of sociology and founding director of the Center on Religion and Chinese Society at Purdue University. He was elected and served as the president of the Society for the Scientific Study of Religion in 2014–15, the first Chinese American, nonwhite president since the founding of the association in 1949. He is also the founding president of the East Asian Society for the Scientific Study of Religion in 2018–2020. He has been listed in the Marquis' Who's Who in America since 2002. Fenggang Yang is openly Christian and has spoken critically and frequently in international media about China's lack of religious freedom. His theories based on the social scientific methods have been criticized as biased in favor of Christianity by many other scholars of Chinese religion who are in religious studies, anthropology or sinology. He is known for his theory of a triple "religious market" in China.

The John Templeton Foundation is a philanthropic organization that reflects the ideas of its founder, John Templeton, who became wealthy after a career as a contrarian investor and wanted to support progress in religious and spiritual knowledge, especially at the intersection of religion and science. He also sought to fund research on methods to promote and develop moral character, intelligence, and creativity in people, and to promote free markets. In 2008, the Foundation was awarded the National Humanities Medal. In 2016 Inside Philanthropy called it "the oddest—or most interesting—big foundation around."

<i>America Against The World</i>

America Against the World: How We Are Different and Why We Are Disliked is a non-fiction book that was written by Andrew Kohut and Bruce Stokes in 2007 about United States foreign policy and the causes of dislike of Americans in other countries. Kohut is a former president of the American Association for Public Opinion Research and the National Council on Public Polls.

References

  1. 1 2 "About Pew Research Center". Pew Research Center. Retrieved March 26, 2014.
  2. "Pew Research Center" (PDF). Foundation Center. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
  3. "About Pew Research Center". Pew Research Center. March 25, 2010. Retrieved January 25, 2017.
  4. Lesley, Alison (May 18, 2015). "Pew Research Finds Jews & Hindus are More Educated & Richer". World Religion News. Retrieved December 28, 2015.
  5. 1 2 "Company Overview of The Pew Charitable Trusts". Bloomberg L.P. December 29, 2015. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
  6. "Our History". Pew Research Center. Retrieved February 21, 2016.
  7. Memmott, Mark (November 2, 2012). "Alan Murray Of 'The Wall Street Journal' Named Pew Research Center's President". National Public Radio. Retrieved December 28, 2015.
  8. Massella, Nick (October 14, 2014). "Michael Dimock Named President of Pew Research Center". FishbowlDC. Retrieved December 28, 2015.
  9. "Company Overview of The Pew Charitable Trusts". 501c3Lookup.org. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
  10. "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World's Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (PDF). Pew Research Center. December 2012. p. 7. This effort is part of the Pew-Templeton Global Religious Futures project, which analyzes religious change and its impact on societies around the world. The project is jointly and generously funded by The Pew Charitable Trusts and the John Templeton Foundation
  11. "Pew-Templeton Global Religious Futures Project". Pew Research Center.