Elgin, Oklahoma

Last updated
Elgin, Oklahoma
City
OKMap-doton-Elgin.PNG
Location of Elgin, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 34°46′51″N98°17′34″W / 34.78083°N 98.29278°W / 34.78083; -98.29278 Coordinates: 34°46′51″N98°17′34″W / 34.78083°N 98.29278°W / 34.78083; -98.29278
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Comanche
Area
  Total 3.72 sq mi (9.63 km2)
  Land 3.70 sq mi (9.59 km2)
  Water 0.02 sq mi (.04 km2)
Elevation 1,293 ft (394 m)
Population (2010)
  Total 2,156
  Density 582.27/sq mi (224.82/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
  Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 73538
Area code(s) 580
FIPS code 40-23450 [1]
GNIS feature ID 1092522 [2]

Elgin is a city in northwestern Comanche County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 2,156 at the 2010 census, a 78 percent increase from 1,210 at the 2000 census. [3] It is included in the Lawton, Oklahoma Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is the site of Fort Sill National Cemetery.

Comanche County, Oklahoma County in the United States

Comanche County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 124,098, making it the fourth-most populous county in Oklahoma. Its county seat is Lawton. The county was created in 1901 as part of Oklahoma Territory. It was named for the Comanche tribe.

Oklahoma State of the United States of America

Oklahoma is a state in the South Central region of the United States, bordered by Kansas on the north, Missouri on the northeast, Arkansas on the east, Texas on the south, New Mexico on the west, and Colorado on the northwest. It is the 20th-most extensive and the 28th-most populous of the fifty United States. The state's name is derived from the Choctaw words okla and humma, meaning "red people". It is also known informally by its nickname, "The Sooner State", in reference to the non-Native settlers who staked their claims on land before the official opening date of lands in the western Oklahoma Territory or before the Indian Appropriations Act of 1889, which dramatically increased European-American settlement in the eastern Indian Territory. Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory were merged into the State of Oklahoma when it became the 46th state to enter the union on November 16, 1907. Its residents are known as Oklahomans, and its capital and largest city is Oklahoma City.

Lawton, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma

The city of Lawton is the county seat of Comanche County, in the State of Oklahoma. Located in southwestern Oklahoma, about 87 mi (140 km) southwest of Oklahoma City, it is the principal city of the Lawton, Oklahoma Metropolitan Statistical Area. According to the 2010 census, Lawton's population was 96,867, making it the fifth-largest city in the state.

Contents

History

Elgin developed as the Oklahoma City and Western Railroad (OCWR) constructed a line from Chickasha, Oklahoma to Lawton, Oklahoma between 1901 and 1903. A post office was established in April 1902 and named "Ceegee", derived from Charles G. Jones, president of the OCWR and developer of the town. The railroad management objected to this name and demanded that it be changed. This was done in July 1902. [4]

Chickasha, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Chickasha is a city in and the county seat of Grady County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 16,036 at the 2010 census. Chickasha is home to the University of Science and Arts of Oklahoma. The city is named for and strongly connected to Native American heritage, as "Chickasha" (Chikashsha) is the Choctaw word for Chickasaw.

Charles Gasham "Gristmill" Jones was an American urban developer and politician in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. Jones was responsible for bringing electrical power to downtown Oklahoma City and developing a railroad line between Sapulpa, Oklahoma, and Oklahoma City. The town of Jones, Oklahoma, is named for him.

Geography

Elgin is located at 34°46′51″N98°17′34″W / 34.78083°N 98.29278°W / 34.78083; -98.29278 (34.780906, -98.292862). [5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.718 square miles (9.63 km2), all of it land.

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Climate

Climate is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfa" (Humid Subtropical Climate). [6]

Humid subtropical climate category in the Köppen climate classification system

A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild winters. These climates normally lie on the southeast side of all continents, generally between latitudes 25° and 40° and are located poleward from adjacent tropical climates. While many subtropical climates tend to be located at or near coastal locations, in some cases they extend inland, most notably in China and the United States, where they exhibit more pronounced seasonal variations and sharper contrasts between summer and winter, as part of a gradient between the more tropical climates of the southern coasts of these countries and the more continental climates of China and the United States’ northern and central regions.

Climate data for Elgin, Oklahoma
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)83
(28)
85
(29)
101
(38)
99
(37)
105
(41)
112
(44)
111
(44)
109
(43)
108
(42)
100
(38)
87
(31)
87
(31)
112
(44)
Average high °F (°C)49
(9)
54
(12)
63
(17)
73
(23)
80
(27)
89
(32)
94
(34)
94
(34)
86
(30)
75
(24)
62
(17)
52
(11)
73
(23)
Average low °F (°C)28
(−2)
33
(1)
40
(4)
51
(11)
59
(15)
68
(20)
72
(22)
71
(22)
64
(18)
53
(12)
40
(4)
31
(−1)
51
(11)
Record low °F (°C)−6
(−21)
2
(−17)
1
(−17)
24
(−4)
35
(2)
46
(8)
57
(14)
54
(12)
37
(3)
26
(−3)
13
(−11)
−5
(−21)
−6
(−21)
Average precipitation inches (mm)1.2
(30)
1.5
(38)
2
(50)
2.6
(66)
5.4
(137)
3.8
(97)
2.5
(64)
2.3
(58)
3.3
(84)
3.4
(86)
1.7
(43)
1.3
(33)
31
(790)
Average snowfall inches (cm)2.6
(6.6)
2.0
(5.1)
0.8
(2)
0.2
(0.5)
1.2
(3)
6.9
(17.5)
Average rainy days55679766665573
Source #1: weather.com
Source #2: Weatherbase.com [7]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1910 178
1920 1811.7%
1930 33585.1%
1940 38113.7%
1950 42812.3%
1960 54026.2%
1970 84055.6%
1980 1,00319.4%
1990 975−2.8%
2000 1,21024.1%
2010 2,15678.2%
Est. 20152,969 [8] 37.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [9]

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,156 people, 759 households, and 619 families residing in the city. The population density was 582.3 people per square mile (224.5/km²). There were 759 housing units at an average density of 205.1 per square mile (79.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 78.8% White, 4.7% African American, 8.6% Native American, 1.3% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from other races, and 5.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.5% of the population.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include agriculture, business, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

There were 759 households out of which 44.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.4% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.4% were non-families. 16.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the city, the population was spread out with 32.0% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from 45 to 64, and 9.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.2 males.

According to the 2000 census, the median income for a household in the city was $36,324, and the median income for a family was $44,125. Males had a median income of $32,019 versus $22,614 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,264. About 7.4% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.2% of those under age 18 and 12.6% of those age 65 or over.

Utilities

{{unreferenced section|date=November 2008

See also

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References

  1. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. CensusViewer:Elgin, Oklahoma Population.
  4. Savage, Cynthia. "Elgin" Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture Accessed April 16, 2018.
  5. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. [Climate Summary for Elgin, Oklahoma]
  7. "Historical Weather for Elgin, Oklahoma, United States".
  8. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" . Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  9. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.