Acme, Oklahoma

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Acme, Oklahoma
Unincorporated community
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Acme
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Acme
Coordinates: 34°47′56″N98°01′09″W / 34.79889°N 98.01917°W / 34.79889; -98.01917 Coordinates: 34°47′56″N98°01′09″W / 34.79889°N 98.01917°W / 34.79889; -98.01917
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Grady
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
  Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
GNIS feature ID 1100162

Acme is a ghost town in Grady County, Oklahoma, United States. [1] It had a post office from April 8, 1913, to May 29, 1931. [2]

Grady County, Oklahoma County in the United States

Grady County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 52,431. Its county seat is Chickasha. It was named for Henry W. Grady, an editor of the Atlanta Constitution and southern orator.

Oklahoma State of the United States of America

Oklahoma is a state in the South Central region of the United States, bordered by Kansas on the north, Missouri on the northeast, Arkansas on the east, Texas on the south, New Mexico on the west, and Colorado on the northwest. It is the 20th-most extensive and the 28th-most populous of the fifty United States. The state's name is derived from the Choctaw words okla and humma, meaning "red people". It is also known informally by its nickname, "The Sooner State", in reference to the non-Native settlers who staked their claims on land before the official opening date of lands in the western Oklahoma Territory or before the Indian Appropriations Act of 1889, which dramatically increased European-American settlement in the eastern Indian Territory. Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory were merged into the State of Oklahoma when it became the 46th state to enter the union on November 16, 1907. Its residents are known as Oklahomans, and its capital and largest city is Oklahoma City.

Contents

The former community was 3 miles (4.8 km) west of the present community of Rush Springs, Oklahoma. [3]

History

The town of Acme developed when the Acme Cement and Plaster Company built a mill and power plant in the area in 1911. [2] Gypsum was mined from the area. The Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad built a spur to serve the plant. [2] At its peak production, the plant employed 100 to 125 workers to produce 6 to 8 railcar loads of product every day. When the nearby gypsum beds were exhausted, the company built a narrow-gauge railroad between the Acme plant and some other beds near the Little Washita River. A flood covered these additional beds with several feet of sand in 1927. Work continued on these beds, but this was unprofitable. After 1930, the entire venture became unprofitable and the company closed everything. The railroad was abandoned in 1930. [2] [3]

Gypsum mineral, calcium sulfate with bounded water

Gypsum is a soft sulfate mineral composed of calcium sulfate dihydrate, with the chemical formula CaSO4·2H2O. It is widely mined and is used as a fertilizer and as the main constituent in many forms of plaster, blackboard chalk and wallboard. A massive fine-grained white or lightly tinted variety of gypsum, called alabaster, has been used for sculpture by many cultures including Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Ancient Rome, the Byzantine Empire and the Nottingham alabasters of Medieval England. Gypsum also crystallizes as beautiful translucent crystals of selenite (mineral). It also forms as an evaporite mineral and as a hydration product of anhydrite.

Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad defunct American Class I railway

The Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad was a Class I railroad in the United States. It was also known as the Rock Island Line, or, in its final years, The Rock.

Very little is left of the former town, except for a few houses and some concrete ruins of the mill. The mill machinery was all moved away. Most of the former supporting structures, such as the school, boarding houses and general store were later torn down. [3]

Geography

Elevation is 1,286 feet. [1]

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