List of counties in Minnesota

Last updated

There are 87 counties in the U.S. state of Minnesota. There are also several historical counties.

Contents

On October 27, 1849, nine counties were established: Benton, Dahkotah, Itasca, Ramsey, Mahkahta, Pembina, Wabasha, Washington, and Wahnata. Six of these names still exist. With the foundation of Kittson County on March 9, 1878, Pembina County no longer existed. [1] When Minnesota was organized as a state, 57 of the present 87 counties were established. The last county to be created was Lake of the Woods County in 1923. [2]

The names of many of the counties allude to the long history of exploration. Over ten counties are named for Native American groups residing in parts of what is now Minnesota. Another fifteen counties are named after physical geographic features, and the remainder for politicians.

The FIPS county code is the five-digit Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code which uniquely identifies counties and county equivalents in the United States. The three-digit number is unique to each individual county within a state, but to be unique within the entire United States, it must be prefixed by the state code. This means that, for example, the number 001 is shared by Aitkin County, Minnesota, Adams County, Wisconsin, and Adair County, Iowa. To uniquely identify Aitkin County, Minnesota, one must use the state code of 27 plus the county code of 001; therefore, the unique nationwide identifier for Aitkin County, Minnesota is 27001. The links in the column FIPS County Code are to the Census Bureau Info page for that county. [3]

Number of counties listing

County
FIPS code [3] County seat [4] Est. [1] [4] Origin [5] [6] [7] EtymologyPopulation [8] Area [4] [9] Map
AitkinCounty 001 Aitkin 1857 Pine County, Ramsey County William Alexander Aitken (1785-1851), early fur trader with Ojibwe Indians15,6971,819.30 sq mi
(4,712 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Aitkin County.svg
AnokaCounty 003 Anoka 1857 Ramsey County Dakota word meaning "both sides"363,887423.61 sq mi
(1,097 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Anoka County.svg
BeckerCounty 005 Detroit Lakes 1858 Cass County, Pembina County George Loomis Becker, former state senator and third mayor of Saint Paul (1856–1857)35,1831,310.42 sq mi
(3,394 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Becker County.svg
BeltramiCounty 007 Bemidji 1866Unorganized Territory, Itasca County, Pembina County, Polk County Giacomo Beltrami, Italian explorer who explored the northern reaches of Mississippi River in 1823.46,2282,505.27 sq mi
(6,489 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Beltrami County.svg
BentonCounty 009 Foley 1849One of nine original counties; formed from residual St. Croix County, Wisconsin Territory. Thomas Hart Benton (1782–1858), former United States Senator from Missouri (1821-1851)41,379408.28 sq mi
(1,057 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Benton County.svg
Big StoneCounty 011 Ortonville 1862 Pierce County Big Stone Lake, a lake located in the county5,166496.95 sq mi
(1,287 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Big Stone County.svg
Blue EarthCounty 013 Mankato 1853Unorganized Territory, Dakota County Blue Earth River, a river that flows through Minnesota69,112752.36 sq mi
(1,949 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Blue Earth County.svg
BrownCounty 015 New Ulm 1855 Blue Earth County Joseph Renshaw Brown (1805-1870), member of Minnesota territorial legislature (1854-55) and prominent pioneer25,912610.86 sq mi
(1,582 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Brown County.svg
CarltonCounty 017 Carlton 1857 Pine County,
Saint Louis County
Rueben B. Carlton (1812-1863), early settler and state senator (1857-1858)36,207860.33 sq mi
(2,228 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Carlton County.svg
CarverCounty 019 Chaska 1855 Hennepin County, Sibley County Jonathan Carver (1710–1790), early explorer and cartographer of the Mississippi river.106,922357.04 sq mi
(925 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Carver County.svg
CassCounty 021 Walker 1851 Dakota County, Pembina County, Mankahto County, Wahnata County Lewis Cass (1782–1866), senator from Michigan (1845–1857) and United States Secretary of State (1831–1836)30,0662,017.60 sq mi
(5,226 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Cass County.svg
ChippewaCounty 023 Montevideo 1870 Pierce County, Davis County Chippewa River, a river that flows through Minnesota12,598582.80 sq mi
(1,509 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Chippewa County.svg
ChisagoCounty 025 Center City 1851 Washington County, Ramsey County Chisago Lake, a lake located in the county56,621417.63 sq mi
(1,082 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Chisago County.svg
ClayCounty 027 Moorhead 1862 Pembina County Henry Clay (1777-1852), Kentucky statesman and ninth secretary of state of the United States (1825–1829)65,3181,045.24 sq mi
(2,707 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Clay County.svg
ClearwaterCounty 029 Bagley 1902 Beltrami County Clearwater River and lake, both features located in the state8,524994.71 sq mi
(2,576 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Clearwater County.svg
CookCounty 031 Grand Marais 1874 Lake County Named for Civil War veteran Major Michael Cook of Faribault, who was also a territorial and state senator 1857-625,6001,450.60 sq mi
(3,757 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Cook County.svg
CottonwoodCounty 033 Windom 1857 Brown County Cottonwood River 11,517639.99 sq mi
(1,658 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Cottonwood County.svg
Crow WingCounty 035 Brainerd 1857 Ramsey County Crow Wing River 66,123996.57 sq mi
(2,581 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Crow Wing County.svg
DakotaCounty 037 Hastings 1849One of nine original counties.From the Dakota language, after a local tribe Dakota, meaning "Allies"439,882569.58 sq mi
(1,475 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Dakota County.svg
DodgeCounty 039 Mantorville 1855 Rice County, Unorganized Territory Henry Dodge (1782–1867), twice governor of Wisconsin. [10] 20,867439.50 sq mi
(1,138 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Dodge County.svg
DouglasCounty 041 Alexandria 1858 Cass County, Pembina County Stephen Arnold Douglas (1813-1861), former United States Senator from Illinois (1847-1861)39,006634.32 sq mi
(1,643 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Douglas County.svg
FaribaultCounty 043 Blue Earth 1855 Blue Earth County Jean-Baptiste Faribault (1775-1860), early settler and fur trader13,921713.63 sq mi
(1,848 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Faribault County.svg
FillmoreCounty 045 Preston 1853 Wabasha County Millard Fillmore (1800-1874), thirteenth president of the United States (1850-1853)21,228861.25 sq mi
(2,231 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Fillmore County.svg
FreebornCounty 047 Albert Lea 1855 Blue Earth County, Rice County William S. Freeborn (1816-1900), member of the Territorial Legislature30,895707.64 sq mi
(1,833 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Freeborn County.svg
GoodhueCounty 049 Red Wing 1853 Wabasha County, Dakota County James Madison Goodhue, the first newspaper editor in Minnesota. [11] 47,582758.27 sq mi
(1,964 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Goodhue County.svg
GrantCounty 051 Elbow Lake 1868 Stevens County, Wilkin County, Traverse County Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885), eighteenth president of the United States (1869-1877)6,074546.41 sq mi
(1,415 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Grant County.svg
HennepinCounty 053 Minneapolis 1852 Dakota County Father Louis Hennepin (1626-1705), early explorer of the Twin Cities area in the 17th Century1,281,565556.62 sq mi
(1,442 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Hennepin County.svg
HoustonCounty 055 Caledonia 1854 Fillmore County Sam Houston (1793–1863), the second and fourth president of the Republic of Texas and seventh governor of Texas 18,843558.41 sq mi
(1,446 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Houston County.svg
HubbardCounty 057 Park Rapids 1883 Cass County Lucius Frederick Hubbard (1836-1913), ninth governor of Minnesota (1882-1887)21,344922.46 sq mi
(2,389 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Hubbard County.svg
IsantiCounty 059 Cambridge 1857 Ramsey County Division of the Dakotas called the Izatys, meaning [those that] dwell at Knife Lake, after where they resided.41,135439.07 sq mi
(1,137 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Isanti County.svg
ItascaCounty 061 Grand Rapids 1849One of nine original counties; formed from residual La Pointe County, Wisconsin Territory. Lake Itasca, source of the Mississippi River (located in northwestern Minnesota).45,0142,665.06 sq mi
(6,902 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Itasca County.svg
JacksonCounty 063 Jackson 1857 Brown County Henry Jackson, member of the first territorial legislature and the first merchant in St. Paul 9,989701.69 sq mi
(1,817 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Jackson County.svg
KanabecCounty 065 Mora 1858 Pine County From the Ojibwe language Kan-a-bec-o-si-pi (Ginebigo-ziibi), meaning Snake River, which flows through the county16,032524.93 sq mi
(1,360 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Kanabec County.svg
KandiyohiCounty 067 Willmar 1858 Meeker County, Renville County, Pierce County, Davis County, Stearns County From the Sioux language for "buffalo fish"43,732796.06 sq mi
(2,062 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Kandiyohi County.svg
KittsonCounty 069 Hallock 1879Pembina County Norman Kittson (1814-1888), businessman and mayor of Saint Paul (1858-1859)4,2071,097.08 sq mi
(2,841 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Kittson County.svg
KoochichingCounty 071 International Falls 1906 Itasca County From the Ojibwe language Gojijiing (Place of inlets), which was the Cree name for Rainy Lake and Rainy River.12,0623,102.36 sq mi
(8,035 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Koochiching County.svg
Lac qui ParleCounty 073 Madison 1871 Redwood County French phrase meaning "lake which talks".6,719764.87 sq mi
(1,981 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Lac qui Parle County.svg
LakeCounty 075 Two Harbors 1856 Itasca County Lake Superior, which forms one of its edges10,9052,099.16 sq mi
(5,437 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Lake County.svg
Lake of the WoodsCounty 077 Baudette 1923 Beltrami County Lake of the Woods, a lake located within the county.3,7631,296.70 sq mi
(3,358 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Lake of the Woods County.svg
Le SueurCounty 079 Le Center 1853 Dakota County Pierre-Charles Le Sueur (1657-1704), fur trader and early explorer of the Minnesota River Valley 28,674448.50 sq mi
(1,162 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Le Sueur County.svg
LincolnCounty 081 Ivanhoe 1873 Lyon County Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), sixteenth president of the United States (1861-1865)5,640537.03 sq mi
(1,391 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Lincoln County.svg
LyonCounty 083 Marshall 1871 Redwood County Nathaniel Lyon (1818–1861), United States Army general killed during the Civil War25,269714.17 sq mi
(1,850 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Lyon County.svg
McLeodCounty 085 Glencoe 1856 Carver County, Sibley County Martin McLeod early pioneer and member of the territorial legislature (1849–1856)36,771491.91 sq mi
(1,274 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting McLeod County.svg
MahnomenCounty 087 Mahnomen 1906 Norman County Ojibwa word meaning "wild rice".5,411556.14 sq mi
(1,440 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Mahnomen County.svg
MarshallCounty 089 Warren 1879 Kittson County William Rainey Marshall (1825-1896), fifth governor of Minnesota (1866-1870)9,0401,772.24 sq mi
(4,590 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Marshall County.svg
MartinCounty 091 Fairmont 1857 Faribault County, Brown County Morgan Lewis Martin (1805-1887), delegate to Congress from Wisconsin Territory 20,025709.34 sq mi
(1,837 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Martin County.svg
MeekerCounty 093 Litchfield 1856 Davis County Bradley B. Meeker (1813–1873), Associate Justice of the Minnesota Territorial Supreme Court (1849–1853)23,400608.54 sq mi
(1,576 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Meeker County.svg
Mille LacsCounty 095 Milaca 1857 Ramsey County Mille Lacs Lake, a lake located within the county.26,459574.47 sq mi
(1,488 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Mille Lacs County.svg
MorrisonCounty 097 Little Falls 1856 Benton County William & Allan Morrison, fur trading brothers [12] 34,0101,124.50 sq mi
(2,912 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Morrison County.svg
MowerCounty 099 Austin 1855 Rice County John Edward Mower (1815–1879), member of the Minnesota territorial legislature in the 1850s40,029711.50 sq mi
(1,843 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Mower County.svg
MurrayCounty 101 Slayton 1857 Brown County William Pitt Murray (1825–1910), Minnesota statesman and member of the territorial legislature (1852–1855) and 18578,179704.43 sq mi
(1,824 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Murray County.svg
NicolletCounty 103 St. Peter 1853 Dakota County Joseph Nicolas Nicollet (1786–1843), early explorer and cartographer of the Upper Mississippi River34,454452.29 sq mi
(1,171 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Nicollet County.svg
NoblesCounty 105 Worthington 1857 Brown County William H. Nobles, member of the Minnesota territorial legislature in 1854 and 185622,290715.39 sq mi
(1,853 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Nobles County.svg
NormanCounty 107 Ada 1881 Polk County Early Norwegian, also known as Norman, settlers.6,441876.27 sq mi
(2,270 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Norman County.svg
OlmstedCounty 109 Rochester 1855 Fillmore County, Wabasha County, Rice County David Olmsted, first mayor of Saint Paul and member of territorial legislature (1849-1850)162,847653.01 sq mi
(1,691 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Olmsted County.svg
Otter TailCounty 111 Fergus Falls 1858 Pembina County, Cass County Otter Tail Lake, a lake located within the county60,0811,979.71 sq mi
(5,127 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Otter Tail County.svg
PenningtonCounty 113 Thief River Falls 1910 Red Lake County Edmund Pennington (b. 1848), executive of the Minneapolis, St. Paul and Sault Ste. Marie Railroad 13,992616.54 sq mi
(1,597 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Pennington County.svg
PineCounty 115 Pine City 1856 Chisago County, Ramsey County Giant forests of Eastern White Pine and Red Pine that flourish in the county28,8761,411.04 sq mi
(3,655 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Pine County.svg
PipestoneCounty 117 Pipestone 1857 Brown County Name of a sacred Dakota quarry of red pipestone found in the county9,424465.89 sq mi
(1,207 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Pipestone County.svg
PolkCounty 119 Crookston 1858 Pembina County James K. Polk (1795-1849), eleventh president of the United States (1845-1849)31,1921,970.37 sq mi
(5,103 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Polk County.svg
PopeCounty 121 Glenwood 1862 Pierce County, Cass County, Unorganized Territory John Pope (1822–1892), United States Army general during the Dakota War of 1862 11,308670.14 sq mi
(1,736 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Pope County.svg
RamseyCounty 123 Saint Paul 1849One of nine original counties; formed from residual St. Croix County, Wisconsin Territory. Alexander Ramsey (1815-1903), second governor of Minnesota (1860-1863)552,352155.78 sq mi
(403 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Ramsey County.svg
Red LakeCounty 125 Red Lake Falls 1896 Polk County Red Lake River, a river that flows through Minnesota.3,935432.43 sq mi
(1,120 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Red Lake County.svg
RedwoodCounty 127 Redwood Falls 1862 Brown County Redwood River, a river that flows through Minnesota.15,425879.73 sq mi
(2,278 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Redwood County.svg
RenvilleCounty 129 Olivia 1855 Nicollet County, Pierce County, Sibley County Joseph Renville (1779-1846), interpreter for early explorations of the Louisiana Purchase 14,723982.92 sq mi
(2,546 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Renville County.svg
RiceCounty 131 Faribault 1853 Dakota County, Wabasha County Henry Mower Rice (1816-1894), former United States Senator from Minnesota (1858-1863)67,097497.57 sq mi
(1,289 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Rice County.svg
RockCounty 133 Luverne 1857 Brown County Large rocky plateau located within the county, known as "the mound."9,704482.61 sq mi
(1,250 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Rock County.svg
RoseauCounty 135 Roseau 1894 Kittson County, Beltrami County Roseau River and Roseau Lake, both of which are located nearby15,3311,662.51 sq mi
(4,306 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Roseau County.svg
Saint LouisCounty 137 Duluth 1855 Itasca County, Newton Saint Louis River, a river that flows through Minnesota200,2316,225.16 sq mi
(16,123 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Saint Louis County.svg
ScottCounty 139 Shakopee 1853 Dakota County Winfield Scott (1786–1866), United States Army general who served from (1808–1861)150,928356.68 sq mi
(924 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Scott County.svg
SherburneCounty 141 Elk River 1856 Benton County Moses Sherburne (1813–1873), Associate Justice of the Minnesota Territorial Supreme Court (1853-1857)97,183436.30 sq mi
(1,130 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Sherburne County.svg
SibleyCounty 143 Gaylord 1853 Dakota County Henry Hastings Sibley (1811-1891), first governor of Minnesota (1858-1860)14,836588.65 sq mi
(1,525 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Sibley County.svg
StearnsCounty 145 St. Cloud 1855 Cass County, Nicollet County, Pierce County, Sibley County Charles Thomas Stearns (1814-1888), early settler of St. Cloud and member of the Minnesota territorial legislature (1849-1858)158,2921,344.52 sq mi
(3,482 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Stearns County.svg
SteeleCounty 147 Owatonna 1855 Rice County, Blue Earth County, Le Sueur County Franklin Steele (1813-1880), early settler of Minneapolis and developer of Saint Anthony Falls 37,406429.55 sq mi
(1,113 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Steele County.svg
StevensCounty 149 Morris 1862 Pierce County, Unorganized Territory Isaac Ingalls Stevens (1818-1862), first governor of Washington Territory (1853-1857)9,671562.06 sq mi
(1,456 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Stevens County.svg
SwiftCounty 151 Benson 1870 Chippewa County Henry Adoniram Swift (1823-1869), third governor of Minnesota (1863-1864)9,838743.53 sq mi
(1,926 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Swift County.svg
ToddCounty 153 Long Prairie 1855 Cass County John Blair Smith Todd, commander of Fort Ripley (1849-56); general in the Civil War; delegate in Congress from Dakota Territory (1861 and 1863-65); governor of Dakota Territory (1869-71)25,262942.02 sq mi
(2,440 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Todd County.svg
TraverseCounty 155 Wheaton 1862 Pierce County, Unorganized Territory Lake Traverse, a lake located in the county.3,360574.09 sq mi
(1,487 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Traverse County.svg
WabashaCounty 157 Wabasha 1849One of nine original counties.Named after M'dewakanton Dakota Indian Chief Wabasha III21,387525.01 sq mi
(1,360 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Wabasha County.svg
WadenaCounty 159 Wadena 1858 Cass County, Todd County Wadena Trading Post, in turn for a Ojibway word meaning "a little round hill".14,065535.02 sq mi
(1,386 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Wadena County.svg
WasecaCounty 161 Waseca 1857 Steele County Dakota word meaning "rich and fertile"18,968423.25 sq mi
(1,096 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Waseca County.svg
WashingtonCounty 163 Stillwater 1849One of nine original counties; formed from residual St. Croix County, Wisconsin Territory. George Washington (1732-1799), first president of the United States (1789-1797)267,568391.70 sq mi
(1,014 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Washington County.svg
WatonwanCounty 165 St. James 1860 Brown County Watonwan River, a river that flows through Minnesota.11,253434.51 sq mi
(1,125 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Watonwan County.svg
WilkinCounty 167 Breckenridge 1858 Cass County, Pembina County Alexander Wilkin (1820-1864), Minnesota politician and soldier killed in the Civil War6,506751.43 sq mi
(1,946 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Wilkin County.svg
WinonaCounty 169 Winona 1854 Fillmore County, Wabasha County Named after Wee-No-Nah, Sister or Cousin of Chief Wabasha III49,671626.30 sq mi
(1,622 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Winona County.svg
WrightCounty 171 Buffalo 1855 Cass County, Sibley County Silas Wright (1795-1847), former United States Senator from New York (1833-1844)141,337660.75 sq mi
(1,711 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Wright County.svg
Yellow MedicineCounty 173 Granite Falls 1871 Redwood County Yellow Medicine River, a river that flows through Minnesota.9,528757.96 sq mi
(1,963 km2)
Map of Minnesota highlighting Yellow Medicine County.svg

Historical counties

See also

Related Research Articles

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Kittson County, Minnesota U.S. county in Minnesota

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Aitkin County, Minnesota U.S. county in Minnesota

Aitkin County is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2020 United States Census, the population was 15,697. Its county seat is Aitkin. Part of the Mille Lacs Indian Reservation is in the county. The county was created in 1857 and organized in 1871.

Minnesota Territory United States territory from 1849 to 1858, part of which became the state of Minnesota

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Norman Wolfred Kittson was one of early Minnesota's most prominent citizens. He was best known as first a fur trader, then a steamboat-line operator and finally a railway entrepreneur and owner of thoroughbred racehorses. He was part of the original syndicate that went on to create the Canadian Pacific Railway. Kittson County, Minnesota is named for him. Norman County, Minnesota also was named for him.

Arrowhead Region

The Arrowhead Region is located in the northeastern part of the U.S. state of Minnesota, so called because of its pointed shape. The predominantly rural region encompasses 10,635.26 square miles (27,545.2 km2) of land area and includes Carlton, Cook, Lake and Saint Louis counties. Its population at the 2000 census was 248,425 residents. The region is loosely defined, and Aitkin, Itasca, and Koochiching counties are sometimes considered as part of the region, increasing the land area to 18,221.97 square miles (47,194.7 km2) and the population to 322,073 residents. Primary industries in the region include tourism and iron mining.

La Pointe County was created on February 19, 1845, by the Territory of Wisconsin from the northern portion of the existing territorial St. Croix County, encompassing the remaining portions of the Northwest Territory in Wisconsin Territory north of the line drawn from the confluence of the Ripple River with the Mississippi River to the western edge of Lac Courte Oreilles, to the eastern edge of Lac Courte Oreilles, and to the western branch of the Montreal River. The county was named for the community of La Pointe, Wisconsin on Madeline Island, which was its county seat from 1858 until 1866.

Joe Rolette

Joseph Rolette was a well-known American fur trader and politician during Minnesota's territorial era and the Civil War. His father was Jean Joseph Rolette, often referred to as Joe Rolette the elder, a French-Canadian and a trader himself. Joseph Rolette’s mother was Jane Fisher, who married Joe Rolette, Sr. in 1818 when she was either 13 or 14 years old. Jane's relatives took young Joseph to New York. Joseph's parents never divorced because they were Catholics, but the couple became separated in 1836. As part of the settlement, Joe Senior built what is today known as the Brisbois House for his estranged wife on Water Street, St. Feriole Island, Prairie du Chien, WI.

Treaty of Old Crossing

By the Treaty of Old Crossing (1863) and the Treaty of Old Crossing (1864), the Pembina and Red Lake bands of the Ojibwe, then known as Chippewa Indians, purportedly ceded to the United States all of their rights to the Red River Valley. On the Minnesota side, the ceded territory included all lands lying west of a line running generally southwest from the Lake of the Woods to Thief Lake, about 30 miles (48 km) west of Red Lake, and then angling southeast to the headwaters of the Wild Rice River near the low-lying divide separating the watershed of the Red River of the North from the watershed of the Mississippi River. On the North Dakota side, the ceded territory included all of the Red River Valley north of the Sheyenne River. The total land area, roughly 127 miles (204 km) wide east to west and 188 miles (303 km) long north to south, consisted of nearly 11,000,000 acres (45,000 km2) of rich prairie land and forests.

County roads in Minnesota are roads locally maintained by county highway departments in Minnesota. County roads span a wide variety of road types, varying from A-minor arterials that carry large volumes of traffic to gravel roads.

Wahnata County was an extinct county in Minnesota Territory. Created as one of the original 9 counties in 1849, the county was dissolved in 1851.

 Minnesota counties (−) (±)Kittson County, Minnesota (−) (±)1878 establishments in Minnesota (−) (±)Populated places established in 1878 (−) (±)(+)

References

  1. 1 2 "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Archived from the original on 2007-08-14. Retrieved 2007-09-17.
  2. "Minnesota County History". Association of Minnesota Counties. Archived from the original on 2007-08-13. Retrieved 2007-09-02.
  3. 1 2 "EPA County FIPS Code Listing". EPA. Retrieved 2007-04-09.
  4. 1 2 3 National Association of Counties. "NACo - Find a county". Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 24 February 2012.
  5. Upham, Warren (1969). Minnesota Geographic Names. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society.
  6. "County Name Origins". Association of Minnesota Counties. Archived from the original on 2008-05-27. Retrieved 2008-11-05.
  7. "Origin of Minnesota County Name". Minnesota Secretary of State. Archived from the original on 2008-11-08. Retrieved 2008-11-05.
  8. "2020 Population and Housing State Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 18 August 2021.
  9. "Minnesota QuickFacts". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 17 January 2016. Retrieved 24 February 2012. (2010 Census)
  10. "Dodge County History" (PDF). Dodge County website. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-04-11. Retrieved 2008-02-17.
  11. "The History of Goodhue County". Goodhue County, Minnesota website. Archived from the original on 2008-06-06. Retrieved 2008-02-17.
  12. MCHS - William Morrison - Fur Trader Archived 2008-07-23 at the Wayback Machine