Blaine, Minnesota

Last updated
Blaine
Water tower in Blaine, MN.jpg
January-2008 sunset in Blaine
Anoka Cnty Minnesota Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Blaine Highlighted copy.png
Location of the city of Blaine
within Anoka County, Minnesota
Coordinates: 45°09′39″N93°14′05″W / 45.16083°N 93.23472°W / 45.16083; -93.23472
Country United States
State Minnesota
Counties Anoka, Ramsey
Founded1877
IncorporatedJanuary 29, 1954 [1]
Government
  MayorTom Ryan
Area
[2]
   City 34.04 sq mi (88.16 km2)
  Land32.92 sq mi (85.27 km2)
  Water1.11 sq mi (2.89 km2)
  Urban
0.6 sq mi (2 km2)
Elevation
902 ft (275 m)
Population
 (2010) [3]
   City 57,186
  Estimate 
(2018) [4]
65,212
  RankUS: 584th MN: 14th
  Density1,960.85/sq mi (757.08/km2)
   Metro
3,524,583 (US: 16th)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
55014, 55434, 55449
Area code(s) 763
FIPS code 27-06382
GNIS feature ID0640245 [5]
Website Official website

Blaine is a city in Anoka and Ramsey counties in the State of Minnesota. The population was 57,186 at the 2010 census. [6] The city is located mainly in Anoka County, and is part of the Minneapolis–Saint Paul metropolitan area.

Anoka County, Minnesota County in the United States

Anoka County is the fourth-most-populous county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States census, the population was 339,534. The county seat and namesake of the county is the City of Anoka, which is derived from the Dakota word anokatanhan meaning "on both sides," referring to its location on the banks of the Rum River. The largest city in the county is the City of Blaine, the thirteenth-largest city in Minnesota and the eighth-largest Twin Cities suburb.

Ramsey County, Minnesota U.S. county in Minnesota, United States

Ramsey County is a county located in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 508,640, making it the second-most populous county in Minnesota. Its county seat is St. Paul, which is also Minnesota's state capital. The county was founded in 1849 and is named for Alexander Ramsey (W), the first governor of the Minnesota Territory.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders.

Contents

Interstate Highway 35W, U.S. Highway 10, and Minnesota State Highway 65 are three of the main routes in the city.

Interstate 35W (I-35W) is an Interstate Highway in the U.S. state of Minnesota, passing through downtown Minneapolis. It is one of two through routes for I-35 through the Twin Cities of Minneapolis and Saint Paul, the other being I-35E through downtown Saint Paul.

U.S. Highway 10 (US 10) is a major divided highway for almost all of its length in the U.S. state of Minnesota. The route runs through the central portion of the state, following generally the alignment of the former Northern Pacific Railway and connects the cities of Moorhead, Detroit Lakes, Wadena, Little Falls, St. Cloud, Anoka, Saint Paul, and Cottage Grove. US 10 within Minnesota is 275 miles (443 km) in length.

Minnesota State Highway 65 is a highway in the east–central and northeast parts of the U.S. state of Minnesota, which starts at its split from I-35W, skipping past the downtown Minneapolis core, only to resume at the intersection with Washington Avenue at the north end of downtown Minneapolis to continue north to its northern terminus at its intersection with U.S. Highway 71 (US 71) in Littlefork near International Falls.

History

Until 1877, Blaine was part of the township of Anoka, which is now Coon Rapids, Minnesota. [7] Phillip Leddy, a native of Ireland, is recognized as Blaine's first settler; he settled near a lake that now bears his misspelled name, Laddie Lake, in 1862. Another early settler was the Englishman George Townsend, who lived for a short time near what today is Lever St. and 103rd Ave.

Coon Rapids, Minnesota City in Minnesota, United States

Coon Rapids is a northern suburb of Minneapolis, and is the largest city in Anoka County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 61,476 at the 2010 census, making it the thirteenth largest city in Minnesota and the seventh largest Twin Cities suburb.

Ireland Island in north-west Europe, 20th largest in world, politically divided into the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland (a part of the UK)

Ireland is an island in the North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

It was not until 1865 that Blaine's first permanent resident, Greenberry Chambers, settled on the old Townsend claim. Chambers was a former slave who moved north from Barren County, Kentucky, following the American Civil War. In 1870, George Wall, Joseph Gagner, and soon others settled in the area and it began to grow.

Barren County, Kentucky U.S. county in Kentucky, United States

Barren County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 42,173. Its county seat is Glasgow. The county was founded on December 20, 1798, from parts of Warren and Green Counties. It was named for the Barrens, meadow lands that cover the northern third, though actually the soil is fertile.

American Civil War Internal war in the U.S. over slavery

The American Civil War was a civil war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865, between the North and the South. The Civil War began primarily as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of black people. War broke out in April 1861 when secessionist forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina shortly after Abraham Lincoln had been inaugurated as the President of the United States. The loyalists of the Union in the North, which also included some geographically western and southern states, proclaimed support for the Constitution. They faced secessionists of the Confederate States in the South, who advocated for states' rights in order to uphold slavery.

In 1877, Blaine separated from Anoka and organized as a township of its own. That year the first election was held and Moses Ripley was elected the first Chairman of the Board of Supervisors. By 1880, Blaine's population had reached 128.

While many other Anoka County communities experienced growth due to farming, Blaine's sandy soil and abundant wetlands discouraged would-be farmers and it remained a prime hunting area. Blaine's growth remained slow until after World War II, when housing developments began in the southern part of town and the community changed from a small rural town to a more suburban one. Blaine's population has grown from 1,694 in 1950 to 20,573 in 1970 to over 57,000 in 2010 to 66,667 in 2018. For several years Blaine led the Twin Cities metro region in new home construction. [8] By 2019, Blaine's population was over 66,600.

Wetland A land area that is permanently or seasonally saturated with water

A wetland is a distinct ecosystem that is flooded by water, either permanently or seasonally, where oxygen-free processes prevail. The primary factor that distinguishes wetlands from other land forms or water bodies is the characteristic vegetation of aquatic plants, adapted to the unique hydric soil. Wetlands play a number of functions, including water purification, water storage, processing of carbon and other nutrients, stabilization of shorelines, and support of plants and animals. Wetlands are also considered the most biologically diverse of all ecosystems, serving as home to a wide range of plant and animal life. Whether any individual wetland performs these functions, and the degree to which it performs them, depends on characteristics of that wetland and the lands and waters near it. Methods for rapidly assessing these functions, wetland ecological health, and general wetland condition have been developed in many regions and have contributed to wetland conservation partly by raising public awareness of the functions and the ecosystem services some wetlands provide.

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 70 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

Suburb Human settlement that is part of or near to a larger city

A suburb is a mixed-use or residential area, existing either as part of a city or urban area or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city. In most English-speaking countries, suburban areas are defined in contrast to central or inner-city areas, but in Australian English and South African English, suburb has become largely synonymous with what is called a "neighborhood" in other countries and the term extends to inner-city areas. In some areas, such as Australia, India, China, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and parts of the United States and Canada, new suburbs are routinely annexed by adjacent cities. In others, such as Saudi Arabia, France, and much of the United States and Canada, many suburbs remain separate municipalities or are governed as part of a larger local government area such as a county. In the United States, beyond the suburbs are exurbs, or "exurban areas", with less density but linked to the metropolitan area economically and by commuters.

Furthermore, the land development technique of sand mining opened thousands of acres of peat sod farms up for development. Beginning with the development of the Knoll Creek, Club West, Pleasure Creek and TPC Twin Cities, the existing land was modified through extensive grading efforts with the result in the large open water areas. The sand from the excavation of those ponds was used to raise the level of the site. These site modifications are needed to accommodate the development of the homes and neighborhoods. [9] The success of mining sand allowed for further development in the city. The centerpiece of those developments is The Lake of Blaine. [10] Corporate residents include the Aveda Corporation, Infinite Campus, PTC Inc, MagnetStreet, parking lot portion of a Medtronic Development, and Dayton Rogers Manufacturing.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 34.05 square miles (88.19 km2), of which 33.85 square miles (87.67 km2) is land and 0.20 square miles (0.52 km2) is water. [11] Blaine is 13 miles (21 kilometers)) from Minneapolis and 20 mi (32 km) from St. Paul.

Blaine can be accessed from several major roadways in the Twin Cities, including Minnesota State Highway 65, Interstate 35W, University Avenue, Lexington Avenue, Hamline Avenue, U.S. Highway 10, and Minnesota State Highway 610.

Major landforms

The Blaine area was covered by a large glacier that shaped the landscape during the late Wisconsinan glaciation. The land used to be covered by river valleys 200 feet deep. The valleys filled with sediment. One valley ran northeast to southwest under Lino Lakes. As the glaciers retreated, the water gathered into a lake that covered much of Anoka County. Huge ice chunks were left in the glacier's wake. They melted and formed depressions that filled with water. This became the chain of lakes between Lino Lakes and Circle Pines. [12]

There are four major named water bodies partially or completely within the city limits. Sunrise Lake as part of The Lakes housing development is the largest body at 158 acres in size, and going down to depths of near 40 feet in some places. [13] The next largest body is Laddie Lake, the only naturally occurring lake in Blaine, which is also partially in Spring Lake Park at 77 acres in size, reaching maximum depth of 6 ft in some locations. [14] The next largest body is Club West Lake at 39 acres and depths up to 25 ft, also man-made, located in the Club West Housing development. [15] The last named body of water in the city is Lochness Lake; at 11 acres in size it is managed by the city and has a provided fishing dock. [16] There are several other large bodies of water within the city that are not classified as lakes found around the TPC of the Twin Cities, Pleasure Creek Neighborhood, Knoll Creek Development, Crescent Ponds.

Blaine is also in the process of creating a 500-acre open space plan. The city started acquiring portions of the property in the late 1990s, but most of it was acquired after Blaine voters approved a $3.5 million referendum in 2000. [17] A tentative long-range plan calls for the construction of a nature center by 2020. The 70-acre Kane Meadows Park also acquired next to The Lakes development has been the centerpiece of this open space program. [18]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 128
1890 20560.2%
1900 37482.4%
1910 41310.4%
1920 55033.2%
1930 506−8.0%
1940 92182.0%
1950 3,604291.3%
1960 7,570110.0%
1970 20,573171.8%
1980 28,55838.8%
1990 38,97536.5%
2000 44,94215.3%
2010 57,18627.2%
Est. 201865,212 [4] 14.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
2015 Estimate [19]

2010 census

As of the census [3] of 2010, there were 57,186 people, 21,077 households, and 15,423 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,689.4 inhabitants per square mile (652.3/km2). There were 21,921 housing units at an average density of 647.6 per square mile (250.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 84.0% White, 3.7% African American, 0.5% Native American, 7.8% Asian, 1.2% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.2% of the population.

There were 21,077 households of which 38.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.8% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 26.8% were non-families. 20.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.14.

The median age in the city was 35.6 years. 26.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 30.7% were from 25 to 44; 27% were from 45 to 64; and 8.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.1% male and 50.9% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 44,942 people, 15,898 households, and 12,177 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,330 people per square mile (512/km²). There are 16,169 housing units at an average density of 477.6 per square mile (184.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city is 93.46% White, 0.86% African American, 0.63% Native American, 2.54% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.75% from other races, and 1.75% from two or more races. 1.72% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. By 2003 the US census estimated that the population had grown to 50,425. [20]

There are 15,898 households out of which 41.1% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.1% are married couples living together, 11.1% have a female householder with no husband present, and 23.4% are non-families. 17.0% of all households are made up of individuals and 3.3% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.82 and the average family size is 3.19.

In the city, the population is spread out with 29.1% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 34.8% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 5.3% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 33 years. For every 100 females, there are 100.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 98.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $59,219, and the median income for a family is $63,831. Males have a median income of $40,620 versus $30,452 for females. The per capita income for the city is $22,777. 3.0% of the population and 2.1% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 3.0% of those under the age of 18 and 3.7% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Economy

Top employers

#Employer# of Employees
1 Aveda 730
2Infinite Campus500
3Cub Foods433
4Carley Foundry420
5Walmart Stores312
6National Sports Center297
7Target270
8Home Depot237
9Bermo, Inc.236
10City of Blaine214

Sports

The 3M Open, a PGA Tour event held at TPC Twin Cities. [21]

The National Sports Center was the home of Minnesota's professional soccer teams for 23 years. From 1990–2003 and 2008–2009 the National Sports Center was home for the now defunct Minnesota Thunder. After the Thunder folded, the sports center quickly stepped in and created the NSC Minnesota Stars for the 2009 season. The United States Soccer Federation ruled the stadium could not own the team, due to an increase in financial standards the stadium did not have, and the team re-branded to become the Minnesota Stars FC for the 2010–2012 seasons. The Minnesota United FC, after being re-branded in early 2013 to represent the history of soccer in Minnesota, played at the National Sports Center until their promotion to Major League Soccer in 2017, [22] and they now play at Allianz Field but continue to use the National Sports Center as their training facility. [23]

The National Sports Center is also home to Victory Links Golf Course, a stadium with two artificial turf fields and a seasonal dome, over 50 full-size soccer fields, an eight-sheet ice arena, the largest of its kind in the world, an expo center, and a meeting and convention facility.

Parks and recreation

The City of Blaine has 66 parks and hundreds of miles of trails. Its parks include Aquartore Park, Happy Acres Park, Lexington Athletic Complex, the Blaine Baseball Complex, and Lakeside Commons Park. The Blaine Wetland Sanctuary is 500 acres of protected open space featuring a boardwalk and trails. [24]

Government

2019-20 Blaine City Council:

Blaine is in Minnesota's 6th congressional district, represented by Tom Emmer, a Republican. Its U.S. Senators are Amy Klobuchar and Tina Smith, both Democrats. Blaine is represented by Nolan West and Erin Koegel in the Minnesota House of Representatives, and Jerry Newton in the Minnesota Senate.

Education

There are three high schools within the city: Blaine High School home to the Bengals in the Anoka-Hennepin School District, and Centennial High School home to the Cougars in the Centennial School District. Paladin Career and Technical High School is a public charter school. Blaine students also attend Spring Lake Park High School home of the Panthers in the Spring Lake Park School District.

The city is serviced by three different school districts. District 11—Anoka-Hennepin—covers most of the city, from Highway 65 west to University Ave north of 99th Av NE and the areas north of Cloud Drive, and zigzags through the Lakes Neighborhood up to Main Street, where it covers everything north all the way across to Sunset the city's eastern edge. District 16—Spring Lake Park Schools—covers nearly everything south of 99th Av NE, the east side of Highway 65 north to where it bumps into District 11 and east to Lexington where it bumps into the Centennial School district. District 12—Centennial Schools—covers east of Lexington almost up to Main Street and everything south and east of Interstate 35W.

Rasmussen College, a private, for-profit school offering bachelor's and associate degrees, has a location in Blaine.

Notable people

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References

  1. "Guide to Blaine Minnesota". www.lakesnwoods.com. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  2. "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jan 2, 2019.
  3. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  4. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  5. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Census. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  7. 1 2 United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved August 14, 2013.
  8. "Minnesota Population". Minnesota Department of Minnesota. 2005. Retrieved 2006-12-11.
  9. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2004-01-23. Retrieved 2015-02-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. "Travis Sabby - The Lakes". liveinthelakes.com. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  11. "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  12. Blaine History. Norhart. Blaine Apartments. https://www.norhart.com/blaine/history
  13. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-02-18. Retrieved 2015-02-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. "Fisheries Lake Surveys - Minnesota Department of Natural Resources". dnr.state.mn.us. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  15. "LakeFinder - Lake Page - Minnesota Department of Natural Resources". dnr.state.mn.us. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  16. "Fisheries Lake Surveys - Minnesota Department of Natural Resources". dnr.state.mn.us. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  17. Hagen, Eric. "Concept for 500-acre open space site in Blaine approved". abcnewspapers.com. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  18. "Blaine to create 500-acre nature preserve". startribune.com. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  19. "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on October 19, 2016. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
  20. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/27/2706382.html
  21. "3M Open". 3M Open.
  22. "Minnesota United is joining Major League Soccer in 2017". Star Tribune. Retrieved 2017-07-22.
  23. {{https://www.mnufc.com/stadium/}}
  24. http://www.blaineparks.com

Coordinates: 45°09′39″N93°14′05″W / 45.16083°N 93.23472°W / 45.16083; -93.23472