Gold (color)

Last updated

Gold (golden)
 
GoldNuggetUSGOV.jpg
Common connotations
First place in a competition, wealth
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #FFD700
HSV     (h, s, v)(51°, 100%, 100%)
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(255, 215, 0)
Source X11
ISCC–NBS descriptor Vivid yellow
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Gold, also called golden, is a color.

The web color gold is sometimes referred to as golden to distinguish it from the color metallic gold. The use of gold as a color term in traditional usage is more often applied to the color "metallic gold" (shown below).

Contents

The first recorded use of golden as a color name in English was in 1300 to refer to the element gold and in 1423 to refer to blond hair. [1]

Metallic gold, such as in paint, is often called goldtone or gold tone, or gold ground when describing a solid gold background. In heraldry, the French word or is used. [2] In model building, the color gold is different from brass. A shiny or metallic silvertone object can be painted with transparent yellow to obtain goldtone, something often done with Christmas decorations.

Metallic gold

Gold (metallic gold)

Metallic gold
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #D4AF37
HSV     (h, s, v)(46°, 74%, 83%)
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(212, 175, 55)
Source ISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptor Strong yellow
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At right is displayed a representation of the color metallic gold (the color traditionally known as gold) which is a simulation of the color of the actual metallic element gold itself—gold shade.

The source of this color is the ISCC-NBS Dictionary of Color Names (1955), a color dictionary used by stamp collectors to identify the colors of stamps—See color sample of the color Gold (Color Sample Gold (T) #84) displayed on indicated web page: [3]

The first recorded use of gold as a color name in English was in the year 1400. [1]

Web color gold vs. metallic gold

Metallic by nature. GOLD METALLIC TEXTURE (7241678418).jpg
Metallic by nature.

The American Heritage Dictionary defines the color metallic gold as "A light olive-brown to dark yellow, or a moderate, strong to vivid yellow."

Of course, the visual sensation usually associated with the metal gold is its metallic shine. This cannot be reproduced by a simple solid color, because the shiny effect is due to the material's reflective brightness varying with the surface's angle to the light source.

This is why, in art, a metallic paint that glitters in an approximation of real gold would be used; a solid color like that of the cell displayed in the adjacent box does not aesthetically "read" as gold. Especially in sacral art in Christian churches, real gold (as gold leaf) was used for rendering gold in paintings, e.g. for the halo of saints. Gold can also be woven into sheets of silk to give an East Asian traditional look.

More recent art styles, e.g. art nouveau, also made use of a metallic, shining gold; however, the metallic finish of such paints was added using fine aluminum powder and pigment rather than actual gold.

Shades

Old gold

Old gold
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #CFB53B
HSV     (h, s, v)(49°, 71%, 81%)
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(207, 181, 59)
Source /Maerz and Paul [4]
ISCC–NBS descriptor Strong yellow
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Old gold is a dark yellow, which varies from heavy olive or olive brown to deep or strong yellow. The widely accepted color old gold is on the darker rather than the lighter side of this range.

The first recorded use of old gold as a color name in English was in the early 19th century (exact year uncertain). [5] The official colors of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity, Inc., founded on December 4th, 1906 are black and old gold. The Delta Sigma Pi fraternity, founded in November 7, 1907, official colors are designated royal purple and old gold. The Pi Kappa Alpha fraternity's colors are garnet and old gold.

Maroon and old gold are the colors of Texas State University's intercollegiate sports teams. Old Gold and black are the team colors of Purdue University Boilermakers intercollegiate sports teams. The Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets formerly wore white and old gold (now called Tech Gold). The Wake Forest Demon Deacons, UCF Knights, and Vanderbilt Commodores wear old gold and black. The New Orleans Saints list their official team colors as black, old gold and white. Wolverhampton Wanderers F.C., an association football club in England, also traditionally features old gold and black uniforms.

Golden yellow

Golden yellow as a quaternary color on the RYB color wheel
  yellow
  golden yellow
  amber
Golden yellow
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #FFDF00
HSV     (h, s, v)(52.5°, 100%, 100%)
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(255, 223, 0)
Source /Maerz and Paul
ISCC–NBS descriptor Vivid yellow
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Golden yellow is the color halfway between amber and yellow on the RGB color wheel. It is a color that is 87.5% yellow and 12.5% red.

The first recorded use of golden yellow as a color name in English was in the year 1597. [6]

Golden Yellow is one of the colors of the United States Air Force, along with Ultramarine Blue. [7]

Golden poppy

Golden poppy
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #FCC200
HSV     (h, s, v)(47°, 98%, 97%)
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(252, 194, 0)
Source /Maerz and Paul
ISCC–NBS descriptor Vivid yellow
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Golden poppy is a tone of gold that is the color of the California poppy—the official state flower of California—the Golden State.

California poppy California Poppy (3772276269).jpg
California poppy

The first recorded use of golden poppy as a color name in English was in 1927. [8]

Arizona State University (ASU) Gold

ASU Gold
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #FFC627
HSV     (h, s, v)(44°, 85%, 100%)
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(255, 198, 39)
Source ASU Brand Guide
ISCC–NBS descriptor Vivid yellow
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Gold is the oldest color associated with Arizona State University and dates back to 1896 when the school was named the Tempe Normal School. [9] Gold signifies the "golden promise" of ASU. Gold also signifies the sunshine Arizona is famous for, including the power of the sun and its influence on the climate and the economy. The student section, known as The Inferno, wears gold on game days.

University of Southern California (USC) Gold

USC Gold
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #FFCC00
HSV     (h, s, v)(48°, 100%, 100%)
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(255, 204, 0)
Source USC Identity Guidelines
ISCC–NBS descriptor Vivid yellow
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The official colors of the University of Southern California are Pantone 201C and Pantone 123C. These colors, designated as USC Cardinal and USC Gold, were adopted in 1895 by Rev. George W. White, USC's third president, and are equal in importance in identifying the USC Trojans.

California (Berkeley) Gold

California Gold
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #FDB515
HSV     (h, s, v)(41°, 91.7%, 99.2%)
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(253, 181, 21)
Source Brand Guidelines
ISCC–NBS descriptor Strong orange yellow
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

California Gold is one of the official colors of the University of California, Berkeley, as identified in their graphic style guide for use in on-screen representations of the gold color in the university's seal. For print media, the guide recommends to, "[u]se Pantone 7750 metallic or Pantone 123 yellow and 282 blue". [10] The color is one of two most used by Berkeley, the other being Berkeley Blue; these, together, are the original colors of the University of California system, of which variations of blue and gold can be found in each campus' school colors.

Cal Poly Pomona gold

Cal Poly Pomona Gold
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #C6930A
HSV     (h, s, v)(44°, 94.9%, 77.6%)
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(198, 147, 10)
Source Graphic Standards
ISCC–NBS descriptor Deep yellow
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Cal Poly Pomona gold was one of the two official colors of California State Polytechnic University, Pomona (Cal Poly Pomona). The official university colors were green (PMS 349) and gold (PMS 131). Cal Poly Pomona's Office of Public Affairs created the colors for web development and has technical guidelines, copyright and privacy protection; as well as logos and images that developers are asked to follow in the University's Guidelines for using official Cal Poly Pomona logos. If web developers are using gold on a university website, they were encouraged to use Cal Poly Pomona gold. Cal Poly Pomona has adopted a new brand color palette including a different gold color: #FFB500. [11] The logo of the Cal Poly Pomona's athletic teams, the Cal Poly Pomona Broncos, has changed in 2014 [12] to reflect the new gold color, but is currently using #FFB718. [13]

UCLA Gold

UCLA Gold
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #FFD100
HSV     (h, s, v)(49°, 100%, 100%)
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(255, 209, 0)
SourceUCLA Brand Guidelines [14]
ISCC–NBS descriptor Vivid yellow
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color was approved by the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Chancellor in October 2013. This is a shade of gold identified by the university for use in their printed publications.

MU Gold

MU Gold
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #F1B82D
HSV     (h, s, v)(43°, 81%, 95%)
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(241, 184, 45)
Source University of Missouri
ISCC–NBS descriptor Vivid yellow
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

MU Gold is used by the University of Missouri as the official school color along with black. Mizzou Identity Standards designated the color for web development as well as logos and images that developers are asked to follow in the University's Guidelines for using official Mizzou logos. [15]

Pale gold

Gold (Crayola)
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #E6BE8A
HSV     (h, s, v)(34°, 40%, 90%)
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(230, 190, 138)
Source Crayola
ISCC–NBS descriptor Moderate orange yellow
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color pale gold is displayed at right.

This has been the color called gold in Crayola crayons since 1903.

Pale gold is one of the Lithuanian basketball club Lietkabelis Panevėžys primary colors.[ citation needed ]

Sunglow

Sunglow
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #FFCC33
HSV     (h, s, v)(50°, 99%, 98%)
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(255, 204, 51)
Source Crayola
ISCC–NBS descriptor Vivid yellow
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color sunglow is displayed at right.

This is a Crayola crayon color formulated in 1990.

Harvest gold

Harvest gold
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #DA9100
HSV     (h, s, v)(40°, 100%, 86 [16] %)
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(218, 145, 0)
Source Crayola/Maerz and Paul [17]
ISCC–NBS descriptor Deep orange yellow
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color harvest gold is displayed at right.

This color was originally called harvest in the 1920s.

The first recorded use of harvest as a color name in English was in 1923. [18]

Harvest gold was a common color for metal surfaces (including automobiles and household appliances), as was the color avocado, during the whole decade of the 1970s. They were both also popular colors for shag carpets. Both colors (as well as shag carpets) went out of style by the early 1980s.[ citation needed ]

Goldenrod

Goldenrod
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #DAA520
HSV     (h, s, v)(43°, 85%, 85%)
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(218, 165, 32)
Source X11
ISCC–NBS descriptor Strong yellow
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the web color goldenrod.

The color goldenrod is a representation of the color of some of the deeper gold colored goldenrod flowers.

Monarch butterfly on goldenrod flower Monarch on Goldenrod.jpg
Monarch butterfly on goldenrod flower

The first recorded use of goldenrod as a color name in English was in 1915. [19]

Vegas gold

Vegas gold
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #C5B358
HSV     (h, s, v)(50°, 55%, 77%)
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(197, 179, 88)
Source
ISCC–NBS descriptor Moderate greenish yellow
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the color Vegas gold.

Vegas gold, rendered within narrow limits, is associated with the glamorous casinos and hotels of the Las Vegas Strip, United States.

Vegas gold is one of the official athletic colors for the Notre Dame Fighting Irish, Boston College Eagles, Colorado Buffaloes, South Florida Bulls, St. Vincent–St. Mary High School, UAB Blazers, Vanderbilt Commodores, the United States Naval Academy Midshipmen, and Western Carolina University Catamounts. It is one of the official colors of the NHL's Vegas Golden Knights, and was the type of gold the Pittsburgh Penguins used on their uniforms until they reverted to "Pittsburgh gold", the shade traditionally associated with the city.

Satin sheen gold

Satin sheen gold
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #CBA135
HSV     (h, s, v)(49°, 74%, 76%)
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(203, 161, 53)
Source [20]
ISCC–NBS descriptor Deep yellow
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At right is displayed the color satin sheen gold. This is the name of the color of the Starfleet command personnel uniform worn by Captain Kirk of the USS Enterprise in the TV show and movies Star Trek . [20] [21] [22]

Golden brown

Golden brown
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #996515
HSV     (h, s, v)(51°, 37%, 47%)
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(153, 101, 21)
Source ISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptor Strong yellowish brown
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The first recorded use of golden brown as a color name in English was in the year 1891. [23] Golden brown is commonly referenced in recipes as the desired color of properly baked and fried foods.

Golden in nature

Protista

Plants

Animals

In culture

Art

Business

Exploration

Food

Film and television

Gemstones

Interior design

The Queen's bedchamber in the Versailles Palace. Versailles Queen's Chamber.jpg
The Queen's bedchamber in the Versailles Palace.

Literature

Music

Parapsychology

Politics

Religion

Sports

State decorations

Vexillology

Video games

Chemical compounds

In addition to elemental gold, a number of compounds or alloys have a reflective gold hue:

See also

Related Research Articles

Lavender (color) Color

Lavender is a light shade of purple. It applies particularly to the color of the flower of the same name. The web color called lavender is displayed at right—it matches the color of the very palest part of the lavender flower; however, the more saturated color shown below as floral lavender more closely matches the average color of the lavender flower as shown in the picture and is the tone of lavender historically and traditionally considered lavender by the average person as opposed to those who are website designers. The color lavender might be described as a medium purple or a light pinkish-purple. The term lavender may be used in general to apply to a wide range of pale, light or grayish-purples but only on the blue side. Lilac is pale purple on the pink side. In paints, the color lavender is made by mixing purple and white paint.

Old gold is a dark yellow, which varies from light olive or olive brown to deep or strong yellow, generally on the darker side of this range.

Goldenrod (color)

Goldenrod is a color that resembles the goldenrod plant.

Spring green Color

Spring green also referred as Mint green is a color included on the color wheel that is precisely halfway between cyan and green. When plotted on the CIE chromaticity diagram, it corresponds to a visual stimulus of 505 nanometers on the visible spectrum. Spring green is a pure chroma on the color wheel. In HSV color space, the expression of which is known as the RGB color wheel, spring green has a hue of 150°. Spring green is one of the tertiary colors on the RGB color wheel.

Shades of orange Varieties of the color orange

In optics, orange has a wavelength between approximately 585 and 620 nm and a hue of 30° in HSV color space. In the RGB color space it is a secondary color numerically halfway between gamma-compressed red and yellow, as can be seen in the RGB color wheel. The complementary color of orange is azure. Orange pigments are largely in the ochre or cadmium families, and absorb mostly blue light.

Shades of green Varieties of the color green

Varieties of the color green may differ in hue, chroma or lightness, or in two or three of these qualities. Variations in value are also called tints and shades, a tint being a green or other hue mixed with white, a shade being mixed with black. A large selection of these various colors is shown below.

Shades of red Colors that are variations of red

Varieties of the color red may differ in hue, chroma or lightness, or in two or three of these qualities. Variations in value are also called tints and shades, a tint being a red or other hue mixed with white, a shade being mixed with black. A large selection of these various colors is shown below.

Wine (color) Dark shade of the color red

The color wine or vinous, vinaceous, is a dark shade of red. It is a representation of the typical color of red wine.

Desert sand (color)

Desert sand is a very light and very weakly saturated reddish yellow colour which corresponds specifically to the coloration of sand. It may also be regarded as a deep tone of beige.

Blue-gray or blue-grey is a medium bluish-gray color. Another name for this color is livid; this color name comes from the Latin color term lividus meaning "'a dull leaden-blue color', and also used to describe the color of contused flesh, leading to the English expression 'black and blue'".

Shades of yellow

Varieties of the color yellow may differ in hue, chroma or lightness, or in two or three of these qualities. Variations in value are also called tints and shades, a tint being a yellow or other hue mixed with white, a shade being mixed with black. A large selection of these various colors is shown below.

Shades of blue Variety of the color blue

Varieties of the color blue may differ in hue, chroma, or lightness, or in two or three of these qualities. Variations in value are also called tints and shades, a tint being a blue or other hue mixed with white, a shade being mixed with black. A large selection of these various colors is shown below.

Shades of white Range of color shades

Shades of white are colors that differ only slightly from pure white. Variations of white include what are commonly termed off-white colors, which may be considered part of a neutral color scheme.

Shades of gray Variations of the color gray

Variations of gray or grey include achromatic grayscale shades, which lie exactly between white and black, and nearby colors with low colorfulness. A selection of a number of these various colors is shown below.

Shades of cyan

The color cyan, a greenish-blue, has notable tints and shades. It is one of the subtractive primary colors along with magenta, and yellow.

Shades of purple Variations of the color purple

There are numerous variations of the color purple, a sampling of which are shown below.

Shades of brown Varieties of the color brown

Shades of brown can be produced by combining red, yellow, and black pigments, or by a combination of orange and black—as can be seen in the color box at right. In the RGB color model used to create all the colors on computer and television screens, brown is made by combining red and green light at different intensities. Brown color names are often not very precise, and some shades, such as beige, can refer to a wide variety of colors, including shades of yellow or red. Browns are usually described as light or dark, reddish, yellowish, or gray-brown. There are no standardized names for shades of brown; the same shade may have different names on different color lists, and sometimes the one name can refer to several very different colors. The X11 color list of web colors lists seventeen different shades of brown, but the complete list of browns is much longer.

Marigold (color) Yellow-orange color

Marigold is a yellow-orange color. It is named after the flower of the same name.

Shades of azure

Azure is a variation of blue that is often described as the color of the sky on a clear day.

Shades of chartreuse Shade of yellow-green color

Shades of chartreuse are listed below. Historically, many of these colors have gone under the name of either yellow or green, as the specifics of their color composition was not known until later.

References

  1. 1 2 Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 195
  2. Friar, Stephen, ed. (1987). A New Dictionary of Heraldry. London: Alphabooks/A&C Black. p. 343. ISBN   0-906670-44-6.
  3. "Retsof online version of ISCC-NBS Dictionary of Colo(u)r Names – Ga through Gz". Tx4.us. Archived from the original on July 30, 2017. Retrieved April 15, 2009.
  4. The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called old gold in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color old gold is displayed on page 51, Plate 14, Color Sample K5.
  5. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 200; Color Sample of Old Gold Page 51 Plate 14 Color Sample K5
  6. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 195; Color sample of golden yellow: Page 43--Plate 10 Color Sample L7
  7. "The Air Force Flag" (PDF). Air Force Historical Research Agency. United States Air Force. March 24, 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 2, 2013. Retrieved August 7, 2017.
  8. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 196; Color Sample: golden poppy Page 41 Plate 9 Color Sample L12
  9. "Sun Devil Traditions". ASU Alumni Association. December 9, 2013. Retrieved August 8, 2017.
  10. "Color · Brand Guidelines" . Retrieved August 2, 2017.
  11. "Color". www.cpp.edu. Retrieved October 28, 2020.
  12. "University Brand: A Bold New Look". www.cpp.edu. Retrieved October 28, 2020.
  13. https://broncoathletics.com/images/logos/site/site.png
  14. "Brand Guidelines | Identity | Colors". University of California, Los Angeles. Retrieved November 23, 2018.
  15. "Official MU & Secondary Colors | Mizzou Identity Standards | University of Missouri". June 14, 2018. Retrieved August 18, 2018.
  16. Forret, Peter. "Convert RGB: #FF6600 @ toolstud.io". toolstud.io. Retrieved October 28, 2020.
  17. The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called harvest in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color harvest is displayed on page 47, Plate 12, Color Sample H9.
  18. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 196; Color Sample of Harvest: Page 47 Plate 12 Color Sample H9
  19. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 196; Color Sample of Goldenrod: Page 43 Plate 10 Color Sample L5
  20. 1 2 Dillard, J.M. Star Trek: The Lost Years New York:1989 Pocket Books Page 17
  21. J. M. Dillard (2002). Star Trek V: The Final Frontier. Simon and Schuster. ISBN   0-7434-5423-5.
  22. "Photo of Captain Kirk". Archived from the original on August 10, 2007. Retrieved January 16, 2010.
  23. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 195; Color sample of golden brown: Page 51--Plate 14 Color Sample F12
  24. "ShecyPearlJewelry – Global Online Shopping High Quality Really Pearls". www.shecypearljewelry.com. Archived from the original on January 1, 2008. Retrieved October 28, 2020.
  25. "President Ramos issues Proclamation No. 905. declaring that the golden strain of the South Sea Pearls is to be the Philippines' national gemstone" . Retrieved October 28, 2020.
  26. National Geographic magazine, August 2006, page 31
  27. Swami Panchadasi The Human Aura: Astral Colors and Thought Forms Des Plaines, Illinois, USA:1912--Yogi Publications Society Page 34
  28. Oslie, Pamalie Life Colors: What the Colors in Your Aura Reveal Novato, California:2000--New World Library Golden Auras: Page 341
  29. Arthur E. Powell The Astral Body and Other Astral Phenomenon Wheaton, Illinois:1927—Theosophical Publishing House Page 12
  30. "Magical Properties of Colors". Wicca Living. Retrieved January 28, 2021.
  31. "Philippines Flag – World Flags 101". World Flags 101. Retrieved April 15, 2009.
  32. Flag Bulletin. Flag Research Center. 1988. p. 105.