Shades of gray

Last updated

Gray/Grey
 
Color icon gray v2.svg
Common connotations
pessimism, depression, boredom, neutrality, undefinedness, old age, contentment and elegance
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #BEBEBE
sRGB B (r, g, b)(190, 190, 190)
HSV (h, s, v)(0°, 0%, 75%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(77, 0, 0°)
Source HTML/CSS [1]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Variations of gray or grey include achromatic grayscale shades, which lie exactly between white and black, and nearby colors with low colorfulness. A selection of a number of these various colors is shown below.

Contents

Chart of computer web color grays

Below is a chart showing the computer web color grays. An achromatic gray is a gray color in which the red, green, and blue codes are exactly equal. The web colors gray, gainsboro, light gray, dark gray, and dim gray are all achromatic colors. A chromatic gray is a gray color in which the red, green, and blue codes are not exactly equal, but are close to each other, which is what makes it a shade of gray.

HTML color nameSampleHex triplet
By nameBy hex triplet
gainsboro#DCDCDC
lightgray#D3D3D3
silver#C0C0C0
darkgray#A9A9A9
gray#808080
dimgray#696969
lightslategray#778899
slategray#708090
darkslategray#2F4F4F

White and black

The colors white and black are not usually thought of as shades of gray, but they can be thought of as shades of achromatic gray, as both contain equal amounts of red, blue and green. White is at the extreme upper end of the achromatic value scale and black is at the extreme lower end of the achromatic value scale, with all the colors normally considered tones of achromatic gray colors in between. Since achromatic colors have no hue, the hue code (h code) is left blank for achromatic colors (usually marked as a dash).

White

White
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #FFFFFF
sRGB B (r, g, b)(255, 255, 255)
HSV (h, s, v)(0°, 0%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(100, 0, 0°)
SourceBy definition
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

White is a color, the perception of which is evoked by light that stimulates all three types of color sensitive cone cells in the human eye in equal amounts and with high brightness compared to the surroundings. A white visual stimulation will be void of hue and grayness. White is the lightest possible color.

Achromatic grays

Achromatic grays are colors in which the RGB (red, green, and blue) values are exactly equal. Since achromatic grays have no hue, the hue code (the h in the hsv values of the color) is indicated with a dash. Achromatic grays are the axis of the color sphere, with white at the north pole and black at the south pole of the color sphere. The various tones of achromatic gray are along the axis of the color sphere from white at the top of the axis to black at the bottom of the axis.

Gray

Gray/Grey
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #808080
sRGB B (r, g, b)(128, 128, 128)
HSV (h, s, v)(0°, 0%, 50%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(54, 0, 0°)
Source HTML/CSS [1]
ISCC–NBS descriptor Medium gray
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

At right is displayed the color gray.

The first recorded use of gray as a color name in the English language was in 700. [2]

This tone of gray (HTML gray) is universally used as the standard for gray because it is that tone of gray which is halfway between white and black.[ citation needed ]

Gainsboro

Gainsboro
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #DCDCDC
sRGB B (r, g, b)(220, 220, 220)
HSV (h, s, v)(0°, 0%, 86%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(88, 0, 0°)
Source X11
ISCC–NBS descriptor Greenish gray
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

At right is displayed the web color Gainsboro

Gainsboro is a pale tone of gray.

Prior to standardization as a web color, Gainsboro was included as one of the X11 color names. [3] It was, however, absent from the original 1987 version of the list, [4] but present in Paul Raveling's version [5] which added, amongst other things, "[l]ight and off-white colors, copied from several Sinclair Paints color samples". [6]

Silver

Silver
 
SilverB.JPG
Silver ingots
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #C0C0C0
sRGB B (r, g, b)(192, 192, 192)
HSV (h, s, v)(0°, 0%, 75%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(78, 0, 0°)
Source HTML/CSS [1]
ISCC–NBS descriptor Light gray
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed at right is the web color silver

This color is a representation of the color of the metal silver.

This is supposed to be a metallic color; however, there is no mechanism for displaying metallic colors on a flat computer screen.

Medium gray

Medium gray
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #BEBEBE
sRGB B (r, g, b)(190, 190, 190)
HSV (h, s, v)(0°, 0%, 75%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(77, 0, 0°)
Source X11
ISCC–NBS descriptor Light gray
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

At right is displayed the color medium gray, or gray in the X11 color names, which is lighter than the HTML/CSS gray shown below. The coordinates in the X11 were set at 190 to avoid gray being displayed as white on 2-bit grayscale displays. [7]

See the chart Color names that clash between X11 and HTML/CSS in the X11 color names article to see those colors which are different in HTML/CSS and X11.

Spanish gray

Spanish gray
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #989898
sRGB B (r, g, b)(152, 152, 152)
HSV (h, s, v)(0°, 0%, 60%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(63, 0, 0°)
SourceGallego and Sanz [8]
ISCC–NBS descriptor Medium gray
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Spanish gray is the color that is called gris (gray in Spanish) in the Guía de coloraciones (Guide to colorations) by Rosa Gallego and Juan Carlos Sanz, a color dictionary published in 2005 that is widely popular in the Hispanophone realm.

Davy's gray

Davy's gray
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #555555
sRGB B (r, g, b)(85, 85, 85)
HSV (h, s, v)(0°, 0%, 33%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(36, 0, 0°)
Source ISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptor Dark gray
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Davy's gray is a dark gray color, made from powdered slate, iron oxide and carbon black named for Henry Davy. [9] [10]

The first recorded use of Davy’s gray as a color name in English was around 1940. [11] [12]

Off-grays

Off-grays are colors that are very close to achromatic grays, but whose red, green, and blue color codes are not exactly equal.

Xanadu

Xanadu
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #738678
sRGB B (r, g, b)(115, 134, 120)
HSV (h, s, v)(136°, 14%, 53%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(54, 13, 138°)
Source 11 Colors You've Probably Never Heard Of
ISCC–NBS descriptor Moderate green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed in the adjacent image is the color xanadu.

The color "xanadu" is a greenish-gray color whose name is derived from the Philodendron. [13]

Platinum

Platinum
 
Platinum crystals.jpg
Platinum crystals
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #E5E4E2
sRGB B (r, g, b)(229, 228, 226)
HSV (h, s, v)(40°, 1%, 90%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(91, 2, 68°)
Source Maerz and Paul [14]
ISCC–NBS descriptor Yellowish white
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Platinum is a color that is the metallic tint of pale grayish-white resembling the metal platinum.

This is supposed to be a metallic color; however, there is no mechanism for displaying metallic colors on a flat computer screen.

The first recorded use of platinum as a color name in English was in 1918. [15]


Ash gray

Ash gray
 
Campfire scar 08319.JPG
Wood ash from a campfire
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #B2BEB5
sRGB B (r, g, b)(178, 190, 181)
HSV (h, s, v)(135°, 6%, 75%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(76, 8, 138°)
Source ISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptor Pale green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed in the adjacent image is the color ash gray.

The color ash gray is a representation of the color of ash.

The first recorded use of ash gray as a color name in English was in 1374. [16]


Battleship gray

Battleship gray
 
USS Wisconsin (BB-64) preps.JPG
The battleship USS Wisconsin
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #848482
sRGB B (r, g, b)(132, 132, 130)
HSV (h, s, v)(60°, 2%, 52%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(55, 2, 86°)
Source ISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptor Medium gray
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color battleship gray is displayed in the adjacent image. It is so called because the color is the shade of gray from the specular micaceous hematite paint used for rustproofing iron and steel battleships. [17]

The normalized color coordinates for battleship gray are identical to old silver, first recorded as a color name in English in 1905. [18]

Gunmetal

Gunmetal
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #2A3439
sRGB B (r, g, b)(42, 52, 57)
HSV (h, s, v)(200°, 26%, 22%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(21, 6, 224°)
Source Encycolorpedia
ISCC–NBS descriptor Blackish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Gunmetal is a shade of gray that has a bluish purple tinge. [19] It describes the color of several metals used in industrial applications, such as tarnished gunmetal, or parkerized steel.

Alpha Industries (r) CWU-Bomberjacket CWU 45(N) in gunmetal grey Alpha Ind CWU 45(N).JPG
Alpha Industries ® CWU-Bomberjacket CWU 45(N) in gunmetal grey

Charcoal

Charcoal
 
Charcoal lump.jpg
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #36454F
sRGB B (r, g, b)(54, 69, 79)
HSV (h, s, v)(204°, 32%, 31%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(28, 12, 231°)
Source ISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptor Dark grayish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Charcoal is a color that is a representation of the dark gray color of burned wood.

The first recorded use of charcoal as a color name in English was in 1606. [20]

Stone gray

Stone gray
 
India new 500 INR, MG series, 2016, obverse.jpg India new 500 INR, MG series, 2016, reverse.jpg
Indian 500 rupee note, obverse and reverse
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #928E85
sRGB B (r, g, b)(146, 142, 133)
HSV (h, s, v)(42°, 9%, 57%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(59, 8, 69°)
Source List of RAL colors
ISCC–NBS descriptor Light grayish olive
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Stone gray [21] is a color represented in the list of RAL classic colors from RAL colour standard. This is the main color on the Indian 500-rupee note.

Cool grays

Cool grays have noticeably bluish, greenish, or violetish hues.

Cool gray

Cool gray
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #9090C0
sRGB B (r, g, b)(144, 144, 192)
HSV (h, s, v)(240°, 25%, 75%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(61, 40, 266°)
Source ISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptor Light purplish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Cool gray, is a medium light color gray mixed with the color blue.

This color is a dull shade of blue-gray .

This color is identical with color sample No. 203 (identified as gray blue) at the following website: http://tx4.us/nbs/nbs-g.htm—The ISCC-NBS Dictionary of Colo(u)r Names (1955), a website for stamp collectors to evaluate the colors of their stamps.

Poet George Sterling once wrote a poem calling San Francisco the "cool grey city of love" [22] The phrase cool grey as applied to San Francisco refers to the frequent fogs from the Pacific Ocean that envelop the city.

Cadet gray

Cadet gray
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #91A3B0
sRGB B (r, g, b)(145, 163, 176)
HSV (h, s, v)(205°, 18%, 69%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(66, 16, 231°)
Source ISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptor Grayish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Cadet gray is a slightly bluish shade of gray. The first recorded use of cadet grey as a color name in English was in 1912. [23]

Before 1912, the word cadet gray was used as a name for a type of military issue uniforms. Most famously, it was the color of the uniforms of the Confederate Army. In 1815, it had earlier become the color of the uniforms of the United States Military Academy (West Point). [24]

Blue-gray

Blue-gray
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #6699CC
sRGB B (r, g, b)(102, 153, 204)
HSV (h, s, v)(210°, 50%, 80%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(62, 54, 244°)
Source Crayola
ISCC–NBS descriptor Light blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Blue-gray was a Crayola crayon color from 1958 to 1990.

Glaucous

Glaucous
 
Larus hyperboreus-USFWS.jpg
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #6082B6
sRGB B (r, g, b)(96, 130, 182)
HSV (h, s, v)(216°, 47%, 71%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(54, 51, 250°)
Source ISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptor Moderate blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Glaucous (from the Latin glaucus, meaning "bluish-gray", from the Greek glaukos) is used to describe the pale gray or blue appearance of the surfaces of some plants, as well as in the names of birds, such as the glaucous gull (Larus hyperboreus), glaucous-winged gull (Larus glaucescens), glaucous macaw (Anodorhynchus glaucus), and glaucous tanager (Thraupis glaucocolpa).

Slate gray

Slate gray
 
36 fragmenten van grote grijze leistenen maalsteen; aan boven- en onderzijde voorzien - O36ZFL - 60015759 - RCE.jpg
Samples of slate
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #708090
sRGB B (r, g, b)(112, 128, 144)
HSV (h, s, v)(210°, 22%, 56%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(53, 17, 239°)
Source X11
ISCC–NBS descriptor Grayish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Slate gray is a gray color with a slight azure tinge that is a representation of the average color of the material slate.

The first recorded use of slate gray as a color name in English was in 1705. [25]

Gray-green

Gray-green
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #5E716A
sRGB B (r, g, b)(94, 113, 106)
HSV (h, s, v)(158°, 17%, 44%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(46, 10, 161°)
Source ISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptor Grayish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Gray-green (also known as grayish-green, greenish-gray, emerald-gray, or green-gray) is a greenish-gray color.

Marengo

Marengo
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #4C5866
sRGB B (r, g, b)(76, 88, 102)
HSV (h, s, v)(212°, 25%, 40%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(37, 14, 242°)
Source [26] [27]
ISCC–NBS descriptor Grayish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Marengo is a shade of gray (black with gray tinge) or blue colors. [28] [29] Sometimes the color is described as the color of a wet asphalt.

Warm grays

Warm grays are colors that are noticeably brownish, pinkish grays, or reddish purple grays. The color brown is itself a dark shade of orange. Brown colors also include dark shades of rose, red, and amber. Pink colors include light tones of rose, red, and orange. These tones of pink become warm grays when they are mixed with gray.

Rose quartz

Rose quartz
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #AA98A9
sRGB B (r, g, b)(170, 152, 169)
HSV (h, s, v)(303°, 11%, 67%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(65, 14, 310°)
Source ISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptor Pale purple
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

There is a grayish tone of rose called rose quartz.

The first recorded use of rose quartz as a color name in English was in 1926. [30]

Rose quartz crystals on muscovite Quartz, muscovite.jpg
Rose quartz crystals on muscovite

Cinereous

Cinereous
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #98817B
sRGB B (r, g, b)(152, 129, 123)
HSV (h, s, v)(12°, 19%, 60%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(56, 16, 27°)
SourceMaerz and Paul [31]
ISCC–NBS descriptor Light grayish brown
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Cinereous is a color, ashy gray in appearance, either consisting of or resembling ashes, or a gray color tinged with coppery brown. It is derived from the Latin cinereous, from cinis (ashes).

The first recorded use of cinereous as a color name in English was in 1661. [32]

Taupe

Taupe
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #483C32
sRGB B (r, g, b)(72, 60, 50)
HSV (h, s, v)(27°, 31%, 28%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(26, 11, 47°)
Source ISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptor Dark grayish yellowish brown
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color displayed at right matches the color sample called taupe referenced below in the 1930 book A Dictionary of Color, the world standard for color terms before the invention of computers. However, the word taupe may often be used to refer to lighter shades of taupe today, and therefore another name for this color is dark taupe.

The first use of taupe as a color name in English was in the early 19th century. [33]

See also

Related Research Articles

In computing, on the X Window System, X11 color names are represented in a simple text file, which maps certain strings to RGB color values. It was traditionally shipped with every X11 installation, hence the name, and is usually located in <X11root>/lib/X11/rgb.txt. The web colors list is descended from it but differs for certain color names.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Coral (color)</span> A shade of orange

The various tones of the color coral are orange, red and pink representations of the colors of those cnidarians known as precious corals.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Powder blue</span> Shade of blue

Powder blue is a pale shade of blue. As with most colours, there is no absolute definition of its exact hue. Originally, powder blue, in the 1650s, was powdered smalt used in laundering and dyeing applications, and it then came to be used as a colour name from 1894.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lavender (color)</span> Light shade of purple derived from the lavender plant

Lavender is a light shade of purple or violet. It applies particularly to the color of the flower of the same name. The web color called lavender is displayed at right—it matches the color of the very palest part of the lavender flower; however, the more saturated color shown below as floral lavender more closely matches the average color of the lavender flower as shown in the picture and is the tone of lavender historically and traditionally considered lavender by the average person as opposed to those who are website designers. The color lavender might be described as a medium purple or a light pinkish-purple. The term lavender may be used in general to apply to a wide range of pale, light or grayish-purples but only on the blue side. Lilac is pale purple on the pink side. In paints, the color lavender is made by mixing purple and white paint.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Spring green</span> Color

Spring green is a color that was traditionally considered to be on the yellow side of green, but in modern computer systems based on the RGB color model is halfway between cyan and green on the color wheel.

Taupe is a dark gray-brown color. The word derives from the French noun taupe meaning "mole". The name originally referred only to the average color of the French mole, but beginning in the 1940s, its usage expanded to encompass a wider range of shades.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of orange</span> Varieties of the color orange

In optics, orange has a wavelength between approximately 585 and 620 nm and a hue of 30° in HSV color space. In the RGB color space it is a secondary color numerically halfway between gamma-compressed red and yellow, as can be seen in the RGB color wheel. The complementary color of orange is azure. Orange pigments are largely in the ochre or cadmium families, and absorb mostly blue light.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of green</span> Varieties of the color green

Varieties of the color green may differ in hue, chroma or lightness, or in two or three of these qualities. Variations in value are also called tints and shades, a tint being a green or other hue mixed with white, a shade being mixed with black. A large selection of these various colors is shown below.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of red</span> Varieties of the color red

Varieties of the color red may differ in hue, chroma or lightness, or in two or three of these qualities. Variations in value are also called tints and shades, a tint being a red or other hue mixed with white, a shade being mixed with black. A large selection of these various colors is shown below.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of magenta</span> Varieties of the color magenta

The color magenta has notable tints and shades. These various colors are shown below.

Livid is a medium bluish-gray color. This color name comes from the Latin color term lividus meaning "'a dull leaden-blue color', and also used to describe the color of contused flesh, leading to the English expression 'black and blue'". The first recorded use of livid as a color name in English was in 1622.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of yellow</span> Overview about the shades of yellow

Varieties of the color yellow may differ in hue, chroma or lightness, or in two or three of these qualities. Variations in value are also called tints and shades, a tint being a yellow or other hue mixed with white, a shade being mixed with black. A large selection of these various colors is shown below.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of blue</span> Variety of the color blue

Varieties of the color blue may differ in hue, chroma, or lightness, or in two or three of these qualities. Variations in value are also called tints and shades, a tint being a blue or other hue mixed with white, a shade being mixed with black. A large selection of these colors is shown below.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of white</span> Varieties of the color white

Shades of white are colors that differ only slightly from pure white. Variations of white include what are commonly termed off-white colors, which may be considered part of a neutral color scheme or yellow that looks like brown.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of cyan</span> Varieties of the color cyan

The color cyan, a greenish-blue, has notable tints and shades. It is one of the subtractive primary colors along with magenta, and yellow.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of violet</span> Varieties of the color violet

Violet is a color term derived from the flower of the same name. There are numerous variations of the color violet, a sampling of which are shown below.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of purple</span> Variations of the color purple

There are numerous variations of the color purple, a sampling of which are shown below.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of brown</span> Varieties of the color brown

Shades of brown can be produced by combining red, yellow, and black pigments, or by a combination of orange and black—illustrated in the color box. The RGB color model, that generates all colors on computer and television screens, makes brown by combining red and green light at different intensities. Brown color names are often imprecise, and some shades, such as beige, can refer to lighter rather than darker shades of yellow and red. Such colors are less saturated than colors perceived to be orange. Browns are usually described as light or dark, reddish, yellowish, or gray-brown. There are no standardized names for shades of brown; the same shade may have different names on different color lists, and sometimes one name can refer to several very different colors. The X11 color list of web colors has seventeen different shades of brown, but the complete list of browns is much longer.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of black</span> Varieties of the color black

Shades of black are colors that differ only slightly from pure black. These colors have a low lightness. From a photometric point of view, a color which differs slightly from black always has low relative luminance. Variations of black include what are commonly termed off-black colors, which may be considered part of a neutral color scheme, usually in interior design as a part of a background for brighter colors. Black and dark gray colors are powerful accent colors that suggest weight, dignity, formality, and solemnity.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of azure</span> Varieties of the color azure

Azure is a variation of blue that is often described as the color of the sky on a clear day.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "W3C TR CSS3 Color Module, HTML4 color keywords". W3.org. Retrieved 15 April 2009.
  2. Maerz and Paul, p. 196
  3. "rgb.txt". X colorname to RGB mapping database. X.Org Foundation. Retrieved 18 September 2017.
  4. "others/old-rgb.txt". X colorname to RGB mapping database. X.Org Foundation. Retrieved 18 September 2017.
  5. "others/raveling.txt". X colorname to RGB mapping database. X.Org Foundation. Retrieved 18 September 2017.
  6. "others/README". X colorname to RGB mapping database. X.Org Foundation. Retrieved 18 September 2017.
  7. Gildea, Stephen (13 May 1991). "change grey from 192 to 190 so less likely to be mapped to white on a 2-bit StaticGray visual". X consortium. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  8. Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guía de coloraciones (Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guide to Colorations) Madrid: H. Blume. ISBN   84-89840-31-8
  9. Paterson, Ian (2003), A Dictionary of Colour (1st paperback ed.), London: Thorogood (published 2004), p. 134, ISBN   1-85418-375-3, OCLC   60411025
  10. Eastaugh, Nicholas; Walsh, Valentine; Chaplin, Tracey; Siddall, Ruth (2004), Pigment Compendium: A Dictionary of Historical Pigments, Butterworth-Heinemann, p. 139, ISBN   978-0-7506-5749-5, OCLC   56444720
  11. Maerz and Paul, p. 194; Color Sample of Davy’s Grey: p. 117 Plate 47 Color Sample A4
  12. Davy's gray. Google Ngram Viewer
  13. "11 Colors You've Probably Never Heard Of". mentalfloss.com. 13 October 2015.
  14. The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called platinum in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul. A Dictionary of Color. New York: McGraw-Hill; the color platinum is displayed on page 113, Plate 45, Color Sample A3.
  15. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York: 1930 McGraw-Hill p. 202; Color Sample of Platinum: p. 113 Plate 45 Color Sample A3
  16. Maerz and Paul, p. 189; Color Sample of Ash grey: p. 77 Plate 27 Color Sample A2
  17. Thornton Kay "Shining ore, blotters, black lead and battleship grey". Archived 25 June 2016 at the Wayback Machine SalvoNEWS.
  18. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill p. 189; Color Sample of Old Silver: p. 99 Plate 38 Color Sample A1
  19. "Definition: Gunmetal". Dictionary.com. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
  20. Maerz and Paul, p. 192; color sample: p. 117, plate 47 Color Sample A2 – Charcoal
  21. Color Conversion Tool set to hex code #928E85:. encycolorpedia.com. Retrieved on 2018-12-27.
  22. ''The Cool, Grey City of Love'' by George Sterling: Archived 3 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine . Alangullette.com (11 December 1920). Retrieved on 2013-03-21.
  23. Maerz and Paul, p. 191; Color Sample of Cadet Grey: p. 95 Plate 36 Color Sample C4
  24. "Cadets, U.S. Military Academy, 1816–1817," Military Uniforms in America, Vol II, Years of Growth 1796–1851, Company of Military Historians, 1977
  25. Maerz and Paul, p. 204; Color Sample of Slate Gray: p. 51 Plate 14 Color Sample A2
  26. "#4c5866 (Маренго)" (in Russian). colors.aeio.ru. Archived from the original on 4 August 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2016.
  27. "Маренго" (in Russian). whoyougle.ru. Archived from the original on 30 June 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2016.
  28. "Marengo". silestoneusa.com. Retrieved 25 May 2016.
  29. "Marengo". www.colourlovers.com. Retrieved 25 May 2016.
  30. Maerz and Paul, p. 203; Color Sample of Rose Quartz: p. 129 Plate 53 Color Sample B3
  31. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Color Sample of Cinereous: p. 93 Plate 35 Color Sample A3
  32. Maerz and Paul, p. 193; Color Sample of Cinereous: p. 93 Plate 35 Color Sample A3
  33. Maerz and Paul, p. 205; Discussion of Color Taupe, p. 183; Color Sample of Taupe: p. 55 Plate 16 Color Sample A6

Bibliography